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President Of Belarus
The PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS (Belarusian : Прэзідэнт Рэспублікі Беларусь, Russian : Президент Республики Беларусь) is the head of state of Belarus
Belarus
. The office was created in 1994 with the passing of the Constitution of Belarus
Constitution of Belarus
by the Supreme Soviet . This replaced the office of Chairman of the Supreme Soviet as the head of state. The tasks of the president including executing foreign and domestic policy , defend the rights and general welfare of citizens and residents and to uphold the Constitution. The president is mandated by the Constitution to serve as a leader in the social affairs of the country and to act as its main representative abroad. The duties, responsibilities and other transitional clauses dealing with the presidency are listed in Chapter Three, Articles 79 through 89, of the Constitution
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Domestic Policy
DOMESTIC POLICY are administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation 's borders. It differs from foreign policy , which refers to the ways a government advances its interests in world politics. Domestic policy covers a wide range of areas, including business , education, energy, healthcare, law enforcement , money and taxes , natural resources , social welfare, and personal rights and freedoms. ISSUESMany domestic policy debates concern the appropriate level of government involvement in economic and social affairs. Traditionally, conservatives believe that the government should not play a major role in regulating business and managing the economy. Most conservatives also believe that government action cannot solve the problems of poverty and economic inequality . Most liberals, however, support government programs that seek to provide economic security, ease human suffering, and reduce inequality
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Foreign Policy
The approaches are strategically employed to interact with other countries. The study of such strategies is called foreign policy analysis . In recent times, due to the deepening level of globalization and transnational activities, the states will also have to interact with non-state actors . The aforementioned interaction is evaluated and monitored in attempts to maximize benefits of multilateral international cooperation. Since the national interests are paramount, foreign policies are designed by the government through high-level decision making processes. National interests accomplishment can occur as a result of peaceful cooperation with other nations, or through exploitation. Usually, creating foreign policy is the job of the head of government and the foreign minister (or equivalent). In some countries the legislature also has considerable effects
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Supreme Soviet
The SUPREME SOVIET (Russian : Верховный Совет, Verkhóvnyj Sovét, English: literally "Supreme Council") was the common name for the legislative bodies (parliaments) of the Soviet socialist republics (SSR) in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. These soviets were modeled after the Supreme Soviet
Supreme Soviet
of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, established in 1938, and were nearly identical. Soviet-approved delegates to the Supreme Soviets were periodically elected in unopposed elections. The first free or semi-free elections took place during perestroika in late 1980s. The soviets were largely rubber-stamp institutions, approving decisions handed to them by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
or of each SSR
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Two-round System
The TWO-ROUND SYSTEM (also known as the SECOND BALLOT, RUNOFF VOTING or BALLOTAGE) is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate. However, if no candidate receives the required number of votes, then those candidates having less than a certain proportion of the votes, or all but the two candidates receiving the most votes, are eliminated, and a second round of voting is held. The two-round system is used around the world for the election of legislative bodies and directly elected presidents. For example, it is used in French presidential, legislative, and departmental elections . In Italy
Italy
, it is used to elect mayors, but also to decide which party or coalition receives a majority bonus in city councils
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Western Powers
The WESTERN WORLD, or simply THE WEST, refers to various nations, depending on the context , most often including at least part of Europe
Europe
. There are many accepted definitions based on commonalities. The Western world
Western world
is also known as THE OCCIDENT (from Latin
Latin
: occidens "sunset, West", as contrasted with Orient
Orient
). The concept of the Western part of the Earth has its roots in Greco-Roman world
Greco-Roman world
in Europe
Europe
, Judaism
Judaism
and the advent of Christianity in Ancient Israel
Ancient Israel

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Communist Party Of Byelorussia
The COMMUNIST PARTY OF BYELORUSSIA (Russian : Коммунистическая партия Белоруссии, Belarusian : Камуністычная партыя Беларусі), known as COMMUNIST PARTY (BOLSHEVIKS) OF BYELORUSSIA (Russian : Коммунистическая партия (большевиков) Белоруссии) until 1952, was a communist party in Belarus
Belarus
1918-1991, created following the Russian Revolution of 1917 . It was created as part of the Russian Communist Party (bolsheviks) December 30–31, 1918 with 17,800 members. It was important in creating the Belorussian Soviet Republic in January 1919. From February 1919 until 1920 it functioned as a single organisation together with the Communist Party of Lithuania
Communist Party of Lithuania
, known as the Communist Party (bolsheviks) of Lithuania and Belorussia
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De Facto
In law and government, DE FACTO (/deɪ ˈfæktoʊ/ or /di ˈfæktoʊ/ ; Latin : de facto, "in fact"; Latin pronunciation: ), describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws. It is commonly used to refer to what happens in practice, in contrast with de jure ("in law"), which refers to things that happen according to law. Unofficial customs that are widely accepted are sometimes called de facto standards
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Soviet Union
The SOVIET UNION (Russian : Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: ( listen )), officially the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS (Russian : Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: ( listen )), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian : СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics , its government and economy were highly centralized . The country was a one-party state , governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic . The Russian nation had constitutionally equal status among the many nations of the union but exerted de facto dominance in various respects
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Office
An OFFICE is generally a room or other area where administrative work is done, but may also denote a position within an organization with specific duties attached to it (see officer , office-holder , official ); the latter is in fact an earlier usage, office as place originally referring to the location of one's duty. When used as an adjective , the term "office" may refer to business -related tasks. In legal writing, a company or organization has offices in any place that it has an official presence, even if that presence consists of, for example, a storage silo rather than an office. An office is an architectural and design phenomenon; whether it is a small office such as a bench in the corner of a small business of extremely small size (see small office/home office ), through entire floors of buildings, up to and including massive buildings dedicated entirely to one company. In modern terms an office usually refers to the location where white-collar workers are employed
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Zaslawye
ZASLAWYE or ZASLAŭJE (Belarusian : Засла́ўе, ; Russian : Заславль; Polish : Zasław; Lithuanian : Zaslavlis) is a historic city in Minsk
Minsk
Province of Belarus
Belarus
, 20 kilometres northwest of Minsk
Minsk
. In 2009 its population was 14,400. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Sites * 4 Notable residents * 5 References * 6 External links HISTORYAccording to chronicles, Zaslawye
Zaslawye
was founded in 985 by Vladimir the Great who sent his wife Rogneda to live here with their son Izyaslav of Polotsk , the founder of the princely house of Polatsk
Polatsk
. The town's current name derives from Izyaslav's name. In the early Middle Age the town was centre of the Duchy of Zaslawye . In the 11th century, the town was heavily fortified; much of its territory has been designated an archaeological reservation
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Referendum
A REFERENDUM (plural REFERENDUMS, see below) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to vote on a particular proposal. This may result in the adoption of a new law. In some countries, it is synonymous with a PLEBISCITE or a vote on a BALLOT QUESTION. Some definitions of 'plebiscite' suggest that it is a type of vote to change the constitution or government of a country. However, some other countries define it differently. For example, Australia
Australia
defines 'referendum' as a vote to change the constitution, and 'plebiscite' as a vote that does not affect the constitution. In Ireland, the vote to adopt its constitution was called a "plebiscite", but a subsequent vote to amend the constitution is called a 'referendum', and so is a poll of the electorate on a non-constitutional bill
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Term Of Office
A TERM OF OFFICE is the length of time a person serves in a particular elected office . In many jurisdictions there is a defined limit on how long terms of office may be before the officeholder must be subject to re-election . Some jurisdictions exercise term limits , setting a maximum number of terms an individual may hold in a particular office
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Presidential Elections
A PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION is the election of any head of state whose official title is President . CONTENTS* 1 Elections by country * 1.1 Albania * 1.2 Chile * 1.3 China * 1.4 Czech Republic * 1.5 France * 1.6 Indonesia * 1.7 Iran * 1.8 Ireland * 1.9 Israel * 1.10 Kyrgyzstan * 1.11 Mexico * 1.12 Palestine * 1.13 Philippines * 1.14 Poland * 1.15 Russia * 1.16 Ukraine * 1.17 South Africa * 1.18 Switzerland * 1.19 Republic of China * 1.20 Tanzania * 1.21 United States * 1.22 Venezuela * 2 List of presidential elections * 3 See also * 4 References ELECTIONS BY COUNTRYALBANIAThe President of Albania is elected by the Assembly of Albania who are elected by the Albanian public. CHILE Main article: Elections in Chile The President of Chile is elected by the Chilean people for a four-year term. Sitting presidents are not allowed to run for reelection, but former presidents may do so
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Direct Election
DIRECT ELECTION is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected. The method by which the winner or winners of a direct election are chosen depends upon the electoral system used. The most commonly used systems are the plurality system and the two-round system for single-winner elections, such as a presidential election, and party-list proportional representation for the election of a legislature . Examples of directly elected bodies are the European Parliament (since 1979) and the United States House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
. The MPs (members of parliament), MLAs (members of legislature) and members of the local bodies are elected by direct election. By contrast, in an indirect election , the voters elect a body which in turn elects the officeholder in question
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Minsk
MINSK (Belarusian : Мінск, pronounced ; Russian : Минск, ), is the capital and largest city of Belarus
Belarus
, on the Svislach and the Nyamiha Rivers. It is the administrative capital of the Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
(CIS). As the national capital, Minsk
Minsk
has a special administrative status in Belarus
Belarus
and is the administrative centre of Minsk Region (voblast ) and Minsk
Minsk
raion (district). In 2013, it had a population of 2,002,600. The earliest historical references to Minsk
Minsk
date to the 11th century (1067), when it was noted as a provincial city within the Principality of Polotsk
Polotsk
. The settlement developed on the rivers. In 1242, Minsk became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Grand Duchy of Lithuania

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