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Praudha Raya
PRAUDHA RAYA (also known as PRAUDHA DEVA RAYA) was a king of Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
who ruled for a very short period of time but was overpowered and the control of yhe empire was taken over by his able commander Saluva Narasimha Deva Raya in 1485. He wrote the Ratiratnapradipika , a book on erotics. REFERENCES * Dr. Suryanath U. Kamat, Concise History of Karnataka, 2001, MCC, Bangalore (Reprinted 2002) * Durga Prasad, History Andhras up to 1565 A
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Sadasiva Raya
SADASIVA RAYA (1543–1567) was a ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
, a powerful South Indian empire based in the Deccan in 16th century India
India

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Aravidu Dynasty
The ARAVIDU DYNASTY was the fourth and last Hindu
Hindu
dynasty which ruled Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
in South India
South India
. Its founder was Tirumala Deva Raya , whose brother Rama Raya had been the masterful regent of the last ruler of the previous dynasty. Rama Raya's death at the Battle of Rakasa-Tangadi (also known as the Battle of Talikota) in 1565 led to the subsequent destruction of Vijayanagar by the combined forces of the Muslim states of Bijapur. The present Ruler of the Dynasty is Krishna Devaraya (born October 6 1970) who ascended the throne in 2008 and has been involved in restoring the old palace, He is married to Rathnashree Raya (born July 11 1975)He has one son, Crown prince Tirumala Venkata Devaraya (born December 4 2000) and two daughters Shiva Raya Kumari and Krishna Raya Kumari(both born February 6, 2007)
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Venkata I
VENKATA I (VENKATA RAYA or VENKATADRI RAYA) (1542 CE) was a ruler of a Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
of South India. He was the younger son of Achyuta Deva Raya
Achyuta Deva Raya
, whom he succeeded in 1542. LIFE Achyuta Deva Raya
Achyuta Deva Raya
was succeeded by his son Venkata I and his maternal uncle Salakaraju Chinna Tirumala (Salakaraju Chinna Timmalayyadéva or Salakaraja Chinna Tirumalayyadeva) became regent. The latter, Salakaraju killed all the claimants to the throne including Venkata I and assumed full royal powers. Only Sadasiva Raya (son of Ranga Raya ), who had hidden himself in the fort of Gutti , escaped
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Krishnadevaraya
ಕೃಷ್ಣದೇವರಾಯ శ్రీ కృష్ణ దేవరాయలు A bronze statue of Emperor
Emperor
Krishnadevaraya
Krishnadevaraya
EMPEROR OF THE VIJAYANAGARA EMPIRE REIGN August 8 1509 – 1529 PREDECESSOR Viranarasimha Raya SUCCESSOR Achyuta Deva Raya
Achyuta Deva Raya
BORN 16 February 1471 Hampi
Hampi
, Karnataka
Karnataka
DIED c
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Viranarasimha Raya
VIRA NARASIMHA RAYA, (or VIRA NARASIMHA, VIRA NARASIMHA III) (reigned 1505–1509) became the king of Vijayanagar empire
Vijayanagar empire
after the death of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka . Krishna Deva Raya was his younger half-brother. The death of their capable father Tuluva Narasa Nayaka resulted in feudatories rising in rebellion everywhere. In his writings, Nuniz noted that the whole world had risen in rebellion. At first, Immadi Narasa Nayaka, the eldest son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka became king and lasted at the throne for two years before being assassinated. Vira Narasimha Raya was next crowned in 1505 and spent all his years fighting rebel warlords. Yusuf Adil Khan of Bijapur tried to extend his domains south of the Tungabhadra. The Vijayanagar regent was supported by Aliya Rama Raya of the Aravidu family and his son Thimma. With their help, Adil Khan was defeated and pushed back
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Aliya Rama Raya
RAMA RAYA (1485?? – January 23, 1565 CE), popularly known as "Aliya" Rama Raya, was the progenitor of the Aravidu dynasty of Vijayanagar Empire
Vijayanagar Empire
. This dynasty, the fourth and last to hold sway over the Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
, is often not counted as a ruling dynasty of that empire, for reasons delineated below. Rama Raya patronised the Sanskrit scholar Rama Amatya. He reigned from 1543 to 1565. CONTENTS * 1 Career * 2 Sultanate affairs * 3 Battle of Talikota
Battle of Talikota
* 4 Aravidu Dynasty
Dynasty
* 5 References CAREER"Aliya" Rama Raya and his younger brother Tirumala Deva Raya were sons-in-law of the great Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
emperor Krishna Deva Raya . The word "Aliya" means "son-in-law" in the Kannada
Kannada
language
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Achyuta Deva Raya
ACHYUTA DEVA RAYA (1529–1542 CE) was a ruler of a Vijayanagara Empire of South India
South India
. He was the younger brother of Krishna Deva Raya , whom he succeeded in 1529. He patronised Kannada poet Chatu Vittalanatha, the great composer and singer Purandaradasa (Father of Carnatic music
Carnatic music
), and the Sanskrit scholar Rajanatha Dindima II. Upon his death, the succession was disputed. His nephew, (younger brother's son) Sadasiva Raya , finally became king while yet a child, under the regency of Aliya Rama Raya
Aliya Rama Raya
, a son-in-law of Krishnadevaraya
Krishnadevaraya

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Sriranga I
SRIRANGA DEVA RAYA (a.k.a. SRIRANGA I) (r. 1572–1586 CE) was the eldest son of Tirumala Deva Raya and a king of Vijayanagara empire based at Penukonda . He carried the restoration of the Vijayanagara empire, but his reign was marred with repeated attacks and loss of territories from his Muslim neighbours. In 1576, the Bijapur Sultan Ali Adil Shah I laid siege to his fort in Penukonda for three months, but at the end Sriranga Deva bought out the Adil Shah’s Hindu lieutenants which helped his commanders defeat the Sultan’s army. In 1579, the Sultan’s new commander Murari Rao, a Maratha
Maratha
Brahmin
Brahmin
, launched a sudden plundering operation heading a large Muslim army. His hordes began systematically ravaging the territory south of the River Krishna with great ferocity
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Venkata III
VENKATA III (a.k.a. PEDA VENKATA RAYA), the grandson of Aliya Rama Raya became the King of Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
from 1632–1642. CONTENTS * 1 Seizure by Timma Raja * 2 Madras
Madras
Land Grant * 3 Trouble from Southern Nayaks * 4 Sriranga III’s rebellion * 5 Golkonda
Golkonda
forces * 6 References SEIZURE BY TIMMA RAJABut his paternal uncle, Timma Raja, another brother of Sriranga II , thought himself to have a better claim, seized the government at Vellore Fort
Vellore Fort
, compelling Venkata III
Venkata III
to remaining in his native place Anekonda . The Nayaks of Gingee
Gingee
, Tanjore
Tanjore
and Madurai
Madurai
declared support for Venkata III, while Timma Raja got support from no-one and was looked upon as a usurper
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Sriranga III
SRIRANGA III (1642–1678 CE) was the last ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire , who came to power in 1642 following the death of his uncle Venkata III . He was also a great grandson of Aliya Rama Raya
Aliya Rama Raya
. CONTENTS * 1 Early rebellions * 2 Reign * 3 Battle of Virichipuram * 4 Last years * 5 Death * 6 References * 7 Further reading EARLY REBELLIONSBefore his accession to the throne, Sriranga III was in rebellion against his uncle Venkata III. He sought help from the Bijapur Sultan and attacked Venkata III in Chandragiri
Chandragiri
Vellore
Vellore
in 1638. Another invasion of these two in 1642 was defeated by Venkata III’s army, who were also facing Golkonda
Golkonda
armies near Madras
Madras

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Rama Deva Raya
RAMA DEVA RAYA (or VIRA RAMA DEVA RAYA) (1617–1632 CE) ascended the throne after a gruesome war in 1617 as the King of Vijayanagara Empire . In 1614 his father, Sriranga II the preceding King and his family were gruesomely murdered by rival factions headed by Jagga Raya , who was one of their kins. Rama Deva himself was smuggled out of the prison by Yachama Naidu, a faithful commander and the viceroy of earlier king Venkata II
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Sriranga II
SRIRANGA II (a.k.a.SRIRANGA CHIKA RAYA) (r. 1614 CE) was nominated in 1614 by King
King
Venkata II to succeed him as king of the Vijayanagara Empire in Southern India
India
. Sriranga was supported by a faction headed by Yachama Naidu of Recherla Velama dynasty , one of the Venkata II's loyal viceroys and commanders and Nayak of Venkatagiri , but was not favored by a set of nobles headed by Gobburi Jagga Raya, brother (or father) of Venkata II’s favourite Queen Obayamma. COUP AND MURDERThe presence of a putative heir of former King
King
Venkata II further worsened matters. Jagga Raya, with two of his lieutenants seized Sriranga II and his family and threw them into prison at Vellore Fort , and crowned the namesake son of the former emperor
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Tuluva Narasa Nayaka
TULUVA NARASA NAYAKA a Tuluva Chieftain (died 1503) was Vijayanagar commander as his father TULUVA ISHVARA NAYAKA. After the death of king Saluva Narasimha in 1491, crown prince Thimma Bhupala was murdered by an army commander. The faithful Narasa Nayaka then crowned the other prince, Narasimha Raya II but retained all administrative powers in order to bring stability to the kingdom. He was called the rakshakarta (protector) and svami (Lord). He held the offices of the senadhipati (commander-in-chief), the mahapradhana (Prime Minister) and the karyakarta (agent) of the king. He successfully kept the Bahamani Sultans and the Gajapatis away from the kingdom and quelled many rebellions by unfaithful chieftains, trying to exert their independence
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Venkata II
VENKATAPATI RAYA (or VENKATA II, r. 1585–1614 CE) was the younger brother of Sriranga Deva Raya (also the youngest son of Tirumala Deva Raya ) and the ruler of Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
with bases in Penukonda , Chandragiri
Chandragiri
and Vellore
Vellore
. His reign of three decades saw a revival of the strength and prosperity of the empire. He dealt successfully with the Deccan sultans of Bijapur and Golkonda
Golkonda
, the internal disorders, promoting economic revival in the country. He brought rebelling Nayakas of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and parts of present-day Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
under control
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