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Nesvizh Castle
Niasviž Castle or Nesvizh
Nesvizh
Castle (Belarusian: Нясьвіскі замак, Niasvižski zamak, Polish: zamek w Nieświeżu, Lithuanian: Nesvyžius) is a residential castle of the Radziwiłł family in Niasviž, Belarus. It is 183 metres (600 ft) above sea level.[1] Before 1945 the complex was in Poland
Poland
and was considered one of the most beautiful Polish castles in the Kresy
Kresy
region.Contents1 History 2 Reconstruction 3 Other Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
castles 4 References 5 External linksHistory[edit]The Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
portrait galleryThe estate was owned by the Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
magnate family from 1533, when it was awarded to Mikołaj Radziwiłł
Radziwiłł
and his brother Jan Radziwiłł after the extinction of the Kiszka family
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World Heritage Site
A World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations
United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties. The sites are judged important to the collective interests of humanity. To be selected, a World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
must be an already classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and historically identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance (such as an ancient ruin or historical structure, building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, mountain, or wilderness area)
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Basilica
A basilica is a type of building, usually a church, that is typically rectangular with a central nave and aisles, usually with a slightly raised platform and an apse at one or both ends. In Europe and the Americas it is the most common architectural style for churches though this building plan has become less dominant in new buildings since the later 20th century. Today the term basilica is often used to refer to any large, ornate church building, especially Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
and Eastern Orthodox, even if it does not strictly follow this style. The basilican architectural style originated in ancient Rome and was originally used for public buildings where courts were held, as well as serving other official and public functions. The basilica was centrally located in every Roman town, usually adjacent to the main forum
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Château
A château (plural châteaux; French pronunciation: ​[ʃɑto] in both cases) is a manor house or residence of the lord of the manor or a country house of nobility or gentry, with or without fortifications, originally—and still most frequently—in French-speaking regions.[1]Contents1 Definition 2 Concept 3 French châteaux3.1 Loire Valley 3.2 Vaux-le-Vicomte 3.3 Château
Château
de Chenonceau 3.4 Dampierre-en-Yvelines 3.5 Versailles 3.6 Bordeaux4 See also 5 References 6 External linksDefinition[edit] The word "chateau" is a French word that has entered the English language, where its meaning is more specific than it is in French. The French word "chateau" denotes buildings as diverse as a medieval fortress, a Renaissance palace and a 19th-century country house. Care should therefore be taken when translating the French word château into English, noting the nature of the building in question
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Great Northern War
Coalition victory:Tsardom of Russia
Russia
establishes itself as a new power in Europe. Decline of the Swedish Empire
Swedish Empire
and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.Territorial changesTreaty of Nystad: Russia
Russia
gains the three dominions Estonia, Livonia and Ingria
Ingria
as well as parts of Kexholm
Kexholm
and Viborg. Treaties of Stockholm: Prussia gains parts of Swedish Pomerania; Hanover gains Bremen-Verden. Treaty of Frederiksborg: Holstein–Gottorp loses its part of the Duchy of Schleswig
Duchy of Schleswig
to Denmark. Treaty of the Pruth: Azov and area is ceded back to the Ottoman Empire. Russia
Russia
demolishes strategic castles such as Taganrog
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Charles XII Of Sweden
Charles XII, also Carl (Swedish: Karl XII; 17 June 1682 – 30 November 1718 O.S.[1]), Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden
Sweden
from 1697 to 1718. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach. Charles was the only surviving son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder. He assumed power, after a seven-month caretaker government, at the age of fifteen.[2] In 1700, a triple alliance of Denmark–Norway, Saxony–Poland– Lithuania
Lithuania
and Russia launched a threefold attack on the Swedish protectorate of Swedish Holstein-Gottorp
Holstein-Gottorp
and provinces of Livonia
Livonia
and Ingria, aiming to draw advantage as Sweden
Sweden
was unaligned and ruled by a young and inexperienced king, thus initiating the Great Northern War
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Stucco
Stucco
Stucco
or render is a material made of aggregates, a binder and water. Stucco
Stucco
is applied wet and hardens to a very dense solid. It is used as a decorative coating for walls and ceilings, and as a sculptural and artistic material in architecture. Stucco
Stucco
may be used to cover less visually appealing construction materials, such as metal, concrete, cinder block, or clay brick and adobe. In English, stucco usually refers to a coating for the outside of a building and plaster one for interiors; as described below, the material itself is often little different
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Corpus Christi Church, Nesvizh
The Corpus Christi Church in Nesvizh, Belarus is an early Jesuit church and one of the oldest baroque structures outside Italy,[1] influencing the later architecture of Belarus, Poland and Lithuania. Commissioned by nobleman Prince Nicholas Radziwill and constructed in 1587-1593 by Gian Maria Bernardoni,[1] it contains graves of members of the powerful house of Radziwiłł. See also[edit]Catholic Church in BelarusReferences[edit]^ a b Andrzej Piotrowski, Architecture of Thought. University of Minnesota Press, 2011, p.142-143, 297-298.External links[edit]Wikimedia Commons has media related to Church of the Corpus Christi in Niasviž.Official web page of Parish of «Corpus Christi» in NiasvizhCoordinates: 53°13′14.49″N 26°41′1.49″E / 53.2206917°N 26.6837472°E / 53.2206917; 26.6837472Portals Access related topicsCatholicism portal Belarus portalThis Catholic Church–related article is a stub
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Trąby Coat Of Arms
Amfor, Amforowicz, Anforowicz. B Baraniecki, Bendziński, Będziński, Bilman, Birżański, Błeszyński, Błędowski, Bolesławski, Brzezieński, Brzeziński. C Chaszajdarowicz, Chaszajewicz, Chleb, Chłopski, Chodzieński, Chwalczewski, Chwaleczewski, Chwaliszewski, Ciarnowski, Ciążyński, Ciborowski, Ciecicza, Cielica, Cieszeyko, Ciszkiewicz, Czarnowski, Czaszawski, Czaszyński, Czaśnicki. D Dadziwiłłowicz, Dadziwiłowicz, Dawidowicz, Dewicz, Dobek, Dobiński, Dobkiewicz, Dogel, Dogiel, Doliński, Dołuski, Dołuszycki, Dowgielt, Dowgiełt, Dowiakowski, Drombiński, Dumiński, Dusiacki, Dusiatski, Dusiątski, Dyaczkowski, Dzieczkowski, Dziewałtowski, Dzimitrowicz. F Falczewski. G Gabszewicz, Gaściewicz, Gaścilewicz, Gekowicz, Gintowicz, Gintowt, Gintowt-Dziewałtowski, Gnoiński, Gorski, Gorzkowski, Goszkowski, Gościewicz, Greczyna-Kierdej, Grobicki, Gruzdź, Gryczyn, Grydzewicz. H Hasiewicz, Hawryłło, Hleb, Horoch, Hościewicz, Hreczycha, Hreczyna-Kierdej, Hryczyn, Hrycz
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Gian Maria Bernardoni
Giovanni Maria Bernardoni (1541–1605) was a Jesuit monk and an Italian architect who was the first to design the Baroque style in Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.[1]Contents1 Early life 2 Architectural work2.1 Italy 2.2 Poland 2.3 Nesvizh 2.4 Krakow3 Notable buildings 4 References 5 Further readingEarly life[edit] Giovanni Maria Bernardoni was born in northern Italy in the commune of Cagno in 1541. He worked as a mason until he was 23 years old upon which he left for Rome to join the Order of the Jesuits and become an architect
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Jesuit
The Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus
(SJ – from Latin: Societas Iesu) is a scholarly religious congregation of the Catholic Church
Catholic Church
which originated in sixteenth-century Spain. The members are called Jesuits.[2] The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents. Jesuits
Jesuits
work in education (founding schools, colleges, universities, and seminaries), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits
Jesuits
also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, sponsor direct social ministries, and promote ecumenical dialogue. Ignatius of Loyola, a Basque nobleman from the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
area of northern Spain, founded the society after discerning his spiritual vocation while recovering from a wound sustained in the Battle of Pamplona
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Il Gesù
The Church of the Gesù
Church of the Gesù
(Italian: Chiesa del Gesù; Italian pronunciation: [ˈkjɛːza del dʒeˈzu]) is the mother church of the Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus
(Jesuits), a Catholic religious order. Officially named Chiesa del Santissimo Nome di Gesù all'Argentina[1][2] (English: Church of the Most Holy Name of Jesus at the "Argentina"),[3] its facade is "the first truly baroque façade", introducing the baroque style into architecture.[4] The church served as model for innumerable Jesuit
Jesuit
churches all over the world, especially in the Americas
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Baroque
The Baroque
Baroque
(US: /bəˈroʊk/ or UK: /bəˈrɒk/) is a highly ornate and often extravagant style of architecture, art and music that flourished in Europe from the early 17th until the late 18th century. It followed the Renaissance style
Renaissance style
and preceded the Neoclassical style. It was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
as a means to counter the simplicity and austerity of Protestant
Protestant
architecture, art and music. The baroque style used contrast, movement, exuberant detail, grandeur and surprise to achieve a sense of awe. The style began in the first third of the 17th century in Rome, then spread rapidly to France, northern Italy, Spain and Portugal, then to Austria and southern Germany
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Castellan
A castellan was the governor or captain of a castellany and its castle.[1] The word stems from the Latin Castellanus,[2] derived from castellum "castle". Sometimes also known as a constable, governor of the castle district or captain, the Constable of the Tower
Constable of the Tower
of London is, in fact, a form of castellan. A castellan was almost always male, but could occasionally be female, as when, in 1194, Beatrice inherited her father's castellany of Bourbourg
Bourbourg
upon the death of her brother, Roger.[3]Contents1 Initial power 2 Duties2.1 Castellans and Jews3 Regional differences3.1 France 3.2 Germany 3.3 Hungary 3.4 Jerusalem 3.5 Malta 3.6 Poland 3.7 Portugal4 Castellany 5 See also 6 ReferencesInitial power[edit] After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, many tribes migrated into western Europe, causing strife and war
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Partition Of Poland
The Partitions of Poland[nb 1] were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
that took place towards the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland
Poland
and Lithuania
Lithuania
for 123 years. The partitions were conducted by Habsburg Austria, the Kingdom of Prussia, and the Russian Empire, which divided up the Commonwealth lands among themselves progressively in the process of territorial seizures and annexations.[1][2][3][4] The First Partition of Poland
Poland
was decided on August 5, 1772. Two decades later, Russian and Prussian troops entered the Commonwealth again and the Second Partition was signed on January 23, 1793. Austria did not participate in the Second Partition
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Saint Petersburg
Saint
Saint
Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, tr. Sankt-Peterburg, IPA: [ˈsankt pʲɪtʲɪrˈburk] ( listen)) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with five million inhabitants in 2012.[9] An important Russian port on the Baltic Sea, it has a status of a federal subject (a federal city). Situated on the Neva
Neva
River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland
Gulf of Finland
on the Baltic Sea, it was founded by Tsar
Tsar
Peter the Great
Peter the Great
on May 27 [O.S. 16] 1703
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