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Pashtun Culture
Pashtun culture
Pashtun culture
(Pashto: پښتني هڅوب‎) is based on Islam
Islam
and Pashtunwali, which is an ancient way of life, as well as speaking of the Pashto
Pashto
language and wearing Pashtun dress. The culture of the Pashtun people
Pashtun people
is highlighted since at least the time of Herodotus (484–425 BC) or Alexander the Great, when he explored the Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Pakistan
Pakistan
region in 330 BC
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Flute
Plucked Appalachian dulcimer
Appalachian dulcimer
(United States) Autoharp Baglama
Baglama
or Saz (Turkey)
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Shuja Shah Durrani
Durrani[pronunciation?] (Pashto: دراني‎) or Abdali[pronunciation?] (Pashto: ابدالي‎) is the name of a prominent Sarbani Pashtun tribal confederation in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Pakistan. They have been called Durrani
Durrani
since the beginning of the Durrani Empire
Durrani Empire
in 1747.[1] Durrani
Durrani
are found throughout Afghanistan and Pakistan; although large concentrations are found in southern Afghanistan, they are also found to a lesser extent in east, west and central Afghanistan. Many Durranis are found in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
and Punjab provinces of Pakistan. The Durrani
Durrani
Pashtuns of the Afghan capital Kabul are usually bilingual in Pashto and Dari Persian
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Pakistan Independence Day
Independence Day (Urdu: یوم آزادی‬‎; Yaum-e Āzādī), observed annually on 14 August, is a national holiday in Pakistan. It commemorates the day when Pakistan achieved independence and was declared a sovereign nation following the end of the British Raj in 1947. Pakistan came into existence as a result of the Pakistan Movement, which aimed for the creation of an independent Muslim state in the north-western regions of South Asia via partition. The movement was led by the All-India Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The event was brought forth by the Indian Independence Act 1947 under which the British Raj gave independence to the Dominion of Pakistan which comprised West Pakistan (present-day Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh)
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Nowruz
 Iran  Afghanistan  Albania[1][2]  Azerbaijan   China
China
(by Tajiks
Tajiks
and Turkic peoples)[3]  Georgia[4]  
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Bannu
Banū or Bannu
Bannu
(Pashto: باني ګل / بنو‎, Urdu: بنوں‬‎  pronounce (help·info)) is the principal city of the Bannu District
Bannu District

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Waziristan
Waziristan
Waziristan
( Pashto
Pashto
and Urdu: وزیرستان‎, "land of the Wazir") is a mountainous region covering the North Waziristan
North Waziristan
and South Waziristan
Waziristan
agencies, FR Bannu, and the western part of Tank in northwestern Pakistan, and the Janikhel, Gurbuz and Barmal districts of eastern Afghanistan. Waziristan
Waziristan
covers some 15,000 square kilometres (5,800 sq mi). The area is mostly populated by ethnic Pashtuns. It is named after the Wazir tribe.[1] The language spoken in the valley is Pashto, predominantly the Wazir dialect. Most of the region forms the southern part of Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas. Waziristan
Waziristan
lies between the Tochi River to the north and the Gomal River to the south
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Fair
A fair (archaic: faire or fayre) is a gathering of people for a variety of entertainment or commercial activities. It is normally of the essence of a fair that it is temporary with scheduled times lasting from an afternoon to several weeks.Contents1 Types of fairs 2 History 3 Legacy3.1 Legal implications 3.2 In art and language4 See also 5 References 6 Further readingTypes of fairs[edit]Roundabouts (also known as a carousel or merry-go-round) are traditional attractions, often seen at fairsVariations of fairs include:Street fair, a fair that celebrates the character of a neighborhood and merchant oriented, (as the word 'fair' is historically defined; that being a marketplace). As its name suggests, it is usually held on the main street of a neighborhood. Fête, an elaborate festival, party, or celebration. Festival, an event ordinarily coordinated and/or celebrated by a community or group with a theme e.g
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Islamic Conquest Of Afghanistan
The Muslim conquests
Muslim conquests
of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
began during the Muslim conquest of Persia
Persia
as the Arab Muslims
Arab Muslims
were drawn eastwards to Khorasan, Sistan and Transoxiana
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Pata Khazana
Pata Khazāna (Pashto: پټه خزانه‎ – The Hidden Treasure, alternative transcriptions: Peta Khazāna, Pota Khazana, Pata Xazāna) is the title of a disputed manuscript written in Pashto language. According to its supposed discoverer Abdul Hay Habibi, the script contains an anthology of Pashto poetry, which precedes the earliest known pieces of Pashto literature
Pashto literature
by a couple of hundred years. The claimed discovery of the script caused a controversy about its genuineness. The manuscript could not be authenticated and is considered forgery by most scholars of Iranian Studies.Contents1 Discovery 2 Reception 3 Literature 4 References 5 External linksDiscovery[edit] The Afghan scholar Habibi claimed to have discovered the manuscript in 1944. He professed that the script be a 19th-century copy of an anthology of Pashto poetry
Pashto poetry
written in 1729 by Shah Hussain Hotak
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Ghulam Muhammad Tarzi
Sardar Ghulam Muhammad Khan Tarzi (born Kandahar, April 30, 1830 – 1900/1901)[1] son of Sardar Rahim Dil Khan (and grandson of Sardar Painda Khan Mohammadizi) was a ruler of Kandahar
Kandahar
and Baluchistan.[citation needed] He was a Pashtun soldier, poet, and military leader in Afghanistan.[2] He is often credited with developing the traditional family name 'Tarzi,' which played a critical role in the history of Afghanistan.[3]Contents1 Early life 2 Chief 3 Sardar 4 Poet 5 Death 6 Legacy 7 References 8 External linksEarly life[edit] Tarzi's family belonged to the royal sub-tribe known as the Mohamedzai, the most powerful and prominent of the Barakzai Dynasty. A soldier in his youth, he later took up poetry. Soon after, Amir Dost Muhammad integrated him into the community of state princes and learned scholars
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Eid Al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(Arabic: عيد الأضحى‎, translit. ʿīd al-aḍḥā, lit. 'Feast of the Sacrifice', [ʕiːd ælˈʔɑdˤħæː]), also called the "Sacrifice Feast", is the second of two Islamic holidays
Islamic holidays
celebrated worldwide each year, and considered the holier of the two. It honors the willingness of Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son, as an act of obedience to God's command. Before Abraham sacrificed his son, God provided a male goat to sacrifice instead. In commemoration of this, an animal is sacrificed and divided into three parts: one third of the share is given to the poor and needy; another third is given to relatives, friends and neighbors; and the remaining third is retained by the family. In the Islamic lunar calendar, Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah
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AVT Khyber
AVT Khyber
AVT Khyber
or Khyber TV is a Pakistani-operated Pashto satellite television station in Pakistan, which was launched in July 2004. The channel broadcasts 24 hours a day, providing educational, news, variety of shows, dramas, and entertaining programs to the Pashtun population of Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
as well as those living in the Middle East, Europe
Europe
and Australia.[citation needed] Unlike most TV stations in Pakistan, AVT programs are only in Pashto language. The main office of AVT Khyber
AVT Khyber
is located in Islamabad, Pakistan
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Farah, Afghanistan
Farah (Pashto / Dari Persian: فراه) is the capital of Farah Province, located in western Afghanistan. It is one of the largest cities of Southwestern Afghanistan
Afghanistan
in terms of population. The Farah Airport is located in the area.Contents1 Land Use 2 History2.1 Ancient history 2.2 Medieval 2.3 Soviet-Afghan War 2.4 Civil war to present3 Demography 4 Economy and transportation 5 Healthcare 6 Climate 7 Books relating to Farah 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksLand Use[edit] Farah is located in western Afghanistan, close to Herat
Herat
and Iran, although it lacks a direct road connection with the latter. Farah has a very clear grid of roads distributed through the higher density residential areas
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Klasik
The classical music of Afghanistan is called klasik, which includes both instrumental (rāgas, naghmehs) and vocal forms (ghazals).[1] Many ustad, or professional musicians, are descended from Indian artists who emigrated to the royal court in Kabul in the 1860s upon the invitation of Amir Sher Ali Khan.[2] These north Indian musicians use Hindustani terminology and structures.[3] Afghan ragas, in contrast to Indian ones, tend to be more focused on rhythm, and are usually played with the tabla, imported from India, or the native zerbaghali, daireh or dohol, all percussive instruments.[1] An important characteristic of the Afghan ghazal is that, unlike the Indian talas and ragas it is based on, Afghan ghazal features the "repetitive use of fast instrumental sections interpolated between units of text", an element derived from Pashtun music.[2] Afghan ghazal is viewed as a "light-classical" form of Indian music, which uses Persian texts consisting of a series of rhyming couplets, many wr
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Ghazal
The ghazal (Urdu: غزَل ‬‎, Hindi: ग़ज़ल, Persian: غزل‎, Pashto: غزل‎, Bengali: ঘজল), a type of amatory poem or ode,[1] originating in Arabic poetry.Contents1 History 2 Pronunciation 3 Themes3.1 Unconditional, superior love 3.2 Sufism4 Important poets of Persian Ghazal 5 Translations and performance of classical Ghazal 6 Popularity 7 In English7.1 Notable poets who composed Ghazals8 Ghazal
Ghazal
singers 9 See also 10 Footnotes 11 References 12 External linksHistory[edit] The ghazal originated in Arabia in the 7th century[2] and later spread throughout the Middle East and South Asia. It was famous all around the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
in the 18th and 19th centuries[unreliable source?]
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