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Prelate
A PRELATE is a high-ranking member of the clergy who is an ordinary or who ranks in precedence with ordinaries. The word derives from the Latin
Latin
prælatus, the past participle of præferre, which means "carry before", "be set above or over" or "prefer"; hence, a prelate is one set over others. The archetypal prelate is a bishop , whose prelature is his particular church . All other prelates, including the regular prelates such as abbots and major superiors, are based upon this original model of prelacy. CONTENTS * 1 Related terminology * 2 Territorial prelatures * 3 Personal prelatures * 4 See also * 5 References RELATED TERMINOLOGYIn a general sense, a prelate in the Catholic Church and other Christian churches, is a bishop or other ecclesiastical person having Ordinary authority over a jurisdiction equivalent to a diocese or a similar jurisdiction (e.g. ordinariates, apostolic vicariates/exarchates, territorial abbacies)
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Jurisdiction
JURISDICTION (from the Latin
Latin
ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law. In federations like the U.S., areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state , and federal levels; e.g. the court has jurisdiction to apply federal law. Colloquially it is used to refer to the geographical area to which such authority applies, e.g. the court has jurisdiction over all of Colorado. The legal term refers only to the granted authority, not to a geographical area. Jurisdiction
Jurisdiction
draws its substance from public international law , conflict of laws , constitutional law , and the powers of the executive and legislative branches of government to allocate resources to best serve the needs of society
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Theology
THEOLOGY is the critical study of the nature of the divine . It is taught as an academic discipline, typically in universities, seminaries and schools of divinity
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Canon Law
CANON LAW is the body of laws and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members. It is the internal ecclesiastical law, or operational policy, governing the Catholic Church (both the Latin Church
Latin Church
and the Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
), the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, and the individual national churches within the Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
. The way that such church law is legislated , interpreted and at times adjudicated varies widely among these three bodies of churches. In all three traditions, a canon was originally a rule adopted by a church council ; these canons formed the foundation of canon law
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Motu Proprio
Corpus Juris Canonici
Corpus Juris Canonici
* Decretist * Regulæ Juris
Regu

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Anglicanism
ANGLICANISM is a tradition within Christianity
Christianity
comprising the Church of England and churches which are historically tied to it or hold similar beliefs, worship practices and church structures. The word Anglican originates in ecclesia anglicana, a medieval Latin phrase dating to the Magna Carta (1215) and before, which means the "English Church". Adherents of Anglicanism
Anglicanism
are called "Anglicans". The great majority of Anglicans are members of national or regional Anglican Churches, known as ecclesiastical provinces , which are part of the international Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
, which is the third-largest Christian communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church

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Diocese
The word DIOCESE (/ˈdaɪ.ə.sɪs/ ) is derived from the Greek term διοίκησις meaning "administration". When now used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to an administrative territorial entity . In the Western Church, the district is under the supervision of a bishop (who may have assistant bishops to help him or her) and is divided into parishes under the care of priests; but in the Eastern Church, the word denotes the area under the jurisdiction of a patriarch and the bishops under his jurisdiction administer parishes. This structure of church governance is known as episcopal polity . The word DIOCESAN means relating or pertaining to a diocese. It can also be used as a noun meaning the bishop who has the principal supervision of a diocese
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Pope John Paul II
POPE SAINT JOHN PAUL II ( Latin
Latin
: Ioannes Paulus II; Italian : Giovanni Paolo II; Polish : Jan Paweł II; born KAROL JóZEF WOJTYłA; Polish: ; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope
Pope
of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
and sovereign of Vatican City
Vatican City
from 1978 to 2005. He is called SAINT JOHN PAUL THE GREAT by some Catholics. He was elected by the second Papal conclave of 1978 , which was called after Pope
Pope
John Paul I , who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI
, died after thirty-three days. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted his predecessor's name in tribute to him. John Paul II is recognised as helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland
Poland
and eventually all of Europe
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Catholic Encyclopedia
THE CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: AN INTERNATIONAL WORK OF REFERENCE ON THE CONSTITUTION, DOCTRINE, DISCIPLINE, AND HISTORY OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, also referred to as the OLD CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA and the ORIGINAL CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA, is an English-language encyclopedia published in the United States. The first volume appeared in March 1907 and the last three volumes appeared in 1912, followed by a master index volume in 1914 and later supplementary volumes. It was designed "to give its readers full and authoritative information on the entire cycle of Catholic
Catholic
interests, action and doctrine". The Catholic
Catholic
Encyclopedia was published by the Robert Appleton Company , a publishing company incorporated at New York in February 1905 for the express purpose of publishing the encyclopedia. The five members of the encyclopedia's Editorial Board also served as the directors of the company
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Personal Ordinariate
Corpus Juris Canonici
Corpus Juris Canonici
* Decretist
Decretist
*
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Ordinariate For The Faithful Of Eastern Rite
An ORDINARIATE FOR THE FAITHFUL OF EASTERN RITE is a geographical ecclesiastical structure for Eastern Catholic communities in areas where no eparchy of their own particular Church has been established. This structure was introduced by the apostolic letter Officium supremi Apostolatus of 15 July 1912. In the Annuario Pontificio the eight existing ordinariates of this kind are listed together with the fifteen (pre-diocesan) apostolic exarchates . Of these ordinariates, four (in Argentina, Brazil, France and Poland) are generically for all Eastern Catholics who lack a 'proper' diocesan jurisdiction of their own rite in the particular country and who are therefore entrusted to the care of a Latin Archbishop in the country. The one in Austria is for Catholics belonging to any of the fourteen particular Churches that use the Byzantine Rite . The other three (Ex-Soviet 'Eastern Europe', Greece and Romania) are exclusively for members of the Armenian Catholic Church
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Apostolic Constitution
Corpus Juris Canonici
Corpus Juris Canonici
* Decretist * Regulæ Juris
Regu

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Latin Catholic Church
The LATIN CHURCH, sometimes called the Western Church, is the largest part of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, governed directly by the Pope
Pope
, tracing its history to the earliest days of Christianity . It represents the largest particular church sui iuris in full communion with the Catholic Church. Employing the Latin liturgical rites
Latin liturgical rites
, with 1.197 billion members (2011), the Latin Church
Latin Church
is considered to form the original and still major part of Western Christianity
Western Christianity
. It is headquartered in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved in Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy

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Second Vatican Council
Four Constitutions: * Sacrosanctum Concilium
Sacrosanctum Concilium
(Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy) * Lumen gentium (Dogmatic Constitution on the Church) * Dei verbum (Dogmatic Constitution on Divine Revelation) *
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Latin
LATIN (Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets , and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet
Phoenician alphabet
. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in Latium
Latium
, in the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
. Through the power of the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire . Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages
Romance languages
, such as Italian , Portuguese , Spanish , French , and Romanian
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