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Paul Wittek
Paul Wittek (11 January 1894, Baden bei Wien
Baden bei Wien
— 13 June 1978, Eastcote, Middlesex) was an Orientalist and historian from Austria. His 1938 thesis on the rise of the Ottoman Empire, known as the Ghazi thesis, argues that the Ottoman's raison d'être was the expansion of Islam. During the 1980s, his theory was the most influential and dominant explanation of the formation of the Ottoman Empire. Biography[edit] Wittek was conscripted at the outbreak of World War I as a reserve officer to an artillery regiment. In October 1914, he suffered a head wound in Galicia and was taken to Vienna to recover. Subsequently, he served first on the Isonzo and in 1917 was drafted as a military adviser to the Ottoman Empire, where he was stationed in Istanbul and Syria until the war ended. During this time Wittek learned Ottoman Turkish and acquired the patronage of Johann Heinrich Mordtmann, the former German consul in Istanbul
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Baden Bei Wien
Baden (German for "Baths"),[2] unofficially distinguished from other Badens as Baden bei Wien
Baden bei Wien
(Baden near Vienna),[3] is a spa town in Austria. It serves as the capital of Baden District in the state of Lower Austria. Located about 26 km (16 mi) south of Vienna, the municipality consists of cadastral Baden, Braiten, Gamingerhof, Leesdorf, Mitterberg, Rauhenstein, and Weikersdorf.Contents1 Geography 2 History 3 Transportation 4 Government 5 Population 6 Notable people6.1 Natives 6.2 Residents7 Notes 8 References8.1 Citations 8.2 Bibliography9 External linksGeography[edit]The "Cure Park" (Kurpark) entranceBaden is located at the mouth of the Schwechat River's St Helena Valley (Helenenthal)[4] in the Vienna
Vienna
Woods (Wienerwald) range
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George Circle
The George-Kreis
George-Kreis
(George Circle) was an influential German literary group centred on the charismatic author Stefan George. Formed in the late 19th century, when George published a new literary magazine called Blätter für die Kunst, the group featured many highly regarded writers and academics. In addition to sharing cultural interests, the circle reflected mystical and political themes within the sphere of the Conservative Revolutionary movement. The group disbanded when George died in December 1933.Contents1 Formation 2 Structure and topics 3 Notable members 4 ReferencesFormation[edit] George began publishing poems modelled on French Symbolism in the 1890s. In 1892, he created the Blätter für die Kunst magazine, mainly to publish own works and those by his admirers
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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Biblioteca Nacional De España
The Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España
(National Library of Spain) is a major public library, the largest in Spain, and one of the largest in the world. It is located in Madrid, on the Paseo de Recoletos.Contents1 History 2 The library today 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] The library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 as the Palace Public Library (Biblioteca Pública de Palacio). The Royal Letters Patent that he granted, the predecessor of the current legal deposit requirement, made it mandatory for printers to submit a copy of every book printed in Spain
Spain
to the library. In 1836, the library's status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance (Ministerio de la Gobernación)
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Bibliothèque Nationale De France
The Bibliothèque nationale de France
France
(BnF, English: National Library of France; French: [bi.bli.jɔ.tɛk na.sjɔ.nal də fʁɑ̃s]) is the national library of France, located in Paris. It is the national repository of all that is published in France
France
and also holds extensive historical collections.Contents1 History 2 New buildings 3 Mission 4 Manuscript
Manuscript
collection 5 Digital library 6 List of directors6.1 1369–1792 6.2 1792–present7 Films about the library 8 Famous patrons 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External linksHistory[edit] The National Library of France
France
traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace
Louvre Palace
by Charles V in 1368
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Système Universitaire De Documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify, track and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researchers to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers. It is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education [fr] (ABES).External links[edit] Official website This article relating to library science or information science is a stub
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International Standard Name Identifier
The International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI) is an identifier for uniquely identifying the public identities of contributors to media content such as books, television programmes, and newspaper articles. Such an identifier consists of 16 digits. It can optionally be displayed as divided into four blocks. ISNI can be used to disambiguate names that might otherwise be confused, and links the data about names that are collected and used in all sectors of the media industries. It was developed under the auspices of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) as Draft International Standard 27729; the valid standard was published on 15 March 2012
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Library Of Congress Control Number
The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Control Number (LCCN) is a serially-based system of numbering cataloging records in the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
in the United States. It has nothing to do with the contents of any book, and should not be confused with Library of Congress Classification.Contents1 History 2 Format 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit] The LCCN numbering system has been in use since 1898, at which time the acronym LCCN originally stood for Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Card Number. It has also been called the Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Catalog Card Number, among other names. The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
prepared cards of bibliographic information for their library catalog and would sell duplicate sets of the cards to other libraries for use in their catalogs
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German National Library
The German National Library
German National Library
(German: Deutsche Nationalbibliothek or DNB) is the central archival library and national bibliographic centre for the Federal Republic of Germany. Its task is to collect, permanently archive, comprehensively document and record bibliographically all German and German-language
German-language
publications since 1913, foreign publications about Germany, translations of German works, and the works of German-speaking emigrants published abroad between 1933 and 1945, and to make them available to the public.[2] The German National Library
German National Library
maintains co-operative external relations on a national and international level. For example, it is the leading partner in developing and maintaining bibliographic rules and standards in Germany
Germany
and plays a significant role in the development of international library standards
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School Of Oriental And African Studies
The Orient
Orient
is the East, traditionally comprising anything that belongs to the Eastern world, in relation to Europe. In English, it is largely a metonym for, and coterminous with, the continent of Asia, divided into the Far East, Middle East, and Near East. The term Oriental is sometimes used to describe people or objects from the Orient.Contents1 Derivation 2 History of the term 3 Current usage3.1 British English 3.2 American English 3.3 Australian English 3.4 German4 See also 5 Notes 6 Further reading 7 External linksDerivation[edit] The term "Orient" derives from the Latin word oriens meaning "east" (lit. "rising" < orior " rise")
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Oriental Studies
Oriental studies
Oriental studies
is the academic field of study that embraces Near Eastern and Far Eastern societies and cultures, languages, peoples, history and archaeology; in recent years the subject has often been turned into the newer terms of Asian studies and Middle Eastern studies
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University Of London
The University of London
London
is a collegiate[a] and a federal research university located in London, England
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Henri Grégoire (historian)
Henri Grégoire (French: [ɑ̃ʁi ɡʁeɡwaʁ]; Huy, Belgium, 21 March 1881 – 28 September 1964, Brussels, Belgium) was an eminent scholar of the Byzantine Empire, virtually the founder of Byzantine studies in Belgium. Grégoire spent most of his teaching career at the Université libre de Bruxelles
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German Archaeological Institute
The German Archaeological Institute
German Archaeological Institute
(German: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, DAI) is an institution of research within the field of archaeology (and related fields),[1] and a "scientific corporation", under the auspices of the federal Foreign Office of Germany.[2][3] Origin[edit] Eduard Gerhard
Eduard Gerhard
was the founder of the institute, according to the homepage of DAI
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Oberösterreichische Rundschau
Oberösterreichische Rundschau is a weekly newspaper in Upper Austria,[1] published in 13 regional editions. In addition, there is a free Sunday newspaper Sonntags-Rundschau.Contents1 History and profile1.1 Braunauer Rundschau 1.2 Other2 References 3 External linksHistory and profile[edit] Oberösterreichische Rundschau evolved as a merger of several regional papers, the oldest of which, the Innviertler Volkszeitung, existed already in 1880
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