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Paul Newham
PAUL NEWHAM (born 16 March 1962) is known for developing applications of voice, sound, and music in psychotherapy, psychology, music therapy, and audio therapy. CONTENTS * 1 Childhood Influence * 2 Early Work in Expressive Therapy * 3 Later Work in Receptive Therapy * 4 Influence and Contributions * 4.1 Expressive Therapy * 4.2 Receptive Therapy * 5 Selected publications * 5.1 Books * 5.2 Articles * 6 References CHILDHOOD INFLUENCENewham's biological father was Berthold Paul Wiesner , the physiologist known for coining the term \'Psi\' , now widely used to signify parapsychological phenomena, and who sired over six hundred children through anonymous sperm donation at an unauthorized London fertility clinic jointly managed with his wife, the obstetrician Mary Barton , from which they both absconded after burning all records of their endeavour
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Music
MUSIC is an art form and cultural activity whose medium is sound organized in time. The common elements of music are pitch (which governs melody and harmony ), rhythm (and its associated concepts tempo , meter , and articulation ), dynamics (loudness and softness), and the sonic qualities of timbre and texture (which are sometimes termed the "color" of a musical sound). Different styles or types of music may emphasize, de-emphasize or omit some of these elements. Music
Music
is performed with a vast range of instruments and vocal techniques ranging from singing to rapping ; there are solely instrumental pieces , solely vocal pieces (such as songs without instrumental accompaniment ) and pieces that combine singing and instruments. The word derives from Greek μουσική (mousike; "art of the Muses
Muses
"). See glossary of musical terminology
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Phonation
The term PHONATION has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics . Among some phoneticians, phonation is the process by which the vocal folds produce certain sounds through quasi-periodic vibration. This is the definition used among those who study laryngeal anatomy and physiology and speech production in general. Phoneticians in other subfields, such as linguistic phonetics, call this process voicing , and use the term phonation to refer to any oscillatory state of any part of the larynx that modifies the airstream, of which voicing is just one example. Voiceless and supra-glottal phonations are included under this definition
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Communication
COMMUNICATION (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share" ) is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules
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Psychological Pain
PSYCHOLOGICAL PAIN or MENTAL PAIN is an unpleasant feeling (a suffering ) of a psychological, non-physical, origin. A pioneer in the field of suicidology , Edwin S. Shneidman , described it as "how much you hurt as a human being. It is mental suffering; mental torment." There is no shortage in the many ways psychological pain is referred to, and using a different word usually reflects an emphasis on a particular aspect of mind life. Technical terms include ALGOPSYCHALIA and PSYCHALGIA, but it may also be called mental pain, emotional pain, psychic pain, social pain, spiritual or soul pain, or suffering. While these clearly are not equivalent terms, one systematic comparison of theories and models of psychological pain, psychic pain, emotional pain, and suffering concluded that each describe the same profoundly unpleasant feeling. Psychological pain is believed to be an inescapable aspect of human existence
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Author
An AUTHOR is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book or play, and is thus also a writer . More broadly defined, an author is "the person who originated or gave existence to anything" and whose authorship determines responsibility for what was created. CONTENTS * 1 Legal significance of authorship * 2 Philosophical views of the nature of authorship * 3 Relationship with publisher * 3.1 Self-publishing * 3.1.1 Types * 3.1.1.1 Electronic (e-book) publishing * 3.1.1.2 Print-on-demand * 3.2 Traditional publishing * 3.3 Vanity publishing * 4 Relationship with editor * 5 Compensation * 6 See also * 7 References LEGAL SIGNIFICANCE OF AUTHORSHIP A copyright certificate certifying the authorship for a proof of the Fermat theorem , issued by the State Department of Intellectual Property of Ukraine
Ukraine

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Disability
DISABILITY is an impairment that may be cognitive , developmental , intellectual , mental , physical , sensory , or some combination of these. It substantially affects a person's life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability
Disability
is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives
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Music Therapy
MUSIC THERAPY is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. Music
Music
therapy is one of the expressive therapies , consisting of a process in which a music therapist uses music and all of its facets—physical, emotional, mental, social, aesthetic, and spiritual—to help clients improve their physical and mental health. Music
Music
therapists primarily help clients improve their health in several domains, such as cognitive functioning, motor skills , emotional development, social skills , and quality of life by using both active and passive music experiences such as free improvisation, song, dance, listening, and discussion of music to achieve treatment goals
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Cognitive Psychology
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY is the study of mental processes such as "attention , language use, memory , perception , problem solving, creativity , and thinking ". Much of the work derived from cognitive psychology has been integrated into various other modern disciplines of psychological study, including educational psychology , social psychology , personality psychology , abnormal psychology , developmental psychology , and economics
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Psychoneuroimmunology
PSYCHONEUROIMMUNOLOGY (PNI), also referred to as PSYCHOENDONEUROIMMUNOLOGY (PENI) or PSYCHONEUROENDOCRINOIMMUNOLOGY (PNEI), is the study of the interaction between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the human body. PNI takes an interdisciplinary approach, incorporating psychology , neuroscience , immunology , physiology , genetics , pharmacology , molecular biology , psychiatry , behavioral medicine , infectious diseases , endocrinology , and rheumatology . The main interests of PNI are the interactions between the nervous and immune systems and the relationships between mental processes and health . PNI studies, among other things, the physiological functioning of the neuroimmune system in health and disease; disorders of the neuroimmune system (autoimmune diseases ; hypersensitivities ; immune deficiency ); and the physical, chemical and physiological characteristics of the components of the neuroimmune system in vitro , in situ , and in vivo
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Expressive Therapy
EXPRESSIVE THERAPY, also known as THE EXPRESSIVE THERAPIES, EXPRESSIVE ARTS THERAPY or CREATIVE ARTS THERAPY, is the use of the creative arts as a form of therapy . Unlike traditional art expression, the process of creation is emphasized rather than the final product. Expressive therapy is predicated on the assumption that people can heal through use of imagination and the various forms of creative expression. CONTENTS * 1 Types * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links TYPES Expressive therapy is an umbrella term. Some common types of expressive therapy include: * expressive arts therapy (in conjunction with one another, a truer understanding of healing comes into play between the use of various media to look at a situation or feeling) * art therapy * dance therapy , also known as dance/movement therapy * drama therapy * psychodrama an elaborate study of role play created and fostered by Jacob L
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Drama Therapy
DRAMA THERAPY (written dramatherapy in the UK, Europe, Australia, and Africa) is the use of theatre techniques to facilitate personal growth and promote mental health . Dramatherapy is used in a wide variety of settings, including hospitals , schools, mental health centers, prisons , and businesses. Drama therapy, as a form of 'expressive therapy' (also known as creative arts therapies'), exists in many forms and can be applicable to individuals, couples, families, and various groups. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Core processes * 3 Becoming a drama therapist * 4 In practice * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links * 7.1 Governing bodies * 7.2 Other drama therapy-related websites HISTORYThe modern use of dramatic process and theatre as a therapeutic intervention began with Dr. Jacob L. Moreno 's development of Psychodrama
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Archivist
An ARCHIVIST (AR-kiv-ist) is an information professional who assesses, collects, organizes, preserves, maintains control over, and provides access to records and archives determined to have long-term value. The records maintained by an archivist can consist of a variety of forms, including letters, diaries, logs, various other writings, official documents, sound and/or picture recordings, etc
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Curator
A CURATOR (from Latin : curare, meaning "to take care") is a manager or overseer. Traditionally, a curator or KEEPER of a cultural heritage institution (e.g., gallery , museum , library , or archive ) is a content specialist charged with an institution's collections and involved with the interpretation of heritage material. A traditional curator's concern necessarily involves tangible objects of some sort—artwork, collectibles, historic items, or scientific collections. More recently, new kinds of curators have started to emerge: curators of digital data objects and biocurators . CONTENTS * 1 Curator
Curator
responsibilities * 2 Education and training * 3 Technology and society * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links CURATOR RESPONSIBILITIESIn smaller organizations, a curator may have sole responsibility for acquisitions and even collections care
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Ambient Music
AMBIENT MUSIC is a genre of music that puts an emphasis on tone and atmosphere over traditional musical structure or rhythm. Ambient music is said to evoke an "atmospheric", "visual", or "unobtrusive" quality. According to Brian Eno , one of its pioneers, "Ambient music must be able to accommodate many levels of listening attention without enforcing one in particular; it must be as ignorable as it is interesting." As a genre, it originated in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in the 1970s, when new sound-making devices were being introduced to a wider market, such as the synthesizer . The work of Tangerine Dream , Ash Ra Tempel , Cluster , King Tubby , and composer Erik Satie , as well as the psychoacoustic soundscapes of Irv Teibel 's Environments series, were all influences on the emergence of ambient music
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Speech
SPEECH is the vocalized form of communication used by humans and some animals, which is based upon the syntactic combination of items drawn from the lexicon . Each spoken word is created out of the phonetic combination of a limited set of vowel and consonant speech sound units (phonemes ). These vocabularies, the syntax that structures them, and their sets of speech sound units differ, creating many thousands of different, and mutually unintelligible , human languages . The vocal abilities that enable humans to produce speech also enable them to sing . A gestural form of human communication exists for the deaf in the form of sign language . Speech
Speech
in some cultures has become the basis of written language , often one that differs in its vocabulary, syntax and phonetics from its associated spoken one, a situation called diglossia
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