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Prehistory Of Iran
The prehistory of Iran could be divided to Paleolithic, Epipaleolithic, Neolithic
Neolithic
and Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
periods as follow:Contents1 Paleolithic 2 Epipaleolithic 3 Neolithic 4 Chalcolithic 5 See also 6 References 7 Further readingPaleolithic[edit] One of the potential routes for early human migrations toward southern and eastern Asia is Iran, a country characterized by a wide range of geographic variation and resources, which could support early groups of hominins who wandered into the region
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Zagros Paleolithic Museum
Coordinates: 34°19′07″N 47°04′19″E / 34.3186115195°N 47.0719049284°E / 34.3186115195; 47.0719049284 (Do-Ashkaft cave, Kermanshah, Iran)Interior of the second room of Zagros Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Museum.A Model of Neanderthal
Neanderthal
man in the audio roomZagros Paleolithic
Paleolithic
Museum (Persian: موزه پارینه‌سنگی زاگرس‎) is a museum in Kermanshah, Iran, established in 2008. The museum contains a large collection of stone tools and animal fossil bones from various Paleolithic
Paleolithic
sites in Iran. In Iran, it is the only museum of its kind. History[edit] The museum was established by Fereidoun Biglari
Fereidoun Biglari
and A. Moradi Bisetouni at Tekieh Biglar Baigi, Kermanshah
Kermanshah
in 2007
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Wine
Wine
Wine
(from Latin
Latin
vinum) is an alcoholic beverage made from grapes, generally Vitis
Vitis
vinifera, fermented without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes, water, or other nutrients.[1] Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol and carbon dioxide. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts produce different styles of wine. These variations result from the complex interactions between the biochemical development of the grape, the reactions involved in fermentation, the terroir, and the production process. Many countries enact legal appellations intended to define styles and qualities of wine. These typically restrict the geographical origin and permitted varieties of grapes, as well as other aspects of wine production
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Ganj Dareh
Ganj Dareh
Ganj Dareh
(Persian: تپه گنج دره; "Treasure Valley" in Persian,[2] or "Treasure Valley Hill" if tepe/tappeh (hill) is appended to the name) is a Neolithic
Neolithic
settlement in the Iranian Kurdistan. It is located in the Harsin County
Harsin County
in east of Kermanshah Province, in the central Zagros Mountains.[2]Contents1 Research history 2 Ceramics 3 Genetics 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External linksResearch history[edit] First discovered in 1965, it was excavated by Canadian archaeologist, Philip Smith during the 1960s and 1970s, for four field seasons.[2][3] The oldest settlement remains on the site date back to ca
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National Museum Of Iran
The National Museum of Iran
Iran
(Persian: موزهٔ ملی ایران‎ Mūze-ye Melli-ye Irān) is located in Tehran, Iran
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Chogha Bonut
Chogha Bonut (Persian Choghā bonut) is an archaeological site in south-western Iran, located in the Khuzistan
Khuzistan
Province. It is believed that the site was settled as early as 7200 BCE, making it the oldest lowland village in south-western Iran.[1][2] This settlement on the Susiana Plain played a big role in the early Elam
Elam
civilization. Later, this area became dominated by Susa. The site is important because it preserves a record of preceramic period settlement in Iran.Contents1 Discovery 2 Settlement 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksDiscovery[edit] The site was accidentally discovered in 1976 when the mound was being levelled for agribusiness development
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Fertile Crescent
The Fertile Crescent
Crescent
(also known as the "cradle of civilization") is a crescent-shaped region where agriculture and early human civilizations like the Sumer
Sumer
and
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Susa
Susa
Susa
(/ˈsuːsə/; Persian: شوش‬‎ Šuš; [ʃuʃ]; Hebrew: שׁוּשָׁן‬ Šušān; Greek: Σοῦσα [ˈsuːsa]; Syriac: ܫܘܫ‎ Šuš; Old Persian
Old Persian
Çūšā) was an ancient city of the Proto-Elamite, Elamite, First Persian Empire, Seleucid, and Parthian empires of Iran, and one of the most important cities of the Ancient Near East. It is located in the lower Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
about 250 km (160 mi) east of the Tigris River, between the Karkheh and Dez Rivers. The modern Iranian town of Shush is located at the site of ancient Susa. Shush is the administrative capital of the Shush County
Shush County
of Iran's Khuzestan
Khuzestan
province
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Chogha Mish
Tappeh-ye Choghā Mīsh (Persian language; ČOḠĀ MĪŠ) dating back to 6800 BC, is the site of a Chalcolithic
Chalcolithic
settlement in Western Iran, located in the Khuzistan
Khuzistan
Province on the Susiana Plain. It was occupied at the beginning of 6800 BC and continuously from the Neolithic
Neolithic
up to the Proto-Literate period
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Jar
A jar is a rigid, approximately cylindrical container with a wide mouth or opening. Jars are typically made of glass, ceramic, or plastic. They are used for foods, cosmetics, medications, and chemicals that are relatively thick or viscous: pourable liquids are more often packaged in a bottle. They are also used for items too large to be removed from a narrow neck bottle.[1] Glass
Glass
jars can be used for home canning and food preservation. They can be used to preserve or store items as diverse as jam, pickled gherkin, other pickles, marmalade, sundried tomatoes, olives, jalapeño peppers, chutneys, pickled eggs, honey, and many others. They are also frequently re-used in order to put home-made preserves in. Jars are sterilised by putting them in a pressure cooker with boiling water or an oven for a number of minutes
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Excavation (archaeology)
In archaeology, excavation is the exposure, processing and recording of archaeological remains. An excavation site or "dig" is a site being studied. Such a site excavation concerns itself with a specific archaeological site or a connected series of sites, and may be conducted over as little as several weeks to over a number of years. Numerous specialized techniques each with its particular features are used. Resources and other practical issues do not allow archaeologists to carry out excavations whenever and wherever they choose. These constraints mean many known sites have been deliberately left unexcavated
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Yafteh
Yafteh
Yafteh
is an Upper Paleolithic
Upper Paleolithic
cave located at the foot of Yafteh Mountain in the Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
range, located northwest of Khoramabad
Khoramabad
in western Zagros, Lorestan Province
Lorestan Province
of western Iran.Contents1 Description 2 Archaeological history 3 See also 4 ReferencesDescription[edit] Yafteh
Yafteh
has yielded the largest number of C14 dates from a single Paleolithic site in Iran
Iran
that are clustered around 28–35 thousand years ago. A rich collection of ornaments made of marine shells, tooth and hematite has been discovered in the early Upper Paleolithic deposits in both early and recent excavations in the Yafteh
Yafteh
cave
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Zagros Mountains
The Zagros Mountains
Zagros Mountains
(Persian: کوه‌های زاگرس‬‎; Kurdish: چیاکانی زاگرۆس‬‎) form the largest mountain range in Iran, Iraq
Iraq
and southeastern Turkey. This mountain range has a total length of 1,500 km (930 mi). The Zagros mountain range begins in northwestern Iran
Iran
and roughly corresponds to Iran's western border. It spans the whole length of the western and southwestern Iranian plateau, ending at the Strait of Hormuz
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Sialk
Tepe Sialk
Tepe Sialk
(Persian: تپه سیلک‎) is a large ancient archeological site (a tepe, "hill" or "mound") in a suburb of the city of Kashan, Isfahan
Isfahan
Province, in central Iran, close to Fin Garden. The culture that inhabited this area has been linked to the Zayandeh River Culture.[1]Contents1 History 2 Archaeology 3 Northern mound 4 Southern mound4.1 Metallurgy5 Second millennium BC 6 Images 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External linksHistory[edit] The Sialk ziggurat was built around the 3000 BC. A joint study between Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization, the Louvre, and the Institut Francais de Recherche en Iran
Iran
also verifies the oldest settlements in Sialk to date back to 5500–6000 BC.[2][3] Sialk, and the entire area around it, is thought to have originated as a result of the pristine large water sources nearby that still run today
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Prehistoric Asia
Prehistoric Asia
Asia
refers to events in Asia
Asia
during the period of human existence prior to the invention of writing systems or the documentation of recorded history. This includes portions of the Eurasian land mass currently or traditionally considered as the continent of Asia
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Rock Art In Iran
Rock art
Rock art
in Iran
Iran
includes archaeological petroglyphs, or carving in rock; pictographs, or painting on rock; and rock reliefs. Large numbers of prehistoric rock art, more than 50,000, have been discovered in Iran. Dating back to 40,800 years before present in Iran, rock art is the oldest surviving artwork. Prehistoric rock art provides insights into past eras and cultures. Archaeologists classify the tools for carving petroglyphs by their historical era
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