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Praudha Raya
Praudha Raya (also known as Praudha Deva Raya IV) was a king of Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
who ruled for a very short period of time but was overpowered and the control of the empire was taken over by his able commander Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya in 1485. He wrote the Ratiratnapradipika, a book on erotics. References[edit]Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, Concise History of Karnataka, 2001, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002) Durga Prasad, History Andhras up to 1565 A. D., 1988, P.G. Publishers, Don Bosco School Press, GunturExternal links[edit]APonline Article Ourkarnataka Article Sangama Article History of Sexual MedicinePreceded by Virupaksha Raya II Vijayanagar empire 1485 Succeeded by Saluva Narasimha Deva RayaThis biography of a member of an Indian royal house is a stub
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992 album by Vesta Williams "Special" (Garbage song), 1998 "Special
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Tuluva Narasa Nayaka
Tuluva Narasa Nayaka (died 1503) was a chieftain of the Tuluva dynasty and a Vijayanagar commander, like his father Tuluva Ishvara Nayaka. After the death of king Saluva Narasimha in 1491, crown prince Thimma Bhupala was murdered by an army commander. The faithful Narasa Nayaka then crowned the other prince, Narasimha Raya II but retained all administrative powers in order to bring stability to the kingdom. He was called the rakshakarta (protector) and svami (Lord). He held the offices of the senadhipati (commander-in-chief), the mahapradhana (Prime Minister) and the karyakarta (agent) of the king.[1][full citation needed][need quotation to verify] He successfully kept the Bahamani Sultans and the Gajapatis away from the kingdom and quelled many rebellions by unfaithful chieftains, trying to exert their independence. Notes[edit]^ Majumdar, R.C. (2006). The Delhi Sultanate, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, p.306References[edit]Dr. Suryanath U
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Tuluva Dynasty
Tuluva
Tuluva
was the third dynasty of the Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Empire.[1]Contents1 History 2 Rulers 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] Nāga
Nāga
(snake) stone worship at HampiThe Tuluva
Tuluva
were the third Hindu
Hindu
dynasty which ruled Vijayanagara empire. [1]. The Vijayanagar empire attained it greatest glory during this period and their most famous emperor Krishna Deva Raya. Their reign consisted of five emperors from 1491 till 1570. They ruled almost the entire South India
South India
with Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
as their capital. The fall of the Tuluva
Tuluva
dynasty led the beginning of the disintegration of the empire. This period was known as a golden age of Telugu literature
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Sriranga II
Sriranga II (a.k.a.Sriranga Chika Raya) (r. 1614 CE) was nominated in 1614 by King
King
Venkata II to succeed him as king of the Vijayanagara Empire in Southern India. Sriranga was supported by a faction headed by Yachama Naidu of Recherla Velama dynasty, one of the Venkata II's loyal viceroys and commanders and Nayak of Venkatagiri, but was not favored by a set of nobles headed by Gobburi Jagga Raya, brother (or father) of Venkata II’s favourite Queen Obayamma. Coup and Murder[edit] The presence of a putative heir of former King
King
Venkata II further worsened matters. Jagga Raya, with two of his lieutenants seized Sriranga II and his family and threw them into prison at Vellore Fort, and crowned the namesake son of the former emperor. Yachama Naidu opposed the plans of Jagga Raya and, with the help of a washer man, smuggled Sriranga’s 12-year-old second son, Rama, from the fort
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Venkata II
Venkatapati Raya (or Venkata II, r. 1585–1614 CE) was the younger brother of Sriranga Deva Raya (also the youngest son of Tirumala Deva Raya ) and the ruler of Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
with bases in Penukonda, Chandragiri
Chandragiri
and Vellore. His reign of three decades saw a revival of the strength and prosperity of the empire. He dealt successfully with the Deccan sultans of Bijapur and Golkonda, the internal disorders, promoting economic revival in the country
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Sriranga I
Sriranga Deva Raya (a.k.a. Sriranga I) (r. 1572–1586 CE) was the eldest son of Tirumala Deva Raya and a king of Vijayanagara empire based at Penukonda. He carried the restoration of the Vijayanagara empire, but his reign was marred with repeated attacks and loss of territories from his Muslim neighbours. In 1576, the Bijapur Sultan Ali Adil Shah I
Ali Adil Shah I
laid siege to his fort in Penukonda
Penukonda
for three months, but at the end Sriranga Deva bought out the Adil Shah’s Hindu lieutenants which helped his commanders defeat the Sultan’s army. In 1579, the Sultan’s new commander Murari Rao, a Maratha
Maratha
Brahmin, launched a sudden plundering operation heading a large Muslim army. His hordes began systematically ravaging the territory south of the River Krishna
River Krishna
with great ferocity
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Tirumala Deva Raya
Tirumala Deva Raya (reign 1565–1572 CE) was the first Crowned King of the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
from the Aravidu Dynasty. He was the younger brother of Aliya Rama Raya
Aliya Rama Raya
and son-in-law of Krishna Deva Raya. When Rama Raya was killed in the Talikota battle in 1565 he immediately emptied the treasury and fled the capital to taking with him the Royal family and the minor crown prince Sadasiva Raya. He, after a few years of hardships, reestablished the Vijaynagar rule in Penukonda, in present-day Andhra Pradesh. During this time the Southern Nayakas of Madurai
Madurai
and Gingee
Gingee
declared partial independence, while some others rebelled over Tirumala Deva Raya’s authority. In 1567 he encountered another attack by the Bijapur Sultan; this time the Sultan was defeated, but also lost some territories
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Aliya Rama Raya
Rama Raya (1485?? – January 23, 1565 CE), popularly known as "Aliya" Rama Raya, was the progenitor of the Aravidu dynasty of Vijayanagar Empire. This dynasty, the fourth and last to hold sway over the Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Empire, is often not counted as a ruling dynasty of that empire, for reasons delineated below. Rama Raya patronised the Sanskrit scholar Rama Amatya. He reigned from 1543 to 1565.Contents1 Career 2 Sultanate affairs 3 Battle of Talikota 4 Aravidu Dynasty 5 ReferencesCareer[edit] "Aliya" Rama Raya and his younger brother Tirumala Deva Raya were sons-in-law of the great Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
emperor Krishna Deva Raya. The word "Aliya" means "son-in-law" in the Kannada
Kannada
language. Along with another brother Venkatadri, the Aravidu brothers rose to prominence during the rule of Krishna Deva Raya
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Aravidu Dynasty
The Araviti Dynasty was the fourth and last Hindu
Hindu
dynasty which ruled Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
in South India. Its founder was Tirumala Deva Raya, whose brother Rama Raya had been the masterful regent of the last ruler of the previous dynasty
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Sadasiva Raya
Sadasiva Raya (1543–1567) was a ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire,[1] a powerful South Indian empire based in the Deccan in 16th century India.Vijayanagara EmpireSangama dynastyHarihara I 1336–1356Bukka Raya I 1356–1377Harihara Raya II 1377–1404Virupaksha Raya 1404–1405Bukka Raya II 1405–1406Deva Raya I 1406–1422Ramachandra Raya 1422Vira Vijaya Bukka Raya 1422–1424Deva Raya II 1424–1446Mallikarjuna Raya 1446–1465 Virupaksha Raya II 1465–1485Praudha Raya 1485Saluva dynastySaluva Narasimha Deva Raya 1485–1491Thimma Bhupala 1491Narasimha Raya II 1491–1505T
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Venkata I
Venkata I (Venkata Raya or Venkatadri Raya) (1542 CE) was a ruler of a Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
of South India. He was the younger son of Achyuta Deva Raya, whom he succeeded in 1542. Life[edit] Achyuta Deva Raya
Achyuta Deva Raya
was succeeded by his son Venkata I and his maternal uncle Salakaraju Chinna Tirumala (Salakaraju Chinna Timmalayyadéva or Salakaraja Chinna Tirumalayyadeva) became regent. The latter, Salakaraju killed all the claimants to the throne including Venkata I and assumed full royal powers
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Achyuta Deva Raya
Achyuta Deva Raya
Achyuta Deva Raya
(1529–1542 CE) was a ruler of a Vijayanagara Empire of South India. He was the younger brother of Krishna Deva Raya, whom he succeeded in 1529. Fernao Nuniz was a Portuguese traveller, chronicler and horse trader who visited India during reign of Achyutaraya and who spent three years in Vijayanagara. He patronised Kannada poet Chatu Vittalanatha, the great composer and singer Purandaradasa
Purandaradasa
(Father of Carnatic music), and the Sanskrit scholar Rajanatha Dindima II. Upon his death, the succession was disputed
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Krishnadevaraya
Krishnadevaraya
Krishnadevaraya
(IAST Kṛṣṇa Deva Rāya) was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
who reigned from 1509–1529. He is the third ruler of the Tuluva Dynasty. Presiding over the empire at its zenith, he is regarded as an icon by many Indians. Krishna
Krishna
Deva Raya earned the titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana (lit, "Lord of the Kannada empire"), Andhra Bhoja and Mooru Rayara Ganda (lit, "King of three Kings"). He became the dominant ruler of the peninsula of India by defeating the Sultans of Bijapur, Golconda, the Bahmani Sultanate
Bahmani Sultanate
and the Gajapatis of Odisha
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Viranarasimha Raya
Vira Narasimha Raya, (or Vira Narasimha, Vira Narasimha III) (reigned 1505–1509) became the king of Vijayanagar empire
Vijayanagar empire
after the death of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka. Krishna Deva Raya was his younger half-brother.[1] The death of their capable father Tuluva Narasa Nayaka resulted in feudatories rising in rebellion everywhere. In his writings, Nuniz noted that the whole world had risen in rebellion. At first, Immadi Narasa Nayaka, the eldest son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka became king and lasted at the throne for two years before being assassinated. Vira Narasimha Raya was next crowned in 1505 and spent all his years fighting rebel warlords. Yusuf Adil Khan of Bijapur tried to extend his domains south of the Tungabhadra. The Vijayanagar regent was supported by Aliya Rama Raya of the Aravidu family and his son Thimma. With their help, Adil Khan was defeated and pushed back
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Sangama Dynasty
gThis article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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