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Peace Of Zsitvatorok
The PEACE OF ZSITVATOROK (or TREATY OF SITVATOROK) was a peace treaty which ended the Fifteen Years\' War between the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
and the Habsburg Monarchy
Habsburg Monarchy
on 11 November 1606. The treaty was part of a system of peace treaties which put an end to the anti-Habsburg uprising of Stephen Bocskay (1604–1606). The treaty was negotiated between 24 October and 11 November 1606 ad Situa Torock, at the former mouth of the Žitava River (Hungarian: Zsitva), which flows into the Danube
Danube
in Royal Hungary
Royal Hungary
(today part of Slovakia
Slovakia
). This location would later become the small settlement of Žitavská Tôňa (Hungarian: Zsitvatorok), a part of the municipality of Radvaň nad Dunajom (Hungarian: Dunaradvány)
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Árpád Dynasty
The ÁRPáDS or ARPADS (Hungarian : Árpádok, Croatian : Arpadovići, Serbian : Арпадовци/Arpadovci, Slovak : Arpádovci, Turkish : Arpatlar) was the ruling dynasty of the Principality of Hungary in the 9th and 10th centuries and of the Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
from 1000 to 1301. The dynasty was named after Grand Prince Árpád
Árpád
who was the head of the Hungarian tribal federation during the conquest of the Carpathian Basin
Carpathian Basin
, c. 895. It is also referred to as the Turul dynasty, but rarely. Both the first Grand Prince of the Hungarians
Hungarians
( Álmos ) and the first King of Hungary
King of Hungary
(Saint Stephen ) were members of the dynasty
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Pacta Conventa (Croatia)
PACTA CONVENTA (Lat. agreed accords) was an alleged agreement concluded between King Coloman of Hungary and the Croatian nobility in 1102 or afterwards, defining the status of Croatia in the union with Hungary . The earliest manuscript of the document is of the fourteenth century. The document titled Pacta conventa or Qualiter (the first word in the document) was found in a Trogir library. Until the 19th century it was considered that it dated to 1102. However, most historians today hold that it is not an authentic document from 1102 and likely a forgery from the 14th century, but that the contents of the Pacta Conventa still correspond to the political situation of that time in Croatia. The document is preserved in the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest
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Ottoman Hungary
OTTOMAN HUNGARY was the territory of Medieval Hungary which was ruled by the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
from 1541 to 1699. Ottoman rule covered mostly the central and southern territories of the former medieval Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
as almost the entire region of the Great Hungarian Plain (except the northeastern parts) and Southern Transdanubia
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Magyars
HUNGARIANS, also known as MAGYARS (Hungarian : magyarok), are a nation and ethnic group native to Hungary
Hungary
(Hungarian : Magyarország) and historical Hungarian lands who share a common culture , history and speak the Hungarian language
Hungarian language
. There are an estimated 13.1–14.7 million ethnic Hungarians
Hungarians
and their descendants worldwide, of whom 8.5–9.8 million live in today's Hungary
Hungary
(as of 2011)
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Bernard Lewis
BERNARD LEWIS, FBA (born 31 May 1916) is a British American historian specializing in oriental studies . He is also known as a public intellectual and political commentator . Lewis is the Cleveland E. Dodge Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University . Lewis' expertise is in the history of Islam
Islam
and the interaction between Islam
Islam
and the West. He is also noted in academic circles for his works on the history of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
. Lewis served as a soldier in the British Army in the Royal Armoured Corps and Intelligence Corps during the Second World War
Second World War
before being seconded to the Foreign Office
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Catherine The Great
German : Sophie Friederike Auguste English: Sophia Frederica Augusta HOUSE Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov (by marriage) Ascania (by birth) FATHER Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst MOTHER Princess Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp RELIGION Russian Orthodox (1744-1796) prev. Lutheran (1729-1744) SIGNATURECATHERINE II (Russian : Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; 2 May 1729 – 17 November 1796), also known as CATHERINE THE GREAT (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), was Empress
Empress
of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country's longest-ruling female leader and arguably the most renowned (although Peter the Great was the only Tsar
Tsar
officially designated as "The Great"). She came to power following a coup d\'état when her husband, Peter III , was assassinated
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Kenneth Meyer Setton
KENNETH MEYER SETTON (New Bedford , Massachusetts , June 17, 1914 – Princeton , New Jersey , February 18, 1995) was an American historian and an expert on the history of medieval Europe , particularly the Crusades . CONTENTS * 1 Early life, education and awards * 2 Career * 3 Selected works * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFE, EDUCATION AND AWARDSSetton's childhood and adolescence were not easy. He supported himself from the age of 13. Setton received his bachelor\'s degree in 1936 as a Phi Beta Kappa graduate of Boston University . He received his masters degree in 1938 and PhD in 1941 at Columbia University . His dissertation Christian Attitude Toward the Emperor in the Fourth Century was written under the direction of Lynn Thorndike . He also received honorary degrees from Boston University and the University of Kiel
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John Henry, Margrave Of Moravia
JOHN HENRY OF LUXEMBOURG (Czech : Jan Jindřich, German : Johann Heinrich; 12 February 1322 – 12 November 1375), a member of the House of Luxembourg , was Count of Tyrol from 1335 to 1341 and Margrave of Moravia from 1349 until his death. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Genealogy * 3 Ancestry * 4 References BIOGRAPHYHenry was born at Mělník , the third surviving son of King John of Bohemia (1296–1346) and his consort, the Přemyslid princess Elizabeth (1292–1330). John Henry therefore was the younger brother of Emperor Charles IV . At the time of his birth, the marriage of his parents was already broken; his mother fled to the Bavarian court of the Wittelsbach duke Henry XIV , the husband of her daughter Margaret , and John Henry was raised in Cham , Upper Palatinate
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Neapolitan Campaigns Of Louis The Great
The NEAPOLITAN CAMPAIGNS OF LOUIS THE GREAT, also called the NEAPOLITAN ADVENTURE (Nápolyi kaland in Hungarian ), was a war between the Kingdom of Hungary , led by Louis the Great , and the Kingdom of Naples . It was fought from 1347 until 1352. CONTENTS * 1 Preliminaries * 2 The war * 3 Aftermath * 4 Footnotes * 5 References PRELIMINARIESIn 1343 Robert I the Sage , King of Naples, died. His only son, Charles of Calabria, had died in 1328, leaving two daughters, one of which, Joan , had been married to Andrew , son of king Charles I of Hungary . During his time in Naples, Andrew's more refined wife developed a fierce hostility towards him. After her father's death, she received from the Avignonese Pope Clement VI the official investment of the Kingdom, which was then nominally a vassal of the Papal States. Andrew, who also sought the crown, received only the title of Duke of Calabria
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Great Turkish War
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
* Crimean Khanate * Principality of Upper Hungary
Hungary
(until 1685) *
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Napoleonic Wars
Overall Coalition victory Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
* Fall of the First French Empire
First French Empire
* Exile of Napoleon I
Napoleon I
to St. Helena
St

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Hungarian Declaration Of Independence
The HUNGARIAN DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE declared the independence of Hungary
Hungary
from the Habsburg Monarchy during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 . It was presented to the National Assembly in closed session on 13 April 1849 by Lajos Kossuth
Lajos Kossuth
, and in open session the following day, despite political opposition from within the Hungarian Peace Party . The declaration was passed unanimously the following day. Kossuth issued the declaration himself, from the Protestant Great Church of Debrecen . The declaration accused the Habsburgs of crimes, saying The House of Lorraine-Habsburg is unexampled in the compass of its perjuries Its determination to extinguish the independents of Hungary has been accompanied by a succession of criminal acts, comprising robbery, destruction of property by fire, murder, maiming Humanity will shudder when reading this disgraceful page of history
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Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
The EASTERN HUNGARIAN KINGDOM (in Hungarian: Keleti Magyar Királyság) is the modern name used to designate the realm of John Zápolya and his son John Sigismund Zápolya , who contested the claims of the House of Habsburg to rule the Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
from 1526 to 1570. The Zápolyas ruled over an eastern part of Hungary, while the Habsburg kings (Ferdinand and Maximilian ) ruled the west. The Habsburgs tried several times to unite all Hungary
Hungary
under their rule, but the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
prevented this by supporting the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom. The exact extent of the Zápolya realm was never settled, because the Habsburgs and the Zápolyas both claimed the whole kingdom. A temporary territorial division was made in the Treaty of Nagyvárad in 1538
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War Of The Priests (Poland)
The WAR OF THE PRIESTS (1467-1479, German : Pfaffenkrieg, Polish : wojna popia, wojna księża) was a conflict in the Polish province of Warmia between the King of Poland Casimir IV and Nicolaus von Tüngen , the new bishop of Warmia chosen – without the king's approval – by the Warmian chapter . The latter was supported by the Teutonic Knights , by this point vassals of Poland, who were seeking a revision of the recently signed Second Peace of Toruń . CONTENTS * 1 Political background * 2 Election dispute * 3 Military action * 4 Settlement POLITICAL BACKGROUNDThe Bishopric of Warmia was, in the 14th century, part of the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights , but enjoyed autonomy and was administrated as a prince-bishopric . The bishops, often members of the Teutonic Order , were loyal to the order even in early 15th century, when the Teutonic Knights raised the taxes to pay for the resulting costs of Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War
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Peace Treaty Of Wiener Neustadt
NEUSTADT (German for new town or new city) may refer to a number of places and other entities. CONTENTS* 1 Places * 1.1 General * 1.2 In Austria * 1.3 In Belarus * 1.4 In Canada * 1.5 In the Czech Republic * 1.6 In France * 1.7 In Germany * 1.8 In Hungary * 1.9 In Poland * 1.10 In Romania * 1.11 In Russia * 1.12 In Slovakia * 1.13 In Ukraine * 2 Fictional places * 3 People * 4 Literary awards PLACES Map of places called Neustadt
Neustadt
in Central Europe
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