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Polygyny
POLYGYNY (/pəˈlɪdʒɪniː/ ; from Neoclassical Greek πολυγυνία from πολύ- poly- "many", and γυνή gyne "woman" or "wife" ) is the most common and accepted form of polygamy , entailing the marriage of a man with several women. Most countries that permit polygamy are Muslim-majority countries in which polygyny is the only form permitted. Polyandry is illegal in virtually every state of the world. In some countries where polygamy is illegal, and sometimes even when legal, at times it is known for men to have one or more mistresses , whom they do not marry. The status of a mistress is not that of a wife, and any children born of such relationships were and some still are considered illegitimate and subject to legal disadvantage
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Emotion
EMOTION is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a high degree of pleasure or displeasure . Scientific discourse has drifted to other meanings and there is no consensus on a definition. Emotion
Emotion
is often intertwined with mood , temperament , personality , disposition , and motivation . In some theories, cognition is an important aspect of emotion. Those acting primarily on the emotions they are feeling may seem as if they are not thinking, but mental processes are still essential, particularly in the interpretation of events. For example, the realization of our believing that we are in a dangerous situation and the subsequent arousal of our body's nervous system (rapid heartbeat and breathing, sweating, muscle tension) is integral to the experience of our feeling afraid. Other theories, however, claim that emotion is separate from and can precede cognition. Emotions are complex
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Same-sex Relationship
A SAME-SEX RELATIONSHIP is a relationship between persons of the same sex and can take many forms, from romantic and sexual , to non-romantic homosocially-close relationships. The term is primarily associated with gay and lesbian relationships. Same-sex marriage refers to the institutionalized recognition of such relationships in the form of a marriage ; civil unions may exist in countries where same-sex marriage does not. The term same-sex relationship is not strictly related to the sexual orientation of the participants
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Engagement
An ENGAGEMENT, BETROTHAL, or FIANCER is a promise to wed, and also the period of time between a marriage proposal and a marriage . During this period, a couple is said to be betrothed, intended, affianced, engaged to be married, or simply engaged. Future brides and grooms may be called the betrothed, a wife-to-be or husband-to-be, fiancée or fiancé (from the French word of the same form), respectively. The duration of the courtship varies vastly, and is largely dependent on cultural norms or upon the agreement of the parties involved. Long engagements were once common in formal arranged marriages , and it was not uncommon for parents betrothing children to arrange marriages many years before the engaged couple were old enough. This is still common place in some countries
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Annulment
ANNULMENT is a legal procedure for declaring a marriage null and void . Unlike divorce , it is usually retroactive , meaning that an annulled marriage is considered to be invalid from the beginning almost as if it had never taken place (though some jurisdictions provide that the marriage is only void from the date of the annulment; for example, this is the case in section 12 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 in England and Wales ). In legal terminology, an annulment makes a void marriage or a voidable marriage null
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Significant Other
SIGNIFICANT OTHER (SO) is colloquially used as a gender-neutral term for a person's partner in an intimate relationship without disclosing or presuming anything about marital status, relationship status, or sexual orientation . Synonyms with similar properties include sweetheart, better half, spouse, domestic partner, lover, soulmate , or life partner . In the United States, the term is sometimes used in invitations, such as to weddings and office parties. This use of the term has become common in the UK in correspondence from hospitals, e.g., "you may be accompanied for your appointment by a significant other". CONTENTS * 1 Scientific use * 2 First use * 3 See also * 4 References SCIENTIFIC USEIts usage in psychology and sociology is very different from its colloquial use. In psychology, a significant other is any person who has great importance to an individual's life or well-being
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Meet Market
MEET MARKET or MEAT MARKET, is an originally pejorative term referring to two related phenomena: * a location or activity in which people are viewed as commodities and * a business like a nightclub where people typically look for a casual sex partner. The term has, in general, evolved to mean a place or activity at which single persons congregate, and has become, for the most part, value neutral or positive. ORIGINAL CONNOTATIONSThe sexual revolution of the 1960s and the internal migration of Americans to big cities meant that singles events in mid and large-size cities quickly replaced local town activities where participants previously knew each other. By the 1970s, singles events had developed a reputation as a "ritual of lies and mistrust", replete with men in search of casual sex, cold and unfriendly women, and frequent misunderstandings
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Friendship
FRIENDSHIP is a relationship of mutual affection between people. Friendship
Friendship
is a stronger form of interpersonal bond than an association. Friendship
Friendship
has been studied in academic fields such as communication , sociology , social psychology , anthropology , and philosophy . Various academic theories of friendship have been proposed, including social exchange theory , equity theory , relational dialectics , and attachment styles . A World Happiness Database study found that people with close friendships are happier. Although there are many forms of friendship, some of which may vary from place to place, certain characteristics are present in many types of bond
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Genetic Genealogy
GENETIC GENEALOGY is the use of DNA
DNA
testing in combination with traditional genealogy and traditional genealogical and historical records to infer relationships between individuals. Genetic genealogy involves the use of genealogical DNA
DNA
testing to determine the level and type of the genetic relationship between individuals. This application of genetics became popular with family historians in the first decade of the 21st century, as tests became affordable. The tests have been promoted by amateur groups, such as surname study groups , or regional genealogical groups, as well as research projects such as the genographic project . As of 2013 hundreds of thousands of people had been tested. As this field has developed, the aims of practitioners broadened, with many seeking knowledge of their ancestry beyond the recent centuries for which traditional pedigrees can be constructed
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Muslim
65–75% Sunni Islam
Sunni Islam
10–13% Shia Islam
Shia Islam
15–20% Non-denominational Islam
Islam
~1% Ahmadiyya
Ahmadiyya
~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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Jealousy
JEALOUSY is an emotion; the term generally refers to the thoughts and feelings of insecurity, fear, concern, and envy over relative lack of possessions, status or something of great personal value, particularly in reference to a human comparator. Jealousy
Jealousy
often consists of a combination of emotions such as anger, resentment, inadequacy, helplessness and disgust. In its original meaning, jealousy is distinct from envy , though the two terms have popularly become synonymous in the English language, with jealousy now also taking on the definition originally used for envy alone. Jealousy
Jealousy
is a typical experience in human relationships . It has been observed in infants five months and older. Some claim that jealousy is seen in every culture; however, others claim jealousy is a culture-specific phenomenon. Jealousy
Jealousy
can either be SUSPICIOUS or REACTIVE
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Courtship
COURTSHIP is the period in a couple's relationship which precedes their engagement and marriage , or establishment of an agreed relationship of a more enduring kind. During courtship, a couple get to know each other and decide if there will be an engagement or other such agreement. A courtship may be an informal and private matter between two people or may be a public affair, or a formal arrangement with family approval. Traditionally, in the case of a formal engagement, it has been perceived that it is the role of a male to actively "court" or "woo" a female, thus encouraging her to understand him and her receptiveness to a proposal of marriage
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Mating (human)
In evolutionary psychology and behavioral ecology , HUMAN MATING STRATEGIES are a set of behaviors used by individuals to attract, select, and retain mates . Mating strategies overlap with reproductive strategies, which encompass a broader set of behaviors involving the timing of reproduction and the trade-off between quantity and quality of offspring (see life history theory ). Relative to other animals, human mating strategies are unique in their relationship with cultural variables such as the institution of marriage . Humans may seek out individuals with the intention of forming a long-term intimate relationship , marriage, casual relationship , or friendship . The human desire for companionship is one of the strongest human drives. It is an innate feature of human nature, and may be related to the sex drive
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Legal Separation
LEGAL SEPARATION (sometimes "judicial separation", "separate maintenance", "divorce a mensa et thoro", or "divorce from bed-and-board") is a legal process by which a married couple may formalize a de facto separation while remaining legally married. A legal separation is granted in the form of a court order . Furthermore, in cases where children are involved, a court order of legal separation often makes temporary arrangements for the care, custody, and financial support of the children ("for the time being"). Thus, part of the court order determines child custody . Some couples obtain a legal separation as an alternative to a divorce, based on moral or religious objections to divorce. Legal separation does not automatically lead to divorce. The couple might reconcile , in which case they do not have to do anything in order to continue their marriage. If the two do not reconcile, and they wish to proceed with a divorce, they must file for divorce explicitly
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Casual Sexual Relationship
CASUAL SEX is sexual activity that takes places outside a romantic relationship and implies an absence of commitment, emotional attachment, or familiarity between sexual partners . Examples are sex in casual relationships , one-night stands , extramarital sex , prostitution , or swinging . CONTENTS * 1 Social norms and moral concerns * 2 Legal issues * 3 Religious views * 4 Prevalence * 5 Related terms * 5.1 General * 5.2 Hookup * 6 Commercial sites * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Bibliography SOCIAL NORMS AND MORAL CONCERNSAttitudes to casual sex range from conservative and religious views, the extreme of which may result in imprisonment or even capital punishment for sexual relations outside heterosexual marriage, to liberal or libertarian views, the extreme of which is free love
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Breakup
A RELATIONSHIP BREAKUP, often referred to simply as a BREAKUP, is the termination of an intimate relationship by any means other than death. The act is commonly termed "dumping " in slang when it is initiated by one partner. The term is less likely to be applied to a married couple , where a breakup is typically called a separation or divorce . When a couple engaged to be married breaks up, it is typically called a "broken engagement". Susie Orbach (1992) has argued that the dissolution of dating and cohabiting relationships can be as painful as or more painful than divorce because these nonmarital relationships are less socially recognized
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