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Pillai (surname)
Pillai or Pillay is a surname found among the Malayalam
Malayalam
and Tamil-speaking people of India and Sri Lanka, and among their diaspora. Notable people with this surname or its variants include:A. R. Pillai, Indian freedom fighter Ananda Ranga Pillai
Ananda Ranga Pillai
(1709–61), dubash in the service of French East India Company Ariranga Pillay (born 1945), former Chief Justice and briefly Acting President of Mauritius Arumuka Navalar, born as Kandar Arumugam Pillai, Hindu reformer B. Ravi Pillai is an Indian entrepreneur
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Pradani Muthirulappa Pillai
Pradani Muthirulappa Pillai (or Muthu Irulappa Pillai), son of Sundra Pandya Pillai, of the 18th century was a minister of Ramnad during the reign of Muthuramalinga Sethupathy. As the king was a minor, just an infant, the pradani took over the controls of a languishing kingdom and brought order and a sense of well-being by his careful planning and introduction of several tax and revenue reforms. Due to ideological differences that arose between the king and himself, he was forced to retire from his position in disgrace, was labelled as a traitor of India, and was forgotten. The Ramnad Manual amply records his administrative prowess and tax reforms.Contents1 The Period 2 Governance for The People 3 Clashing Perspectives 4 References 5 External linksThe Period[edit] The last few decades of the 18th century were a troubled period in the history of India, and in the history of the kingdom of Ramnad in particular
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Murali Pillai
Murali
Murali
may refer to:People Muttiah Muralitharan
Muttiah Muralitharan
(born 1972), often referred to as "Murali", Sri Lankan cricketer <
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L. D. Swamikannu Pillai
Diwan Bahadur Lewis Dominic Swamikannu Pillai CIE, ISO (b. 11 February 1865 - d. 10 September 1925) was an Indian politician, historian, linguist, astronomer and administrator who served as the second President of the Madras Legislative Council.Contents1 Life 2 Death 3 Honours 4 Works 5 Notes 6 ReferencesLife[edit] Swamikannu Pillai was born in a poor Indian Christian family of Madras Presidency on 11 February 1865.[1] Pillai had his schooling in Madras and graduated in law before doing his LlB.[2] When the then President of the Madras Legislative Council, P.Rajagopalachari resigned his post in 1924 to join the India
India
Council, elections were held for the post of President
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Tamil Nadu
^# Jana Gana Mana
Jana Gana Mana
is the national anthem, while "Invocation to Tamil Mother" is the state song/anthem. ^† Established in 1773; Madras State was formed in 1950 and renamed as Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
on 14 January 1969[9] ^^ Tamil is the official language of the state. English is declared as an additional official language for communication purposes.[8]SymbolsEmblem Srivilliputhur
Srivilliputhur
Andal templeLanguageTamilSong"Invocation to Goddess Tamil"DanceBharathanattiyamAnimalNilgiri tahrBirdEmerald doveFlowerGloriosa lilyTreePalm treeSportKabaddi Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
(Tamil pronunciation: [t̪amiɻ n̪aːᶑu] ( listen) literally 'The Land of Tamils' or 'Tamil Country') is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital and largest city is Chennai
Chennai
(formerly known as Madras)
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M. P. Narayana Pillai
M. P. Narayana Pillai (Malayalam: എം.പി. നാരായണപിള്ള) (22 November 1939 – 19 May 1998), affectionately known as Nanappan, was a journalist and prolific short story writer in Malayalam. He also wrote a novel Parinamam (The Evolution) that won the Kerala
Kerala
Sahithya Academy Award in 1992. However, he declined the award. His work Yathrakkidayil (In The Journey) was considered to be a classic in Malayalam
Malayalam
short stories.[1]M. P
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Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai
Manonmaniyam P. Sundaram Pillai (April 4, 1855 – April 26, 1897) was an Indian scholar, noted for the famous Tamil drama
Tamil drama
Manonmaniyam.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 Career 3 Recognition 4 Death 5 Legacy 6 Works 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksEarly life[edit] He was born in the area of Alapuzha
Alapuzha
in Kerala, India, to Perumal Pillai and Madathi Ammal (Māṭatti'am'māḷ மாடத்தி அம்மாள்). Pillai studied religious literature such as Tevaram, Thiruvasagam
Thiruvasagam
during his childhood. Nagapattinam
Nagapattinam
Narayana Samy Pillai was his Tamil language
Tamil language
teacher. He completed his B.A. in 1876 and in the following year, he married Sivagami Ammal (Civakāmi am'māḷ சிவகாமி அம்மாள்). Career[edit] His career as an educator began in 1877
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Tamil Literature
Tamil literature
Tamil literature
(Tamil: தமிழ் இலக்கியம்) refers to the literature in the Tamil language. Tamil literature
Tamil literature
has a rich and long literary tradition spanning more than two thousand years. The oldest extant works show signs of maturity indicating an even longer period of evolution. Contributors to the Tamil literature are mainly from Tamil people
Tamil people
from South India, including the land now comprising Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Sri Lankan Tamils from Sri Lanka, and from Tamil diaspora. The history of Tamil literature
Tamil literature
follows the history of Tamil Nadu, closely following the social, political and cultural trends of various periods. The early Sangam literature, starting from the period of 2nd century BCE, contain anthologies of various poets dealing with many aspects of life, including love, war, social values and religion
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Invocation To Goddess Tamil
Neeraarum Kadaludutha is the State song and Tamil Thaai Vazthu (Invocation to Tamil Mother) of Tamil Nadu. The song was written by Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai
Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai
and its music was composed by M.S.Viswanathan.[1] Generally official functions of the Government of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
start with this song and end with the Indian National Anthem
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Tamil Anthem
Neeraarum Kadaludutha is the State song and Tamil Thaai Vazthu (Invocation to Tamil Mother) of Tamil Nadu. The song was written by Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai
Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai
and its music was composed by M.S.Viswanathan.[1] Generally official functions of the Government of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
start with this song and end with the Indian National Anthem
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Maraimalai Adigal
Maraimalai Adigal
Maraimalai Adigal
(15 July 1876 – 15 September 1950) was a Tamil orator and writer who fervently followed Saivam. He wrote more than 100 books, including works on original poems and dramas, but most famous are his books on his research into Tamil literature. Most of his literary works were on Saivism. He founded a Saivite institution called Podhunilaik Kazhagam. He was an exponent of the Pure Tamil movement and hence considered to be the father of Tamil linguistic purism
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Marimutthu Pillai
Marimutha Pillai (1712 – 1787 CE) was a composer of Carnatic music and, along with Arunachala Kavi and Muthu Thandavar, was one of the pioneering Tamil Trinity of Carnatic music. He was a contemporary of Arunachala Kavi. His most popular compositions are Orukal Sivachidambaram (Arabhi) and Kalai tookki (Yadukulakambhoji).[1][2] See also[edit]Indian classical music portalList of Carnatic composersReferences[edit]^ M. V. Ramana, Pre-trinity composers of Tamil Nadu, Carnatica.net ^ Marimutha Pillai, Carnatica.netThis article related to Carnatic music
Carnatic music
is a stub
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Muhammed Yusuf Khan
Maruthanayagam Pillai (1725 – 15 October 1764) alias Muhammed Yusuf Khan (Khan Sahib) was born in Panaiyur, Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu, India in 1725 into a Hindu family, and later converted to Islam for fighting in the British army. From humble beginnings, he became a warrior in the Arcot
Arcot
troops, later Commandant for the British East India Company troops. The British and the Arcot
Arcot
Nawab used him to suppress the Polygars
Polygars
(Palayakkarar) in the south of Tamil Nadu. Later he was entrusted to administrating the Madurai
Madurai
country when the Madurai Nayaks
Madurai Nayaks
rule ended.Later a dispute arose with the British and Arcot
Arcot
Nawab, and three of his associates were bribed to capture Yusuf Khan
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Nadakkal Parameswaran Pillai
N. S. Parameswaran Pillai or Nadakkal Parameswaran Pillai (1931–2010) is the co-founder of Indian Coffee Houses in Kerala
Kerala
with T. K. Krishnan. He is also the author of a history of Indian Coffee House, a worker cooperative.Contents1 Historian of I.C.H. movement 2 Early life 3 Trade Unionist 4 Co-operator 5 Politics 6 Family 7 Death 8 References 9 External linksHistorian of I.C.H. movement[edit] His book 'Coffee Housinte Katha' or 'The Story of Coffee House' is in Malayalam, the regional language of Kerala, the home state of A. K. Gopalan the Communist Leader of India
India
and the father of the ICH movement. He published this work under the pen name, Nadakkal Parameswaran Pillai. It won Abudhabi Shakti Award in 2007.[citation needed] Early life[edit] Pillai was born in Pallippuram, a hamlet of Alappuzha
Alappuzha
in Kerala
Kerala
on 25 May 1931
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British Malaya
The term British Malaya
British Malaya
loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore
Singapore
that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries. Unlike the term "British India", which excludes the Indian princely states, British Malaya is often used to refer to the Malay States
Malay States
under indirect British rule as well as the Straits Settlements that were under the sovereignty of the British Crown. Before the formation of Malayan Union
Malayan Union
in 1946, the territories were not placed under a single unified administration, with the exception during the immediate post-war period when a British military became the temporary administrator of Malaya. Instead, British Malaya comprised the Straits Settlements, the Federated Malay States, and the Unfederated Malay States
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Naraina Pillai
Narayana Pillai was a social entrepreneur and businessman, who spent most of his life in Singapore during the colonial period. Of Tamil origins, he greatly contributed to the Tamil community in Singapore. Prior to 1819, Pillai (also spelled Narayana Pillay) worked in Penang, which was ruled by the British. There, he came into contact with Stamford Raffles, a senior official of the British East India Company, who was keen to establish a new trading post at the southern end of the Straits of Malacca. This resulted in the founding of modern Singapore in 1819. In Penang, Raffles persuaded Pillai to join him and to work at his new settlement.[1]Contents1 Early life1.1 Arrival in Singapore2 Businesses 3 Contributions 4 Awards 5 See also 6 Notes 7 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Arrival in Singapore[edit] Pillai arrived in Singapore with Raffles in 1819 on the ship ‘Indiana’, making him one of the first Tamil men to set foot there
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