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Operation Maccabi
Decisive Jordanian victory Jordan
Jordan
captures East Jerusalem, including the Old CityBelligerents  Israel
Israel
(IDF) Transjordan (AL)Commanders and leadersSholmo Shamir Mickey Marcus † Hab
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1948 Arab–Israeli War
 IsraelBefore 26 May 1948:Haganah Palmach Irgun LehiAfter 26 May 1948: Israel
Israel
Defense Forces Minorities UnitForeign volunteers: Mahal Arab League Egypt[1]  Jordan[1]  Iraq[1]  Syria[1]   Lebanon
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Arab Liberation Army
before 26 May 1948: Yishuv
Yishuv
(Later State of Israel) Haganah Palmach Irgun LehiAfter 26 May 1948 : Israel IDFBattles and wars1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine 1948 Arab–Israeli WarOperation Hiram Battle for Jerusalem Battle of Mishmar HaEmek Battle of Ramat YohananThe Arab
Arab
Liberation Army (Arabic: جيش الإنقاذ العربي‎ Jaysh al-Inqadh al-Arabi), also translated as Arab Salvation Army, was an army of volunteers from Arab
Arab
countries led by Fawzi al-Qawuqji
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1947–1948 Civil War In Mandatory Palestine
Jews of PalestineHaganahPalmachIrgun Lehi Foreign Volunteers Allied Bedouin
Bedouin
tribes Arabs
Arabs
of PalestineArmy of the Holy War Arab Liberation ArmyTransjordanArab Legion United Kingdom United Kingdom
United Kingdom
military forces in Mandatory PalestineCommanders and leadersDavid Ben-Gurion Yaakov Dori Yigael Yadin Yigal Allon Menachem Begin Fawzi al-Qawuqji Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni † Gordon MacMillanStrength15,000 (start)[1] 35,000 (end) A few thousands ~70,000Casualties and losses1 April : 895[2] 15 May : ~ 2,000[3] 1 April : 991[2] 125 dead less than 300 injured[4]The 1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine
Mandatory Palestine
was the first phase of the 1948 Palestine war
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1948 Arab-Israeli War
 IsraelBefore 26 May 1948:Haganah Palmach Irgun LehiAfter 26 May 1948: Israel
Israel
Defense Forces Minorities UnitForeign volunteers: Mahal Arab League Egypt[1]  Jordan[1]  Iraq[1]  Syria[1]   Lebanon
Leba

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United Nations Partition Plan For Palestine
The United Nations
United Nations
Partition Plan for Palestine was a proposal by the United Nations, which recommended a partition of Mandatory Palestine at the end of the British Mandate. On 29 November 1947, the UN General Assembly adopted the Plan as Resolution 181 (II).[2] The resolution recommended the creation of independent Arab and Jewish States and a Special
Special
International Regime for the city of Jerusalem. The Partition Plan, a four-part document attached to the resolution, provided for the termination of the Mandate, the progressive withdrawal of British armed forces and the delineation of boundaries between the two States and Jerusalem. Part I of the Plan stipulated that the Mandate would be terminated as soon as possible and the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
would withdraw no later than 1 August 1948
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Holy War Army
before 26 May 1948 :Yishuv HaganahPalmachIrgun LehiAfter 26 May 1948 : Israel IDFBattles and wars1947–48 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine 1948 Arab–Israeli WarBattle of Al Qastal Siege of JerusalemThe Army of the Holy War
Army of the Holy War
or Holy War Army (Arabic: جيش الجهاد المقدس; Jaysh al-Jihad al-Muqaddas) was a Palestinian Arab irregular force in the 1947-48 Palestinian civil war led by Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni and Hasan Salama.[1] The force has been described as Husayni's "personal" army.[2] The <
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Abd Al-Qadir Al-Husayni
Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni
Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni
(Arabic: عبد القادر الحسيني‎, also spelled Abd al-Qader al-Husseini) (1907 – 8 April 1948) was a Palestinian Arab nationalist and fighter who in late 1933 founded the secret militant group known as the Organization for Holy Struggle (Munathamat al-Jihad al-Muqaddas),[1][2] which he and Hasan Salama
Hasan Salama
commanded as the Army of the Holy War
Army of the Holy War
(Jaysh al-Jihad al-Muqaddas) during the 1936–39 Arab revolt and during the 1948 war.Contents1 Family and early nationalist career 2 Battle of al-Qastal 3 See also 4 Footnotes 5 References 6 External linksFamily and early nationalist career[edit]Abd al-Qadir's wedding photograph, 1934Husayni was born to the influential al-Husayni family of Jerusalem, son of Musa al-Husayni
Musa al-Husayni
and the nephew of Amin al-Husayni
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Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
(Hebrew: תֵּל אָבִיב‬, [tel aˈviv], Arabic: تل أَبيب‎) is the second most populous city in Israel
Israel
– after Jerusalem
Jerusalem
– and the most populous city in the conurbation of Gush Dan, Israel's largest metropolitan area. Located on the country's Mediterranean coastline and with a population of 438,818, it is the financial and technological center of the country
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Haganah
Haganah
Haganah
(Hebrew: הַהֲגָנָה‬, lit
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Al-Qastal, Jerusalem
Al-Qastal
Al-Qastal
("Kastel", Arabic: القسطل‎) was a Palestinian village located eight kilometers west of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
named for a Crusader castle located on the hilltop. Used as a military base by the Army of the Holy War, the village was captured by the Palmach
Palmach
in the lead up to the Arab-Israeli War
Arab-Israeli War
and depopulated of its residents.Contents1 History1.1 Crusader period 1.2 Ottoman period 1.3 British Mandate period 1.4 1948, aftermath 1.5 Gallery2 See also 3 References 4 Bibliography 5 External linksHistory Crusader period A Crusader castle called Belveer or Beauverium was built there around 1168 CE. It is listed among the castles destroyed by Sultan al-Adil I in 1191–2 CE
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Arab League
The Arab
Arab
League (Arabic: الجامعة العربية‎ al-Jāmiʻah al-ʻArabīyah), formally the League of Arab
Arab
States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربية‎ Jāmiʻat ad-Duwal al-ʻArabīyah), is a regional organization of Arab
Arab
states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa
and Arabia. It was formed in Cairo
Cairo
on 22 March 1945 with six members: Kingdom of Egypt, Kingdom of Iraq, Transjordan (renamed Jordan
Jordan
in 1949), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.[3] Yemen
Yemen
joined as a member on 5 May 1945
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Samaria
Samaria
Samaria
(/səˈmɛəriə/;[1] Hebrew: שֹׁמְרוֹן‎, Standard Šomron, Tiberian Šōmərôn; Arabic: السامرة‎, as-Sāmirah – also known as Jibāl Nāblus) is a name for the mountainous, central region of the ancient Eastern Mediterranean,[2] based on the borders of the biblical Kingdom of Israel, and especially the Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh
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Berihah
Bricha (Hebrew: בריחה‬, translit. Briẖa, "escape" or "flight") was the underground organized effort that helped Jewish Holocaust survivors escape post–World War II Europe to the British Mandate for Palestine in violation of the White Paper of 1939. It ended when Israel declared independence and annulled the White Paper.July 15, 1945
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West Bank
The West Bank (Arabic: الضفة الغربية‎ aḍ-Ḍiffah l-Ġarbiyyah; Hebrew: הגדה המערבית‎, HaGadah HaMa'aravit) is a landlocked territory near the Mediterranean coast of Western Asia, the bulk of it now under Israeli control,[3] or else under joint Israeli-Palestinian Authority control. The final status of the entire area is yet to be determined by the parties concerned.[4] The West Bank shares boundaries (demarcated by the Jordanian-Israeli armistice of 1949) to the west, north, and south with Israel, and to the east, across the Jordan River, with Jordan
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Ramla
Ramla
Ramla
(Hebrew: רַמְלָה‬, Ramla; Arabic: الرملة‎, ar-Ramlah) (also Ramlah,[2] Ramle, Remle and sometimes Rama) is a city in central Israel. The city is predominantly Jewish
Jewish
with a significant Arab
Arab
minority. Ramla
Ramla
was founded circa 705–715 CE by the Umayyad governor and future caliph Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik. Ramla
Ramla
lies along the route of the Via Maris, connecting old Cairo
Cairo
(Fustat) with Damascus, at its intersection with the road connecting the port of Jaffa
Jaffa
with Jerusalem.[3] It was conquered many times in the course of its history, by the Abbasids, the Ikhshidids, the Fatimids, the Seljuqs, the Crusaders, the Mameluks, the Turks, the British, and the Israelis
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