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National Defense Service Medal
Obverse: Shows a North American bald eagle, perched on a sword and palm. Above this, in a semicircle, is the inscription "National Defense". Reverse: Shows a shield, taken from the coat of arms of the United States; it is half encircled below with an open wreath, the right side of oak leaves and laurel leaves the left. Ribbon: The ribbon has a wide yellow stripe in the center, flanked by narrow stripes of red, white, blue, white and wide red stripes.Clasps Service star
Service star
for subsequent awardsStatisticsEstablished Executive Order 10448, April 22, 1953 (as amended by E.O. 11265, January 11, 1966; E.O. 12776, October 8, 1991; E.O
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National Guard Of The United States
English colonial government militias: since December 13, 1636As "National Guard": since 1824 in New York, since 1903 nationwide Dual state-federal reserve forces: since 1933Country  United StatesAllegiance Federal (10 U.S.C. § E) State and territorial (32 U.S.C.)Branch   United States
United States
Army   United States
United States
Air ForceRole Reserve component of the U.S. Armed Forces Militia
Militia
of the United StatesSize 348,156[1]Part of National Guard BureauGarrison/HQ All 50 U.S. states, and organized U.S. territories, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the District of ColumbiaNickname(s) "Air Guard" "Army Guard"Motto(s) "Always Ready, Always There!"CommandersChief of the National Guard Bureau General Joseph L
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DD Form 215
The DD Form 214, Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty, generally referred to as a "DD 214", is a document of the United States Department of Defense, issued upon a military service member's retirement, separation, or discharge from active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States, e.g., U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Marine Corps, or U.S. Navy.Contents1 History and usage 2 Available versions 3 Copies 4 Electronic Cost-Free Copy of DD-214 5 Paper Cost-Free Copy of DD-214 6 Corrections 7 Distribution 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksHistory and usage[edit] The first DD Form 214s were issued in 1950, replacing the older "WD AGO" (War Department Adjutant General's Office) Forms and the NAVPERS (Naval Personnel) discharge documents. These documents had existed since 1941
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National Emergency
A state of emergency is a situation in which a government is empowered to perform actions that it would normally not be permitted. A government can declare such state during a disaster, civil unrest, or armed conflict. Such declaration alerts citizens to change their normal behavior and orders government agencies to implement emergency plans. Justitium is its equivalent in Roman law—a concept in which the senate could put forward a final decree (senatus consultum ultimum) that was not subject to dispute. States of emergency can also be used as a rationale or pretext for suspending rights and freedoms guaranteed under a country's constitution or basic law
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Selected Reserve
The Selected Reserve (also called SELRES, SR, or mistakenly Selective Reserve) are the members of a U.S. military Ready Reserve unit that are enrolled in the Ready Reserve program and the reserve unit that they are attached to. Selected Reserve members and units are considered to be in an active status.[1] When the term is applied to personnel, it is contrasted to the Full-time Reserve Unit Support (also called Full Time Support or FTS) members of the same reserve unit who are Active Duty
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United States Armed Forces
American Revolutionary WarWhiskey RebellionIndian WarsBarbary WarsWar of 1812Patriot WarMexican–American WarUtah WarCortina TroublesReform WarAmerican Civil WarNew York City draft riots Las Cuevas WarSpanish–American WarBanana WarsPhilippine–American WarBoxer RebellionBorder WarWorld War IRussian Civil WarWorld War IICold WarPuerto Rican Nationalist Revolts Korean War 1958 Lebanon crisis Dominican Civil War Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuban Missile Crisis Vietnam War Korean DMZ Conflict Operation Eagle Claw Multinational Force Lebanon Invasion of Grenada Operation Golden Pheasant Invasion of Panama Persian Gulf WarSomali Civil WarOperation Gothic Serpent Battle of Mogadishu Bosnian WarOperation Deliberate Force Operation Deny Flight Kosovo WarOperation Allied Force Global War on TerrorismOperation Enduring Freedom Afghanistan Philippines Horn of Africa Trans Sahara Iraq War Intervention against ISIL War in North-West Pakistan
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Officer Candidate School
Officer Candidate School
Officer Candidate School
or Officer Cadet School (OCS) are institutions which train civilians and enlisted personnel in order for them to gain a commission as officers in the armed forces of a country. How OCS is run differs between countries and services. Typically, Officer Candidates are already Bachelor's Degree
Bachelor's Degree
holders, has a short duration of training (not more than a year) which focuses primarily on military skills and leadership. This is in contrast with service academies which include academic instruction leading to a bachelor's degree.Contents1 Australia 2 Philippines 3 Singapore 4 South Korea 5 United Kingdom 6 United States 7 NotesAustralia[edit] See also: OCS Portsea and Royal Military College, Duntroon Officer Cadet School of Australia – Portsea (OCS Portsea) commenced training officers for the Australian Army in 1951 and continued through to the end of 1985
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Service Ribbon
A service ribbon, medal ribbon, or ribbon bar is a small ribbon, mounted on a small metal bar equipped with an attaching device, which is generally issued for wear in place of a medal when it is not appropriate to wear the actual medal.[1] Each country's government has its own rules on what ribbons can be worn in what circumstances, and in which order. This is usually defined in an official document and is called "the order of precedence" or "the order of wearing". In some countries (particularly in North America and Israel), some awards are "ribbon only", having no associated medal.Contents1 Design1.1 Colors2 Construction 3 Display 4 Collecting 5 Notable examples5.1 Australia 5.2 Denmark 5.3 Ecuador 5.4 Germany 5.5 United Kingdom 5.6 United States6 See also 7 References 8 External linksDesign[edit] According to the Defense Logistics Agency
Defense Logistics Agency
(DLA), the U.S
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Officer Training School
Officer Training School (OTS) is a United States Air Force commissioning program located at Maxwell Air Force Base
Maxwell Air Force Base
in Montgomery, Alabama. It is the current de facto Officer Candidate School
Officer Candidate School
(OCS) program for the U.S. Air Force, analogous to the OCS programs operated by the other branches of the U.S. armed forces.Contents1 Overview 2 Structure 3 Total Force Officer Training 4 Commissioned Officer Training 5 The History of OTS 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksOverview[edit] Officer Training School is a part of the Jeanne M. Holm
Jeanne M. Holm
Center for Officer Accession and Citizen Development, formerly the Air Force Officer Accession and Training Schools (AFOATS). Named for the late Major General
Major General
Jeanne M
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Reserve Officer Training Corps
The Reserve Officers' Training Corps
Officers' Training Corps
(ROTC) are a group of college and university-based officer training programs for training commissioned officers of the United States
United States
Armed Forces.[1][2][3] While ROTC graduate officers serve in all branches of the U.S. armed forces, the U.S. Marine Corps and the U.S. Coast Guard do not have their own respective ROTC programs, but graduates of Naval ROTC programs have the option to serve as officers in the Marine Corps contingent on meeting Marine Corps requirements.[4] The Coast Guard has no ROTC program[5] and its officers can only be commissioned via the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, Coast Guard Officer Candidate School, interservice transfer from another U.S. military service following completion of at least 4 years commissioned service in that other branch of the U.S. military (e.g
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DD Form 214
The DD Form 214, Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty, generally referred to as a "DD 214", is a document of the United States Department of Defense, issued upon a military service member's retirement, separation, or discharge from active duty in the Armed Forces of the United States, e.g., U.S. Air Force, U.S. Army, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Marine Corps, or U.S. Navy.Contents1 History and usage 2 Available versions 3 Copies 4 Electronic Cost-Free Copy of DD-214 5 Paper Cost-Free Copy of DD-214 6 Corrections 7 Distribution 8 See also 9 References 10 External linksHistory and usage[edit] The first DD Form 214s were issued in 1950, replacing the older "WD AGO" (War Department Adjutant General's Office) Forms and the NAVPERS (Naval Personnel) discharge documents. These documents had existed since 1941
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Wayback Machine
The Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
is a digital archive of the World Wide Web
World Wide Web
and other information on the Internet. It was launched in 2001 by the Internet
Internet
Archive, a nonprofit organization based in San Francisco, California, United States. .mw-parser-output .toclimit-2 .toclevel-1 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-3 .toclevel-2 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-4 .toclevel-3 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-5 .toclevel-4 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-6 .toclevel-5 ul,.mw-parser-output .toclimit-7 .toclevel-6 ul display:none Contents1 History 2 Technical details2.1 Storage capacity and growth 2.2 Growth 2.3 Website exclusion policy2.3.1 Oakland Archive
Archive
Policy3 Uses3.1 Limitations 3.2 In legal evidence3.2.1 Civil litigation3.2.1.1 Netbula LLC v
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War On Terror
NATO-led international involvement in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(2001–2014)Fall of the Taliban
Taliban
government in Afghanistan Destruction of al-Qaeda camps Taliban
Taliban
insurgency War in North-West Pakistan Killing of Osama bin Laden War in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(2015–present)Initiation of Operation Resolute Support by NATO Transfer of combat roles to Afghan Armed Forces U.S.– Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Strategic Partnership Agreement Insurgency
Insurgency
in Yemen
Yemen
(1992–2015):[note 2]Drone strikes being conducted by U.S
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Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal
The Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal is a United States military award which is awarded to any member of the Armed Forces of the United States by the United States Department of Homeland Security. The current version of the medal was established in February 2003, retroactive to March 1, 2002.[2]Contents1 History 2 Order of precedence 3 Notable recipients 4 See also 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] The decoration was originally established as the Transportation Distinguished Service Medal by Executive Order 12824, signed by President George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
on December 7, 1992. On February 28, 2003, President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
signed Executive Order 13286, which, among other things, replaced the Transportation version of the award with the Homeland Security version retroactively to March 1, 2002
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Campaign Clasp
A medal bar or medal clasp is a thin metal bar attached to the ribbon of a military decoration, civil decoration, or other medal. It most commonly indicates the campaign or operation the recipient received the award for, and multiple bars on the same medal are used to indicate that the recipient has met the criteria for receiving the medal in multiple theatres. When used in conjunction with decorations for exceptional service, such as gallantry medals, the term "and bar" means that the award has been bestowed multiple times. In the example, "Group Captain Leonard Cheshire, VC, OM, DSO and two bars, DFC", "DSO and two bars" means that the Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Service Order
was awarded on three separate occasions
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Coat Of Arms Of The United States
The Great Seal of the United States
United States
is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the U.S. federal government. The phrase is used both for the physical seal itself (which is kept by the U.S. Secretary of State), and more generally for the design impressed upon it. The Great Seal was first used publicly in 1782. The obverse of the Great Seal is used as the national coat of arms of the United States.[1] It is officially used on documents such as United States
United States
passports, military insignia, embassy placards, and various flags. As a coat of arms, the design has official colors; the physical Great Seal itself, as affixed to paper, is monochrome. Since 1935, both sides of the Great Seal have appeared on the reverse of the one-dollar bill
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