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Porro
The PORRO is a musical style and dance from the Caribbean
Caribbean
region of Colombia
Colombia
. It is a Colombian cumbia rhythm that developed into its own subgenre. It was originally a folkloric expression from the Sinú River area that evolved into a ballroom dance. It is played mostly by brass bands or orchestras and danced in couples. This genere influenced some of the greatest Latin American Bands of the 60's, with songs such as "Pachito E'ché" (Originally from Wolfgang Alejandro Tovar García, then interpreted by Benny Moré
Benny Moré
), "Se va el Caimán", and "Me voy pa'Cataca" (Originally from José María Peñaranda, then interpreted by La Sonora Matancera .) The two types of folkloric porro are porro palitiao and porro tapao. The term "palitiao" is derived from the way the bombo drum is struck along its rim to produce the sound of a cowbell
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Cartagena, Colombia
The city of CARTAGENA, known in the colonial era as CARTAGENA DE INDIAS (Spanish : Cartagena de Indias ( listen )), is a major port founded in 1533, located on the northern coast of Colombia
Colombia
in the Caribbean Coast Region . It was strategically located between the Magdalena and Sinú rivers and became the main port for trade between Spain
Spain
and its overseas empire, establishing its importance by the early 1540s. During the colonial era it was a key port for the export of Peruvian silver to Spain
Spain
and for the import of African slaves. It was defensible against pirate attacks in the Caribbean. It is the capital of the Bolívar Department
Bolívar Department
, and had a population 971,592 as of 2016. It is the fifth-largest city in Colombia
Colombia
and the second largest in the region, after Barranquilla
Barranquilla

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Music Genre
A MUSIC GENRE is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Recently, academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music
Music
can be divided into different genres in many different ways. The artistic nature of music means that these classifications are often subjective and controversial, and some genres may overlap. There are even varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between genre and form . He lists madrigal , motet , canzona , ricercar , and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op
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San Pelayo, Colombia
SAN PELAYO is a town and municipality located in the Córdoba Department , northern Colombia . SEE ALSO * San Pelayo, Gandara, Samar, Philippines REFERENCES * (in Spanish) Gobernacion de Cordoba - San Pelayo * (in Spanish) San Pelayo official website This Córdoba Department location article is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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El Carmen De Bolívar
El Carmen de Bolivar
Bolivar
is a municipality in the department of Bolivar
Bolivar
, Colombia, 114 km southeast of Cartagena , in the mountain system of the Serrania de San Jacinto, near the Colombian Caribbean coast. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 2.1 Political Division * 2.1.1 Corregimientos * 3 References HISTORYThis area was initially inhabited by the Native American tribes of Malibúes , Farotos and Piletas , was later conquered and colonized by the Spanish naming it sitio de Nuestra Señora del Carmen or "Our Lady of El Carmen site" in 1776 by a Spanish officer named Antonio de La Torre y Miranda and under the orders of Juan de Torrezal Díaz de Pimienta, Governor of Cartagena of Indies
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Tango (dance)
TANGO is a partner dance that originated in the 1880s along the River Plata , the natural border between Argentina
Argentina
and Uruguay
Uruguay
, and soon spread to the rest of the world. Early tango was known as tango criollo (Creole tango). Today, there are many forms of tango extant. Popularly and among tango dancing circles, the authentic tango is considered to be the one closest to the form originally danced in Argentina
Argentina
and Uruguay. On August 31, 2009, UNESCO
UNESCO
approved a joint proposal by Argentina
Argentina
and Uruguay
Uruguay
to include the tango in the UNESCO
UNESCO
Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists
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Mambo (dance)
MAMBO is a Latin dance
Latin dance
of Cuba
Cuba
. Mambo was invented during the 1930s by the native Cuban musician and composer Arsenio Rodríguez , developed in Havana
Havana
by Cachao
Cachao
and made popular by Dámaso Pérez Prado and Benny Moré . CONTENTS * 1 History of dance
History of dance
form * 2 Americanization * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY OF DANCE FORMIn the late 1940s, Perez Prado
Perez Prado
came up with the dance for the mambo music and became the first person to market his music as "mambo", meaning "conversation with the gods" in the Kongo language , spoken by Congolese . After Havana
Havana
, Prado moved his music to Mexico, where his music and the dance was adopted
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Medellín, Colombia
MEDELLíN (Spanish pronunciation: ), officially the MUNICIPALITY OF MEDELLíN (Spanish : Municipio de Medellín), is the second-largest city in Colombia and the capital of the department of Antioquia . It is located in the Aburrá Valley , a central region of the Andes Mountains in South America. According to the National Administrative Department of Statistics , the city has an estimated population of 2.5 million as of 2017 . With its surrounding area that includes nine other cities, the metropolitan area of Medellín is the second-largest urban agglomeration in Colombia in terms of population and economy, with more than 3.7 million people. In 1616 the Spaniard Francisco Herrera Campuzano erected a small indigenous village ("poblado") known as "Saint Lawrence of Aburrá" (San Lorenzo de Aburrá), located in the present-day El Poblado commune
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Toto La Momposina
SONIA BAZANTA VIDES, better known as TOTó LA MOMPOSINA, is a Colombian singer of Afro-Colombian and Indigenous descent. A magnificent singer and dancer, Totó La Momposina has earned respect and admiration in many parts of the world for the power and spontaneity of her performance. Drawing on the music and dance of the Colombian Caribbean, her work is informed and inspired by a rich cultural mix that combines elements from African, Amerindian and Spanish traditions. This an expression of a culture that has its origins in Africa (via the slaves brought to work in the Americas ), Spain (through the influence of the invading colonists) and South America (from the indigenous population). On stage Totó 's dynamic repertoire is accompanied by a range of traditional drums, gaitas, brass, tiple, bass, guitar, percussion and chorus
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Cowbell (instrument)
The COWBELL is an idiophone hand percussion instrument used in various styles of music including salsa and infrequently in popular music . It is named after the similar bell historically used by herdsmen to keep track of the whereabouts of cows . CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Tuned cowbells * 3 Clapperless cowbells * 4 Cowbells in popular music * 5 Sports use * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links ORIGINS Main article: cowbell A set of tuned cowbells. While the cowbell is commonly found in musical contexts, its origin can be traced to freely roaming animals. In order to help identify the herd to which these animals belonged, herdsmen placed these bells around the animal's neck. As the animals moved about the bell would ring, thus making it easier to know of the animal's whereabouts. Though the bells were used on various types of animals, they are typically referred to as "cowbells" due to their extensive use with cattle
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Sonora Matancera
LA SONORA MATANCERA is a Cuban /Afro-Cuban band that played Latin American urban popular dance music. Founded in 1924 and led for more than five decades by guitarist, vocalist, composer, and producer Rogelio Martínez, musicologists consider it an icon of this type of music. Notable singers to have sung with the band include Bienvenido Granda , Daniel Santos , Myrta Silva , and Celia Cruz
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Caribbean
The CARIBBEAN (/ˌkærɪˈbiːən/ or /kəˈrɪbiən/ , local most common pronunciation /ˈkærɪˌbiːən/ ) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea
Caribbean Sea
and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
and the North American mainland, east of Central America , and north of South America
South America
. Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate , the region comprises more than 700 islands, islets , reefs and cays . (See the list .) These islands generally form island arcs that delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Percussion Instrument
A PERCUSSION INSTRUMENT is a musical instrument that is sounded by being struck or scraped by a beater (including attached or enclosed beaters or rattles ); struck, scraped or rubbed by hand; or struck against another similar instrument. The percussion family is believed to include the oldest musical instruments, following the human voice . The percussion section of an orchestra most commonly contains instruments such as timpani , snare drum , bass drum , cymbals , triangle and tambourine . However, the section can also contain non-percussive instruments, such as whistles and sirens , or a blown conch shell. Percussive techniques can also be applied to the human body, as in body percussion . On the other hand, keyboard instruments , such as the celesta , are not normally part of the percussion section, but keyboard percussion instruments such as the glockenspiel and xylophone (which do not have piano keyboards) are included
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Brass
BRASS is a metal alloy made of copper and zinc ; the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to create a range of brasses with varying properties. It is a substitutional alloy : atoms of the two constituents may replace each other within the same crystal structure. By comparison, bronze is principally an alloy of copper and tin . However, bronze and brass may also include small proportions of a range of other elements including arsenic , lead , phosphorus , aluminium , manganese , and silicon . The term is also applied to a variety of brasses, and the distinction is largely historical. Modern practice in museums and archaeology increasingly avoids both terms for historical objects in favour of the all-embracing "copper alloy"
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Benny Moré
BARTOLOMé MAXIMILIANO MORé (24 August 1919 – 19 February 1963), known as BENY MORé, was a Cuban singer, bandleader and songwriter. Due to his fluid tenor voice and his great expressivity, he was known variously as EL BáRBARO DEL RITMO and EL SONERO MAYOR. Moré was a master of most Cuban popular genres, such as the bolero , son montuno , mambo , and guaracha . Moré formed and led the Banda Gigante, one of the leading Cuban big bands of the 1950s, until his death in 1963
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