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Negative Dialectics
NEGATIVE DIALECTICS (German : Negative Dialektik) is a 1966 book by Theodor W. Adorno . CONTENTS * 1 Summary * 2 Influence * 3 References * 4 Further reading SUMMARYAdorno sought to update the philosophical process known as the dialectic , freeing it from traits previously attributed to it that he believed to be fictive. For Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
, the dialectic was a process of realization that things contain their own negation and through this realization the parts are sublated into something greater. Adorno's dialectics rejected this positive element wherein the result was something greater than the parts that preceded and argued for a dialectics which produced something essentially negative. Adorno wrote that, " Negative Dialectics
Negative Dialectics
is a phrase that flouts tradition
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Privatism
PRIVATISM is a generic term generally describing any belief that people have a right to the private ownership of certain things. There are many degrees of privatism, from the advocacy of limited private property over specific kinds of items (personal property ) to the advocacy of unrestricted private property over everything; such as in anarcho-capitalism . Regarding public policy, it gives primacy to the private sector as the central agent for action, necessitates the social and economic benefits for private initiatives and competition, and "legitimizes the public consequences of private action"
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Identity (social Science)
In psychology , IDENTITY is the qualities, beliefs, personality, looks and/or expressions that make a person (self-identity ) or group (particular social category or social group ). The process of identity can be creative or destructive. A psychological identity relates to self-image (one's mental model of oneself), self-esteem , and individuality
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Communicative Rationality
COMMUNICATIVE RATIONALITY, or COMMUNICATIVE REASON (German : kommunikative Rationalität), is a theory or set of theories which describes human rationality as a necessary outcome of successful communication. In particular, it is tied to the philosophy of Karl-Otto Apel , Jürgen Habermas
Jürgen Habermas
, and their program of universal pragmatics , along with its related theories such as those on discourse ethics and rational reconstruction . This view of reason is concerned with clarifying the norms and procedures by which agreement can be reached, and is therefore a view of reason as a form of public justification. According to the theory of communicative rationality, the potential for certain kinds of reason is inherent in communication itself. Building from this, Habermas has tried to formalize that potential in explicit terms
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Popular Culture Studies
POPULAR CULTURE STUDIES is the academic discipline studying popular culture from a critical theory perspective. It is generally considered as a combination of communication studies and cultural studies . The first department to offer Popular Culture
Culture
bachelor's and master's degrees is the Bowling Green State University Department of Popular Culture
Culture
which was founded by Ray B. Browne . Following the work of the Frankfurt School
Frankfurt School
, popular culture has come to be taken more seriously as a terrain of academic inquiry and has also helped to change the outlooks of more established disciplines. Conceptual barriers between so-called high and low culture have broken down, accompanying an explosion in scholarly interest in popular culture, which encompasses such diverse media as comic books , television , and the Internet
Internet

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Freudo-Marxism
FREUDO–MARXISM is a loose designation for philosophies that have been informed by or have attempted to synthesize the works of Karl Marx and the psychoanalytic theory of Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
. CONTENTS* 1 Early Freudo– Marxism
Marxism
* 1.1 Wilhelm Reich * 2 The Frankfurt School
Frankfurt School
* 2.1 Marcuse\'s Eros and Civilization (1955) * 2.2 Fromm and The Sane Society * 3 Lacan and Marxism
Marxism
* 3.1 Althusser * 3.2 Žižek * 4 Commodity and sexual fetishism * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links EARLY FREUDO–MARXISMThe beginnings of Freudo– Marxist
Marxist
theorizing took place in the 1920s in Germany and the Soviet Union. The Soviet philosopher V
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Axel Honneth
AXEL HONNETH (German: ; born July 18, 1949) is a professor of philosophy at both the University of Frankfurt and Columbia University . He is also director of the Institut für Sozialforschung (Institute for Social Research ) in Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main
, Germany
Germany

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Otto Kirchheimer
OTTO KIRCHHEIMER (German: ; 11 November 1905 in Heilbronn
Heilbronn
– 22 November 1965 in New York City
New York City
) was a German jurist of Jewish ancestry and political scientist of the Frankfurt School
Frankfurt School
whose work essentially covered the state and its constitution . Kircheimer worked as a research analyst at the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the forerunner of the CIA
CIA
, starting in World War II and continuing to 1952. RESEARCHHe is father of the concept of the catch-all party. Otto Kirchheimer's conception of the catch-all party was part of his more comprehensive theory of party transformation, encompassing four interrelated political processes
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Critical Theory
CRITICAL THEORY is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities . As a term, Critical Theory has two meanings with different origins and histories: the first originated in sociology and the second originated in literary criticism , whereby it is used and applied as an umbrella term that can describe a theory founded upon critique ; thus, the theorist Max Horkheimer described a theory as critical insofar as it seeks "to liberate human beings from the circumstances that enslave them". In sociology and political philosophy , the term Critical Theory describes the neo- Marxist philosophy of the Frankfurt School
Frankfurt School
, which was developed in Germany in the 1930s
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Legitimation Crisis
LEGITIMATION CRISIS refers to a decline in the confidence of administrative functions, institutions, or leadership. The term was first introduced in 1973 by Jürgen Habermas
Jürgen Habermas
, a German sociologist and philosopher. Habermas expanded upon the concept, claiming that with a legitimation crisis, an institution or organization does not have the administrative capabilities to maintain or establish structures effective in achieving their end goals. The term itself has been generalized by other scholars to refer not only to the political realm, but to organizational and institutional structures as well. While there is not unanimity among social scientists when claiming that a legitimation crisis exists, a predominant way of measuring a legitimation crisis is to consider public attitudes toward the organization in question
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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Theodor W. Adorno Bibliography
THEODOR is a masculine given name. It is a German form of Theodore . It is also a variant of Teodor
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Second Viennese School
The SECOND VIENNESE SCHOOL (German : ZWEITE WIENER SCHULE, NEUE WIENER SCHULE) is the group of composers that comprised Arnold Schoenberg and his pupils and close associates in early 20th century Vienna ; where he lived and taught, sporadically, between 1903 and 1925. Their music was initially characterized by late-Romantic expanded tonality and later, following Schoenberg's own evolution, a totally chromatic expressionism without firm tonal centre, often referred to as atonality ; and later still, Schoenberg's serial twelve-tone technique . Though this common development took place, it neither followed a common time-line nor a cooperative path. Likewise, it was not a direct result of Schoenberg's teaching—which, as his various published textbooks demonstrate, was highly traditional and conservative. Schoenberg's textbooks also reveal that the Second Viennese School spawned not from the development of his serial method, but rather from the influence of his creative example
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Système Universitaire De Documentation
The SYSTèME UNIVERSITAIRE DE DOCUMENTATION or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify, track and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers
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Fredric Jameson
FREDRIC JAMESON (born 14 April 1934) is an American literary critic and Marxist political theorist . He is best known for his analysis of contemporary cultural trends. He once described postmodernism as the spatialization of culture under the pressure of organized capitalism . Jameson's best-known books include Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism , The Political Unconscious , and Marxism and Form. Jameson is currently Knut Schmidt-Nielsen Professor of Comparative Literature and Romance Studies (French) and the director of the Center for Critical Theory at Duke University . In 2012, the Modern Language Association gave Jameson its sixth Award for Lifetime Scholarly Achievement
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John Holloway (sociologist)
JOHN HOLLOWAY (born 1947) is a lawyer, Marxist
Marxist
-oriented sociologist and philosopher , whose work is closely associated with the Zapatista movement in Mexico, his home since 1991. It has also been taken up by some intellectuals associated with the piqueteros in Argentina
Argentina
; the Abahlali baseMjondolo movement in South Africa and the Anti-Globalization Movement
Anti-Globalization Movement
in Europe and North America. He is currently a professor at the Institute for Humanities and Social Sciences at the Autonomous University of Puebla
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