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Pig
A PIG is any of the animals in the genus SUS, within the even-toed ungulate family Suidae
Suidae
. Pigs include the domestic pig and its ancestor, the common Eurasian wild boar ( Sus scrofa
Sus scrofa
), along with other species; related creatures outside the genus include the peccary , the babirusa , and the warthog . Pigs, like all suids , are native to the Eurasian and African continents . Juvenile pigs are known as piglets. Pigs are highly social and intelligent animals. With around 1 billion individuals alive at any time, the domesticated pig is one of the most numerous large mammals on the planet. Pigs are omnivores and can consume a wide range of food, similar to humans. Pigs can harbour a range of parasites and diseases that can be transmitted to humans. Because of the similarities between pigs and humans, pigs are used for human medical research
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Proto-Germanic Language
PROTO-GERMANIC (abbreviated PGMC; German Urgermanisch; also called COMMON GERMANIC, German Gemeingermanisch) is the reconstructed proto-language of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European languages
Indo-European languages
. Proto-Germanic developed from pre-Proto-Germanic into three branches during the first half of the first millennium of the Common Era
Common Era
: West Germanic , East Germanic and North Germanic , which however remained in contact over a considerable time, especially the Ingvaeonic languages (including English ), which arose from West Germanic dialects which remained in continued contact with North Germanic. A defining feature of Proto-Germanic is the completion of Grimm\'s law , a set of sound changes that occurred between its status as a dialect of Proto-Indo-European
Proto-Indo-European
and its gradual divergence into a separate language
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Old Saxon
OLD SAXON, also known as OLD LOW GERMAN, is a Germanic language
Germanic language
and the earliest recorded form of Low German
Low German
(spoken nowadays in Northern Germany
Germany
, the northeastern Netherlands, southern Denmark, the Americas and parts of Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
). It belongs to the West Germanic branch and is closely related to the Anglo-Frisian
Anglo-Frisian
languages. It is documented from the 8th century until the 12th century, when it evolved into Middle Low German
Middle Low German
. It was spoken on the north-west coast of Germany
Germany
and in the Netherlands
Netherlands
by Saxon peoples
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Old High German
OLD HIGH GERMAN (OHG, German : Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language
German language
, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050. Coherent written texts do not appear until the second half of the 8th century , and some treat the period before 750 as "prehistoric" and date the start of Old High German proper to 750 for this reason. There are, however, a number of Elder Futhark inscriptions dating to the 6th century (notably the Pforzen buckle ), as well as single words and many names found in Latin
Latin
texts predating the 8th century
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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Legion (demons)
"LEGION" is a group of demons referred to in the New Testament
New Testament
, in an incident in which Jesus
Jesus
performs an exorcism . CONTENTS * 1 Development of the story * 2 Cultural background * 3 In popular culture * 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links DEVELOPMENT OF THE STORY Main article: Exorcism of the Gerasene demoniac The earliest version of this story exists in the Gospel of Mark
Gospel of Mark
, described as taking place in "the country of the Gerasenes ". Jesus encounters a possessed man, and calls on the demon to emerge, demanding to know its name – an important element of traditional exorcism practice. He finds the man is possessed by a multitude of demons, who give the collective name of "Legion". Fearing he will drive them out of the world and into the abyss, they beg him instead to send them into a herd of pigs, which he does
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Indo-European Languages
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan * Kurgan culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk * Yamna * Mikhaylovka culture Caucasus * Maykop East-Asia * Afanasevo Eastern Europe * Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni Northern Europe* Corded ware * Bad
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Low German
Plattdüütsch German : Niederdeutsch, Dutch : Nederduits NATIVE TO Northern Germany Western Germany Eastern Netherlands
Netherlands
Southern Denmark ETHNICITY Dutch , Frisians
Frisians
and Germans
Germans
; Historically Saxons
Saxons
( Germanic peoples
Germanic peoples
and modern regional subgroup of Germans) NATIVE SPEAKERS Unknown (est
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Dutch Language
Aruba
Aruba
Belgium
Belgium
Curaçao Netherlands
Netherlands
Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
Suriname
Suriname
------------------------- BENELUX EUROPEAN UNION SOUTH AMERICAN UNION CARICOM REGULATED BY Nederlandse Taalunie ( Dutch Language Union ) LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 nl ISO 639-2 dut (B) nld (T) ISO 639-3 nld Dutch/ Flemish
Flemish
GLOTTOLOG mode1257 LINGUASPHERE 52-ACB-a Dutch-speaking world (included are areas of daughter-language Afrikaans
Afrikaans
) Distribution of the Dutch language
Dutch language
and its dialects in Western Europe THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS
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Oxford English Dictionary
The OXFORD ENGLISH DICTIONARY (OED) is the main historical dictionary of the English language
English language
, published by the Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press
. It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world. The second edition came to 21,728 pages in 20 volumes, published in 1989. Work began on the dictionary in 1857, but it was not until 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, under the name of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles; Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by The Philological Society
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Proto-Indo-European Language
Pontic Steppe * Domestication of the horse * Kurgan * Kurgan culture * Steppe cultures * Bug-Dniester * Sredny Stog * Dnieper-Donets * Samara * Khvalynsk * Yamna * Mikhaylovka culture Caucasus * Maykop East-Asia * Afanasevo Eastern Europe * Usatovo * Cernavodă * Cucuteni Northern Europe* Corded ware * Bad
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Old Norse
OLD NORSE was a North Germanic language that was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia
Scandinavia
and inhabitants of their overseas settlements during about the 9th to 13th centuries. The Proto-Norse language developed into Old Norse
Old Norse
by the 8th century, and Old Norse
Old Norse
began to develop into the modern North Germanic languages in the mid- to late 14th century, ending the language phase known as Old Norse. These dates, however, are not absolute, since written Old Norse
Old Norse
is found well into the 15th century. Old Norse
Old Norse
was divided into three dialects : Old West Norse , Old East Norse and Old Gutnish . Old West and East Norse formed a dialect continuum , with no clear geographical boundary between them
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Sanskrit
A few attempts at revival have been reported in Indian and Nepalese newspapers. India
India
: 14,135 Indians claimed Sanskrit
Sanskrit
to be their mother tongue in the 2001 Census of India
India
: Nepal
Nepal
: 1,669 Nepalis in 2011 Nepal census reported Sanskrit
Sanskrit
as their mother tongue. LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European * Indo-Iranian * Indo-Aryan * SANSKRIT EARLY FORM Vedic Sanskrit WRITING SYSTEM Devanagari
Devanagari
(official) Also written in various Brahmic scripts
Brahmic scripts

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Welsh Language
'Cymraeg' pronounced REGION Spoken throughout Wales, and in Chubut province of Argentina NATIVE SPEAKERS All UK speakers : 700,000+ (2012) * Wales
Wales
: 562,016 speakers (19.0% of the population of Wales), (data from 2011 Census); All skills (speaking, reading, or writing): 630,062 language users (reference) * England
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Irish Language
The IRISH LANGUAGE (Gaeilge), also referred to as the GAELIC or the IRISH GAELIC LANGUAGE, is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland
Ireland
and historically spoken by the Irish people
Irish people
. Irish is spoken as a first language by a small minority of Irish people, and as a second language by a larger group of non-native speakers. Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people
Irish people
for most of their recorded history, and they have brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland
Scotland
and the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
and Manx respectively. It has the oldest vernacular literature in Western Europe
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Old Irish
OLD IRISH ( Old Irish : Goídelc; Irish : Sean-Ghaeilge; Scottish Gaelic : Seann Ghàidhlig; Manx : Shenn Yernish; sometimes called OLD GAELIC ) is the name given to the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive written texts are extant. It was used from c.600 to c.900. The primary contemporary texts are dated c.700–850; by 900 the language had already transitioned into early Middle Irish . Some Old Irish texts date from the 10th century, although these are presumably copies of texts composed at an earlier time period. Old Irish is thus the ancestor of Modern Irish , Manx , and Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic

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