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Portuguese Presidential Election, 1958
Craveiro Lopes UNElected President Americo Thomaz UNPresidential elections were held in Portugal
Portugal
on 8 June 1958, during the authoritarian Estado Novo regime led by Prime Minister António de Oliveira Salazar. Incumbent President Francisco Craveiro Lopes
Craveiro Lopes
had clashed with Salazar and did not seek another term, neither as candidate of the regime or for the opposition, which deemed the incumbent president capable of winning the race. The National Union, the sole legal political party levied naval minister Américo Thomaz, a conservative. The democratic opposition backed General Humberto Delgado, who ran as an independent in an attempt to challenge the regime. The official tally was 76.4 percent for Thomaz and about 24 percent for Delgado
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Portugal
Portugal
Portugal
(Portuguese pronunciation: [puɾtuˈɣaɫ]), officially the Portuguese Republic
Republic
(Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]),[note 1] is a sovereign state located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
in southwestern Europe. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and to the north and east by Spain
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Francisco Craveiro Lopes
Francisco Higino Craveiro Lopes (Portuguese pronunciation: [fɾɐ̃ˈsiʃku iˈʒinu kɾɐˈvɐjɾu ˈlɔpɨʃ]), GCTE, ComC, GCA, (12 April 1894 – 2 September 1964) was a Portuguese politician and military man. Decorated with the Order of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Chain, he was the 12th President of the Portuguese Republic between 1951 and 1958.Contents1 Early life and career 2 Presidency 3 Family 4 ReferencesEarly life and career[edit] Born in Lisbon, he was a son of João Carlos Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese army
Portuguese army
general and 122nd Governor- General
General
of Portuguese India (1929–1936) and his wife Júlia Clotilde Cristiano Salinas. He concluded his Colégio Militar
Colégio Militar
studies by 1911, having then entered the Escola Politécnica de Lisboa, in the same year he joined a cavalry regiment
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Assembly Of The Republic (Portugal)
Government
Government
(86)     PS (86)Parliamentary Support (36)     BE (19)      PCP (15)      PEV (2)Opposition (108)     PSD (89)      CDS-PP (18)      PAN (1)ElectionsVoting systemParty-list proportional representation D'Hondt method Closed listLast election4 October 2015Next electionOctober 2019 or earlierMeeting placeSão
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Carnation Revolution
The Carnation Revolution
Revolution
(Portuguese: Revolução dos Cravos), also referred to as the 25th of April (Portuguese: vinte e cinco de Abril), was initially a military coup in Lisbon, Portugal, on 25 April 1974 which overthrew the authoritarian regime of the Estado Novo.[1] The revolution started as a military coup organized by the Armed Forces Movement (Portuguese: Movimento das Forças Armadas, MFA) composed of military officers who opposed the regime, but the movement was soon coupled with an unanticipated and popular campaign of civil resistance
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National Assembly Of Portugal
Government
Government
(86)     PS (86)Parliamentary Support (36)     BE (19)      PCP (15)      PEV (2)Opposition (108)     PSD (89)      CDS-PP (18)      PAN (1)ElectionsVoting systemParty-list proportional representation D'Hondt method Closed listLast election4 October 2015Next electionOctober 2019 or earlierMeeting placeSão
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Electoral Fraud
Electoral fraud, election manipulation, or vote rigging is illegal interference with the process of an election, whether by increasing the vote share of the favored candidate, depressing the vote share of the rival candidates, or both. What constitutes electoral fraud varies from country to country. Many kinds of election fraud are outlawed in electoral legislation, but others are in violation of general laws, such as those banning assault, harassment or libel
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PIDE
The PIDE
PIDE
or International and State Defense Police (Portuguese: Polícia Internacional e de Defesa do Estado) was a Portuguese security agency that existed during the Estado Novo regime of António de Oliveira Salazar. Formally, the main roles of the PIDE
PIDE
were the border, immigration and emigration control and internal and external State security. However, it became more known by its political police activities. The agency that would later become the PIDE
PIDE
was established by the Decree-Law 22992 of August 1933, as the Surveillance and State Defense Police or PVDE. It resulted from the merger of two former agencies, the Portuguese International Police and the Political and Social Defense Police. The PVDE was transformed into the PIDE
PIDE
in 1945. PIDE was itself transformed into the Directorate-General of Security or DGS in 1968
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Secret Police
The term secret police or covert police force refers to intelligence services, security services or police and law enforcement agencies which engage in covert, domestic law enforcement, intelligence, and counter-intelligence operations against a government's political opponents. The level of oversight with which they are governed varies by country and political system
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Democracy
Democracy
Democracy
(Greek: δημοκρατία dēmokratía, literally "rule of the people"), in modern usage, is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament.[1] Democracy
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One-party State
A one-party state, single-party state, one-party system, single-party system is a type of state in which one political party has the right to form the government, usually based on the existing constitution. All other parties are either outlawed or allowed to take only a limited and controlled participation in elections
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President Of Portugal
The President of the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: Presidente da República Portuguesa, pronounced [pɾɨziˈðẽtɨ ðɐ ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɡezɐ]) is the executive head of state of Portugal. The powers, functions and duties of prior presidential offices, and their relation with the Prime Minister and cabinets have over time differed with the various Portuguese constitutions. The current President of Portugal
Portugal
is Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, who took office on 9 March 2016.Contents1 Role 2 Powers 3 Election 4 2016 presidential election 5 State visits 6 Living former Presidents 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksRole[edit]This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)The Portuguese Third Republic is a semi-presidential system
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Prime Minister Of Portugal
Prime Minister (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro; pronounced [pɾiˈmɐjɾu miˈniʃtɾu]) is the current title of the head of government of Portugal. As head of government, the Prime Minister coordinates the actions of ministers, represents the Government of Portugal
Portugal
to the other bodies of state, is accountable to Parliament and keeps the President informed. The Prime Minister can hold the role of head of government with the portfolio of one or more ministries. There is no limit to the number of terms a person can serve as Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic following legislative elections, after having heard the parties represented in the Parliament
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Estado Novo (Portugal)
The Estado Novo (Portuguese pronunciation: [(ɨ)ʃˈtadu, -ðu ˈnovu], "New State"), or the Second Republic, was the corporatist authoritarian regime installed in Portugal
Portugal
in 1933, which some considered fascist.[1] It evolved from the Ditadura Nacional
Ditadura Nacional
formed after the coup d'état of 28 May 1926 against the democratic and unstable First Republic. Together, the Ditadura Nacional
Ditadura Nacional
and Estado Novo are recognized as the Second Portuguese Republic
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Authoritarianism
Authoritarianism
Authoritarianism
is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms
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Craveiro Lopes
Francisco Higino Craveiro Lopes (Portuguese pronunciation: [fɾɐ̃ˈsiʃku iˈʒinu kɾɐˈvɐjɾu ˈlɔpɨʃ]), GCTE, ComC, GCA, (12 April 1894 – 2 September 1964) was a Portuguese politician and military man. Decorated with the Order of the Bath and the Royal Victorian Chain, he was the 12th President of the Portuguese Republic between 1951 and 1958.Contents1 Early life and career 2 Presidency 3 Family 4 ReferencesEarly life and career[edit] Born in Lisbon, he was a son of João Carlos Craveiro Lopes, Portuguese army
Portuguese army
general and 122nd Governor- General
General
of Portuguese India (1929–1936) and his wife Júlia Clotilde Cristiano Salinas. He concluded his Colégio Militar
Colégio Militar
studies by 1911, having then entered the Escola Politécnica de Lisboa, in the same year he joined a cavalry regiment
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