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National Standard Time
National Standard Time (Chinese: 國家標準時間; pinyin: Guójiā Biāozhǔn Shíjiān; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kok-ka Piau-chún Sî-kan, see below) is the official time zone in Taiwan
Taiwan
defined by an UTC offset of +08:00. This standard is also known as Taiwan
Taiwan
Time (臺灣時間), Taipei Time (臺北時間) and historically as Chungyuan Standard Time (中原標準時間) until the early 2000s.[1]Contents1 History 2 Present development 3 IANA time zone database 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit]History of time standard in TaiwanDate Name Character Romanization Time offsetJan. 1, 1896 – Sep. 30, 1937 Western Standard Time 西部標準時 Seibu Hyōjunji UTC+08:00Oct. 1, 1937 – Sep. 20, 1945 Central Standard Time 中央標準時 Chūō Hyōjunji UTC+09:00Sep. 21, 1945 – Oct. 25, 1945 Western Standard Time 西部標準時 Seibu Hyōjunji UTC+08:00Oct
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Traditional Chinese Characters
Traditional Chinese characters
Chinese characters
(traditional Chinese: 正體字/繁體字; simplified Chinese: 正体字/繁体字; Pinyin: Zhèngtǐzì/Fántǐzì) are Chinese characters
Chinese characters
in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most commonly the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau
Macau
or in the Kangxi Dictionary
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Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Hong Kong
(Cantonese: [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ] ( listen)), officially the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Special
Special
Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia. Along with Macau, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, and several other major cities in Guangdong, the territory forms a core part of the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
metropolitan region, the most populated area in the world
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Mainland China
Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China
China
(PRC). It includes Hainan
Hainan
island and strictly speaking, politically, does not include the special administrative regions of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau, even though both are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass). The term "mainland China" was coined[citation needed] by the Kuomintang
Kuomintang
(KMT Party) after receiving control of Taiwan
Taiwan
from Japan after World War II. By 1949, the KMT-led Republic of China
China
(ROC) government was defeated in the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
and fled to the island of Taiwan
Taiwan
where the KMT pledged to "retake the Mainland"
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Zhongyuan
Zhongyuan
Zhongyuan
(Chinese: 中原; pinyin: Zhōngyuán), Chungyuan, or the Central Plain, also known as Zhongtu (Chinese: 中土; pinyin: Zhōngtǔ), Chungtu or Zhongzhou (Chinese: 中州; pinyin: Zhōngzhōu), Chungchou, is the area on the lower reaches of the Yellow River
Yellow River
which formed the cradle of Chinese civilization. It forms part of the North China
China
Plain. In its narrowest sense, the Central Plain covers modern-day Henan, the southern part of Hebei, the southern part of Shanxi, and the western part of Shandong
Shandong
province
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Sinocentrism
Sinocentrism
Sinocentrism
refers to the ideology that China
China
is the cultural center of the world.[1]Contents1 Overview and context 2 Sinocentric system 3 Responses of other countries3.1 Korea 3.2 Vietnam 3.3 Japan 3.4 Burma 3.5 Thailand 3.6 Sri Lanka 3.7 Europe4 Cultural Sinocentrism4.1 Indigenous criticism5 Today 6 Related concepts 7 See also 8 References8.1 Citations 8.2 Sources9 External linksOverview and context[edit] Depending on the historical context, sinocentrism can refer to either the ethnocentrism of the Han society and culture, or the modern concept of zhonghua minzu
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Daylight Saving Time
Daylight saving time
Daylight saving time
(abbreviated DST), sometimes referred to as daylight savings time in US, Canadian and Australian speech,[1][2] and known as British Summer Time
British Summer Time
(BST) in the UK and just summer time in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time.[3] George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895.[4] The German Empire
German Empire
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916
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Ministry Of Economic Affairs (Taiwan)
The Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Republic of China (MOEA; Chinese: 中華民國經濟部; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Jīngjìbù) is the ministry of the Republic of China (Taiwan) responsible for formulating policy and laws for industry and trade, foreign direct investment, energy, minerals, measurement standards, intellectual property, state-owned enterprises. The ministry is a cabinet level government agency of the Executive Yuan. The executive agency promotes industrial and economic policies which allows economic activity and growth, increased employment and investments in sector which are critical to Taiwan's economy
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Atomic Clocks
An atomic clock is a clock device that uses an electron transition frequency in the microwave, optical, or ultraviolet region[2] of the electromagnetic spectrum of atoms as a frequency standard for its timekeeping element. Atomic clocks are the most accurate time and frequency standards known, and are used as primary standards for international time distribution services, to control the wave frequency of television broadcasts, and in global navigation satellite systems such as GPS. The principle of operation of an atomic clock is based on atomic physics; it uses the microwave signal that electrons in atoms emit when they change energy levels. Early atomic clocks were based on masers at room temperature. Currently, the most accurate atomic clocks first cool the atoms to near absolute zero temperature by slowing them with lasers and probing them in atomic fountains in a microwave-filled cavity
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Chunghwa Telecom
Chunghwa Telecom
Chunghwa Telecom
(Chinese: 中華電信; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Diànxìn; Wade–Giles: Chung1-hua² Tien4-hsin4) (NYSE: CHT, TWSE: 2412) is the largest telecommunications company in Taiwan
Taiwan
and the incumbent mobile, PSTN and broadband carrier there. It has its headquarters in Zhongzheng District, Taipei
Taipei
on the remains of the old Taipei Prison.[1][2]Contents1 History 2 Services 3 Subsidiaries 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] Chunghwa Telecom
Chunghwa Telecom
was founded as a company on 15 June 1996 as part of the Taiwanese government's privatisation efforts. Prior to this, it operated as a business unit of the Directorate General of Telecommunications (zh:交通部電信總局) for over 100 years
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International Bureau Of Weights And Measures
Coordinates: 48°49′45.55″N 2°13′12.64″E / 48.8293194°N 2.2201778°E / 48.8293194; 2.2201778 The International Bureau of Weights and Measures
International Bureau of Weights and Measures
(French: Bureau international des poids et mesures) is an intergovernmental organization[2], one of three such organisations established to maintain the International System of Units
International System of Units
(SI) under the terms of the Metre Convention
Metre Convention
(Convention du Mètre). The organisation is usually referred to by its French initialism, BIPM. The BIPM reports to the International Committee for Weights and Measures (French: Comité international des poids et mesures, CIPM), which is in turn overseen by periodic meetings of the General Conference on Weights and Measures (French: Conférence générale des poids et mesures, CGPM)
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Brunei
Coordinates: 4°30′N 114°40′E / 4.500°N 114.667°E / 4.500; 114.667Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace Negara Brunei
Brunei
Darussalam (Rumi) نڬارا بروني دارالسلام‎ (Jawi)FlagCrestMotto: الدائمون المحسنون بالهدى Sentiasa membuat kebajikan dengan petunjuk Allah "Always in service with God's guidance"Anthem: Allah Peliharakan Sultan God Bless the SultanLocation of  Brunei  (green) in ASEAN  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Bandar Se
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China
China, officially the People's Republic
People's Republic
of China
China
(PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia
East Asia
and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion.[13] Covering approximately 9,600,000 square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi), it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area,[k][19] depending on the source consulted. China
China
also has the most neighbor countries in the world
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Macau
Macao (Chinese: 澳門, Cantonese: [ōu.mǔːn], /məˈkaʊ/ ( listen); Portuguese: Macau), officially the Macao Special
Special
Administrative Region of the People's Republic
Republic
of China, is an autonomous territory of China
China
on the western side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia. Macau
Macau
is bordered by the city of Zhuhai
Zhuhai
in Mainland China
China
to the north and the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
to the east and south. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
lies about 64 kilometres (40 mi) to its east across the Delta.[5] With a population of 650,900[3] living in an area of 30.5 km2 (11.8 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world
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Chinese Civil War
Chinese Communist victoryMajor combat ended, but no armistice or peace treaty signed Small pockets of insurgency continued through the 1960sTerritorial changes Communist Party of China
Communist Party of China
takeover of mainland China
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Malaysia
Coordinates: 2°30′N 112°30′E / 2.500°N 112.500°E / 2.500; 112.500MalaysiaFlagCoat of armsMotto: "Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu"[1] "Unity Is Strength"Anthem: Negaraku My CountryCapital Kuala Lumpur 3°8′N 101°41′E / 3.133°N 101.683°E / 3.133; 101.683 Putrajaya
Putrajaya
(administrative) 2°56′35″N 101°41′58″E / 2.9430952°N 101.699373°E / 2.9430952; 101.699373Largest city Kuala Lumpur 3°8′N 101°41′E / 3.133°N 101.683°E / 3.133; 101.683Official languages Malay[2]Of
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