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Nilgiri Marten
The Nilgiri marten
Nilgiri marten
( Martes
Martes
gwatkinsii) is the only species of marten found in southern India. It occurs in the hills of the Nilgiris and parts of the Western Ghats.Contents1 Description 2 Distribution 3 Ecology and behaviour 4 References 5 External links 6 GalleryDescription[edit]Two Nilgiri martens in their natural habitat.The Nilgiri marten
Nilgiri marten
is similar to the yellow-throated marten, but is larger and essentially different in the structure of the skull – it has a prominent frontal concavity. It is unmistakable in the field; its pelage is deep brown from head to rump, with the forequarters being almost reddish, with a bright throat ranging in colour from yellow to orange.[2][3] It is about 55 to 65 cm long from head to vent and has a tail of 40 to 45 cm
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Conservation Status
The conservation status of a group of organisms (for instance, a species) indicates whether the group still exists and how likely the group is to become extinct in the near future
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Kodagu
Kodagu is an administrative district in Karnataka, India. Before 1956 it was an administratively separate Coorg
Coorg
State,[3] at which point it was merged into an enlarged Mysore
Mysore
State. It occupies an area of 4,102 square kilometres (1,584 sq mi) in the Western Ghats
Western Ghats
of southwestern Karnataka
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Black Mongoose
The black mongoose ( Galerella
Galerella
nigrata) is a species of mongoose found in Namibia
Namibia
and Angola. Although originally described as a separate species by Thomas (1928),[1] it has often been considered a subspecies of the slender mongoose
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Laurasiatheria
Laurasiatheria
Laurasiatheria
is a superorder of placental mammals that originated on the northern supercontinent of Laurasia
Laurasia
99 million years ago.[citation needed] The superorder includes shrews, pangolins, bats, whales, carnivorans, odd-toed and even-toed ungulates, among others.Contents1 Classification and phylogeny 2 See also 3 References3.1 Further reading4 External linksClassification and phylogeny[edit] Laurasiatheria
Laurasiatheria
was discovered on the basis of the similar gene sequences shared by the mammals belonging to it; no anatomical features have yet been found that unite the group. Laurasiatheria
Laurasiatheria
is a clade usually discussed without a Linnaean rank, but has been assigned the rank of cohort or magnorder, and superorder. The Laurasiatheria clade is based on DNA sequence analyses and retrotransposon presence/absence data
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Eutheria
Eutheria
Eutheria
(/juːˈθɪəriə/; from Greek εὐ-, eu- "good" or "right" and θηρίον, thēríon "beast" hence "true beasts") is one of two mammalian clades with extant members that diverged in the Early Cretaceous
Cretaceous
or perhaps the Late Jurassic. Except for the Virginia opossum, from North America, which is a metatherian, all post-Miocene mammals indigenous to Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America north of Mexico are eutherians. Extant eutherians, their last common ancestor, and all extinct descendants of that ancestor are members of Placentalia. Eutherians are distinguished from noneutherians by various phenotypic traits of the feet, ankles, jaws and teeth. All extant eutherians lack epipubic bones, which are present in all other living mammals (marsupials and monotremes)
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Chordate
And see textA chordate is an animal belonging to the phylum Chordata; chordates possess a notochord, a hollow dorsal nerve cord, pharyngeal slits, an endostyle, and a post-anal tail, for at least some period of their life cycle. Chordates are deuterostomes, as during the embryo development stage the anus forms before the mouth. They are also bilaterally symmetric coelomates with metameric segmentation and a circulatory system. In the case of vertebrate chordates, the notochord is usually replaced by a vertebral column during development. Taxonomically, the phylum includes the following subphyla: the Vertebrata, which includes fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals; the Tunicata, which includes salps and sea squirts; and the Cephalochordata, which include the lancelets. There are also additional extinct taxa such as the Vetulicolia
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Bombay Natural History Society
The Bombay
Bombay
Natural History Society, founded on 15 September 1883, is one of the largest non-governmental organisations in India
India
engaged in conservation and biodiversity research.[1] It supports many research efforts through grants and publishes the Journal of the Bombay
Bombay
Natural History Society. Many prominent naturalists, including the ornithologists Sálim Ali and S. Dillon Ripley, have been associated with it.[2] The society is commonly known by its initials, BNHS. BNHS is the partner of BirdLife International in India
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International Union For Conservation Of Nature
The International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
(IUCN; officially International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
and Natural Resources[2]) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable". Over the past decades, IUCN has widened its focus beyond conservation ecology and now incorporates issues related to sustainable development in its projects. Unlike many other international environmental organisations, IUCN does not itself aim to mobilize the public in support of nature conservation
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Vulnerable Species
A vulnerable species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature
International Union for Conservation of Nature
as likely to become endangered unless the circumstances that are threatening its survival and reproduction improve. Vulnerability is mainly caused by habitat loss or destruction of the species home. Vulnerable habitat or species are monitored and can become increasingly threatened
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Bird
Birds (Aves) are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton. Birds live worldwide and range in size from the 5 cm (2 in) bee hummingbird to the 2.75 m (9 ft) ostrich. They rank as the world’s most numerically-successful class of tetrapods, with approximately ten thousand living species, more than half of these being passerines, sometimes known as perching birds. Birds have wings which are more or less developed depending on the species; the only known groups without wings are the extinct moa and elephant birds. Wings, which evolved from forelimbs, gave birds the ability to fly, although further evolution has led to the loss of flight in flightless birds, including ratites, penguins, and diverse endemic island species of birds
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Prey
In an ecosystem, predation is a biological interaction where a predator (an organism that is hunting) feeds on its prey (the organism that is attacked).[1] Predators may or may not kill their prey prior to feeding on it, but the act of predation often results in the death of the prey and the eventual absorption of the prey's tissue through digestion
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Arboreal
Arboreal locomotion
Arboreal locomotion
is the locomotion of animals in trees. In habitats in which trees are present, animals have evolved to move in them. Some animals may scale trees only occasionally, but others are exclusively arboreal
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Diurnal Animal
Diurnality
Diurnality
is a form of plant or animal behavior characterized by activity during the day, with a period of sleeping, or other inactivity, at night. The common adjective used for daytime activity is "diurnal". The timing of activity by an animal depends on a variety of environmental factors such as the temperature, the ability to gather food by sight, the risk of predation, and the time of year. Diurnality
Diurnality
is a cycle of activity within a twenty-four-hour period; cyclic activities called circadian rhythms are endogenous cycles not dependent on external cues or environmental factors. Animals active at dawn or dusk are crepuscular, those active at night are nocturnal, and animals active at sporadic times during both night and day are cathemeral. Plants that open their flowers during the day are referred to as diurnal, while those that bloom at night are nocturnal
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Kerala
Kerala
Kerala
(/ˈkɛrələ/), called Keralam in Malayalam
Malayalam
(where Kerala
Kerala
is the adjectival form), is a state in South India
India
on the Malabar Coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi), it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea
Lakshadweep Sea
to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala
Kerala
is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population. It is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
is the largest city in the state
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Karnataka
Karnataka
Karnataka
is a state in the south western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka
Karnataka
in 1973. The state corresponds to the Carnatic region. The capital and largest city is Bangalore
Bangalore
(Bengaluru). Karnataka
Karnataka
is bordered by the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
to the west, Goa
Goa
to the northwest, Maharashtra
Maharashtra
to the north, Telangana
Telangana
to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
to the east, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
to the southeast, and Kerala
Kerala
to the south
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