HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Preconscious
In psychoanalysis , PRECONSCIOUS are the thoughts which are unconscious at the particular moment in question, but which are not repressed and are therefore available for recall and easily 'capable of becoming conscious'—a phrase attributed by Sigmund Freud to Joseph Breuer . Freud contrasted the preconscious (Psc.; German : das Vorbewusste) to both the conscious (Cs.; das Bewusste) and the unconscious (Ucs.; das Unbewusste) in his so-called topographical system of the mind. Preconscious can also refer to information that is available for cognitive processing but that currently lies outside conscious awareness. One of the most common forms of preconscious processing is priming (psychology) . Other common forms of preconscious processing are tip of the tongue phenomenon and blindsight
[...More...]

"Preconscious" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Erich Fromm
ERICH SELIGMANN FROMM (German: ; March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980) was a German social psychologist , psychoanalyst , sociologist , humanistic philosopher , and democratic socialist . He was one of Founders of The William Allison White Institute of Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis
and Psychology in New York City and was associated with the Frankfurt School
Frankfurt School
of critical theory
[...More...]

"Erich Fromm" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Erik Erikson
ERIK HOMBURGER ERIKSON (born ERIK SALOMONSEN; 15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a German -born American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychosocial development of human beings. He may be most famous for coining the phrase identity crisis . His son, Kai T. Erikson , is a noted American sociologist . Although Erikson lacked a bachelor's degree, he served as a professor at prominent institutions such as Harvard
Harvard
and Yale
Yale
. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Erikson as the 12th most cited psychologist of the 20th century
[...More...]

"Erik Erikson" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Paul Federn
PAUL FEDERN (October 13, 1871 – May 4, 1950) was an Austrian-American psychologist who was a native of Vienna
Vienna
. Federn is largely remembered for his theories involving ego psychology and therapeutic treatment of psychosis . CONTENTS * 1 Life and career * 2 Writings * 3 Influence * 4 References * 5 External links LIFE AND CAREERAfter earning his doctorate in 1895, he was an assistant in general medicine under Hermann Nothnagel (1841–1905) in Vienna. It was Nothnagel who introduced Federn to the works of Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
. Federn was deeply influenced by Freud's Interpretation of Dreams , and in 1904 became devoted to the field of psychoanalysis . Along with Alfred Adler and Wilhelm Stekel , Federn was an important early follower of Freud
[...More...]

"Paul Federn" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Ronald Laing
RONALD DAVID LAING (7 October 1927 – 23 August 1989), usually cited as R. D. LAING, was a Scottish psychiatrist known as who wrote extensively on mental illness – in particular, the experience of psychosis . Laing's views on the causes and treatment of serious mental dysfunction, greatly influenced by existential philosophy, ran counter to the chemical and electro shock methods being becoming the psychiatric orthodoxy of the day. Taking the expressed feelings of the individual patient or client as valid descriptions of lived experience rather than simply as symptoms of mental illness, Laing regarded Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia
as a theory not a fact. Though associated in the public mind with anti-psychiatry he rejected the label. Politically, he was regarded as a thinker of the New Left . Laing was portrayed in the film Mad to Be Normal
[...More...]

"Ronald Laing" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Max Eitingon
MAX EITINGON (26 June 1881 – 30 July 1943) was a Belarusian-German medical doctor and psychoanalyst, instrumental in establishing the institutional parameters of psychoanalytic education and training. Eitingon was cofounder and president from 1920 to 1933 of the Berlin Psychoanalytic Polyclinic . He was also director and patron of the Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag (1921-1930), president of the International Psychoanalytic Association (1927-1933), founder and president of the International Training Committee (1925-1943), and founder of the Palestine Psychoanalytic Society (1934) and of the Psychoanalytic Institute of Israel. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Works * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links LIFEEitingon was born to an extremely wealthy Orthodox Jewish family in Mohilev , Imperial Russia
Imperial Russia
, the son of a successful fur trader Chaim Eitingon
[...More...]

"Max Eitingon" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Abram Kardiner
ABRAM KARDINER (17 August 1891, New York City
New York City
– 20 July 1981, Connecticut
Connecticut
) was an American anthropologist and psychoanalyst . He is most famously known for his seminal 1941 study The Traumatic Neuroses of War, seen by many modern specialists as a key beginning work on psychological trauma . Based on work conducted at No
[...More...]

"Abram Kardiner" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Melanie Klein
MELANIE REIZES KLEIN (30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian -British psychoanalyst who devised novel therapeutic techniques for children that influenced child psychology and contemporary psychoanalysis. She was a leading innovator in object relations theory . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Thought * 3 In popular culture * 4 Bibliography * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links LIFE Melanie Klein
Melanie Klein
c. 1900 Born in Vienna
Vienna
of Jewish heritage, Klein first sought psychoanalysis for herself from Sándor Ferenczi when she was living in Budapest during World War I
World War I
. There she became a psychoanalyst and began analysing children in 1919. Allegedly two of the first children she analysed were her son and daughter
[...More...]

"Melanie Klein" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Josef Breuer
JOSEF BREUER (German: ; 15 January 1842 – 20 June 1925) was a distinguished Austrian physician who made key discoveries in neurophysiology, and whose work in the 1880s with his patient Bertha Pappenheim , known as Anna O. , developed the talking cure (cathartic method) and laid the foundation to psychoanalysis as developed by his protégé Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Neurophysiology * 3 Anna O. * 4 Family * 5 Works * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links EARLY LIFEBorn in Vienna
Vienna
, his father, Leopold Breuer, taught religion in Vienna's Jewish
Jewish
community. Breuer's mother died when he was quite young, and he was raised by his maternal grandmother and educated by his father until the age of eight
[...More...]

"Josef Breuer" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Joan Riviere
JOAN HODGSON RIVIERE (28 June 1883 – 20 May 1962) was a British psychoanalyst, who was both an early translator of Freud into English and an influential writer on her own account. CONTENTS * 1 Life and career * 2 Seminal writings * 3 Other publications * 4 Translations * 5 References LIFE AND CAREERRiviere was born Joan Hodgson Verrall in Brighton
Brighton
, the daughter of Hugh John Verrall and his wife Ann Hodgson. Her father was a lawyer and her mother a vicar's daughter. She was educated in Brighton
Brighton
and then at Wycombe Abbey . At the age of seventeen, she went to Gotha , Germany, where she spent a year and became proficient in the German language. Her interests were primarily artistic and she was for a time a court dressmaker. Riviere married in 1907 and had a child, but suffered a breakdown on the death of her father around that time
[...More...]

"Joan Riviere" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Ernst Simmel
ERNST SIMMEL (German: ; 4 April 1882, Breslau
Breslau
– 11 November 1947, Los Angeles
Los Angeles
) was a German-Jewish neurologist and psychoanalyst. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Studies * 2.1 Anti-Semitism study * 3 Papers * 4 See also * 5 Works * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links LIFEBorn in Breslau
Breslau
(Wrocław), Silesia to a secular Jewish background, Simmel moved to Berlin
Berlin
as a child. He studied medicine and psychiatry in Berlin
Berlin
and Rostock
Rostock
. He graduated in medicine in 1908, with a dissertation on dementia praecox . In 1910 he married Alice Seckelson. In 1913 he helped found the Society of Socialist Physicians (VSÄ), and became one of the pioneers of Social Medicine
[...More...]

"Ernst Simmel" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Consciousness
CONSCIOUSNESS is the state or quality of awareness , or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself. It has been defined variously in terms of sentience , awareness, qualia , subjectivity , the ability to experience or to feel , wakefulness , having a sense of selfhood or soul , the fact that there is something "that it is like" to "have" or "be" it, and the executive control system of the mind . In contemporary philosophy its definition is often hinted at via the logical possibility of its absence, the philosophical zombie , which is defined as a being whose behavior and function are identical to one's own yet there is "no-one in there" experiencing it. Despite the difficulty in definition, many philosophers believe that there is a broadly shared underlying intuition about what consciousness is
[...More...]

"Consciousness" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Isidor Isaak Sadger
ISIDOR ISAAK SADGER (29 October 1867 - 21 December 1942), born in Neu Sandez , Galicia , was a forensic doctor and psychoanalyst in Vienna
Vienna
. A leader in the early development of psychoanalysis , he began his career as a neurological specialist and, in 1894, began publishing a series of articles on psychophysiology . He studied with Sigmund Freud from 1895 to 1904 with a concentration in homosexuality and fetishism and coined the term Sadomasochismus (sadomasochism ) in 1913. He also coined the term "Narcissmus" (narcissism ). In September 1942, he was deported to the Theresienstadt
Theresienstadt
concentration camp , where he died. WORKSadger published "Fragment der Psychoanalyse eines Homosexuellen" in the Jahrbuch für sexuellen Zwischenstufen in 1908. It described his analysis of a melancholy Danish count who was homosexual
[...More...]

"Isidor Isaak Sadger" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

James Strachey
JAMES BEAUMONT STRACHEY (/ˈstreɪtʃi/ ; 26 September 1887, London – 25 April 1967, High Wycombe
High Wycombe
) was a British psychoanalyst , and, with his wife Alix , a translator of Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
into English. He is perhaps best known as the general editor of The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
... the international authority". CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 The psychoanalytic turn * 3 Psychoanalytic writings * 4 The translations * 5 James Strachey, Holroyd, and "Lytton Strachey" * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links EARLY LIFEHe was a son of Lt-Gen Sir Richard Strachey and Lady (Jane) Strachey, called the enfant miracle as his father was 70 and his mother 47. Some of his nieces and nephews, who were considerably older than James, called him Jembeau or Uncle Baby
[...More...]

"James Strachey" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Harry Guntrip
HARRY GUNTRIP (1901–1975) was a psychologist known for his major contributions to object relations theory or school of Freudian thought. He was a Fellow of the British Psychological Society and a psychotherapist and lecturer at the Department of Psychiatry, Leeds University , and also a Congregationalist minister. He was described by Dr. Jock Sutherland as "one of the psychoanalytic immortals". CONTENTS * 1 Work * 2 On the schizoid personality * 2.1 Introversion * 2.2 Withdrawnness * 2.3 Narcissism * 2.4 Self-sufficiency * 2.5 Loss of affect * 2.6 Loneliness * 2.7 Depersonalization * 2.8 Regression * 3 Published works * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links WORKGuntrip’s Personality Structure and Human Interaction organized, critiqued and synthesized the theories of major psychoanalysts, including Melanie Klein
Melanie Klein
, Ronald Fairbairn , D. W
[...More...]

"Harry Guntrip" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Karen Horney
KAREN HORNEY (/ˈhɔːrnaɪ/ ; born Danielsen, 16 September 1885 – 4 December 1952) was a German psychoanalyst who practiced in the United States during her later career. Her theories questioned some traditional Freudian views. This was particularly true of her theories of sexuality and of the instinct orientation of psychoanalysis. She is credited with founding feminist psychology in response to Freud's theory of penis envy . She disagreed with Freud
Freud
about inherent differences in the psychology of men and women, and she traced such differences to society and culture rather than biology. As such, she is often classified as neo- Freudian
[...More...]

"Karen Horney" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.