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Railroad Retirement Board
The U.S. RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD (RRB) is an independent agency in the executive branch of the United States government created in 1935 to administer a social insurance program providing retirement benefits to the country's railroad workers. The RRB serves U.S. railroad workers and their families, and administers retirement, survivor, unemployment , and sickness benefits. Consequently, railroad workers do not participate in the United States Social Security program. The RRB's headquarters are in Chicago
Chicago
, Illinois
Illinois
, with field offices throughout the country. In connection with the retirement program, the RRB has administrative responsibilities under the Social Security Act for certain benefit payments and railroad workers' Medicare coverage
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Communications Act Of 1934
The COMMUNICATIONS ACT OF 1934 is a United States federal law
United States federal law
, signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
on June 19, 1934, and codified as Chapter 5 of Title 47 of the United States Code , 47 U.S.C. § 151 et seq. The Act replaced the Federal Radio
Radio
Commission with the Federal Communications Commission
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC). It also transferred regulation of interstate telephone services from the Interstate Commerce Commission to the FCC
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Civil Works Administration
The CIVIL WORKS ADMINISTRATION (CWA) was a short-lived U.S. job creation program established by the New Deal
New Deal
during the Great Depression to rapidly create manual labor jobs for millions of unemployed workers. The jobs were merely temporary, for the duration of the hard winter of 1933–34. President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveiled the CWA on November 8, 1933, and put Harry L. Hopkins in charge of the short-term agency. The CWA was a project created under the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA). The CWA created construction jobs, mainly improving or constructing buildings and bridges. It ended on March 31, 1934, after spending $200 million a month and giving jobs to four million people. CONTENTS * 1 Accomplishments * 2 Opposition * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 5.1 Primary sources ACCOMPLISHMENTS CWA project in Minnesota to straighten a road by removing a solid rock obstruction (c
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Executive Order 6102
EXECUTIVE ORDER 6102 is a United States presidential executive order signed on April 5, 1933, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt "forbidding the Hoarding of gold coin , gold bullion , and gold certificates within the continental United States". CONTENTS * 1 Rationale * 2 Effect of the order * 3 Prosecutions related to Executive Order 6102 * 4 Abrogation and subsequent events * 5 Hoax of safe deposit box seizures * 6 Similar laws in other countries * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links RATIONALEThe stated reason for the order was that hard times had caused "hoarding" of gold, stalling economic growth and making the depression worse. The New York Times , on April 6, 1933, p. 16, wrote under the headline "Hoarding of Gold", "The Executive Order issued by the President yesterday amplifies and particularizes his earlier warnings against hoarding
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Homeowners Refinancing Act
The HOMEOWNERS REFINANCING ACT (also known as the HOME OWNERS LOAN ACT OF 1933 and the HOME OWNERS\' LOAN CORPORATION ACT) was an Act of Congress of the United States passed as part of Franklin Delano Roosevelt\'s New Deal during the Great Depression to help those in danger of losing their homes. The act, which went into effect on June 13, 1933, provided mortgage assistance to homeowners or would-be homeowners by providing them money or refinancing mortgages. Sponsored by Senate Majority leader Joe Robinson of Arkansas, it also created the Home Owners\' Loan Corporation (HOLC), building on Herbert Hoover\'s Federal Loan Bank Board . The Corporation lent low-interest money to families in danger of losing their homes to foreclosure. By the mid-1930s, the HOLC had refinanced nearly 20% of urban homes in the country
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Farm Credit Administration
The FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION is an independent agency of the Executive Branch of the federal government of the United States
United States
. It regulates and examines the banks, associations, and related entities of the Farm Credit System , a network of borrower-owned financial institutions that provide credit to farmers, ranchers, and agricultural and rural utility cooperatives . It derives its authority from the Farm Credit Act of 1971 . The FCA is headquartered in McLean, Virginia , near Washington, DC
Washington, DC
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe Farm Credit Administration
Farm Credit Administration
was established by Executive Order 6084 , which transferred most of the functions of the Federal Farm Board to the new Agricultural Adjustment Administration
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Civilian Conservation Corps
The CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS (CCC) was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families as part of the New Deal . Originally for young men ages 18–25, it was eventually expanded to young men ages 17–28. Robert Fechner was the first director of the agency, succeeded by James McEntee following Fechner's death. The CCC was a major part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
's New Deal
New Deal
that provided unskilled manual labor jobs related to the conservation and development of natural resources in rural lands owned by federal, state and local governments. The CCC was designed to provide jobs for young men, and to relieve families who had difficulty finding jobs during the Great Depression in the United States
Great Depression in the United States

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Agricultural Adjustment Act
The AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ACT (AAA) was a United States
United States
federal law of the New Deal era designed to boost agricultural prices by reducing surpluses. The Government bought livestock for slaughter and paid farmers subsidies not to plant part of their land. The money for these subsidies was generated through an exclusive tax on companies which processed farm products. The Act created a new agency , the AGRICULTURAL ADJUSTMENT ADMINISTRATION, an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture , to oversee the distribution of the subsidies. The Agriculture Marketing Act , which established the Federal Farm Board in 1939, was seen as a strong precursor to this act. The bill, in its entirety, can be read here
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American Liberty League
THE AMERICAN LIBERTY LEAGUE was an American political organization formed in 1934, primarily of wealthy business elites and prominent political figures, because they opposed the New Deal
New Deal
of Franklin D. Roosevelt . It was highly active for just two years, but, following the landslide re-election of Roosevelt in 1936 , sharply reduced its activities and would disband entirely in 1940. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Formation and leadership * 1.2 Business Plot to Overthrow Roosevelt * 1.3 1936 campaign * 1.4 Dissolution * 2 Goals * 3 Education programs * 4 Positions * 5 Funding * 6 Legacy * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Sources * 10 External links HISTORYFORMATION AND LEADERSHIPThe creation of the League was announced in Washington, D.C., on August 22, 1934, by a group of Democrats and a smaller number of Republicans
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List Of Critics Of The New Deal
The following is a LIST OF CRITICS OF THE NEW DEAL. CONTENTS * 1 From the Left (Liberals to far left) * 2 From the Right (Conservatives) * 2.1 Politicians * 2.2 Writers and speakers * 3 Books with an anti- New Deal point of view * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Other references FROM THE LEFT (LIBERALS TO FAR LEFT) * Huey Long . Governor and senator from Louisiana; supported Roosevelt in 1932; broke and was setting up a presidential campaign on the left in 1936 * William Lemke , North Dakota , Picked up Huey Long support in 1936 * Norman Thomas
Norman Thomas
, frequent presidential candidate on the Socialist ticket. * John L
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Emergency Banking Act
The EMERGENCY BANKING ACT (the official title of which was the EMERGENCY BANKING RELIEF ACT), Public Law 1, 48 Stat. 1 (March 9, 1933), was an act passed by the United States Congress
United States Congress
in March 1933 in an attempt to stabilize the banking system. Beginning on February 14, 1933, Michigan, an industrial state which had been hit particularly hard by the Great Depression in the United States
Great Depression in the United States
, declared an eight-day bank holiday. Fears of other bank closures spread from state to state as people rushed to withdraw their deposits while they still could do so. Within weeks, thirty-six other states held their own bank holidays in an attempt to stem the bank runs . The banking system was on the verge of collapse. On March 4, Delaware became the 48th and last state to close its banks
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Economy Act
The ECONOMY ACT OF 1933, officially titled the ACT OF MARCH 20, 1933 (ch. 3, Pub.L. 73–2, 48 Stat. 8, enacted March 20, 1933; 38 U.S.C. § 701), is an Act of Congress that cut the salaries of federal workers and reduced benefit payments to veterans , moves intended to reduce the federal deficit in the United States . The Economy Act of 1933 is different from the Economy Act of 1932 . The Economy Act of 1932 was signed in the final days of the Hoover administration in February 1933. This sometimes leads to confusion between the two pieces of legislation. The Hoover-sponsored bill established the purchasing authority of the federal government and remains in force as of 2009. ENACTMENTAs Governor of New York , Franklin D. Roosevelt had campaigned for the Presidency , in part, on a pledge to balance the federal budget
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Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
The FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION (FDIC) is a United States government corporation providing deposit insurance to depositors in US banks. The FDIC was created by the 1933 Banking Act during the Great Depression to restore trust in the American banking system; more than one-third of banks failed in the years before the FDIC's creation, and bank runs were common. The insurance limit was initially US$2,500 per ownership category. Since the passage of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act in 2011, the FDIC insures deposits in member banks up to US $250,000 per ownership category. The FDIC and its reserves are not funded by public funds; member banks' insurance dues are the FDIC's primary source of funding. The FDIC also has a US$100 billion line of credit with the United States Department of the Treasury
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Federal Emergency Relief Administration
The FEDERAL EMERGENCY RELIEF ADMINISTRATION (FERA) was the new name given by the Roosevelt Administration to the EMERGENCY RELIEF ADMINISTRATION (ERA) which President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
had created in 1933. FERA was established as a result of the Federal Emergency Relief Act and was replaced in 1935 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA). Under Roosevelt, the agency gave loans to the states to operate relief programs. One of these, the New York state program TERA (Temporary Emergency Relief Administration), was set up in 1931 and headed by Harry Hopkins , a close adviser to Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt . Roosevelt asked Congress to set up FERA—which gave grants to the states for the same purpose—in May 1933, and appointed Hopkins to head it. Along with the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) it was the first relief operation under the New Deal
New Deal

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Public Works Of Art Project
The PUBLIC WORKS OF ART PROJECT (PWAP) was a program to employ artists, as part of the New Deal , during the Great Depression . It was the first such program, running from December 1933 to June 1934. It was headed by Edward Bruce , under the United States Treasury Department and paid for by the Civil Works Administration . CONTENTS * 1 Purpose and scope * 2 Coit Tower * 3 Griffith Observatory\'s Astronomers Monument * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links PURPOSE AND SCOPEThe purpose of the PWAP was "to give work to artists by arranging to have competent representatives of the profession embellish public buildings." Artists were told that the subject matter had to be related to the "American scene". Artworks from the project were shown or incorporated into a variety of locations, including the White House and House of Representatives. Artists participating in the project were paid wages of $38 – $46.50/week
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Public Works Administration
PUBLIC WORKS ADMINISTRATION (PWA), part of the New Deal
New Deal
of 1933 was a large-scale public works construction agency in the United States headed by Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes . It was created by the National Industrial Recovery Act
National Industrial Recovery Act
in June 1933 in response to the Great Depression
Great Depression
. It built large-scale public works such as dams, bridges, hospitals, and schools. Its goals were to spend $3.3 billion in the first year, and $6 billion in all, to provide employment, stabilize purchasing power , and help revive the economy. Most of the spending came in two waves in 1933-35, and again in 1938
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