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Prasthala
PRASTHALA was the capital of king Susharman of Trigarta Kingdom . As per epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, this city was under the constant attack of Matsya kings like the king Virata
Virata

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Jalandhar
JALANDHAR, formerly known as Jullundur in British India , is a city in the Doaba region of the northwestern Indian state of Punjab . Jalandhar
Jalandhar
is the oldest inhabited major city in the Indian state of Punjab. In recent times the city has undergone rapid urbanisation and has developed into a highly industrialised centre of commerce. Jalandhar
Jalandhar
has been shortlisted for the second phase of the “Smart City ” initiative of the Indian Government. Jalandhar
Jalandhar
used to be the capital of Punjab from India’s independence (in 1947) until Chandigarh
Chandigarh
was constructed in 1953. Jalandhar
Jalandhar
is situated alongside the Grand Trunk Road
Grand Trunk Road
and is a well-connected rail and road junction
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Punjab (India)
^† Joint Capital with Haryana Symbols of Punjab EMBLEM Lion Capital of Ashoka with Wheat
Wheat
stem (above) and Crossed Swords (below) LANGUAGE Punjabi DANCE Bhangra , Giddha ANIMAL Blackbuck
Blackbuck
BIRD Baaz (Accipiter gentilis)PUNJAB (/pʌnˈdʒɑːb/ ( listen )) is a state in northern India
India
, forming part of the larger Punjab
Punjab
region. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
to the north, Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast, Rajasthan
Rajasthan
to the southwest, and the Pakistani province of Punjab
Punjab
to the west
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Khasas (Mahabharata)
KHASAS (Khaśas) are a tribe mentioned in the ancient Indian and Tibetan literature. They lived in the northern periphery of the Indian subcontinent. They are thought to be connected to the medieval Khasa Malla kingdom and the modern Khas people of Nepal
Nepal
. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Indian sources * 3 Tibetan sources * 4 Descendants * 5 References * 6 Further reading ETYMOLOGYThere is a possibility that the word Khas has roots in Central Asia, due to language migration . The word Kazakh was a common term throughout medieval Central Asia, generally with regard to individuals or groups who had taken or achieved independence from a figure of authority. INDIAN SOURCESThe Mahabharata
Mahabharata
mentions the Khasas as one of the northern mleccha tribes
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Kingdom Of Kashi
BENARES or BANARAS STATE was a princely state in what is today India during the British Raj
British Raj
. On 15 October 1948 Benares' last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union. The state was founded by the local Bhumihar
Bhumihar
zamindar Raja Balwant Singh, who assumed the title of "Raja of Benares" in 18th century, taking advantage of the Mughal Empire's disintegration. His descendants ruled the area around Benares
Benares
as feudatories of Nawab
Nawab
of Awadh and East India
India
Company . In 1910, Benares
Benares
became a full-fledged state of British India. The state was merged in India
India
after India's independence in 1947, but even today the Kashi Naresh (the titular ruler) is deeply revered by the people of Varanasi
Varanasi

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Pandavas
In the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, a Hindu
Hindu
epic text, the PANDAVAS are the five acknowledged sons of Pandu
Pandu
, by his two wives Kunti and Madri , who was the princess of Madra . Their names are Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
, Bhima
Bhima
, Arjuna
Arjuna
, Nakula and Sahadeva . All five brothers were married to the same woman, Draupadi . Together the brothers fought and prevailed in a great war against their cousins the Kauravas , which came to be known as the Kurukshetra War
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India
INDIA, officially the REPUBLIC OF INDIA (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia
South Asia
. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people ), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal
Bengal
on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan
Pakistan
to the west; China
China
, Nepal
Nepal
, and Bhutan
Bhutan
to the northeast; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh
Bangladesh
to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India
India
is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
and the Maldives
Maldives

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Hastinapura
HASTINAPUR is a town and a nagar panchayat in Meerut district
Meerut district
in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Geography and climate * 4 Demographics * 5 Places of interest * 6 Temples and monuments * 6.1 Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Bada Mandir * 6.2 Shri Shwetambar Jain Temple * 6.3 Kailash Parvat Rachna * 6.4 Jambudweep Jain Tirth * 6.5 Pandeshwar Temple * 6.6 Karna
Karna
Temple * 6.7 Bhai Dharam Singh Gurdwara
Gurdwara
* 7 Hastinapur Sanctuary * 8 Festivals and fairs * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links ETYMOLOGYHastinapuram (Sanskrit) Hastina (elephant) + puram (city) is a city named after the Elephants. History of this place begins from the period of Mahabharata. It is also said that this place is named after the King Hastina
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Mahabharata
The MAHāBHāRATA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: महाभारतम्, Mahābhāratam, pronounced ) is one of the two major Sanskrit
Sanskrit
epics of ancient India
India
, the other being the Rāmāyaṇa . The Mahābhārata is an epic narrative of the Kurukṣetra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pāṇḍava princes. It also contains philosophical and devotional material, such as a discussion of the four "goals of life" or puruṣārtha (12.161). Among the principal works and stories in the Mahābhārata are the Bhagavad Gita , the story of Damayanti , an abbreviated version of the Rāmāyaṇa, and the story of Ṛṣyasringa , often considered as works in their own right. Traditionally, the authorship of the Mahābhārata is attributed to Vyāsa . There have been many attempts to unravel its historical growth and compositional layers
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Virata
VIRATA (Sanskrit : विराट, lit. huge) in the Hindu epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
, was the king of Virata Kingdom , in whose court the Pandavas
Pandavas
spent a year in concealment during their exile. Virata
Virata
was married to Queen Sudeshna and was the father of Prince Uttara and Princess Uttarā , who married Abhimanyu
Abhimanyu
, the son of Arjuna
Arjuna
. Abhimanyu
Abhimanyu
and Uttara's son Parikshit succeeded Yudhishthira
Yudhishthira
to the throne of Hastinapura , after the war of Mahabharata
Mahabharata
. He was killed during a Kauravas
Kauravas
attack in the Kurukshetra War
Kurukshetra War
along with his sons
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Duryodhana
DURYODHANA ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
: दुर्योधन) ('unconquerable warrior') (originally named SUYODHANA (great warrior)) is a major character in the Hindu
Hindu
epic Mahabharata and was the eldest of the Kauravas , the hundred sons of blind king Dhritarashtra and Queen Gandhari . Despite being the first born son of the incumbent king, he becomes disqualified as heir to the throne of Hastinapura upon the return of his cousins, the Pandavas , who left their rural forest dwelling upon the death of their father Pandu , the preceding king of Hastinapura and younger brother to Dhrithrashtra. His resultant animosity towards his cousins renders Duryodhana
Duryodhana
the chief antagonist of the epic. Karna
Karna
was the closest friend of Duryodhana
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Huna Kingdom
HUNAS were a tribe close to Himalayas
Himalayas
that, because of limited interaction with Indian kingdoms, were mentioned in the epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
. They belonged to the Xinjiang
Xinjiang
province of China
China
, east of Jammu- Kashmir
Kashmir
. However, they were nomadic people who changed their settlements from time to time
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Kasmira Kingdom
KASMIRA was a kingdom identified as the Kashmir
Kashmir
Valley along the Jhelum River
Jhelum River
of the modern Jammu and Kashmir
Kashmir
state. Possibly, the sage Kashyapa
Kashyapa
or a descendant of this sage lived here, since the name Kas is derived from the name Kashyapa
Kashyapa
like the name Caspian of the Caspian Sea . During the epic ages this was one among the territories of the Naga race. The Naga are related to Kashyapa; according to the Puranas, the Naga race originated from Kashyapa. The Kasmiras were allies of the Kuru king Duryodhana
Duryodhana

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Himalaya Kingdom
HIMALAYA KINGDOM was a mountainous country in Himalayas
Himalayas
mentioned in the Puranas
Puranas
. Himavat was its ruler. His daughter Parvati
Parvati
, who became a wife of Lord Siva , was a princess from this kingdom. The Indian epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
doesn't mention a kingdom named Himalaya, but mentions many kingdoms in the Himalaya mountains like the Kulinda Kingdom, Parvata Kingdom , Nepa Kingdom , Kirata Kingdom , Kimpurusha Kingdom , Kinnara Kingdom etc. CONTENTS * 1 References in Mahabharata
Mahabharata
* 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links REFERENCES IN MAHABHARATA Arjuna
Arjuna
was mentioned to have made an expedition to the kingdoms in the mountainous Himalayan regions (2:27)
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Kanchi Kingdom
KANCHI was a southern kingdom mentioned in the epic Mahabharata
Mahabharata
. This kingdom took part in the Kurukshetra War
Kurukshetra War
. It was considered as one among the Mlechcha kingdoms, that follows non Vedic practices. It is identified as the Kanchi
Kanchi
city in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu

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Heheya Kingdom
In the Mahabharata
Mahabharata
epic, the HEHEYA KINGDOM (also known as Haihaya, Haiheya, Heiheya, etc.) is one of the kingdoms ruled by Chandravanshi Kshatriya kings in the central and western India. It was ruled by the powerful Kartavirya Arjuna , who even defeated Rakshasa
Rakshasa
Ravana
Ravana
. Its capital was Mahishmati on the banks of river Narmada in present-day Madhya Pradesh. They conquered many other kingdoms of India. However, the enmity with the warrior-type Brahmins
Brahmins
(Bhargavas) resulted in their demise. Parasurama was the Bhargava
Bhargava
leader under whom they were exterminated. Talajangha was an allied kingdom of Heheya, probably to the east of it
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