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Ordre Du Nichan El-Anouar
The Ordre du Nichan El-Anouar
Ordre du Nichan El-Anouar
(Arabic: Order of the Light) was established in 1887 as a colonial order of merit of the Tajurah sultanate in French Somaliland. Notable recipients[edit]François Doumenge Louis Faidherbe Henri Gouraud H.M.Cassime (H.Mouhamad Cassime, Past Mayor and President of Chambre de Commerce of Pondicherry) JM Abdul Aziz of Saigon and South India.References[edit]Marc Champenois (9 August 2008). "Ordre du Nichan el-Anouar". Les décorations Francaises (in French)
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France
France
France
(French: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France
France
in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France
France
extends from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the English Channel
English Channel
and the North Sea, and from the Rhine
Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean. The overseas territories include French Guiana
French Guiana
in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans
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Resistance Medal
The Resistance medal (French: Médaille de la Résistance) was a decoration bestowed by the French Committee of National Liberation, based in the United Kingdom, during World War II. It was established by a decree of General Charles de Gaulle
Charles de Gaulle
on 9 February 1943 "to recognize the remarkable acts of faith and of courage that, in France, in the empire and abroad, have contributed to the resistance of the French people against the enemy and against its accomplices since 18 June 1940".[1] The Resistance medal was awarded to approximately 38,288 living persons and 24,463 posthumously. These awards were both for membership in the Free French forces
Free French forces
and for participation in the metropolitan clandestine Resistance during the German occupation of France
France
in World War II
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Medal For Internal Security
The Medal for internal security
Medal for internal security
(French: Médaille de la sécurité intérieure) is a French civil and military medal established by Decree No. 2012-424 of 28 March 2012.Contents1 Description 2 Clasps 3 Appearance 4 ReferencesDescription[edit] The Medal for internal security
Medal for internal security
is awarded to by the Ministry of the Interior without regard to rank or position and is typically awarded on 1 January and 14 July. However, award may be made at other times for exceptional circumstances. Approved missions may have taken place in France
France
or abroad
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Insignia For Wounded Civilians
The Insigne des blessés civils
Insigne des blessés civils
(Insignia for wounded civilians) is a French distinction for civilians, irrespective of age or sex, who have been injured or maimed as a result of war.Contents1 History 2 Description of the Medal 3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] It was Maurice Barres, defender of the National Federation of the Disabled and President of the League of Patriots, to whom the idea of the creation of the Badge Wounded
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Médaille De La Famille Française
The Médaille de la Famille française
Médaille de la Famille française
(English: Medal of the French Family) is a decoration awarded by the government of France
France
to honour those who have successfully raised several children with dignity.[clarification needed]Contents1 History 2 Decoration 3 Conditions 4 References 5 See alsoHistory[edit] The decoration was created by a decree of May 26, 1920, under the name Médaille d'honneur de la famille française (Medal of Honour of the French Family) with the aim of honouring mothers of large families. The text of the decree underwent several changes before being completely reformed by a decree of October 28, 1982, which renamed the decoration Médaille de la Famille française
Médaille de la Famille française
(Medal of the French Family). This decree came into force on January 1, 1983, and was completed by an arrêté (administrative order) of March 15, 1983
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Order Of Tahiti Nui
Grand CroixCommandeurOfficierChevalier Ribbons of the Ordre de Tahiti NuiThe Order of Tahiti Nui was established on 5 June 1996 by the Assembly of French Polynesia to reward distinguished merit and achievements in the service to French Polynesia.Contents1 Insignia 2 History 3 Eligibility 4 Recipients4.1 Grand Cross 4.2 Commander 4.3 Officer 4.4 Knight (Chevalier)5 ReferencesInsignia[edit] The insignia is a cross of four arms glazed in red enamel, terminating in a ball at each point. The arms are connected by a circular crown of Tahitian gardenia enameled in green and white. The obverse center of the cross shows the Coat of arms of French Polynesia colored by enamel in orange, red, and blue. The reverse has the inscription in relief: "Order of Tahiti Nui." The cross is suspended by another crown of Tahitian gardenia enameled in green and white
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Military Medal (France)
The Médaille militaire
Médaille militaire
(English: Military Medal) is a military decoration of the French Republic
French Republic
for other ranks for meritorious service and acts of bravery in action against an enemy force. It is the third highest award of the French Republic, after the Légion d'honneur, a civil and military order, and the ordre de la Libération, a second world war-only order. The Médaille militaire
Médaille militaire
is therefore the most senior entirely military active French decoration. During World War One, 230 000 médailles were awarded,[1] when 1 400 000 French Army soldiers were killed and 3 000 000 wounded
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1914–1918 War Cross (France)
The Croix de guerre 1914–1918 (English: War Cross) is a French military decoration, the first version of the Croix de guerre. It was created to recognize French and allied soldiers who were cited for valorous service during World War I, similar to the British mentioned in dispatches but with multiple degrees equivalent to other nation's decorations for courage. Soon after the outbreak of World War I, French military officials felt that a new military award had to be created. At that time, the Citation du jour ("Daily Citation") already existed to acknowledge soldiers, but it was just a sheet of paper. Only the Médaille Militaire and Legion of Honour were bestowed for courage in the field, due to the numbers now involved, a new decoration was required in earnest. At the end of 1914, General Boëlle, Commandant in Chief of the French 4th Army Corps, tried to convince the French administration to create a formal military award
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1939–1945 War Cross (France)
The Croix de guerre
Croix de guerre
1939–1945 (War Cross 1939–1945) is a French military decoration, a version of the Croix de guerre
Croix de guerre
created on September 26, 1939, to honour people who fought with the Allies against the Axis forces at any time during World War II.Contents1 Award statute 2 Award description2.1 Medal 2.2 Ribbon2.2.1 Devices3 Award grades3.1 Mentioned in Despatches4 See also 5 ReferencesAward statute[edit] Due to the large extent of the war zone, recipients included those who fought during, with, at, or in the following:[1]Battle of France French Forces of the Interior Free French Forces Western Front, Middle East Theater Mediterranean Theater African campaignsAward description[edit] Medal[edit] The Croix de guerre
Croix de guerre
was designed by the sculptor Paul-Albert Bartholomé
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War Cross For Foreign Operational Theaters
The Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieurs (War Cross for foreign operational theatres), also called the Croix de Guerre TOE for short, is a French military award denoting citations earned in combat in foreign countries. The Armistice of November 11, 1918 ended the war between France
France
and Germany, but French soldiers continued fighting in theatres outside metropolitan France. Combat operations continued in Syria, Palestine, Constantinople, Morocco, French West Africa
French West Africa
and French Equatorial Africa.[1]Contents1 History 2 Statute 3 Description3.1 Cross 3.2 Ribbon devices4 Notable recipients (partial list) 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit] A law was passed on April 30, 1921 establishing the new Croix de guerre for "Théâtres d'opérations extérieurs" (TOE)
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Cross For Military Valour
The Cross for Military Valour
Cross for Military Valour
(French: Croix de la Valeur Militaire) is a military decoration of France. It recognises an individual bestowed a Mention in Dispatches
Mention in Dispatches
earned for showing valour in presence of an enemy, in theatres of operations which are not subject to the award of the Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures (Cross of War for Foreign Theatres of Operations). The Cross for Military Valour is usually awarded for security or peacekeeping operations, always outside the French territory.Contents1 History 2 Grades of distinction 3 Eligibility and awarding process 4 Award description 5 Recipient units (partial list) 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] It was established in 1956 to reward soldiers, sailors, and airmen serving in Algeria
Algeria
who had committed acts of valour or gallantry in combat
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Médaille De La Gendarmerie Nationale
The Médaille de la Gendarmerie nationale
Médaille de la Gendarmerie nationale
(English: Medal of the National Gendarmerie
National Gendarmerie
or Federal Police) is a French military decoration created on 5 September 1949 on proposition of the then Minister of Defence, mister Paul Ramadier.[1] It was originally created in a single grade for award to officiers and NCOs of the Gendarmerie nationale who were cited in the orders of the entire service. Such a citation in the orders of the entire service, and all potential subsequent ones would be denoted by a grenade device on the ribbon as the medal could, and can still only be awarded once to any potential recipient.[1][2] The medal could also be exceptionally awarded to persons not members of the service for important services rendered to the gendarmerie or for help during special missions
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Escapees' Medal
The Escapees' Medal
Escapees' Medal
(French: Médaille des Évadés) is a military award bestowed by the government of France
France
to individuals who were prisoners of war and who successfully escaped internment or died as a result of their escape attempt. The "Escapees' Medal" was established by a 1926 law, intended to honour combatants not only of the First World War, but also of the Franco-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
of 1870
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Honour Medal Of The National Police
The Honour medal of the National Police
Honour medal of the National Police
(French: "Médaille d’honneur de la Police nationale") is the highest award of the French National Police, which falls under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Interior.[1]Contents1 Award history 2 Award statute 3 Award description 4 Noteworthy recipients (partial list) 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksAward history[edit] Created by the Decree of 3 April 1903 at the request of Monsieur Émile Combes, Minister of the Interior, the medal was originally called the "Médaille d’honneur de la Police Municipale et Rurale" (English: "Honour medal of the rural and municipal police"). The decree of 17 November 1936 will rename it the "Médaille d’honneur de la Police française" (English: French Police honour medal"). Finally, Decree No
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Volunteer Combatant's Cross 1914–1918
The Volunteer combatant's cross
Volunteer combatant's cross
1914–1918 (French: "Croix du Combattant Volontaire 1914–1918") is a French decoration that recognizes those who have volunteered to serve on the front in a combat unit during World War I. When the 1914–1918 Commemorative war medal (France) (French: "Médaille commémorative de la guerre 1914–1918") was established, it was anticipated that a clasp bearing "ENGAGÉ VOLONTAIRE" (English: "VOLUNTEER ENLISTEE") would be worn on its ribbon for those who had freely and voluntarily enlisted in the French Armed Forces
French Armed Forces
for combat service
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