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Nocera Inferiore
Nocera Inferiore
Nocera Inferiore
is a city and comune in Campania, Italy, in the province of Salerno, at the foot of Monte Albino, 20 km east-south-east of Naples
Naples
by rail.Contents1 History 2 Main sights 3 Monuments3.1 Basilicas 3.2 Churches 3.3 Castle 3.4 Buildings 3.5 Museums4 Notable people 5 Transportation 6 Notes and references 7 See also 8 External linksHistory[edit] In the period before the Roman supremacy in southern Italy, Nuceria Alfaterna, situated between the current Nocera Inferiore
Nocera Inferiore
and Nocera Superiore, appears to have been the chief town in the valley of the river Sarnus, with Herculaneum, Pompeii, Stabiae
Stabiae
and Surrentum
Surrentum
all being dependent upon it
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Comune
The comune (IPA: [koˈmune]; plural: comuni, IPA: [koˈmuni]) is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.Contents1 Importance and function 2 Subdivisions 3 Homonymy 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksImportance and function[edit] The comune provides many of the basic civil functions: registry of births and deaths, registry of deeds, and contracting for local roads and public works. It is headed by a mayor (sindaco) assisted by a legislative body, the consiglio comunale (communal council), and an executive body, the giunta comunale (communal committee). The mayor and members of the consiglio comunale are elected together by resident citizens: the coalition of the elected mayor (who needs an absolute majority in the first or second round of voting) gains three fifths of the consiglio's seats
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Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II (26 December 1194 – 13 December 1250; Sicilian: Fidiricu, Italian: Federico, German: Friedrich) was King of Sicily from 1198, King of Germany
King of Germany
from 1212, King of Italy
King of Italy
and Holy Roman Emperor from 1220 and King of Jerusalem
King of Jerusalem
from 1225. His mother Constance was Queen of Sicily and his father was Henry VI of the Hohenstaufen
Hohenstaufen
dynasty. Frederick's reign saw the Holy Roman Empire reaching its all time territorial peak.Dominions of Frederick IIHis political and cultural ambitions were enormous as he ruled a vast area beginning with Sicily and stretching through Italy all the way north to Germany. As the Crusades
Crusades
succeeded, he acquired control of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and styled himself as its king
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Battle Of Cannae
Polybius: 85,63070,000 infantry killed 5,630 cavalry killed 10,000 infantry capturedLivy: 67,50045,500 infantry killed 2,700 cavalry killed 17,800 infantry captured 1,500 cavalry capturedv t eSecond Punic WarPreludeSaguntum Rhone Crossing of the AlpsItalyTicinus Trebia Lake Trasimene Ager Falernus Geronium Cannae 1st Nola 2nd Nola 3rd Nola 1st Beneventum 1st Tarentum 1st Capua Silarus 1st Herdonia 2nd Beneventum 2nd Capua 2nd Herdonia Numistro Battle of Canusium 2nd Tarentum Grumentum Metaurus Crotona Po ValleyIberiaCissa Dertosa Upper Baetis 1st New Carthage Baecula Carmona Sucro Ilipa GuadalquivirSicily and SardiniaCornus SyracuseNorth Africa1st Utica 2nd Utica Great Plains Cirta ZamaNaval battlesLilybaeum Ebro River CarteiaBattles of Trebia, Lake Trasimene and Cannae, anticlockwise, from topThe Battle of
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Hannibal
Hannibal
Hannibal
Barca (Punic language: 𐤇𐤍𐤁𐤏𐤋 𐤁𐤓𐤒‬ ḥnb‘l brq; 247 – between 183 and 181 BC),[n 1] was a Carthaginian general, considered one of the greatest military commanders in history. His father Hamilcar Barca
Hamilcar Barca
was the leading Carthaginian commander during the First Punic War. His younger brothers were Mago and Hasdrubal, and he was brother-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair. Hannibal
Hannibal
lived during a period of great tension in the western Mediterranean Basin, when the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
established its supremacy over other great powers such as ancient Carthage, the Etruscans, Samnites
Samnites
and the Greek kingdom of Syracuse
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Social War (91–88 BC)
The Social War (from socii ("allies"), thus Bellum Sociale;[1] also called the Italian War, the War of the Allies or the Marsic War) was a war waged from 91 to 88 BC between the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
and several of the other cities in Italy, which prior to the war had been Roman allies for centuries. The war was begun by the Picentes
Picentes
because the Romans did not want to afford them Roman citizenship, thus leaving the Italian groups with fewer rights. The war resulted in a Roman victory and genocide against the Samnites. However, Rome gave most other cities the right to citizenship to avoid another war.Contents1 Origins 2 War 3 Roman concessions to the Allies 4 See also 5 ReferencesOrigins[edit] Roman victory in the Samnite Wars
Samnite Wars
resulted in effective Roman dominance of the Italian peninsula
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Sulla
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Sulla
Felix[1] (/ˈsʌlə/; c. 138 BC – 78 BC), known commonly as Sulla, was a Roman general and statesman. He had the distinction of holding the office of consul twice, as well as reviving the dictatorship. Sulla
Sulla
was a skillful general, achieving numerous successes in wars against different opponents, both foreign and Roman. He was awarded a grass crown, the most prestigious Roman military honor, during the Social War. Sulla's dictatorship came during a high point in the struggle between optimates and populares, the former seeking to maintain the Senate's oligarchy, and the latter espousing populism. In a dispute over the eastern army command (initially awarded to Sulla
Sulla
by the Senate but withdrawn as a result of Gaius Marius's intrigues) Sulla
Sulla
marched on Rome
Rome
in an unprecedented act and defeated Marius in battle
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Innocent II
2 (two; /ˈtuː/ ( listen)) is a number, numeral, and glyph. It is the natural number following 1 and preceding 3.Contents1 In mathematics1.1 List of basic calculations2 Evolution of the glyph 3 In science 4 In technology 5 In religion5.1 Judaism6 Numerological significance 7 In sports 8 In other fields 9 See also 10 References 11 External linksIn mathematics[edit] An integer is called even if it is divisible by 2. For integers written in a numeral system based on an even number, such as decimal, hexadecimal, or in any other base that is even, divisibility by 2 is easily tested by merely looking at the last digit. If it is even, then the whole number is even. In particular, when written in the decimal system, all multiples of 2 will end in 0, 2, 4, 6, or 8. Two is the smallest prime number, and the only even prime number (for this reason it is sometimes called "the oddest prime").[1] The next prime is three
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Roger Of Sicily
Roger II
Roger II
(22 December 1095[1] – 26 February 1154) was King of Sicily, son of Roger I of Sicily
Sicily
and successor to his brother Simon. He began his rule as Count
Count
of Sicily
Sicily
in 1105, became Duke of Apulia and Calabria
Calabria
in 1127, and then King of Sicily
Sicily
in 1130
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Saracens
Saracen
Saracen
was a term widely used among Christian writers in Europe during the Middle Ages. The term's meaning evolved during its history. In the early centuries of the Common Era, Greek and Latin writings used this term to refer to the people who lived in desert areas in and near the Roman province of Arabia Petraea, and who were specifically distinguished from others as a people known as Arabs.[1][2] In Europe during the Early Middle Ages, the term came to be associated with tribes of Arabia as well.[3] By the 12th century, "Saracen" had become synonymous with "Muslim" in Medieval Latin
Medieval Latin
literature
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Muslim
65–75% Sunni
Sunni
Islam[22][note 1] 10–13% Shia
Shia
Islam[22] 15–20% Non-denominational Islam[23] ~1% Ahmadiyya[24] ~1% Other Muslim
Muslim
traditions, e.g
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Surrentum
Coordinates: 40°37′34″N 14°22′34″E / 40.62611°N 14.37611°E / 40.62611; 14.37611 Sorrento
Sorrento
(pronounced [sorˈrɛnto]; Neapolitan: Surriento [surˈrjendə]) is a town overlooking the Bay of Naples
Naples
in Southern Italy. A popular tourist destination, it can be reached easily from Naples
Naples
and Pompeii
Pompeii
as it is at the south-eastern end of the Circumvesuviana
Circumvesuviana
rail line. The Sorrentine Peninsula
Sorrentine Peninsula
has views of Naples, Vesuvius
Vesuvius
and the Isle of Capri. The Amalfi
Amalfi
Drive, connecting Sorrento
Sorrento
and Amalfi, is a narrow road that threads along the high cliffs above the Tyrrhenian Sea. Ferries and hydrofoils connect the town to Naples, Amalfi, Positano, Capri
Capri
and Ischia
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Mosques
A mosque (/mɒsk/; from Arabic: مَـسْـجِـد‎, translit. masjid) is a place of worship for Muslims. There are strict and detailed requirements in Sunni jurisprudence (Arabic: فِـقْـه‎, fiqh) for a place of worship to be considered a mosque, with places that do not meet these requirements regarded as musallas.[1] There are stringent restrictions on the uses of the area formally demarcated as the mosque (which is often a small portion of the larger complex), and in the Islamic Sharī‘ah (Arabic: شَـرِيْـعَـة‎, Law), after an area is formally designated as a mosque, it remains so until the Last Day.[1] Many mosques have elaborate domes, minarets, and prayer halls, in varying styles of architecture. Mosques originated on the Arabian Peninsula, but are now found in all inhabited continents
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Minarets
Minaret
Minaret
(/ˌmɪnəˈrɛt, ˈmɪnəˌrɛt/;[1] Persian: مناره‎ menare, Azerbaijani: minarə, Turkish: minare,[2]), from Arabic: منارة‎ manāra, lit. "lighthouse", also known as Goldaste (Persian: گلدسته‎), is a distinctive architectural structure akin to a tower and typically found adjacent to mosques. Generally a tall spire with a conical or onion-shaped crown, usually either free-standing or taller than associated support structure. The basic form of a minaret includes a base, shaft, and gallery.[3] Styles vary regionally and by period
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Charles III Of Naples
Charles the Short or Charles of Durazzo (1345 – 24 February 1386) was King of Naples
King of Naples
and titular King of Jerusalem
King of Jerusalem
from 1382 to 1386 as Charles III, and King of Hungary
King of Hungary
from 1385 to 1386 as Charles II. In 1381, Charles created the chivalric Order of the Ship
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