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No. 36 Squadron RAF
NO 36 SQUADRON of the Royal Flying Corps
Royal Flying Corps
(later the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
) was formed at Cramlington in 1916 and was disbanded for the last time in 1975. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 First World War * 1.2 Torpedo bombers * 1.3 Second World War * 1.4 Post-war operations * 2 Aircraft Operated * 3 See also * 4 References * 4.1 Notes * 4.2 Bibliography * 5 External links HISTORYFIRST WORLD WARNo 36 Squadron Royal Flying Corps
Royal Flying Corps
was first formed on 18 March 1916 at Cramlington , Northumberland
Northumberland
as a Home Defence squadron, defending the coastline between Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne
and Whitby
Whitby
against German Zeppelin
Zeppelin
attacks
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Java
JAVA (Indonesian : JAWA; Javanese : ꦗꦮ; Sundanese : ᮏᮝ) is an island of Indonesia
Indonesia
. With a population of over 141 million (the island itself) or 145 million (the administrative region), Java
Java
is home to 56.7 percent of the Indonesian population and is the most populous island on Earth
Earth
. The Indonesian capital city, Jakarta
Jakarta
, is located on western Java
Java
. Much of Indonesian history took place on Java. It was the center of powerful Hindu-Buddhist empires, the Islamic sultanates, and the core of the colonial Dutch East Indies . Java
Java
was also the center of the Indonesian struggle for independence during the 1930s and 1940s. Java
Java
dominates Indonesia
Indonesia
politically, economically and culturally
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Rembang Regency
REMBANG REGENCY is a regency (Indonesian : kabupaten) on the extreme northeast coast of Central Java Province , on the island of Java at the Java Sea , in Indonesia . CONTENTS* 1 Geography * 1.1 Borders * 1.2 Population * 2 Lasem * 3 References * 4 External links GEOGRAPHY Java Sea coast in Rembang Regency. Shoreline with mangrove forest. The regency covers an area of 887.13 km2 on Java. Its capital city is is Rembang. It is a lowland, with a maximum elevation of about 70 metres (230 ft) above sea level. The Solo River flows through its inland section. The regency is crossed by the North Coast Road, an inter-province main road on the island. BORDERSRembang Regency is bordered by: * North : Java Sea * East : Tuban Regency in East Java Province * South : Blora Regency * West : Pati Regency POPULATION Dutch East Indies colonial church in Lasem (Rembang). At the 2010 Census it had a population of 591,359 people
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Sumatra
SUMATRA (Indonesian : Sumatera) is a large island in western Indonesia
Indonesia
that is part of the Sunda Islands . It is the second largest island that is entirely in Indonesia
Indonesia
(after Borneo
Borneo
and New Guinea
New Guinea
, are shared between Indonesia
Indonesia
and other countries) and the sixth-largest island in the world at 473,481 km2 (not including adjacent islands such as the Riau Islands and Bangka Belitung Islands). Sumatra
Sumatra
is an elongated landmass spanning a diagonal northwest-southeast axis. The Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
borders the west, northwest, and southwest coasts of Sumatra
Sumatra
with the island chain of Simeulue
Simeulue
, Nias and Mentawai off the western coast
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Nakajima Ki-27
The NAKAJIMA KI-27 (九七式戦闘機, Kyūnana-shiki sentōki, or Type 97 Fighter) was the main fighter aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force up until 1940. Its Allied nickname was "NATE", although it was called "ABDUL" in the "China Burma India" (CBI) theater by many post war sources; Allied Intelligence had reserved that name for the nonexistent Mitsubishi Navy Type 97 fighter, expected to be the successor to the Type 96 carrier-borne A5M with retractable landing gear and an enclosed cockpit
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Lockheed Hudson
The LOCKHEED HUDSON was an American -built light bomber and coastal reconnaissance aircraft built initially for the Royal Air Force shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War
Second World War
and primarily operated by the RAF thereafter. The Hudson was the first significant aircraft construction contract for the Lockheed Aircraft
Aircraft
Corporation —the initial RAF order for 200 Hudsons far surpassed any previous order the company had received. The Hudson served throughout the war, mainly with Coastal Command but also in transport and training roles as well as delivering agents into occupied France
France
. They were also used extensively with the Royal Canadian Air Force
Royal Canadian Air Force
's anti-submarine squadrons and by the Royal Australian Air Force
Royal Australian Air Force

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RAF Thorney Island
RAF THORNEY ISLAND is a former Royal Air Force station located 6.6 miles (10.6 km) west of Chichester , West Sussex , England and 7.1 miles (11.4 km) east of Portsmouth , Hampshire . CONTENTS * 1 Station history * 2 Operational history * 2.1 Major units * 2.2 Minor units * 2.3 Fleet Air Arm Squadrons * 3 Post-war units * 3.1 222 Squadron RAF * 3.2 242 Operational Conversion Unit * 3.3 SAR flight 22 Squadron RAF * 4 Aircraft operated * 4.1 Post war * 5 Post RAF * 6 References * 6.1 Citations * 6.2 Bibliography * 7 External links STATION HISTORY Aerial view in World War II The airfield was built in 1938 for fighter aircraft and was involved in the Battle of Britain when it was attacked by the Luftwaffe on the same day as other stations such as RAF Ford and RAF Poling radar station
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Fleet Air Arm
1914 (As the Royal Naval Air Service
Royal Naval Air Service
) 1924 (as the naval branch of the Royal Air Force) 1937 (as part of Naval Service ) COUNTRY ALLEGIANCE Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
BRANCH Royal Navy
Royal Navy
SIZE 5,000 personnel Approx
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Endau
ENDAU is a small town in Mersing District , Johor , Malaysia . It lies on the northern tip of east Johor , on the border with Pahang . CONTENTS * 1 Name * 2 History * 3 Economy * 4 References NAMEThe town was named Endau after a peranakan Indian guy who resided in the area. HISTORYThe town was opened by Dato' Mohd Ali by an order from Temenggong Ibrahim. The town expanded due to its location as the center of economy for the people who worked in the trading, fishing and logging sectors at that time. ECONOMYThe town is one of the largest fishing ports on the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia
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Ceylon
The main island the island nation of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
, itself known as SRI LANKA (formerly called Ceylon, Lanka-dvipa, Simhala-dvipa, etc. ), is a South Asian island in the Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
, southeast of the Indian subcontinent , in a strategic location near major Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
sea lanes. It has a total area of 65,610 km², with 64,740 km² of land and 870 km² of water. Its coastline is 1,340 km long. Sri Lanka's climate includes tropical monsoons: the northeast monsoon (December to March), and the southwest monsoon (June to October). Its terrain is mostly low, flat to rolling plain, with mountains in the south-central interior. The highest point is Pidurutalagala at 2,524.13 m. Natural resources include limestone , graphite , mineral sands, gems , phosphates , clay, hydropower
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Thanjavur
THANJAVUR, formerly TANJORE, is a city in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
. Thanjavur
Thanjavur
is an important center of South Indian religion, art, and architecture. Most of the Great Living Chola Temples , which are UNESCO World Heritage Monuments , are located in and around Thanjavur. The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple , is located in the centre of the city. Thanjavur
Thanjavur
is also home to Tanjore painting , a painting style unique to the region. Thanjavur
Thanjavur
is the headquarters of the Thanjavur District
Thanjavur District
. The city is an important agricultural centre located in the Cauvery Delta and is known as the " Rice
Rice
bowl of Tamil Nadu"
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German Submarine U-960
GERMAN SUBMARINE U-960 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany 's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II . She was laid down on 20 March 1942 by Blohm 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two Brown, Boveri 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers . The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft). The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph). When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-960 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes , one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun , 220 rounds, and one twin 2 cm (0.79 in) C/30 anti-aircraft gun
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USS Ludlow (DD-438)
USS LUDLOW (DD-438), a Gleaves-class destroyer , was the third ship of the United States Navy to bear the name. The second and third Ludlow ships were named for Lieutenant Augustus C. Ludlow , second in command of USS Chesapeake . He was, like his captain, mortally wounded in their ship's engagement with HMS Shannon on 1 June 1813, and died at Halifax, Nova Scotia on 13 June. Ludlow was laid down 18 December 1939 by Bath Iron Works , Bath, Maine . She was launched 11 November 1940, sponsored by Miss Frances Nicholson Chrystie, a descendant of Lieutenant Ludlow, and commissioned at Boston 5 March 1941, Lieutenant Commander Claude H. Bennett, Jr., (eldest son of Claude Bennett, General Manager of the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) in command
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USS Niblack (DD-424)
USS NIBLACK (DD-424), a Gleaves-class destroyer , is the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for Albert Parker Niblack . Niblack became the Director of Naval Intelligence 1 March 1919, and Naval Attache in London 6 August 1920. As Vice Admiral , he commanded U.S. Naval Forces in European waters 15 January 1921 to 17 June 1922. Niblack was laid down 8 August 1938 by the Bath Iron Works Corp. Bath, Maine ; launched 18 May 1940; sponsored by Mrs. Albert P. Niblack, widow of Vice Admiral Niblack; and commissioned 1 August 1940, Lieutenant Commander E. R. Durgin in command. On 10 April 1941 Niblack dropped depth charges aimed at a German U-boat , the first hostile action between American and German forces during the Second World War
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Leigh Light
The LEIGH LIGHT (abbreviated L/L) was a British World War II era anti-submarine device used in the Battle of the Atlantic . It was a powerful (22 million candela ) carbon arc searchlight of 24 inches (610 mm) diameter fitted to a number of the British Royal Air Force 's Coastal Command patrol bombers to help them spot surfaced German U-boats at night. Early night operations with the new Air-to-Surface Vessel radar (ASV) demonstrated that the radar's minimum range of about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) meant that the target was still invisible when it disappeared off the radar display. Efforts to reduce this minimum were not successful, so Wing Commander Humphrey de Verd Leigh hit upon the idea of using a searchlight that would be switched on just when the target was about to disappear on radar. The U-boat had insufficient time to dive and the bombardier had a clear view of the target
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Algeria
Coordinates : 28°N 2°E / 28°N 2°E / 28; 2 People's Democratic Republic of Algeria الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية ( Arabic
Arabic
) ⵟⴰⴳⴷⵓⴷⴰ ⵜⴰⵎⴻⴳⴷⴰⵢⵜ ⵜⴰⵖⴻⵔⴼⴰⵏⵜ ⵜⴰⵣⵣⴰⵢⵔⵉⵜ (Berber ) République démocratique populaire d'Algérie (French ) Flag Emblem MOTTO: بالشّعب وللشّعب By the people and for the people ANTHEM: Kassaman (English: "We Pledge")
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