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Omsk
OMSK (Russian : Омск; IPA: ) is a city and the administrative center of Omsk Oblast , Russia
Russia
, located in southwestern Siberia
Siberia
2,236 kilometers (1,389 mi) from Moscow
Moscow
. With a population of 1,154,116, it is Russia's second-largest city east of the Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains
after Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk
, and seventh by size nationally. During the Imperial era, Omsk
Omsk
was the seat of the Governor General of Western Siberia, and later of the Governor General of the Steppes. For a brief period during the Russian Civil War in 1918–1920, it served as the capital of the anti-Bolshevik Russian State and held the imperial gold reserves. Omsk
Omsk
is the administrative center of the Siberian Cossack Host
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Ural Mountains
The URAL MOUNTAINS (Russian : Ура́льские го́ры, tr. Uralskiye gory; IPA: ; Bashkir : Урал тауҙары, Ural tauźarı), or simply THE URALS, are a mountain range that runs approximately from north to south through western Russia
Russia
, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
to the Ural River and northwestern Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
. The mountain range forms part of the conventional boundary between the continents of Europe
Europe
and Asia
Asia
. Vaygach Island and the islands of Novaya Zemlya
Novaya Zemlya
form a further continuation of the chain to the north into the Arctic Ocean. The mountains lie within the Ural geographical region and significantly overlap with the Ural Federal District and with the Ural economic region
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Novosibirsk
NOVOSIBIRSK (Russian : Новосиби́рск; IPA: ) is the third-most populous city in Russia
Russia
after Moscow
Moscow
and St. Petersburg . It is the most populous city in Asian Russia
Russia
, with a population of 1,473,754 as of the 2010 Census . It is the administrative center of Novosibirsk Oblast
Novosibirsk Oblast
as well as of the Siberian Federal District
Siberian Federal District
. The city is located in the southwestern part of Siberia
Siberia
on the banks of the Ob River
Ob River
adjacent to the Ob River
Ob River
Valley, near the large water reservoir formed by the dam of the Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk
Hydro Power Plant. It is split into ten districts and occupies an area of 502.1 square kilometres (193.9 sq mi)
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Steppe
In physical geography , a STEPPE (Russian : степь; IPA: ) is an ecoregion , in the montane grasslands and shrublands and temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands biomes , characterized by grassland plains without trees apart from those near rivers and lakes. In South Africa
South Africa
they are referred to as veld . The prairie (especially the shortgrass and mixed prairie) is an example of a steppe, though it is not usually called such. It may be semi-desert , or covered with grass or shrubs or both, depending on the season and latitude . The term is also used to denote the climate encountered in regions too dry to support a forest , but not dry enough to be a desert. The soil is typically of chernozem type. Steppes are usually characterized by a semi-arid and continental climate. Extremes can be recorded in the summer of up to 45 °C (113 °F) and in winter, −55 °C (−67 °F)
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Administrative Center
An ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRE is a seat of regional administration or local government , or a county town , or the place where the central administration of a commune is located. In countries which have French as one of their administrative languages (such as Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland or many African countries) and in some other countries (such as Italy, cf. cognate capoluogo), a CHEF-LIEU (French pronunciation: ​ , plural form chefs-lieux (literally "chief place" or "head place"), is a town or city that is pre-eminent from an administrative perspective. The ‘f’ in chef-lieu is pronounced, in contrast to chef-d'oeuvre where it is mute
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Kazakhstan
KAZAKHSTAN (Kazakh : Қазақстан, translit. Qazaqstan, IPA: ( listen ); Russian : Казахстан, IPA: ), officially the REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы, translit. Qazaqstan Respy'bli'kasy; Russian: Республика Казахстан, tr. Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country , and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi). Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
is the dominant nation of Central Asia
Central Asia
economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil/gas industry. It also has vast mineral resources. Some argue that Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
may be considered a European country because Kazakhstan's Western region is on the European continent and meets the Council of Europe
Europe
's criteria for European inclusion
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Russian Language
RUSSIAN (Russian: ру́сский язы́к, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and many minor or unrecognised territories throughout Eurasia
Eurasia
(particularity in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, the Baltics , the Caucasus
Caucasus
, and Central Asia
Central Asia
). It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Latvia
Latvia
, Moldova
Moldova
, Ukraine
Ukraine
and to a lesser extent, the other post-Soviet states
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Russian Empire
The RUSSIAN EMPIRE (Russian : Россійская Имперія) was an empire that existed from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War , until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution
February Revolution
of 1917. The third largest empire in world history, stretching over three continents, the Russian Empire
Empire
was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires. The rise of the Russian Empire
Empire
happened in association with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Swedish Empire
Empire
, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
, Persia and the Ottoman Empire
Empire
. It played a major role in 1812–1814 in defeating Napoleon 's ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south
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Dzungar People
The name DZUNGAR PEOPLE, also written as ZUNGHAR (literally züüngar, from the Mongolian for "left hand"), referred to the several Oirat tribes who formed and maintained the Dzungar Khanate in the 17th and 18th centuries. Historically they were one of major tribes of the Four Oirat
Four Oirat
confederation. They were also known as the ELEUTHS or ÖöLED, from the Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
euphemism for the hated word "Dzungar", and also called " Kalmyks ". In 2010, 15,520 people claimed "Ööled" ancestry in Mongolia
Mongolia
. An unknown number also live in China, Russia, and Kazakhstan
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Above Mean Sea Level
METRES ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL (MAMSL) or simply METRES ABOVE SEA LEVEL (MASL or M A.S.L.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level . Mean sea levels are affected by climate change and other factors and change over time. For this and other reasons, recorded measurements of elevation above sea level might differ from the actual elevation of a given location over sea level at a given moment
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Petroleum Industry
The PETROLEUM INDUSTRY, also known as the OIL INDUSTRY or the OIL PATCH, includes the global processes of exploration , extraction , refining , transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines ), and marketing of petroleum products . The largest volume products of the industry are fuel oil and gasoline (petrol). Petroleum
Petroleum
(oil) is also the raw material for many chemical products , including pharmaceuticals , solvents , fertilizers , pesticides , synthetic fragrances, and plastics . The industry is usually divided into three major components: upstream , midstream and downstream . Midstream operations are often included in the downstream category. Petroleum
Petroleum
is vital to many industries, and is of importance to the maintenance of industrial civilization in its current configuration, and thus is a critical concern for many nations
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Russian Far East
The RUSSIAN FAR EAST (Russian : Дальний Восток России, tr. Dal’niy Vostok Rossii; IPA: ) is the Russian part of the Far East
Far East
, i.e. the extreme east parts of Russia
Russia
, between Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia
Siberia
and the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
. The Far Eastern Federal District , which covers this area, borders with the Siberian Federal District to the west. The Far Eastern Federal District has land borders with the People\'s Republic of China and North Korea
North Korea
to the south west and maritime borders with Japan
Japan
and the American state of Alaska
Alaska

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Confluence
In geography , a CONFLUENCE is the meeting of two or more bodies of water. Also known as a conflux, it refers either to the point where a tributary joins a larger river , (main stem ), or where two streams meet to become the source of a river of a new name, such as the confluence of the Monongahela and Allegheny rivers in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
, Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania
creating the Ohio River
River
. The term is also used to describe the meeting of tidal or other non-riverine bodies of water, such as two canals or a canal and a lake. A one-mile (1.6 km) portion of the Industrial Canal in New Orleans accommodates the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet Canal ; therefore those three waterways are confluent there
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Episcopal See
An EPISCOPAL SEE is, in the usual meaning of the phrase, the area of a bishop 's ecclesiastical jurisdiction . Phrases concerning actions occurring within or outside an episcopal see are indicative of the geographical significance of the term, making it synonymous with "diocese ". The word "see" is derived from Latin sedes, which in its original or proper sense denotes the seat or chair that, in the case of a bishop, is the earliest symbol of the bishop's authority. This symbolic chair is also known as the bishop's cathedra , and is placed in the diocese principal church, which for that reason is called the bishop's cathedral , from Latin ecclesia cathedralis, meaning the church of the cathedra. The word "throne" is also used, especially in the Eastern Orthodox Church , both for the seat and for the area of ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The term "see" is also used of the town where the cathedral or the bishop's residence is located
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Kyrgyz People
The KYRGYZ PEOPLE (also spelled KYRGHYZ and KIRGHIZ) are a Turkic ethnic group native to Central Asia, primarily Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Origins * 3 Genetics * 4 Political development * 5 Religion * 6 In Afghanistan
Afghanistan
* 7 In China
China
* 8 Notable Kyrgyz people
Kyrgyz people
* 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 References and further reading * 12 External links ETYMOLOGYThere are several theories on the origin of ethnonym Kyrgyz. It is often said to be derived from the Turkic word kyrk ("forty"), with -iz being an old plural suffix, so Kyrgyz literally means "a collection of forty tribes". It also means "imperishable", "inextinguishable", "immortal", "unconquerable" or "unbeatable", as well as its association with the epic hero Manas , who – according to a founding myth – unified the 40 tribes against the Khitans
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Postal Codes In Russia
Russian Post has a system of postal codes (Russian : почтовый индекс, pochtovyy indeks) based on the federal subject a place is located in. Each postal code consists of six digits with first three referring to the federal subject or the administrative division with special status. Some larger subjects begin with several three-digit codes. For instance, Moscow
Moscow
's postal codes fall in range from 101 to 129. Larger cities/towns have a "pochtamt" (Russian : почтамт, from German Postamt), or a Main Post Office, which is assigned the main postal code for the city. For instance Moscow's Pochtamt has a postal code of 101000. One street in a big city can have several postal codes; for instance in Saint Petersburg (with postal codes falling in the range of 190-199), Kirochnaya Street has the following postal codes: 191028, 191123, 191124, 191015, 191014, which are based on house numbers
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