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Oscar Romero
ÓSCAR ARNULFO ROMERO Y GALDáMEZ (15 August 1917 – 24 March 1980) was a prelate of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
in El Salvador
El Salvador
, who served as the fourth Archbishop of San Salvador
San Salvador
. He spoke out against poverty, social injustice, assassinations, and torture. In 1980, Romero was assassinated while offering Mass in the chapel of the Hospital of Divine Providence. Pope Francis
Pope Francis
stated during Romero's beatification that "His ministry was distinguished by his particular attention to the most poor and marginalized." Hailed as a hero by supporters of liberation theology inspired by his work, Romero, according to his biographer, "was not interested in liberation theology" but faithfully adhered to Catholic teachings on liberation and a preferential option for the poor, desiring a social revolution based on interior reform
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Pope Benedict XVI
POPE BENEDICT XVI ( Latin
Latin
: Benedictus XVI; Italian : Benedetto XVI; German : Benedikt XVI; born JOSEPH ALOISIUS RATZINGER; German pronunciation: ; born 16 April 1927) served as Pope
Pope
from 2005 until his resignation in 2013. Benedict's election occurred in the 2005 papal conclave that followed the death of Pope John Paul II . Since his resignation, Benedict holds the title Pope
Pope
Emeritus. Ordained as a priest in 1951 in his native Bavaria
Bavaria
, Ratzinger established himself as a highly regarded university theologian by the late 1950s and was appointed a full professor in 1958
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Canonization
CANONIZATION is the act by which a Christian church declares that a person who has died was a saint , upon which declaration the person is included in the "canon", or list, of recognized saints. Originally, persons were recognized as saints without any formal process. Later, different processes were developed, such as those used today in the Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion
, Eastern Orthodox Church
Eastern Orthodox Church
and Roman Catholic Church
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Patron Saint
A PATRON SAINT, PATRONESS SAINT, PATRON HALLOW or HEAVENLY PROTECTOR is a saint who in Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
, Anglicanism
Anglicanism
, Eastern Orthodoxy , or particular branches of Islam
Islam
, is regarded as the heavenly advocate of a nation, place, craft, activity, class, clan, family or person. Catholics believe that patron saints, having already transcended to the metaphysical, are able to intercede effectively for the needs of their special charges. Historically, a similar practice has also occurred in many Islamic lands. Although Islam
Islam
has no codified doctrine of patronage on the part of saints , it has nevertheless been an important part of both Sunni and Shia Islamic tradition that particularly important classical saints have served as the heavenly advocates for specific Muslim empires , nations , cities , towns , and villages
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Christendom
CHRISTENDOM has several meanings. In a contemporary sense it may refer to the worldwide community of Christians , adherents of Christianity
Christianity
; or the collectivity of Christian
Christian
majority countries , or countries in which Christianity
Christianity
dominates, or nations in which Christianity
Christianity
is the established religion. It is also used as synonymous with the Western World
Western World
. In its historical sense, the term usually refers to the medieval and early modern periods , during which the Christian
Christian
world represented a geopolitical power that was juxtaposed with both the pagan and especially the Muslim world
Muslim world

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Church Of England
The CHURCH OF ENGLAND (C OF E) is the state church of England
England
. The Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
(currently Justin Welby
Justin Welby
) is the most senior cleric, although the monarch is the supreme governor . The Church of England
England
is also the mother church of the international Anglican
Anglican
Communion . It traces its history to the Christian church recorded as existing in the Roman province of Britain by the third century, and to the 6th-century Gregorian mission to Kent led by Augustine of Canterbury
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Pope John Paul II
POPE SAINT JOHN PAUL II ( Latin
Latin
: Ioannes Paulus II; Italian : Giovanni Paolo II; Polish : Jan Paweł II; born KAROL JóZEF WOJTYłA; Polish: ; 18 May 1920 – 2 April 2005) served as Pope
Pope
of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
and sovereign of Vatican City
Vatican City
from 1978 to 2005. He is called SAINT JOHN PAUL THE GREAT by some Catholics. He was elected by the second Papal conclave of 1978 , which was called after Pope
Pope
John Paul I , who had been elected in August to succeed Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI
, died after thirty-three days. Cardinal Wojtyła was elected on the third day of the conclave and adopted his predecessor's name in tribute to him. John Paul II is recognised as helping to end Communist rule in his native Poland
Poland
and eventually all of Europe
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Opus Dei
OPUS DEI, formally known as THE PRELATURE OF THE HOLY CROSS AND OPUS DEI (Latin : Praelatura Sanctae Crucis et Operis Dei), is an institution of the Roman Catholic Church
Catholic Church
that teaches that everyone is called to holiness and that ordinary life is a path to sanctity . The majority of its membership are lay people, with secular priests under the governance of a prelate elected by specific members and appointed by the Pope. Opus Dei
Opus Dei
is Latin for "Work of God"; hence the organization is often referred to by members and supporters as the Work. Founded in Spain in 1928 by the Catholic saint and priest Josemaría Escrivá , Opus Dei
Opus Dei
was given final Catholic Church
Catholic Church
approval in 1950 by Pope Pius XII
Pope Pius XII

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Prelate
A PRELATE is a high-ranking member of the clergy who is an ordinary or who ranks in precedence with ordinaries. The word derives from the Latin
Latin
prælatus, the past participle of præferre, which means "carry before", "be set above or over" or "prefer"; hence, a prelate is one set over others. The archetypal prelate is a bishop , whose prelature is his particular church . All other prelates, including the regular prelates such as abbots and major superiors, are based upon this original model of prelacy. CONTENTS * 1 Related terminology * 2 Territorial prelatures * 3 Personal prelatures * 4 See also * 5 References RELATED TERMINOLOGYIn a general sense, a prelate in the Catholic Church and other Christian churches, is a bishop or other ecclesiastical person having Ordinary authority over a jurisdiction equivalent to a diocese or a similar jurisdiction (e.g. ordinariates, apostolic vicariates/exarchates, territorial abbacies)
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Catholic Church
The CATHOLIC CHURCH, also known as the ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH, is the largest Christian church , with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation . Headed by the Bishop of Rome
Rome
, known as the Pope
Pope
, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
Nicene Creed
. Its central administration, the Holy See
Holy See
, is in the Vatican City
Vatican City
, enclaved within Rome
Rome
, Italy
Italy

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Mass (liturgy)
MASS is a term used to describe the main eucharistic liturgical service in many forms of Western Christianity . The term mass is commonly used in the Catholic Church , Anglican , as well as some Lutheran churches, Methodist , Western Rite Orthodox and Old Catholic churches. Some Protestants employ terms such as Divine Service or service of worship , rather than the word Mass. For the celebration of the Eucharist in Eastern Christianity , including Eastern Catholic Churches , other terms such as Divine Liturgy , Holy Qurbana , and Badarak are typically used instead
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Liberation Theology
LIBERATION THEOLOGY is an interpretation of Christian theology
Christian theology
which emphasises a concern for the liberation of the oppressed. The best-known examples of liberation theology come from the Catholic Church in Latin America
Latin America
in the 1950s and 1960s among individuals such as Gustavo Gutiérrez of Peru
Peru
, Leonardo Boff of Brazil
Brazil
, Juan Luis Segundo of Uruguay
Uruguay
and Jon Sobrino of Spain
Spain
, who would popularize the phrase the "preferential option for the poor ". The Latin American context would also produce Evangelicals such as C. René Padilla of Ecuador
Ecuador
, Samuel Escobar of Peru
Peru
, and Orlando E
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Common Worship
COMMON WORSHIP is the name given to the series of services authorised by the General Synod of the Church of England
Church of England
and launched on the first Sunday of Advent
Advent
in 2000. It represents the most recent stage of development of the Liturgical Movement within the Church and is the successor to the Alternative Service Book (ASB) of 1980. Like the ASB it is an alternative to the Book of Common Prayer
Book of Common Prayer
(BCP) of 1662, which remains officially the normative liturgy of the Church of England. It has been published as a series of books, rather than a single volume, offering a wider choice of forms of worship than any of its predecessors. It was drafted by the Church of England's Liturgical Commission; the material was then either authorised by General Synod (sometimes with amendments), or simply commended for use by the House of Bishops
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Calendar Of Saints (Lutheran)
The LUTHERAN CALENDAR OF SAINTS is a listing which specifies the primary annual festivals and events that are celebrated liturgically by some Lutheran Churches in the United States . The calendars of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) and the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod (LCMS) are from the 1978 Lutheran Book of Worship and the 1982 Lutheran Worship . Elements unique to the ELCA have been updated from the Lutheran Book of Worship to reflect changes resulting from the publication of Evangelical Lutheran Worship in 2006. The elements of the calendar unique to the LCMS have also been updated from Lutheran Worship and the Lutheran Book of Worship to reflect the 2006 publication of the Lutheran Service Book
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Licentiate In Theology
The LICENTIATE OF THEOLOGY or the LICENCE IN THEOLOGY (LTH is the usual abbreviation) is a theological qualification commonly awarded for ordinands and laymen studying theology in the United Kingdom , Malta , Canada , Australia and New Zealand . The academic rank varies from undergraduate degree to master's degree. A qualification similar to the LTh is the two-year postgraduate Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL), available from Pontifical universities . CONTENTS * 1 United Kingdom * 2 Canada * 3 Australia * 4 New Zealand * 5 See also * 6 References UNITED KINGDOMThe Licence in Theology was one of two courses (the other being the Bachelor of Arts degree course) offered by Durham University at its opening in 1833 and was first awarded in 1834
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Rome
ROME (/roʊm/ ROHM ; Italian : Roma ( listen ), Latin
Latin
: Rōma) is the capital of Italy
Italy
and a special comune (named Comune
Comune
di Roma Capitale). Rome
Rome
also serves as the capital of the Lazio region . With 2,876,051 residents in 1,285 km2 (496.1 sq mi), it is also the country's most populated comune. It is the fourth-most populous city in the European Union
European Union
by population within city limits. It is the centre of the Metropolitan City of Rome , which has a population of 4.3 million residents. Rome
Rome
is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula
Italian Peninsula
, within Lazio (Latium), along the shores of the Tiber
Tiber

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