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October
October
October
is the tenth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the sixth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The eighth month in the old Roman calendar, October
October
retained its name (from the Latin ôctō meaning "eight") after January
January
and February were inserted into the calendar that had originally been created by the Romans. In Ancient Rome, one of three Mundus patet would take place on October
October
5, Meditrinalia October
October
11, Augustalia
Augustalia
on October
October
12, October Horse
October Horse
on October
October
15, and Armilustrium on October
October
19. These dates do not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar
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Latin Language
Latin
Latin
(Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈtiːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium.[4] Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language in Italy, and subsequently throughout the western Roman Empire. Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish. Latin, Greek and French have contributed many words to the English language
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Oct (other)
Oct
Oct
or OCT may refer to:A prefix meaning eight October, the 10th month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars Octal, the numeral system Octans, a constellation Obsessive Compulsive Tendencies, a criterion involved in the diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder Ontario Certified Teacher, a professional designation Odd Cycle Transversal
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2018
2018
2018
is the current year, and is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2018th year of the Common Era
Common Era
(CE) and
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Ancient Rome
In historiography, ancient Rome
Rome
is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome
Rome
in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and Roman Empire
Roman Empire
until the fall of the western empire.[1] The term is sometimes used to just refer to the kingdom and republic periods, excluding the subsequent empire.[2] The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian peninsula, dating from the 8th century BC, that grew into the city of Rome
Rome
and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed
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Day
A day, a unit of time, is approximately the period of time during which the Earth completes one rotation with respect to the Sun
Sun
(solar day).[1][2] In 1960, the second was redefined in terms of the orbital motion of the Earth in year 1900, and was designated the SI base unit of time. The unit of measurement "day", was redefined as 86 400 SI seconds and symbolized d. In 1967, the second and so the day were redefined by atomic electron transition.[3] A civil day is usually 86 400 seconds, plus or minus a possible leap second in Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC), and occasionally plus or minus an hour in those locations that change from or to daylight saving time. In common usage, it is either an interval equal to 24 hours[4] or daytime, the consecutive period of time during which the Sun
Sun
is above the horizon
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Julian Calendar
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.[1] It took effect on 1 January
January
45 BC (AUC 709), by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII. The Julian calendar
Julian calendar
gains against the mean tropical year at the rate of one day in 128 years. For the Gregorian calendar, the figure is one day in 3,030 years.[2] The difference in the average length of the year between Julian (365.25 days) and Gregorian (365.2425 days) is 0.002%. The Julian calendar
Julian calendar
has a regular year of 365 days divided into 12 months, as listed in the table below. A leap day is added to February every four years
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Roman Calendar
The Roman calendar
Roman calendar
is the calendar used by the Roman kingdom
Roman kingdom
and republic. It is often inclusive of the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
established by the reforms of the dictator Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
and emperor Augustus
Augustus
in the late 1st century BC and sometimes inclusive of any system dated by inclusive counting towards months' kalends, nones, and ides in the Roman manner
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Gregorian Calendar
The Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
is internationally the most widely used civil calendar.[1][2][Note 1] It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October
October
1582. It was a refinement to the Julian calendar[3] involving an approximately 0.002% correction in the length of the calendar year. The motivation for the reform was to stop the drift of the calendar with respect to the equinoxes and solstices—particularly the northern vernal equinox, which helps set the date for Easter. Transition to the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
would restore the holiday to the time of the year in which it was celebrated when introduced by the early Church. The reform was adopted initially by the Catholic countries of Europe
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May
May
May
is the fifth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the third of seven months to have a length of 31 days. May
May
is a month of spring in the Northern Hemisphere and autumn in the Southern Hemisphere. Therefore, May
May
in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
is the seasonal equivalent of November
November
in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa
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June
June
June
is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. June contains the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the day with the most daylight hours, and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the day with the fewest daylight hours (excluding polar regions in both cases). June
June
in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
is the seasonal equivalent to December
December
in the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
and vice versa. In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the traditional astronomical summer is 21 June
June
(meteorological summer begins on 1 June)
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July
July
July
is the seventh month of the year (between June
June
and August) in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and the fourth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. It was named by the Roman Senate in honour of Roman general Julius Cæsar, it being the month of his birth. Prior to that, it was called Quintilis, being the fifth month of the 10-month calendar. It is on average the warmest month in most of the Northern hemisphere, where it is the second month of summer, and the coldest month in much of the Southern hemisphere, where it is the second month of winter. The second half of the year commences in July
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February
February
February
is the second and shortest month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
with 28 days in common years and 29 days in leap years, with the quadrennial 29th day being called the leap day. It is the first of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. February
February
is the third month of meteorological winter in the Northern Hemisphere
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December
December
December
is the twelfth and final month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and is the seventh and last of seven months to have a length of 31 days.December, from the Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry December
December
got its name from the Latin word decem (meaning ten) because it was originally the tenth month of the year in the Roman calendar, which began in March. The winter days following December
December
were not included as part of any month. Later, the months of January
January
and February
February
were created out of the monthless period and added to the beginning of the calendar, but December
December
retained its name.[1] In Ancient Rome, as one of the four Agonalia, this day in honor of Sol Indiges was held on December
December
11, as was Septimontium
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January
January
January
is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere (where it is the second month of winter) and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
(where it is the second month of summer). In the Southern hemisphere, January
January
is the seasonal equivalent of July
July
in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa. Ancient Roman
Ancient Roman
observances during this month include Cervula, and Juvenalia; celebrated January
January
1, as well as one of three Agonalia, celebrated January
January
9, and Carmentalia, celebrated January
January
11
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August
August
August
is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and the fifth of seven months to have a length of 31 days.[1] It was originally named Sextilis
Sextilis
in Latin
Latin
because it was the sixth month in the original ten-month Roman calendar
Roman calendar
under Romulus in 753 BC, and March
March
was the first month of the year. About 700 BC, it became the eighth month when January
January
and February
February
were added to the year before March
March
by King Numa Pompilius, who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
added two days when he created the Julian calendar
Julian calendar
in 46 BC (708 AUC), giving it its modern length of 31 days. In 8 BC, it was renamed in honor of Augustus
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