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Osh Oblast
Osh
Osh
Region (Kyrgyz: Ош облусу, Oş oblusu/ Osh
Osh
oblusu, وش وبلاستى; Russian: Ошская область, Oshskaya oblast’/Ošskaja oblastj) is a region (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is Osh. It is bounded by (clockwise) Jalal-Abad Region, Naryn Region, Xinjiang, China, Tajikistan, Batken Region, and Uzbekistan.Contents1 Geography 2 Demographics2.1 Ethnic composition3 Districts 4 Enclaves and exclaves 5 See also 6 ReferencesGeography[edit] Most of the population lives in the flat northern part of the Oblast, on the edge of the Ferghana Valley. The land gradually rises southward to the crest of the Alay Mountains, drops into the Alay Valley
Alay Valley
and rises to the Trans-Alai
Trans-Alai
Range which forms the border with Tajikistan. In the east, the land rises to the Ferghana Range which is roughly parallel to the Naryn border
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Uygurs
The Uyghurs (/ˈwiːɡʊərz/,[16] /uːiˈɡʊərz/)[17][18] are a Turkic ethnic group living in East and Central Asia. Today, Uyghurs live primarily in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in the People's Republic of China, where they are one of 55 officially recognized ethnic minorities. Uyghurs primarily practice Islam
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Naryn River
The Naryn
Naryn
River
River
(Kyrgyz: Нарын, Russian: Нарын, Uzbek: Norin) rises in the Tian Shan
Tian Shan
mountains in Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, flowing west through the Fergana Valley
Fergana Valley
into Uzbekistan. Here it merges with the Kara Darya River
Kara Darya River
(near Namangan) to form the Syr Darya. It is 807 kilometres (501 mi) long (together with Chong- Naryn
Naryn
River) and has an annual flow of 13.7 cubic kilometres (11,100,000 acre⋅ft). The largest tributaries of the Naryn
Naryn
River
River
are: Kichi- Naryn
Naryn
River, At-Bashi River, On Archa River, Kadjyrty River, Chychkan River, Alabuga River, Kökömeren River etc.[1] The river contains many reservoirs which are important in the generation of hydroelectricity
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Syr Darya
The Syr Darya[2] /ˌsɪərˈdɑːrjə/ (Kazakh: Syrdari'i'a, سىردارٸيا; Russian: Сырдарья́, tr. Syrdar'ya, IPA: [sɨrdɐˈrʲja]; Persian: سيردريا‎,Sirdaryā; Tajik: Сирдарё, Sirdaryo; Turkish: Seyhun, Siri Derya; Arabic: سيحون‎: Seyḥūn; Uzbek: Sirdaryo/Сирдарё; Ancient Greek: Ἰαξάρτης, Jaxártēs) is a river in Central Asia. The Syr Darya
Syr Darya
originates in the Tian Shan
Tian Shan
Mountains in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and eastern Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
and flows for 2,212 kilometres (1,374 mi) west and north-west through Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
and southern Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
to the northern remnants of the Aral Sea. It is the northern and eastern of the two main rivers in the endorrheic basin of the Aral Sea, the other being the Amu Darya
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Sary-Tash
Sary-Tash
Sary-Tash
is a village[1] and major crossroads in the Alay Valley
Alay Valley
of Osh
Osh
Region, Kyrgyzstan. Its population was 1,427 in 2009.[2] Nearby towns and villages to the north include Ak-Bosogo
Ak-Bosogo
(5 miles) and Chagyr (9 miles). Although this remote village has only some shop-cafes, a petrol station and five guest houses (March 2016), it is an important road junction connecting China, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and Tajikistan. Its name is derived from Turkic roots and means "yellow-stone".[3] To the north, M41 goes over the Taldyk Pass
Taldyk Pass
to Gulcha
Gulcha
and Osh
Osh
in the Ferghana Valley
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Irkeshtam
Erkeshtam, also Irkeshtam or Erkesh-tam (Kyrgyz: Эркеч-Там, Chinese: 伊尔克什坦), is a border crossing between Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and Xinjiang, China, named after a village on the Kyrgyz side of the border in southern Osh Region. The border crossing is also called Simuhana (斯姆哈纳), after the first settlement on the Chinese side of the border, but Irkeshtam is now the more common name used in both countries. Erkeshtam
Erkeshtam
is the westernmost border crossing in China
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Nookat
Nookat (Kyrgyz: Ноокат), also Eski-Nookat, Iski-Naukat or Naukat, is a city in Osh Region of Kyrgyzstan. It is the seat of Nookat District. According to 2009 Census the population of Nookat was 14,371.[1] The main street, Soltobaev, forms part of the main Osh-Batken highway and is consequently very dusty and busy, but nonetheless attractively lined by willow, poplar and plane trees. Nookat came to signify the repression during the Bakiyev regime as villagers were imprisoned, tortured and sentenced to lengthy prison terms following civil unrest in the fall of 2008. Following the revolt in April 2010, the villagers, of the Uzbek minority, were released.[2] References[edit]^ a b "2009 population census of the Kyrgyz Republic: Osh Region" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2011
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Uzgen
Uzgen
Uzgen
(Kyrgyz: Өзгөн Özgön; Russian: Узген) is a town in Osh
Osh
Region, Kyrgyzstan. It is the capital of Uzgen
Uzgen
District. According to 2009 Census the population of Uzgen
Uzgen
was 49,410.[1]Contents1 History 2 Geography2.1 Climate3 Famous people 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] The town is mentioned in Chinese annals of the second century BC. It was one of the capitals of the Karakhanids, who called it Mavarannahr and left three well-preserved mausolea. Uzgend became the abode of Muhammad b. Nasr during the Kara-Khanid split into two branches. Accounts of Uzgend were found in the works of Arab writers like Al-Muqaddasi and Ibn Hawqal in the 10th century.[2] Geography[edit] Uzgen
Uzgen
is located at the far eastern end of the Ferghana Valley,[3] upstream of the point where the Kara-Darya
Kara-Darya
enters the valley
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Kara-Suu
Kara-Suu
Kara-Suu
(Kyrgyz for "black water") is a town in Osh
Osh
Region, Kyrgyzstan, in the Fergana Valley. The town is 23 km northeast of Osh
Osh
and is the capital of Kara-Suu
Kara-Suu
District. It is a major industrial and trade center, on the border with Uzbekistan. On the other side of the border is the town Qorasuv
Qorasuv
(or Il'ichovsk)
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Urban-type Settlement
Urban-type settlement (Russian: посёлок городско́го ти́па - posyolok gorodskogo tipa, abbreviated: п.г.т. - p.g.t.; Ukrainian: селище міського типу – selyshche mis'koho typu, abbreviated: с.м.т
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Uzbeks
The Uzbeks
Uzbeks
(Oʻzbek/Ўзбек, pl
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Kyrgyzs
The Kyrgyz people
Kyrgyz people
(also spelled Kyrghyz and Kirghiz) are a Turkic ethnic group native to Central Asia, primarily Kyrgyzstan.Contents1 Etymology 2 Origins 3 Genetics 4 Political development 5 Religion 6 In Afghanistan 7 In China 8 Notable Kyrgyz people 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External linksEtymology There are several theories on the origin of ethnonym Kyrgyz. It is often said to be derived from the Turkic word kyrk ("forty"), with -iz being an old plural suffix, so Kyrgyz literally means "a collection of forty tribes".[14] It also means "imperishable", "inextinguishable", "immortal", "unconquerable" or "unbeatable", as well as its association with the epic hero Manas, who – according to a founding myth – unified the 40 tribes against the Khitans
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Turkish People
  Turkey
Turkey
63,589,988–65,560,701 (2008 est. of 2015 pop.)[1]   Northern Cyprus
Northern Cyprus
280,000 d[›][2][3] Germany 2,852,000 (incl
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Trans-Alai
The Trans-Alay Range (Kyrgyz: Чоң Алай кырка тоосу, Chon Alai Krka Toosu; Russian: Заалайский хребет, Zaalaisky Khrebet; also 'Trans Alai') is the northernmost range of the Pamir Mountain System.Contents1 Geography1.1 Peaks2 See also 3 ReferencesGeography[edit] The Trans-Alay is located in the area where the Pamirs and the Tian Shan come together. This heavily glaciated range forms the border between Gorno-Badakshan province in Tajikistan and Osh Province, Kyrgyzstan, stretching eastwards until the border with China
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Tadjiks
Tajik (Dari: تاجيک‎: Tājīk, Tajik: Тоҷик) is a general designation for a wide range of Persian-speaking people of Iranian origin,[14] with traditional homelands in present-day Tajikistan, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Uzbekistan. As a self-designation, the term Tajik, which earlier on had been more or less pejorative, has become acceptable only during the last several decades, particularly as a result of Soviet administration in Central Asia.[14] Alternative names for the Tajiks
Tajiks
are Fārsī (Persian), Fārsīwān (Persian-speaker), and Dīhgān (cf. Tajik: Деҳқон) literally "farmer or settled villager", in a wider sense "settled" in contrast to "nomadic" and also described as a class of land-owning magnates during the Sassanid
Sassanid
and early Islamic period).[15][16] Not all Tajiks
Tajiks
speak a variety of modern Persian
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