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Peloponnese
The PELOPONNESE (/ˈpɛləpəˌniːz/ ) or PELOPONNESUS (/ˌpɛləpəˈniːsəs/ ; Greek : Πελοπόννησος, Pelopónnēsos) is a peninsula and geographic region in southern Greece
Greece
. It is separated from the central part of the country by the Isthmus and Gulf of Corinth . During the late Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and the Ottoman era , the peninsula was known as the Morea
Morea
(Greek : Μωρέας), a name still in colloquial use in its demotic form (Μωριάς). The peninsula is divided among three administrative regions : most belongs to the Peloponnese
Peloponnese
region, with smaller parts belonging to the West Greece
Greece
and Attica regions. In 2016, Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet
voted the Peloponnese
Peloponnese
the top spot of their Best in Europe list
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Middle Ages
In the history of Europe , the MIDDLE AGES (or MEDIEVAL PERIOD) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and merged into the Renaissance
Renaissance
and the Age of Discovery . The Middle Ages
Middle Ages
is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity , the medieval period, and the modern period . The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early , High , and Late Middle Ages
Late Middle Ages
. Population decline , counterurbanisation , invasion, and movement of peoples, which had begun in Late Antiquity , continued in the Early Middle Ages
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Bronze Age
The BRONZE AGE is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze , proto-writing , and other early features of urban civilization . The Bronze
Bronze
Age is the second principal period of the three-age Stone-Bronze- Iron
Iron
system , as proposed in modern times by Christian Jürgensen Thomsen
Christian Jürgensen Thomsen
, for classifying and studying ancient societies. An ancient civilization is defined to be in the Bronze
Bronze
Age either by producing bronze by smelting its own copper and alloying with tin , arsenic , or other metals, or by trading for bronze from production areas elsewhere. Bronze
Bronze
itself is harder and more durable than other metals available at the time, allowing Bronze
Bronze
Age civilizations to gain a technological advantage
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Lonely Planet
Daniel Houghton (CEO ) Naveen Seshadri (COO ) Theodore Sathananthan ( CFO ) PRODUCTS Travel guidebook , digital applications , online community NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 400 staff, 200 authors PARENT NC2 Media WEBSITE LonelyPlanet.com Maureen and Tony Wheeler, co-founders of Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet
LONELY PLANET is the largest travel guide book publisher in the world. The company is owned by American billionaire Brad Kelley 's NC2 Media, which bought it in 2013 from BBC Worldwide
BBC Worldwide
for US$ 77 million (the equivalent of £45.5 million in May 2014) after it was valued at US$250 million in 2008. Originally called " Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet
Publications", the company changed its name to "Lonely Planet" in July 2009 to reflect its broad travel industry coverage and an emphasis on digital products
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Prehistoric Greece
The HISTORY OF GREECE encompasses the history of the territory of the modern nation-state of Greece
Greece
, as well as that of the Greek people and the areas they inhabited and ruled historically. The scope of Greek habitation and rule has varied throughout the ages, and, as a result, the history of Greece
Greece
is similarly elastic in what it includes
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Temple Of Hera, Olympia
The TEMPLE OF HERA, or HERAION, is an ancient Archaic Greek temple
Greek temple
at Olympia , Greece
Greece
, that was dedicated to Hera
Hera
, queen of the Greek Gods . The temple was built in approximately 590 BC, but was destroyed by an earthquake in the early 4th century CE In the Archaic Greek time period, the temple stored items important to Greek culture, and other offerings of the people. In modern times, the torch of the Olympic flame is lit in its ruins. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Description * 2.1 Layout * 2.2 Columns * 2.3 Walls and roof * 2.4 Contents * 2.4.1 The table of Colotes * 2.4.2 The statue Hermes
Hermes
and the Infant Dionysos * 2.4.3 The Chest of Cypselus * 3 Legacy * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORY Plan of the Temple of Hera
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Peninsula
A PENINSULA (Latin : paeninsula from paene "almost” and insula "island") is a piece of land surrounded by water on the majority of its border, while being connected to a mainland from which it extends. Examples are the Upper and Lower peninsulas of the U.S. state of Michigan
Michigan
, the Scandinavian Peninsula and the Malay peninsula . The surrounding water is usually understood to be continuous, though not necessarily named as a single body of water. Peninsulas are not always named as such; one can also be a headland , cape , island promontory , bill, point, or spit . A point is generally considered a tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water that is less prominent than a cape. A river which courses through a very tight meander is also sometimes said to form a "peninsula" within the (almost closed) loop of water. In English , the plurals of peninsula are peninsulas and, less commonly, peninsulae
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Demotic Greek
DEMOTIC GREEK (Greek : δημοτική γλώσσα , "language of the people") or DIMOTIKI is the modern vernacular form of the Greek language . The term has been in use since 1818. Demotic refers particularly to the form of the language that evolved naturally from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek
, in opposition to the artificially archaic Katharevousa , which was the official standard until 1976. The two complemented each other in a typical example of diglossia until the resolution of the Greek language
Greek language
question in favour of Demotic
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Olympic Games
The modern OLYMPIC GAMES or OLYMPICS (French : Jeux olympiques ) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions . The Olympic Games
Olympic Games
are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. The Olympic Games
Olympic Games
are held every four years , with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart. Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games
Olympic Games
, which were held in Olympia, Greece
Olympia, Greece
, from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896
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Greek Language
GREEK ( Modern Greek : ελληνικά , elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα ( listen ), ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece
Greece
and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean . It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 34 centuries of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary , were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin
Latin
, Cyrillic
Cyrillic
, Armenian , Coptic , Gothic and many other writing systems
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ISO 3166
ISO 3166 is a standard published by the International Organization for Standardization
Standardization
(ISO) that defines codes for the names of countries , dependent territories , special areas of geographical interest, and their principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states ). The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. CONTENTS * 1 Parts * 2 Editions * 3 ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency * 3.1 Members * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PARTSIt consists of three parts: * ISO 3166-1 , Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions – Part 1: Country
Country
codes, defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest
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Lion Gate
The LION GATE was the main entrance of the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
citadel of Mycenae , southern Greece
Greece
. It was erected during the 13th century BC in the northwest side of the acropolis and is named after the relief sculpture of two lionesses or lions in a heraldic pose that stands above the entrance. The Lion Gate
Lion Gate
is the sole surviving monumental piece of Mycenaean sculpture, as well as the largest sculpture in the prehistoric Aegean . It is the only monument of Bronze Age
Bronze Age
Greece
Greece
to bear an iconographic motif that survived without being buried underground, and the only relief image which was described in the literature of classical antiquity, such that it was well known prior to modern archaeology
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Classical Antiquity
CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY (also the CLASSICAL ERA, CLASSICAL PERIOD or CLASSICAL AGE) is the long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
, comprising the interlocking civilizations of ancient Greece and ancient Rome
Rome
, collectively known as the Greco-Roman world . It is the period in which Greek and Roman society flourished and wielded great influence throughout Europe
Europe
, North Africa and Southwestern Asia . Conventionally, it is taken to begin with the earliest-recorded Epic Greek poetry of Homer
Homer
(8th–7th century BC), and continues through the emergence of Christianity
Christianity
and the decline of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
(5th century AD)
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Greek Dark Ages
The GREEK DARK AGE, also called GREEK DARK AGES, HOMERIC AGE (named for the fabled poet, Homer
Homer
) or GEOMETRIC PERIOD (so called after the characteristic Geometric art of the time), is the period of Greek history from the end of the Mycenaean palatial civilization around 1100 BC to the first signs of the Greek poleis , city states, in the 9th century BC. The archaeological evidence shows a widespread collapse of Bronze Age civilization in the Eastern Mediterranean world at the outset of the period, as the great palaces and cities of the Mycenaeans were destroyed or abandoned. Around then, the Hittite civilization suffered serious disruption and cities from Troy
Troy
to Gaza were destroyed. Following the collapse, fewer and smaller settlements suggest famine and depopulation. In Greece, the Linear B
Linear B
writing of the Greek language used by Mycenaean bureaucrats ceased
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365 Crete Earthquake
The 365 CRETE EARTHQUAKE occurred at about sunrise on 21 July 365 in the Eastern Mediterranean
Mediterranean
, with an assumed epicentre near Crete
Crete
. Geologists today estimate the undersea earthquake to have been a magnitude eight or higher. It caused widespread destruction in central and southern Greece
Greece
, northern Libya
Libya
, Egypt
Egypt
, Cyprus
Cyprus
, Sicily , and Spain. On Crete, nearly all towns were destroyed. The Crete
Crete
earthquake was followed by a tsunami which devastated the southern and eastern coasts of the Mediterranean, particularly Libya
Libya
, Alexandria
Alexandria
and the Nile Delta , killing thousands and hurling ships 3 km (1.9 mi) inland
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Pelops
In Greek mythology
Greek mythology
, PELOPS (/ˈpiːlɒps, ˈpɛlɒps/ ; Greek : Πέλοψ "dark eyes" or "dark face", derived from pelios 'dark' and ops 'face, eye'), was king of Pisa in the Peloponnesus . His father, Tantalus , was the founder of the House of Atreus through Pelops's son of that name. He was venerated at Olympia , where his cult developed into the founding myth of the Olympic Games , the most important expression of unity, not only for the Peloponnesus , "island of Pelops", but for all Hellenes. At the sanctuary at Olympia, chthonic night-time libations were offered each time to "dark-faced" Pelops
Pelops
in his sacrificial pit (bothros) before they were offered in the following daylight to the sky-god Zeus (Burkert 1983:96)
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