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Niamey
NIAMEY (French pronunciation: ​ ) is the capital and largest city of the West African
West African
country Niger
Niger
. Niamey
Niamey
lies on the Niger
Niger
River , primarily situated on the east bank. It is an administrative, cultural and economic centre. Niamey's population (presumably the settlement) was counted as 978,029 as of the (2012 census final adjustment), however, its administrative area the Niamey Capital District , covering 670 km2, had 1,026,848 people (2012 census final adjustment). As of 2017, recent population projections show the capital district growing at a rate less than the country as a whole, which has the world's highest fertility rate. The city is located in a pearl millet growing region, while manufacturing industries include bricks, ceramic goods, cement and weaving
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Danish Meteorological Institute
The DANISH METEOROLOGICAL INSTITUTE (Danish : Danmarks Meteorologiske Institut) is the official Danish meteorological institute, administrated by the Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate . The institute makes weather forecasts and observations for Denmark, Greenland
Greenland
, and the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Equipment * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYIt was founded in 1872, largely through the efforts of Ludwig A. Colding . The Danish Meteorological
Meteorological
Institute – DMI – encompasses the combined knowledge of the former Meteorological
Meteorological
Institute, the Meteorological
Meteorological
Service for Civil Aviation and the Meteorological Service for Defence. The Meteorological
Meteorological
Institute was founded in 1872 under the Ministry of the Navy
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Sadaqah
SADAQAH or SADAKA (Arabic : صدقة‎‎, IPA: , "charity", "benevolence", plural ṣadaqāt صدقات) in the modern context has come to signify "voluntary charity ". According to the Quran
Quran
, the word means voluntary offering, whose amount is at the will of the "benefactor". CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 In the Islamic texts * 2.1 In the Quran
Quran
* 2.2 In the narrations * 3 Difference with Zakat
Zakat
* 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Further reading ETYMOLOGYAccording to Arabic lexicography, the words derived from root s-d-q cover "numerous meanings associated with ideas of righteousness and truth." In the Quran, related words are used to indicate "moral excellence", such as al-siddiq (truthful), used to describe the prophet Joseph, or sadiq (trusted friend)
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Deutscher Wetterdienst
The DEUTSCHER WETTERDIENST, German pronunciation: , or DWD for short, is the GERMAN METEOROLOGICAL OFFICE, based in Offenbach am Main , Germany, which monitors weather and meteorological conditions over Germany
Germany
and provides weather services for the general public and for nautical, aviational or agricultural purposes. It is attached to the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure . The DWDs principal tasks include warning against weather-related dangers and monitoring and rating climate changes affecting Germany. The organization runs atmospheric models on their supercomputer for precise weather forecasting . The DWD also manages the national climate archive and one of the largest specialized libraries on weather and climate worldwide
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Relative Humidity
RELATIVE HUMIDITY (RH) is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature. Relative humidity
Relative humidity
depends on temperature and the pressure of the system of interest. It requires less water vapor to attain high relative humidity at low temperatures; more water vapour is required to attain high relative humidity in warm or hot air
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Spot Satellite
SPOT (French : Satellite Pour l’Observation de la Terre, lit. "Satellite for observation of Earth") is a commercial high-resolution optical imaging Earth observation satellite system operating from space. It is run by Spot Image , based in Toulouse
Toulouse
, France
France
. It was initiated by the CNES
CNES
(Centre national d'études spatiales – the French space agency) in the 1970s and was developed in association with the SSTC (Belgian scientific, technical and cultural services) and the Swedish National Space Board (SNSB). It has been designed to improve the knowledge and management of the Earth
Earth
by exploring the Earth's resources, detecting and forecasting phenomena involving climatology and oceanography, and monitoring human activities and natural phenomena
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Precipitation
In meteorology , PRECIPITATION is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity . The main forms of precipitation include drizzle , rain , sleet , snow , graupel and hail . Precipitation
Precipitation
occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates". Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but suspensions, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation
Precipitation
forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud
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Zoo
A ZOO (short for ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN or ZOOLOGICAL PARK and also called an ANIMAL PARK or MENAGERIE) is a facility in which animals are housed within enclosures, displayed to the public, and in which they may also breed. The term "zoological garden" refers to zoology , the study of animals, a term deriving from the Greek zōon (ζῷον, 'animal') and lógos (λóγος, 'study'). The abbreviation "zoo" was first used of the London Zoological Gardens , which was opened for scientific study in 1828 and to the public in 1857. The number of major animal collections open to the public around the world now exceeds to 1,000, around 80 percent of them are in cities. In the United States of America
United States of America
alone, zoos are visited by over 180 million people annually
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Vernacular Architecture
VERNACULAR ARCHITECTURE is an architectural style that is designed based on local needs, availability of construction materials and reflecting local traditions. At least originally, vernacular architecture did not use formally-schooled architects , but relied on the design skills and tradition of local builders. However, since the late 19th century many professional architects have worked in versions of this style. It tends to evolve over time to reflect the environmental , cultural , technological , economic, and historical context in which it exists. While often difficult to reconcile with regulatory and popular demands of the five factors mentioned, this kind of architecture still plays a role in architecture and design , especially in local branches
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Institut De Recherche Pour Le Développement
The French RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT (French : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, IRD) is a French science and technology establishment under the joint supervision of the French Ministries of Higher Education and Research and Foreign Affairs . It operates internationally from its headquarters in Marseille
Marseille
, and two metropolitan centres of Montpellier and Bondy. It was created as the 'Office de la recherche scientifique et technique outre-mer (ORSTOM)' in 1943. CONTENTS * 1 Missions * 2 Organisation * 3 Associated people * 4 See also * 5 References MISSIONSThe IRD institute has three main missions: research on world development, overseas consultancy and training. It conducts scientific programs contributing to the sustainable development of the countries of the South, with an emphasis on the relationship between man and the environment
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Walter Mittelholzer
WALTER MITTELHOLZER (April 2, 1894 – May 9, 1937) was a Swiss aviation pioneer. He was active as a pilot, photographer, travel writer, and also as one of the first aviation entrepreneurs . CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Select bibliography of books by Mittelholzer * 3 References * 4 External links LIFEBorn on April 2, 1894 in St. Gallen
St. Gallen
in Mittelholzer earned his private pilot's license in 1917, and in 1918 he completed his instruction as a military pilot. On November 5, 1919 he co-founded an air-photo and passenger flight business, Comte , Mittelholzer, and Co. In 1920 this firm merged with the financially stronger Ad Astra Aero
Ad Astra Aero
. Mittelholzer was the director and head pilot of Ad Astra Aero
Ad Astra Aero
which later became Swissair
Swissair
. He made the first North-South flight across Africa
Africa
. It took him 77 days
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Wrestling
WRESTLING is a combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting , throws and takedowns , joint locks , pins and other grappling holds . The sport can either be theatrical for entertainment, or genuinely competitive. A wrestling bout is a physical competition, between two (occasionally more) competitors or sparring partners, who attempt to gain and maintain a superior position . There are a wide range of styles with varying rules with both traditional historic and modern styles. Wrestling
Wrestling
techniques have been incorporated into other martial arts as well as military hand-to-hand combat systems. The term wrestling is attested in late Old English
Old English
, as wræstlunge (glossing palestram)
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Cultural Centre
A CULTURAL CENTER or CULTURAL CENTRE is an organization, building or complex that promotes culture and arts . Cultural centers can be neighborhood community arts organizations, private facilities, government-sponsored, or activist -run. CONTENTS * 1 Asia * 2 Europe * 3 North America * 4 Oceania * 5 South America * 6 See also ASIA Ketagalan Culture
Culture
Center in Taiwan
Taiwan

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Dinosaur
DINOSAURS are a diverse group of reptiles of the clade DINOSAURIA. They first appeared during the Triassic
Triassic
period, between 243 and 231 million years ago, although the exact origin and timing of the evolution of dinosaurs is the subject of active research. They became the dominant terrestrial vertebrates after the Triassic–Jurassic extinction event 201 million years ago; their dominance continued through the Jurassic
Jurassic
and Cretaceous
Cretaceous
periods. The fossil record indicates that birds are modern feathered dinosaurs , having evolved from earlier theropods during the late Jurassic
Jurassic
Period. As such, birds were the only dinosaur lineage to survive the Cretaceous– Paleogene extinction event 66 million years ago
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Skeleton
The SKELETON (from Greek σκελετός, skeletós "dried up" ) is the body part that forms the supporting structure of an organism . There are several different skeletal types: the exoskeleton , which is the stable outer shell of an organism, the endoskeleton , which forms the support structure inside the body, the hydroskeleton , and the cytoskeleton
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Weaving
WEAVING is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth . Other methods are knitting , crocheting , felting , and braiding or plaiting . The longitudinal threads are called the warp and the lateral threads are the weft or filling. ( Weft or 'warrior ' is an old English word meaning "that which is woven". ) The method in which these threads are inter-woven affects the characteristics of the cloth. Cloth
Cloth
is usually woven on a loom , a device that holds the warp threads in place while filling threads are woven through them. A fabric band which meets this definition of cloth (warp threads with a weft thread winding between) can also be made using other methods, including tablet weaving , back-strap, or other techniques without looms. The way the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is called the weave
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