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New Age
New Age
New Age
is a term applied to a range of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices that developed in Western nations during the 1970s. Precise scholarly definitions of the New Age
New Age
differ in their emphasis, largely as a result of its highly eclectic structure. Although analytically often considered to be religious, those involved in it typically prefer the designation of spiritual or Mind, Body, Spirit and rarely use the term "New Age" themselves. Many scholars of the subject refer to it as the New Age
New Age
movement, although others contest this term and suggest that it is better seen as a milieu or zeitgeist. As a form of Western esotericism, the New Age
New Age
drew heavily upon a number of older esoteric traditions, in particular those that emerged from the occultist current that developed in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
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Spiritual Transformation
Spiritual transformation
Spiritual transformation
is a fundamental change in a person's sacred or spiritual life. In psychology, spiritual transformation is understood within the context of an individual's meaning system,[2] especially in relation to concepts of the sacred or ultimate concern.[3] Two of the fuller treatments of the concept in psychology come from Kenneth Pargament and from Raymond Paloutzian. Pargament says that "at its heart, spiritual transformation refers to a fundamental change in the place of the sacred or the character of the sacred in the life of the individual
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Self-development
Self-help or self-improvement is a self-guided improvement[1]—economically, intellectually, or emotionally—often with a substantial psychological basis. Many different self-help group programs exist, each with its own focus, techniques, associated beliefs, proponents and in some cases, leaders. Concepts and terms originating in self-help culture and Twelve-Step culture, such as recovery, dysfunctional families, and codependency have become firmly integrated in mainstream language.[2] Self-help often utilizes publicly available information or support groups on the Internet, as well as in person, where people in similar situations join together.[1] From early examples in self-driven legal practice[3] and home-spun advice, the connotations of the word have spread and often apply particularly to education, business, psychology and psychotherapy, commonly distributed through the popular genre of self-help books
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Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently. Groups are usually described as indigenous when they maintain traditions or other aspects of an early culture that is associated with a given region. Not all indigenous peoples share this characteristic, usually having adopted substantial elements of a colonising culture, such as dress, religion or language. Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples
may be settled in a given region (sedentary) or exhibit a nomadic lifestyle across a large territory, but they are generally historically associated with a specific territory on which they depend
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Masters Of The Ancient Wisdom
Traditional and Christian Theosophy
Theosophy
contributorsWilliam Walker Atkinson · Franz von Baader Nikolai Berdyaev · Jakob Boehme Johann Jakob Brucker · Sergei Bulgakov Henry Corbin · Karl von Eckartshausen Florence Farr · Wassily Kandinsky G. R. S
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World View
A world view[1] or worldview is the fundamental cognitive orientation of an individual or society encompassing the whole of the individual's or society's knowledge and point of view. A world view can include natural philosophy; fundamental, existential, and normative postulates; or themes, values, emotions, and ethics.[2] The term is a calque of the German word Weltanschauung [ˈvɛlt.ʔanˌʃaʊ.ʊŋ] ( listen), composed of Welt ('world') and Anschauung ('view' or 'outlook').[3] The German word is also used in English. It is a concept fundamental to German philosophy
German philosophy
and epistemology and refers to a wide world perception. Additionally, it refers to the framework of ideas and beliefs forming a global description through which an individual, group or culture watches and interprets the world and interacts with it. Worldview remains a confused and confusing concept in English, used very differently by linguists and sociologists
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Etic
In anthropology, folkloristics, and the social and behavioral sciences, emic and etic refer to two kinds of field research done and viewpoints obtained:[1] emic, from within the social group (from the perspective of the subject) and etic, from outside (from the perspective of the observer).Contents1 Definitions 2 History 3 Importance as regards personality 4 See also 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External linksDefinitions[edit] "The emic approach investigates how local people think" (Kottak, 2006): How they perceive and categorize the world, their rules for behavior, what has meaning for them, and how they imagine and explain things. "The etic (scientist-oriented) approach shifts the focus from local observations, categories, explanations, and interpretations to those of the anthropologist. The etic approach realizes that members of a culture often are too involved in what they are doing..... to interpret their cultures impartially
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Lingua Franca
A lingua franca (/ˌlɪŋɡwə ˈfræŋkə/ (listen); lit. Frankish tongue),[1] also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vehicular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between groups of people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both of the speakers' native languages.[2] Lingua francas have developed around the world throughout human history, sometimes for commercial reasons (so-called "trade languages" facilitated trade), but also for cultural, religious, diplomatic and administrative convenience, and as a means of exchanging information between scientists and other scholars of different nationalities.[3][4] The term is taken from the medieval Mediterranean Lingua Franca, a Romance-based pidgin language used (especially by traders and seamen) as a lingua franca
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Bricolage
In the arts, bricolage (French for "DIY" or "do-it-yourself projects") is the construction or creation of a work from a diverse range of things that happen to be available, or a work created by mixed media. The term bricolage has also been used in many other fields, including anthropology, philosophy, critical theory, education, computer software, and business.Contents1 Origin 2 The arts2.1 Music 2.2 Visual art 2.3 Architecture3 Academics3.1 Literature 3.2 Cultural studies 3.3 Social psychology 3.4 Philosophy 3.5 Education4 Information technology4.1 Information systems 4.2 Internet5 Visual arts 6 Business 7 In popular culture7.1 Fashion 7.2 Television8 See also 9 ReferencesOrigin[edit] Bricolage
Bricolage
is a French loanword that means the process of improvisation in a human endeavor
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Judeo-Christian
Judeo-Christian is a term that groups Judaism
Judaism
and Christianity, either in reference to Christianity's derivation from Judaism
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Zeitgeist
The Zeitgeist (/ˈzaɪtɡaɪst/;[1]) is a concept from 18th to 19th-century German philosophy, translated as "spirit of the age" or "spirit of the times". It refers to an invisible agent or force dominating the characteristics of a given epoch in world history. The term is now mostly associated with Hegel, contrasting with Hegel's use of Volksgeist
Volksgeist
"national spirit" and Weltgeist
Weltgeist
"world-spirit", but its coinage and popularization precedes Hegel, and is mostly due to Herder and Goethe.[2] Other philosophers who were associated with such ideas include Spencer[year needed] and Voltaire[year needed].[3] The term as used contemporarily may more pragmatically refer to a fashion or fad which prescribes what is acceptable or tasteful, e.g
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Milieu
The social environment, social context, sociocultural context or milieu refers to the immediate physical and social setting in which people live or in which something happens or develops. It includes the culture that the individual was educated or lives in, and the people and institutions with whom they interact.[1] The interaction may be in person or through communication media, even anonymous or one-way,[2] and may not imply equality of social status. Therefore, the social environment is a broader concept than that of social class or social circle.Contents1 Solidarity 2 Natural/artificial environment 3 Milieu/social structure 4 Phenomenology 5 Social surgery 6 See also 7 References 8 Further readingSolidarity[edit] People
People
with the same social environment often develop a sense of social solidarity; people often tend to trust and help one another, and to congregate in social groups
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Swedenborgian
The New Church
The New Church
(or Swedenborgianism) is the name for several historically related Christian denominations that developed as a new religious movement, informed by the writings of Swedish scientist and theologian Emanuel Swedenborg
Emanuel Swedenborg
(1688–1772). Swedenborg claimed to have received a new revelation from Jesus Christ through continuous heavenly visions which he experienced over a period of at least twenty-five years. In his writings, he predicted that God would replace the traditional Christian Church, establishing a "New Church", which would worship God in one person: Jesus Christ
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Eclecticism
Eclecticism
Eclecticism
is a conceptual approach that does not hold rigidly to a single paradigm or set of assumptions, but instead draws upon multiple theories, styles, or ideas to gain complementary insights into a subject, or applies different theories in particular cases. However, this is often without conventions or rules dictating how or which theories were combined. It can sometimes seem inelegant or lacking in simplicity, and eclectics are sometimes criticized for lack of consistency in their thinking. It is, however, common in many fields of study
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Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev[note 1] (born 2 March 1931) is a Russian and formerly Soviet politician. The eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union, he was General Secretary of its governing Communist Party from 1985 until 1991. He was the country's head of state from 1988 until 1991, serving as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet
Supreme Soviet
from 1989 to 1990, and President of the Soviet Union
President of the Soviet Union
from 1990 to 1991. Ideologically, he initially adhered to Marxism-Leninism
Marxism-Leninism
although by the early 1990s had moved toward social democracy. Of mixed Russian and Ukrainian heritage, Gorbachev was born in Privolnoye, Stavropol Krai
Stavropol Krai
to a poor peasant family
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Great Seal Of The United States
The Great Seal of the United States
United States
is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the U.S. federal government. The phrase is used both for the physical seal itself (which is kept by the U.S. Secretary of State), and more generally for the design impressed upon it. The Great Seal was first used publicly in 1782. The obverse of the Great Seal is used as the national coat of arms of the United States.[1] It is officially used on documents such as United States
United States
passports, military insignia, embassy placards, and various flags. As a coat of arms, the design has official colors; the physical Great Seal itself, as affixed to paper, is monochrome. Since 1935, both sides of the Great Seal have appeared on the reverse of the one-dollar bill
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