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Preacher
A PREACHER usually identifies a person who delivers sermons or homilies on religious topics to an assembly of people. Less common are preachers who preach on the street , or those whose message is not necessarily religious, but who preach components such as a moral or social worldview or philosophy . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Other uses * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References HISTORYPreachers are common throughout most cultures. They can take the form of a Christian minister on a Sunday morning, or an Islamic Imam . A Muslim preacher in general is referred to as a dā‘ī , while those giving sermons on a Friday afternoon are described as a khatib . The sermon or homily has been an important part of Christian services since Early Christianity, and remains prominent in both Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
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Saint Peter
SAINT PETER (Syriac/ Aramaic
Aramaic
: ܫܸܡܥܘܿܢ ܟܹ݁ܐܦ݂ܵܐ, Shemayon Keppa, Hebrew : שמעון בר יונה‎ Shim'on bar Yona, Greek : Πέτρος Petros, Coptic : ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ, Latin
Latin
: Petrus; r. AD 30; d. between AD 64 and 68 ), also known as SIMON PETER, SIMEON, or SIMON ( pronunciation (help ·info )), according to the New Testament
New Testament
, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus
Jesus
Christ , leaders of the early Christian Great Church . Pope
Pope
Gregory I called him repeatedly the " Prince of the Apostles ". According to Catholic teaching , Jesus
Jesus
promised Peter in the "Rock of My Church " dialogue in Matthew 16:18 a special position in the Church
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Sao Paulo
SãO PAULO (/ˌsaʊ ˈpaʊloʊ/ ; Portuguese pronunciation: ( listen )) is a municipality in the southeast region of Brazil
Brazil
. The metropolis is an alpha global city (as listed by the GaWC ) and the most populous city in Brazil, the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
and the Southern Hemisphere . The municipality is also the Earth\'s 13th largest city proper by population . The city is the capital of the surrounding state of São Paulo
São Paulo
, one of 26 constituent states of the republic. It is the most populous and wealthiest city in Brazil
Brazil
. It exerts strong international influences in commerce, finance, arts and entertainment. The name of the city honors the Apostle, Saint Paul of Tarsus
Paul of Tarsus

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Brasil
Coordinates : 10°S 52°W / 10°S 52°W / -10; -52 Federative Republic
Republic
of Brazil República Federativa do Brasil (Portuguese ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: * Ordem e Progresso (Portuguese) * (English: "Order and Progress") ANTHEM: * Hino Nacional Brasileiro * (English: "Brazilian National Anthem")* ------------------------- * FLAG ANTHEM: * Hino à Bandeira Nacional * (English: "National Flag Anthem")* NATIONAL SEAL * Selo Nacional do Brasil * National Seal of Brazil * CAPITAL
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Praça Da Sé
PRAçA DA Sé (English : See Square) is a public space in São Paulo , Brazil
Brazil
. Considered as the city's central point, it is the point from where the distance of all roads passing through São Paulo
São Paulo
are counted. The square was the location of many historic events in São Paulo's history, most notably during the Diretas Já
Diretas Já
movement. The name originates from the episcopal see of the city, the São Paulo Cathedral . CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Landscape
Landscape
project * 1.2 Renovation * 2 References * 3 Bibliography * 4 External links HISTORY Cathedral square in a photo of 1880 by Marc Ferrez . The old Cathedral of São Paulo
São Paulo
is the church to the right
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Quaker
QUAKERS (or FRIENDS) are members of a historically Christian group of religious movements generally known as the RELIGIOUS SOCIETY OF FRIENDS. The Evangelical Friends Church International uses the phrase FRIENDS CHURCH. Members of the various Quaker movements are all generally united in a belief in the ability of each human being to experientially access "that of God
God
in every person", and therefore they profess the priesthood of all believers , a doctrine derived from the First Epistle of Peter
First Epistle of Peter
. They include those with evangelical , holiness , liberal , and traditional Quaker understandings of Christianity. To differing extents, the different movements that make up the Religious Society of Friends/Friends Church avoid creeds and hierarchical structures. In 2007, there were about 359,000 adult Quakers. In 2012, there were 377,055 adult Quakers
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Territorial Prelate
A TERRITORIAL PRELATE is, in Catholic
Catholic
usage, a prelate whose geographic jurisdiction, called TERRITORIAL PRELATURE, does not belong to any diocese and is considered a particular church . The territorial prelate is sometimes called a PRELATE NULLIUS, from the Latin nullius diœceseos, prelate "of no diocese," meaning the territory falls directly under the 'exempt' jurisdiction of the Holy See ( Pope
Pope
of Rome) and is not a diocese under a residing bishop . The term is also used in a generic sense, and may then equally refer to an apostolic prefecture , an apostolic vicariate , a permanent apostolic administration (which are pre-diocesan, often missionary, or temporary), or a territorial abbacy (see there)
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Territorial Abbey
A TERRITORIAL ABBEY (or TERRITORIAL ABBACY) is a particular church of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
comprising defined territory which is not part of a diocese but surrounds an abbey or monastery whose abbot or superior functions as ordinary for all Catholics and parishes in the territory. Such an abbot is called a TERRITORIAL ABBOT or ABBOT NULLIUS DIœCESEOS (abbreviated ABBOT NULLIUS and Latin for "abbot of no diocese"). A territorial abbot thus differs from an ordinary abbot, who exercises authority only within the monastery's walls or to monks or canons who have taken their vows there. A territorial abbot is equivalent to a bishop in Catholic canon law . While most belong to the Latin rite , and usually to the Benedictine or Cistercian Orders, there are Eastern Catholic territorial abbeys - most notably the Italo-Greek Abbey
Abbey
of Grottaferrata
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Consecrator
CONSECRATOR is a term used in the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
to designate a bishop who ordains a priest to the episcopal state. The term is also used in Eastern Rite Churches and in Anglican
Anglican
communities. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Validity * 3 Co-Consecrators * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYThe church has always sought to assemble as many bishops as possible for the election and consecration of new bishops. Although due to difficulties in travel, timing, and frequency of consecrations, this was reduced to the requirement that all comprovincial (of the same province) bishops participate
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Auxiliary Bishop
An AUXILIARY BISHOP is a bishop assigned to assist the diocesan bishop in meeting the pastoral and administrative needs of the diocese . Auxiliary bishops are titular bishops of sees that no longer exist . In Catholic Church
Catholic Church
, auxiliary bishops exist in both the Latin Church and in the Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
. The particular duties of an auxiliary bishop are given by the diocesan bishop and can vary widely depending on the auxiliary bishop, the ordinary , and the needs of the diocese. In a larger archdiocese, they might be in assigned to serve a portion of the archdiocese (sometimes called deaneries, regions, or vicariates) or to serve a particular population such as immigrants or those of a particular heritage or language. Canon law requires that the diocesan bishop appoint each auxiliary bishop as vicar general or episcopal vicar of the diocese
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Auditor (ecclesiastical)
In ecclesiastical terminology, an AUDITOR (from a Latin word meaning "hearer") is a person given authority to hear cases in an ecclesiastical court
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Primate (bishop)
PRIMATE (pronounced /ˈpraɪmət/) is a title or rank bestowed on some archbishops in certain Christian churches. Depending on the particular tradition, it can denote either jurisdictional authority (title of authority ) or (usually) ceremonial precedence (title of honour )
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Major Archbishop
In the Eastern Catholic Churches
Eastern Catholic Churches
, MAJOR ARCHBISHOP is a title for the chief hierarch of an autonomous (sui juris ) particular Church that has not been "endowed with the patriarchal title". Major archbishops generally have the same rights, privileges, and jurisdiction as Eastern Catholic patriarchs , except where expressly provided otherwise, and rank immediately after them in precedence of honor. In addition to their role governing their particular Church, major archbishops, like Eastern Catholic patriarchs, are ex officio members of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches in the Roman Curia
Roman Curia
. They are required to attend the annual general meeting of this congregation, as well as other sessions if they are visiting Rome or are otherwise able
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Chancellor (ecclesiastical)
CHANCELLOR is an ecclesiastical title used by several quite distinct officials of some Christian churches . * In some churches, the CHANCELLOR of a diocese is a lawyer who represents the church in legal matters. In the Church of England
Church of England
, the office technically combines that of Official Principal (who presides over, and represents the bishop in, the consistory court ) with that of Vicar General
Vicar General
(who acts as the bishop’s deputy in non-judicial legal and administrative affairs)
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Suffragan Bishop
A SUFFRAGAN BISHOP is a bishop subordinate to a metropolitan bishop or diocesan bishop . They may be assigned to an area which does not have a cathedral of its own. CONTENTS* 1 Anglican
Anglican
Communion * 1.1 England * 1.1.1 History * 1.1.2 Today * 1.1.2.1 Area bishops * 1.1.2.2 Suffragan bishops * 1.2 Wales
Wales
* 1.3 Ireland * 1.4 United States * 1.5 Acting bishops * 2 Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
* 3 See also * 4 References ANGLICAN COMMUNIONIn the Anglican
Anglican
churches, the term applies to a bishop who is an assistant to a diocesan bishop . For example, the Bishop
Bishop
of Jarrow is a suffragan to the diocesan Bishop
Bishop
of Durham
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Titular Bishop
A TITULAR BISHOP in various churches is a bishop who is not in charge of a diocese . By definition a bishop is an "overseer" of a community of the faithful, so when a priest is ordained a bishop the tradition of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches is that he be ordained for a specific place. There are more bishops than there are functioning dioceses. Therefore, a priest appointed not to head a diocese as its diocesan bishop, but to be an auxiliary bishop , a papal diplomat, or an official of the Roman Curia
Roman Curia
is appointed to a titular see
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