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Nobusuke Kishi
Nobusuke Kishi
Nobusuke Kishi
(岸 信介, Kishi Nobusuke, 13 November 1896 – 7 August 1987) was a Japanese politician and the 56th and 57th Prime Minister of Japan
Japan
from 25 February 1957 to 12 June 1958, and from then to 19 July 1960. He is the maternal grandfather of Shinzō Abe, twice prime minister in 2006–2007 and 2012–present. Known for his brutal rule of the Japanese puppet state Manchukuo
Manchukuo
in Northeast China, Kishi was called Shōwa no yōkai (昭和の妖怪; "the Shōwa era monster/devil").[2] After World War II, Kishi was imprisoned for three years as a Class A war crime suspect. However, the U.S. government released him as they considered Kishi to be the best man to lead a post-war Japan
Japan
in a pro-American direction
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Japanese Name
Japanese names (日本人の氏名, Nihonjin no Shimei) in modern times usually consist of a family name (surname), followed by a given name. More than one given name is not generally used. Japanese names are usually written in kanji, which are characters usually Chinese in origin but Japanese in pronunciation
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China
China, officially the People's Republic
People's Republic
of China
China
(PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion.[13] Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area,[k][19] depending on the source consulted. China
China
also has the most neighbor countries in the world
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First Five-year Plan
The first five-year plan (Russian: I пятилетний план, первая пятилетка) of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a list of economic goals, created by General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
and based on his policy of Socialism in One Country. It was implemented between 1928 and 1932. In 1929, Stalin edited the plan to include the creation of "kolkhoz" collective farming systems that stretched over thousands of acres of land and had hundreds of peasants working on them. The creation of collective farms essentially destroyed the kulaks as a class (dekulakization). Another consequence of this is that peasants resisted by killing their farm animals rather than turning them over to the State when their farms were collectivized.[1] This disruption led to a famine in Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan as well as areas of the Northern Caucasus
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Frederick Winslow Taylor
Frederick Winslow Taylor
Frederick Winslow Taylor
(March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915) was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency.[2] He was one of the first management consultants.[3] Taylor was one of the intellectual leaders of the Efficiency Movement and his ideas, broadly conceived, were highly influential in the Progressive Era
Progressive Era
(1890s-1920s)
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Cartels
A 'cartel' is a group of apparently independent producers whose goal is to increase their collective profits by means of price fixing, limiting supply, or other restrictive practices. Cartels typically control selling prices, but some are organized to control the prices of purchased inputs. Antitrust laws attempt to deter or forbid cartels. A single entity that holds a monopoly by this definition cannot be a cartel, though it may be guilty of abusing said monopoly in other ways. Cartels usually occur in oligopolies, where there are a small number of sellers and usually involve homogeneous products
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Kwantung Army
Second Sino-Japanese WarHuanggutun Incident Invasion of Manchuria Pacification of Manchukuo Operation Nekka Operation ChaharSoviet–Japanese border conflictsBattle of Lake Khasan Battle of Khalkhin GolWorld War IIManchurian Strategic Offensive OperationKwantung ArmyChinese nameTraditional Chinese 關東軍Simplified Chinese 关东军TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu Pinyin GuāndōngjūnWade–Giles Kuan1-tung1 Chün1Yue: CantoneseYale Romanization Gwāan dūng gwānJyutping Gwaan1 dung1 gwan1South Korean nameHangul 관동군 간토군TranscriptionsRevised Romanization Gwandonggun GantogunMcCune–Reischauer Kwandonggun Kant'ogunJapanese nameKanji 関東軍TranscriptionsRomanization KantōgunThe Kwantung Army
Kwantung Army
was an army group of the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
in the first half of the 20th century
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Zhang Xueliang
Zhang Xueliang
Zhang Xueliang
or Chang Hsueh-liang or Chang Hsiao-liang (3 June 1901[1] – 15 October 2001), occasionally called Peter Hsueh Liang Chang and nicknamed the "Young Marshal" (少帥), was the effective ruler of northeast China and much of northern China after the assassination of his father, Zhang Zuolin, by the Japanese on 4 June 1928. He was an instigator of the 1936 Xi'an Incident, in which Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of China's ruling party, was arrested in order to force him to enter into a truce with the insurgent Chinese Communist Party and form a united front against Japan, which had occupied Manchuria. As a result, he spent over 50 years under house arrest, first in mainland China and then in Taiwan
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South Manchuria Railway
The South Manchuria
Manchuria
Railway (南滿洲鐵道: Japanese Minamimanshū Tetsudō; Chinese Nánmǎnzhōu Tiědào), officially South Manchuria Railway Company (南満洲鐵道株式會社: Minamimanshū Tetsudō Kabushikigaisha; Nánmǎnzhōu Tiědào Zhūshìhuìshè), or 南鐵 Mantetsu for short (Mǎntiě in Chinese), was a large National Policy Company (国策会社) of Japan
Japan
whose primary function was the operation of railways on the Dalian–Fengtian (Mukden)–Changchun (called Xinjing
Xinjing
from 1931 to 1945) corridor in northeastern China, as well as on several branch lines
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Zaibatsu
Zaibatsu
Zaibatsu
(豪商, "financial clique") is a Japanese term referring to industrial and financial business conglomerates in the Empire of Japan, whose influence and size allowed control over significant parts of the Japanese economy
Japanese economy
from the Meiji period
Meiji period
until the end of World War II.Contents1 Terminology 2 Significance 3 History and development3.1 Big Four 3.2 New zaibatsu 3.3 Postwar dissolution 3.4 Modern-day influence4 List of zaibatsu 5 Popular culture 6 See also 7 References7.1 Notes 7.2 Bibliography8 External linksTerminology[edit] The term "zaibatsu" was coined in 19th century Japan
Japan
from the Sino-Japanese roots zai 財 ("wealth", from Middle Chinese
Middle Chinese
dzoi) and batsu 閥 ("clique", "group", from Middle Chinese
Middle Chinese
bjot)
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Changchun
Changchun
Changchun
(simplified Chinese: 长春; traditional Chinese: 長春; pinyin: Chángchūn) is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province, and is also the core city of Northeast Asia.[4] Lying in the center of the Songliao Plain, Changchun
Changchun
is administered as a sub-provincial city, comprising 7 districts, 1 county and 2 county-level cities.[5] According to the 2010 census of China, Changchun
Changchun
had a total population of 7,674,439 under its jurisdiction. The city's urbanized (or metro) area, comprising 5 districts and 4 development areas, had a population of 3,815,270 in 2010 as the Shuangyang
Shuangyang
and Jiutai
Jiutai
districts are not urbanized yet.[2] It is the largest industrial, educational, scientific and transportation hub in Northeast China. The name of the city means "long spring" in Chinese
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Dalian
Dalian
Dalian
is a major city and seaport in the south of Liaoning
Liaoning
Province, China. It is the southernmost city of the Liaodong
Liaodong
Peninsula. Dalian is the province's second largest city and has sub-provincial administrative status.[5] The Shandong Peninsula
Shandong Peninsula
lies southwest across the Bohai Strait
Bohai Strait
and Korea
Korea
lies across the Yellow Sea
Yellow Sea
to the east. Today, a financial, shipping and logistics centre for Northeast Asia, Dalian
Dalian
has a significant history of being used by foreign powers for its ports. Dalian
Dalian
was previously known as both Dalniy[6] (Russian: Дальний; Dal'nii) and Dairen (Japanese: 大連)
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Yamaguchi, Yamaguchi
Yamaguchi (山口市, Yamaguchi-shi) is the capital city of Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 10, 1929. As of February 1, 2010, the city had an estimated population of 198,971 and a population density of 194.44 persons per km²
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Asia Express
The Asia Express
Asia Express
(Japanese: あじあ号, translit. Ajia-gō, simplified Chinese: 亚细亚号; traditional Chinese: 亞細亞號; pinyin: Yàxìyà hào) was an express passenger train operated by the South Manchuria Railway
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Conglomerate (company)
A conglomerate is the combination of two or more corporations engaged in entirely different businesses that fall under one corporate group, usually involving a parent company and many subsidiaries. Often, a conglomerate is a multi-industry company. Conglomerates are often large and multinational. Conglomerates were popular in the 1960s due to a combination of low interest rates and a repeating bear-bull market, which allowed the conglomerates to buy companies in leveraged buyouts, sometimes at temporarily deflated values
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Yamato-damashii
Yamato-damashii (大和魂, "Japanese spirit") or Yamato-gokoro (大和心, "Japanese heart/mind") is a Japanese language
Japanese language
term that refers to the cultural values and characteristics of the Japanese people. The phrase was coined in the Heian period
Heian period
to describe the indigenous Japanese 'spirit' or cultural values as opposed to cultural values of foreign nations such as those identified through contact with Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
China. Later, a qualitative contrast between Japanese and Chinese spirit was elicited from the term. Edo period writers and samurai used it to augment and support the Bushido
Bushido
concept of honor and valor. Japanese nationalists propagandized Yamato-damashii – "the brave, daring, and indomitable spirit of Japanese people" – as one of the key Japanese military-political doctrines in the Shōwa period
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