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Plateau
In geology and earth science , a PLATEAU ( /pləˈtoʊ/ , /plæˈtoʊ/ or /ˈplætoʊ/ ; plural PLATEAUS or PLATEAUX), also called a HIGH PLAIN or TABLELAND, is an area of highland , usually consisting of relatively flat terrain that is raised significantly above the surrounding area, often with one or more sides with steep slopes. Plateaus can be formed by a number of processes, including upwelling of volcanic magma , extrusion of lava , and erosion by water and glaciers.Plateaus are classified according to their surrounding environment as intermontane, Piedmont, or continental
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South Pole
Coordinates : 90°S 180°E / 90°S 180°E / -90; 180 * South Geographic Pole * South Magnetic Pole (2007) * South Geomagnetic Pole (2005) * South Pole of Inaccessibility The SOUTH POLE, also known as the GEOGRAPHIC SOUTH POLE or TERRESTRIAL SOUTH POLE, is one of the two points where the Earth\'s axis of rotation intersects its surface. It is the southernmost point on the surface of the Earth
Earth
and lies on the opposite side of the Earth from the North Pole
North Pole

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Roof Of The World
The WORLD is the planet Earth
Earth
and all life upon it, including human civilization . In a philosophical context, the world is the whole of the physical Universe , or an ontological world. In a theological context, the world is the material or the profane sphere, as opposed to the celestial, spiritual, transcendent or sacred. The "end of the world " refers to scenarios of the final end of human history, often in religious contexts. History of the world is commonly understood as spanning the major geopolitical developments of about five millennia, from the first civilizations to the present. In terms such as world religion , world language , world government , and world war , world suggests international or intercontinental scope without necessarily implying participation of the entire world
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Erosion
In earth science , EROSION is the action of surface processes (such as water flow or wind ) that removes soil , rock , or dissolved material from one location on the Earth\'s crust , and then transport it away to another location (not to be confused with weathering which involves no movement). The particulate breakdown of rock or soil into clastic sediment is referred to as physical or mechanical erosion; this contrasts with chemical erosion, where soil or rock material is removed from an area by its dissolving into a solvent (typically water), followed by the flow away of that solution. Eroded sediment or solutes may be transported just a few millimetres, or for thousands of kilometres
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East Antarctica
EAST ANTARCTICA, also called GREATER ANTARCTICA, constitutes the majority (two-thirds) of the Antarctic continent , lying on the Indian Ocean side of the continent, separated from West Antarctica
Antarctica
by the Transantarctic Mountains . It lies almost entirely within the Eastern Hemisphere and its name has been accepted for more than a century. It is generally higher than West Antarctica
Antarctica
and includes the Gamburtsev Mountain Range in the centre. Apart from small areas of the coast, East Antarctica
Antarctica
is permanently covered by ice
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Glacier
A GLACIER (US : /ˈɡleɪʃər/ or UK : /ˈɡlæsiə/ ) is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation ) over many years, often centuries . Glaciers slowly deform and flow due to stresses induced by their weight, creating crevasses , seracs , and other distinguishing features. They also abrade rock and debris from their substrate to create landforms such as cirques and moraines . Glaciers form only on land and are distinct from the much thinner sea ice and lake ice that form on the surface of bodies of water. On Earth
Earth
, 99% of glacial ice is contained within vast ice sheets in the polar regions , but glaciers may be found in mountain ranges on every continent including Oceania's high-latitude oceanic islands such as New Zealand
New Zealand
and Papua New Guinea
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Colombia
Coordinates : 4°N 72°W / 4°N 72°W / 4; -72 Republic
Republic
of Colombia República de Colombia
Colombia
(Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish) "Freedom and Order" ANTHEM: ¡Oh, Gloria Inmarcesible! (Spanish) O unfading glory! Location of Colombia
Colombia
(dark green) in South America
South America
(grey) Capital and largest city Bogotá 4°35′N 74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067 OFFICIAL LANGUAGES Spanish a RECOGNIZED REGIONAL LANGUAGES 68 ethnic languages and dialects
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Gilgit-Baltistan
GILGIT-BALTISTAN ( Urdu
Urdu
: گلگت بلتستان‎, Balti : གིལྒིཏ་སྦལ་ཏི་སྟཱན or རྒྱལ་སྐྱིད་ སྦལ་ཏི་ཡུལ། rgyal skyid sbal ti yul), formerly known as the NORTHERN AREAS, is the northernmost administrative territory in Pakistan
Pakistan

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Bogotá
Nickname(s): "La Atenas Suramericana" ("The South American Athens") "Muy Noble y Muy Leal Ciudad " ("Most Noble and Most Loyal City") Motto: " Bogotá
Bogotá
Mejor Para Todos" ("A Better Bogotá
Bogotá
For All", 2016–2019)
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United States
Coordinates : 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Great Seal MOTTO: " In God We Trust " Other traditional mottos * " E pluribus unum
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Lava
LAVA is the molten rock expelled by a volcano during an eruption . The resulting rock after solidification and cooling is also called lava. The molten rock is formed in the interior of some planets , including Earth
Earth
, and some of their satellites . The source of the heat that melts the rock within the earth is geothermal energy . When first erupted from a volcanic vent, lava is a liquid usually at temperatures from 700 to 1,200 °C (1,292 to 2,192 °F). A LAVA FLOW is a moving outpouring of lava, which is created during a non-explosive effusive eruption . When it has stopped moving, lava solidifies to form igneous rock . The term lava flow is commonly shortened to lava. Although lava can be up to 100,000 times more viscous than water, lava can flow great distances before cooling and solidifying because of its thixotropic and shear thinning properties
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Upwelling
UPWELLING is an oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind -driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient -rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-depleted surface water . The nutrient-rich upwelled water stimulates the growth and reproduction of primary producers such as phytoplankton . Due to the biomass of phytoplankton and presence of cool water in these regions, upwelling zones can be identified by cool sea surface temperatures (SST) and high concentrations of chlorophyll-a . The increased availability in upwelling regions results in high levels of primary productivity and thus fishery production. Approximately 25% of the total global marine fish catches come from five upwellings that occupy only 5% of the total ocean area. Upwellings that are driven by coastal currents or diverging open ocean have the greatest impact on nutrient-enriched waters and global fishery yields
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Terrain
TERRAIN or RELIEF (also TOPOGRAPHICAL RELIEF) involves the vertical and horizontal dimensions of land surface. The term bathymetry is used to describe underwater relief, while hypsometry studies terrain relative to sea level . The Latin word terra (the root of terrain) means "earth." In physical geography , terrain is the lay of the land. This is usually expressed in terms of the elevation , slope , and orientation of terrain features. Terrain
Terrain
affects surface water flow and distribution. Over a large area, it can affect weather and climate patterns
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Extrusion
EXTRUSION is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile. A material is pushed through a die of the desired cross-section. The two main advantages of this process over other manufacturing processes are its ability to create very complex cross-sections, and to work materials that are brittle, because the material only encounters compressive and shear stresses. It also forms parts with an excellent surface finish. Drawing is a similar process, which uses the tensile strength of the material to pull it through the die. This limits the amount of change which can be performed in one step, so it is limited to simpler shapes, and multiple stages are usually needed. Drawing is the main way to produce wire . Metal
Metal
bars and tubes are also often drawn. Extrusion
Extrusion
may be continuous (theoretically producing indefinitely long material) or semi-continuous (producing many pieces)
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Magma
MAGMA (from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
μάγμα (mágma) meaning "thick unguent") is a mixture of molten or semi-molten rock , volatiles and solids that is found beneath the surface of the Earth
Earth
, and is expected to exist on other terrestrial planets and some natural satellites . Besides molten rock, magma may also contain suspended crystals, dissolved gas and sometimes gas bubbles. Magma
Magma
often collects in magma chambers that may feed a volcano or solidify underground to form an intrusion . Magma
Magma
is capable of intruding into adjacent rocks (forming igneous dikes and sills ), extrusion onto the surface as lava , and explosive ejection as tephra to form pyroclastic rock
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Skardu District
SKARDU DISTRICT (Urdu : ضلع سکردو‎) is part of Baltistan and currently constitutes one of the ten districts of the Gilgit–Baltistan territory of Pakistan . It is bounded on the southeast by Kargil district in the Indian-Administered Jammu and Kashmir , on the east by Ghanche District , on the northeast by Xinjiang (China), on the south by Baramulla and Kargil District, on the west by district Astore and on the north by Gilgit District . Skardu town is the capital of Skardu District and Baltistan Division. CONTENTS * 1 Mountain peaks and glaciers * 2 History of Baltistan * 3 Education * 4 Deosai National Park * 5 Other towns * 6 Mountain passes * 7 Lakes * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links MOUNTAIN PEAKS AND GLACIERSThe highest peak in Skardu District is K2 (8,611 m) which is the highest peak in Pakistan and the second highest peak on earth
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