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Pythagoras
PYTHAGORAS OF SAMOS (US : /pᵻˈθæɡərəs/ ; UK : /paɪˈθæɡərəs/ ; Greek : Πυθαγόρας ὁ Σάμιος Pythagóras ho Sámios " Pythagoras
Pythagoras
the Samian ", or simply Πυθαγόρας; Πυθαγόρης in Ionian Greek ; c. 570–495 BC) was an Ionian Greek philosopher , mathematician , and putative founder of the Pythagoreanism
Pythagoreanism
movement. He is often revered as a great mathematician and scientist and is best known for the Pythagorean theorem which bears his name. Legend and obfuscation cloud his work, so it is uncertain whether he truly contributed much to mathematics or natural philosophy . Many of the accomplishments credited to Pythagoras
Pythagoras
may actually have been accomplishments of his colleagues or successors
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Ethics
ETHICS or MORAL PHILOSOPHY is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct . The term ethics derives from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
ἠθικός (ethikos), from ἦθος (ethos ), meaning 'habit , custom'. The branch of philosophy axiology comprises the sub-branches of ethics and aesthetics , each concerned with values . Ethics
Ethics
seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil , right and wrong , virtue and vice , justice and crime . As a field of intellectual enquiry, moral philosophy also is related to the fields of moral psychology , descriptive ethics , and value theory
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American English
AMERICAN ENGLISH (AME, AE, AMENG, USENG, EN-US ), sometimes called UNITED STATES ENGLISH or U.S. ENGLISH, is the set of varieties of the English language
English language
native to the United States . English is the most widely spoken language in the United States and is the common language used by the federal government, considered the de facto language of the country because of its widespread use. English has been given official status by 32 of the 50 state governments. As an example, while both Spanish and English have equivalent status in the local courts of Puerto Rico , under federal law, English is the official language for any matters being referred to the United States district court for the territory. The use of English in the United States is a result of British colonization of the Americas
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Greek Gods
The following is a list of gods , goddesses and many other divine and semi-divine figures from Ancient Greek mythology
Greek mythology
and Ancient Greek religion
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Politics
POLITICS (from Greek: πολιτικα: Polis
Polis
definition "affairs of the cities") is the process of making decisions that apply to members of a group. It refers to achieving and exercising positions of governance — organized control over a human community, particularly a state . Furthermore, politics is the study or practice of the distribution of power and resources within a given community (this is usually a hierarchically organized population) as well as the interrelationship(s) between communities. In most countries, people have formed political parties to put forward their ideas. There is usually some disagreement between people within a party, but they work together because they feel that they agree on enough things, and they will have more power if they join together. They agree to take the same position on many issues, and agree to support the same changes to law and the same leaders
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Scientist
A SCIENTIST is a person engaging in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge that describes and predicts the natural world. In a more restricted sense, a scientist may refer to an individual who uses the scientific method . The person may be an expert in one or more areas of science . The term scientist was coined by the theologian, philosopher and historian of science William Whewell
William Whewell
. This article focuses on the more restricted use of the word. Scientists perform research toward a more comprehensive understanding of nature , including physical, mathematical and social realms. Philosophy
Philosophy
is today typically regarded as a distinct activity from science, though the activities were not always distinguished in this fashion, with science considered a "branch" of philosophy rather than opposed to it, prior to modernity
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Natural Philosophy
NATURAL PHILOSOPHY or PHILOSOPHY OF NATURE (from Latin
Latin
philosophia naturalis) was the philosophical study of nature and the physical universe that was dominant before the development of modern science . It is considered to be the precursor of natural science . From the ancient world, starting with Aristotle
Aristotle
, to the 19th century, the term "natural philosophy" was the common term used to describe the practice of studying nature. It was in the 19th century that the concept of "science" received its modern shape with new titles emerging such as "biology" and "biologist", "physics" and "physicist" among other technical fields and titles; institutions and communities were founded, and unprecedented applications to and interactions with other aspects of society and culture occurred
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Supernatural
The SUPERNATURAL ( Medieval Latin : supernātūrālis: supra "above" + naturalis "natural ", first used: 1520–1530 AD) are those things, or things that have been claimed to exist, which cannot be explained by the laws of nature, including things characteristic of or relating to ghosts , gods, or other types of spirits and other non-material beings , or to things beyond nature. Things such as lightning which were once thought to be supernatural have been shown to be entirely naturalistic, and some people claim that there is nothing supernatural. Such people maintain a skeptical attitude and belief. At least one prize for proving the existence of any supernatural thing at all remains unclaimed
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Thigh
In humans , the THIGH is the area between the pelvis and the knee . Anatomically, it is part of the lower limb . The single bone in the thigh is called the femur . This bone is very thick and strong (due to the high proportion of cortical bone ), and forms a ball and socket joint at the hip , and a modified hinge joint at the knee. CONTENTS* 1 Structure * 1.1 Bones * 1.2 Muscular compartments * 1.3 Blood
Blood
supply * 2 Clinical significance * 3 Additional images * 4 References STRUCTUREBONES Main article: Femur
Femur
The femur is the only bone in the thigh and serves for an attachment site for all muscles in the thigh. The head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum in the pelvic bone forming the hip joint , while the distal part of the femur articulates with the tibia and kneecap forming the knee joint . By most measures the femur is the strongest bone in the body
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Metaphysics
METAPHYSICS is a branch of philosophy exploring the fundamental questions, including the nature of concepts like being , existence , and reality . It has two branches – cosmology and ontology . Traditional metaphysics seeks to answer, in a "suitably abstract and fully general manner", the questions: * What is there? * And what is it like?Topics of metaphysical investigation include existence , objects and their properties , space and time , cause and effect , and possibility . A central branch of metaphysics is ontology , the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to one another. There are two broad conceptions about what "world" is studied by metaphysics. The strong, classical view assumes that the objects studied by metaphysics exist independently of any observer, so that the subject is the most fundamental of all sciences
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Music
MUSIC is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. The common elements of music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony ), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo , meter , and articulation ), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the "color" of a musical sound). Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music
Music
is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping ; there are solely instrumental pieces , solely vocal pieces (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment ) and pieces that combine singing and instruments. The word derives from Greek μουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses
Muses
"). See glossary of musical terminology
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Rome
ROME (/roʊm/ ROHM ; Italian : Roma ( listen ), Latin
Latin
: Rōma) is the capital of Italy
Italy
and a special comune (named Comune
Comune
di Roma Capitale). Rome
Rome
also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,876,051 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union
European Union
by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome
Rome
is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber
Tiber

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Capitoline Museums
The CAPITOLINE MUSEUMS (Italian : Musei Capitolini) are a single museum containing a group of art and archeological museums in Piazza del Campidoglio , on top of the Capitoline Hill
Capitoline Hill
in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy
. The historic seats of the museums are Palazzo dei Conservatori
Palazzo dei Conservatori
and Palazzo Nuovo , facing on the central trapezoidal piazza in a plan conceived by Michelangelo
Michelangelo
Buonarroti in 1536 and executed over a period of more than 400 years. The history of the museums can be traced to 1471, when Pope Sixtus IV
Pope Sixtus IV
donated a collection of important ancient bronzes to the people of Rome
Rome
and located them on the Capitoline Hill
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Arrow
An ARROW is a shafted projectile that is shot with a bow . It predates recorded history and is common to most cultures . An arrow usually consists of a shaft with an arrowhead attached to the front end, with fletchings and a nock at the other. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Size * 2.1 Shaft * 2.1.1 GPI rating * 2.1.2 Footed arrows * 2.2 Arrowhead * 2.3 Fletchings * 2.4 Nocks * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 External links HISTORY Main article: History of archery
History of archery
The oldest evidence of stone-tipped projectiles, which may or may not have been propelled by a bow (c.f. atlatl ), dating to c. 64,000 years ago, were found in Sibudu Cave , current South Africa
South Africa
. The oldest evidence of the use of bows to shoot arrows dates to about 10,000 years ago; it is based on pinewood arrows found in the Ahrensburg valley north of Hamburg
Hamburg

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William Smith (lexicographer)
SIR WILLIAM SMITH (20 May 1813 – 7 October 1893) was an English lexicographer . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 2.1 Publications * 3 Honours and death * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFESmith was born in Enfield in 1813 of Nonconformist parents. He attended the Madras House school of John Allen in Hackney. Originally destined for a theological career, he instead was articled to a solicitor. In his spare time he taught himself classics , and when he entered University College London
University College London
he carried off both the Greek and Latin prizes. He was entered at Gray\'s Inn in 1830, but gave up his legal studies for a post at University College School and began to write on classical subjects. CAREERSmith next turned his attention to lexicography
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Greek Language
GREEK ( Modern Greek : ελληνικά , elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα ( listen ), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean . It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary , were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin
Latin
, Cyrillic
Cyrillic
, Armenian , Coptic , Gothic and many other writing systems
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