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Provisional IRA
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(incl. British Army, Royal Ulster Constabulary[5][6][7] Ulster
Ulster
loyalist paramilitaries[8] Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
"Free State" (An Garda Síochána ; Irish Army (Although the IRA's own rules prohibited their Volunteers from carrying out attacks against the "Free State".)The Provisional Irish Republican Army
Irish Republican Army
(IRA or Provisional IRA) was[9][10][11][12] an Irish republican paramilitary organisation that sought end of British involvement in Northern Ireland[13], facilitate the reunification of Ireland
Ireland
and to bring about an independent socialist[2] republic encompassing all of Ireland.[14][15] It was the biggest and most active republican paramilitary group during the Troubles
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PIRA (other)
Pira
Pira
or PIRA may refer to: Places[edit]Pira, Victoria, locality in Victoria, Australia Pira, Benin, town in Benin Pira, Tarragona, Spain Pira
Pira
District, Huaraz Province, PeruOrganisations[edit]Physics Instructional Resource Association Provisional Irish Republican ArmyThis disambiguation page lists
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British Army
The British Army
Army
is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2017, the British Army comprises just over 80,000 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 26,500 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.[4] Since April 2013, Ministry of Defence publications have not reported the entire strength of the Regular Reserve; instead, only Regular Reserves serving under the fixed-term reserve contracts have been counted.[5] The modern British Army
Army
traces back to 1707, with an antecedent in the English Army
Army
that was created during the Restoration in 1660
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United Ireland
United Ireland
Ireland
(also referred to as Irish reunification)[1][2][3] is the proposition that the whole of Ireland
Ireland
should be a single sovereign state.[4][5] At present, the
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Republic
A republic (Latin: res publica) is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers. The primary positions of power within a republic are not inherited, but are attained through democracy, oligarchy or autocracy
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Paramilitary
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.[1]Contents1 Legality 2 Types2.1 Examples of paramilitary units3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksLegality[edit] Under the law of war, a state may incorporate a paramilitary organization or armed agency (such as a national police, a private volunteer militia) into its combatant armed forces. The other parties to a conflict have to be notified thereof.[2] Though a paramilitary is not a military force, it is usually equivalent to a military's light infantry force in terms of intensity, firepower, and organizational structure
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Irish Army
The Irish Army, known simply as the Army
Army
(Irish: an tArm), is the land component of the Defence Forces of Ireland.[7] As of May 2016, approximately 7,300 men and women serve in the Irish Army,[1] divided into two geographically organised brigades.[8][9] As well as maintaining its primary roles of defending the State and internal security within the State, since 1958 the Army
Army
has had a continuous presence in peacekeeping missions around the world. The Army
Army
also participates in the European Union Battlegroups
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Republic Of Ireland
Ireland
Ireland
(/ˈaɪərlənd/ ( listen); Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] ( listen)), also known as the Republic of Ireland
Ireland
(Poblacht na hÉireann), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe
Europe
occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern part of the island, and whose metropolitan area is home to around a third of the country's 4.75 million inhabitants. The state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint George's Channel
Saint George's Channel
to the south-east, and the Irish Sea to the east
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Guerrilla Warfare
Guerrilla warfare
Guerrilla warfare
is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.[1] Guerrilla groups are a type of violent non-state actor.Contents1 Etymology 2 Strategy, tactics and methods2.1 Strategy 2.2 Tactics 2.3 Unconventional methods 2.4 Growth during the 20th century3 History 4 Counter-guerrilla warfare4.1 Scholarship4.1.1 Classic guidelines 4.1.2 Variants5 Foco
Foco
theory 6 Relationship to terrorism 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksEtymology[edit] The Spanish word "guerrilla" is the diminutive form of "guerra" ("war")
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United Kingdom
The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain
Great Britain
and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
(UK)[15] or Britain,[note 11] is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands.[16] Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
is the only part of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland
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Irish Language
The Irish language
Irish language
(Gaeilge), also referred to as the Gaelic or the Irish Gaelic language,[5] is a Goidelic
Goidelic
language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland
Ireland
and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language by a small minority of Irish people, and as a second language by a larger group of non-native speakers. Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people
Irish people
for most of their recorded history, and they have brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland
Scotland
and the Isle of Man, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
and Manx respectively
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Freedom Of Information Act 2000
The Freedom of Information Act 2000
Freedom of Information Act 2000
(c.36) is an Act of Parliament
Act of Parliament
of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
that creates a public "right of access" to information held by public authorities. It is the implementation of freedom of information legislation in the United Kingdom on a national level. Its application is limited in Scotland (which has its own freedom of information legislation) to UK Government offices geo-located in Scotland. The Act implements a manifesto commitment of the Labour Party in the 1997 general election, developed by Dr David Clark as a 1997 White Paper. The final version of the Act is believed[by whom?] to have been diluted from that proposed while Labour was in opposition
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Government Of Northern Ireland
 a Lowercase "d" per here.AssemblySpeaker Robin Newton MLAActs Committees Statutory rules Members (MLA)LawSupreme Court (UK) Courts of Northern Ireland Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
in the UKHer Majesty's Government Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
OfficeSecretary of StateRt. Hon
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Libya
Libya
Libya
(/ˈlɪbiə/ ( listen); Arabic: ليبيا‎),[6][7] officially the State of Libya
Libya
(Arabic: دولة ليبيا‎ Dawlat Lībyā),[citation needed][dubious – discuss] is a sovereign state in the Maghreb
Maghreb
region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt
Egypt
to the east, Sudan
Sudan
to the southeast, Chad
Chad
and Niger
Niger
to the south, and Algeria
Algeria
and Tunisia
Tunisia
to the west. The country is made of three historical regions, Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica
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Left-wing Nationalism
Left-wing nationalism, leftist nationalism or socialist nationalism describes a form of nationalism based upon social equality (not necessary political equality), popular sovereignty and national self-determination.[1] Left-wing nationalism
Left-wing nationalism
typically espouses anti-imperialism.[2][3] It stands in contrast to right-wing nationalism, and often rejects ethno-nationalism to this same end.[2] Notable left-wing nationalist movements in history have included Cuba in the first years of the Cuban Revolution, Subhas Chandra Bose's Liberation Army, which promoted independence o
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Ulster Unionist Party
The Ulster
Ulster
Unionist Party (UUP) is a unionist political party in Northern Ireland.[5] Having gathered support in Northern Ireland during the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, the party governed Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
between 1921 and 1972. It was supported by most unionist voters throughout the conflict known as the Troubles, during which time it was often referred to as the Official Unionist Party (OUP).[6][7] Between 1905 and 1972 its MPs took the Conservative whip at Westminster. It is currently the fourth-largest party in Northern Ireland, having been overtaken in 2003 by the DUP and Sinn Féin, and in 2017 by the SDLP. At the 2015 general election, the party won two seats in the House of Commons, Fermanagh and South Tyrone and South Antrim
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