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Operation Provide Relief
Operation Provide Relief
Operation Provide Relief
was part of a United Nations-endorsed initiative called the Unified Task Force
Unified Task Force
(UNITAF) to secure and facilitate the delivery of humanitarian relief during the Somali Civil War. This effort was assisted by the UNOSOM I
UNOSOM I
mission, in light of a severe food crisis initiated and exacerbated by ongoing factional fighting. The operation was spearheaded by the United States
United States
and other troop-contributing Western nations. However, most of the relief supplies were looted by militants shortly upon arrival
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United Nations
The United Nations
United Nations
(UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked with maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international co-operation, and being a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.[3] It was established after World War II, with the aim of preventing future wars, and succeeded the ineffective League of Nations.[4] Its headquarters, which are subject to extraterritoriality, are in Manhattan, New York City, and it has other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna
Vienna
and The Hague. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states
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Unified Task Force
United Nations
United Nations
operational success(see Results)Belligerents United Nations Australia  Belgium  Botswana  Canada  Ethiopia  France   Germany
Germany
(only humanitarian aid)  Greece  India  Italy  Malaysia  New Zealand  Pakistan  Saudi Arabia  Spain  Turkey  United Kingdom  United States Others United Somali CongressCommanders and leaders Boutros Boutros-Ghali George H. W. Bush Bill Clinton Robert B. Johnston
Robert B

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National Defense University Press
The National Defense University
National Defense University
(NDU) is an institution of higher education funded by the United States Department of Defense, intended to facilitate high-level training, education, and the development of national security strategy. It is chartered by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, with Vice Admiral Fritz Roegge, USN,[2] as president. It is located on the grounds of Fort Lesley J. McNair
Fort Lesley J. McNair
in Washington, D.C. The university's mission is to support the joint warfighter by providing rigorous Joint Professional Military Education
Joint Professional Military Education
to members of the U.S
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique.[a][b] Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each separate edition and variation (except reprintings) of a publication. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book will each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is ten digits long if assigned before 2007, and thirteen digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-specific and varies between countries, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN identification format was devised in 1967, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book
Book
Numbering (SBN) created in 1966
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2011 East Africa Drought
Between July 2011 and mid-2012, a severe drought affected the entire East Africa
East Africa
region.[7] Said to be "the worst in 60 years",[8] the drought caused a severe food crisis across Somalia, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Kenya
Kenya
that threatened the live
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Operation Deliverance
Canadian
Canadian
forces achieve military objectives, but suffer severe political repercussions. Somalia
Somalia
Affair Disbanding of the Canadian
Canadian
Airborne RegimentBelligerents Canada United Somali CongressCommanders and leadersBrian Mulroney John de Chastelain Mohamed 'Tiger' I. BarreUnits involved Canadian
Canadian
Airborne RegimentStrength1,400 troops 1 Flying squadron 1 Supply ship UnknownCasualties and losses1 killed (friendly fire) Unknown Operation Deliverance was a Canadian Forces
Canadian Forces
military operation in Somalia
Somalia
that formed part of the United Nations
United Nations
peace-keeping deployment to that country during the early part of the Somali Civil War
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Mission Creep
Mission creep is the expansion of a project or mission beyond its original goals, often after initial successes.[1] Mission creep is usually considered undesirable due to the dangerous path of each success breeding more ambitious attempts, stopping only when a final, often catastrophic, failure occurs. The term was originally applied exclusively to military operations, but has recently been applied to many different fields
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United Nations Security Council
The United Nations
United Nations
Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations,[1] charged with the maintenance of international peace and security[2] as well as accepting new members to the United Nations[3] and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.[4] Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action through Security Council resolutions; it is the only UN body with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states. The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946. Like the UN as a whole, the Security Council was created following World War
War
II to address the failings of a previous international organization, the League of Nations, in maintaining world peace
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USAFE
The United States
United States
Air Forces in Europe
Europe
– Air Forces Africa (USAFE-AFAFRICA) is a United States
United States
Air Force major command (MAJCOM) and a component command of both United States
United States
European Command (USEUCOM) and United States
United States
Africa
Africa
Command (USAFRICOM).[5] As part of its mission, USAFE-AFAFRICA commands U.S. Air Force units pledged to NATO, maintaining combat-ready wings based from Great Britain
Great Britain
to Turkey. USAFE-AFAFRICA plans, conducts, controls, coordinates and supports air and space operations in Europe, parts of Asia
Asia
and all of Africa
Africa
with the exception of Egypt
Egypt
to achieve U.S
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C-130
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules
Lockheed C-130 Hercules
is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin). Capable of using unprepared runways for takeoffs and landings, the C-130 was originally designed as a troop, medevac, and cargo transport aircraft. The versatile airframe has found uses in a variety of other roles, including as a gunship (AC-130), for airborne assault, search and rescue, scientific research support, weather reconnaissance, aerial refueling, maritime patrol, and aerial firefighting. It is now the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. More than 40 variants of the Hercules, including a civilian one marketed as the Lockheed L-100, operate in more than 60 nations. The C-130 entered service with the U.S. in the 1950s, followed by Australia
Australia
and many other nations
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White House
The White House
White House
is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States. It is located at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue NW in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and has been the residence of every U.S. President since John Adams
John Adams
in 1800. The term is often used as a metonym for the president and his advisers. The residence was designed by Irish-born architect James Hoban[2] in the neoclassical style. Construction took place between 1792 and 1800 using Aquia Creek sandstone
Aquia Creek sandstone
painted white
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Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur
For the executed Somali politician, see Abdirahman AhmedHE Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur عبد الرحمن أحمد علي الطور1st President of SomalilandIn office 28 May 1991 – 16 May 1993Preceded by Position establishedSucceeded by Muhammad Haji Ibrahim EgalPersonal detailsBorn 1931 Burao, British SomalilandDied 8 November 2003 Abdirahman Ahmed Ali Tuur (Somali: Cabdiraxmaan Axmed Cali Tuur, Arabic: عبد الرحمن أحمد علي الطور‎) (var. "Tur", "Tour", meaning "Hunchback"[1]) (1931-2003) was a Somali politician. He was the first President of Somaliland, a self-declared republic that is internationally recognized as an autonomous region of Somalia. Biography[edit] Tuur was born in 1931 in Burao, then a part of the British Somaliland protectorate
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Somaliland
Coordinates: 9°45′N 45°58′E / 9.750°N 45.967°E / 9.750; 45.967This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed
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Mogadishu
Mogadishu
Mogadishu
(/ˌmɔːɡəˈdiːʃuː/;[2][3] Somali: Muqdisho Somali pronunciation: [mʉqdɪʃɔ];[stress and tone?] Arabic: مقديشو‎ IPA: [maqadiːʃuː]),[stress?] known locally as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital and most populous city of Somalia. Located in the coastal Banaadir
Banaadir
region on the Indian Ocean, the city has served as an important port for millennia.[4] As of 2017[update], it had a population of 2,425,000 residents.[1] Tradition and old records assert that southern Somalia, including the Mogadishu
Mogadishu
area, was historically inhabited by hunter-gatherers. These were later joined by Cushitic-speaking agro-pastoralists, who would go on to establish local aristocracies
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