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Nagaoka-kyō
Nagaoka-kyō
Nagaoka-kyō
(長岡京) was the capital of Japan from 784 to 794. Its location was reported as Otokuni District, Yamashiro Province, and Nagaokakyō, Kyoto, which took its name from the capital. Parts of the capital were in what is now the city of Nagaokakyō, while other parts were in the present-day Mukō and Nishikyō-ku, the latter of which belongs to the city of Kyoto. In 784, the Emperor Kanmu
Emperor Kanmu
moved the capital from Nara (then called Heijō). According to the Shoku Nihongi, his reason for moving was that the new location had better water transportation routes. Other explanations have been given, including the wish to escape the power of the Buddhist clergy and courtiers, and the backing of the immigrants from whom his mother was descended. In 785, the administrator in charge of the new capital, Fujiwara no Tanetsugu, was assassinated
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Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
(/ˈbʊdɪzəm, ˈbuː-/)[1][2] is a religion[3][4] and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism
Buddhism
originated in Ancient India
India
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages. Two major extant branches of Buddhism
Buddhism
are generally recognized by scholars: Theravada
Theravada
(Pali: "The School of the Elders") and Mahayana
Mahayana
(Sanskrit: "The Great Vehicle")
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Otokuni District, Kyoto
Otokuni (乙訓郡, Otokuni-gun) is a district located in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. As of 2003, the district has an estimated population of 15,493 and a density of 2,595.14 persons per km²
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Yamashiro Province
Yamashiro Province
Yamashiro Province
(山城国, Yamashiro no Kuni) was a province of Japan, located in Kinai. It overlaps the southern part of modern Kyoto Prefecture on Honshū.[1] Aliases include Jōshū (城州), the rare Sanshū (山州), and Yōshū (雍州). It is classified as an upper province in the Engishiki. Yamashiro Province
Yamashiro Province
included Kyoto
Kyoto
itself, as in 794 AD Yamashiro became the seat of the imperial court, and, during the Muromachi period, was the seat of the Ashikaga shogunate
Ashikaga shogunate
as well
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992
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Nishikyō-ku, Kyoto
Nishikyō-ku (西京区) is one of the eleven wards in the city of Kyoto, in Kyoto
Kyoto
Prefecture, Japan. Its name means "west capital ward" and it is situated on the western edge of the city, to the south of center. The ward was established on October 1, 1976, after it was separated from Ukyō-ku. The Katsura River
Katsura River
is the border between Nishikyo-ku and Ukyo-ku. Katsura Imperial Villa, on that river, is one of the most widely known features of Nishikyo-ku
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Kyoto
Kyoto
Kyoto
(京都市, Kyōto-shi, pronounced [kʲoːꜜto] ( listen), pronounced [kʲoːtoꜜɕi] ( listen); UK: /kɪˈoʊtoʊ/, US: /kiˈoʊ-/, or /ˈkjoʊ-/[4]) is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu, Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million
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Emperor Kanmu
An emperor (through Old French
Old French
empereor from Latin imperator[1]) is a monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. Empress, the female equivalent, may indicate an emperor's wife (empress consort), mother (empress dowager), or a woman who rules in her own right (empress regnant). Emperors are generally recognized to be of a higher honour and rank than kings. In Europe
Europe
the title of Emperor
Emperor
has been used since the Middle Ages, considered in those times equal or almost equal in dignity to that of Pope, due to the latter's position as visible head of the Church and spiritual leader of the Catholic part of Western Europe
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Nara, Nara
Nara (奈良市, Nara-shi, Japanese: [naꜜɾa]) is the capital city of Nara Prefecture
Nara Prefecture
located in the Kansai region
Kansai region
of Japan. The city occupies the northern part of Nara Prefecture, bordering Kyoto Prefecture
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Shoku Nihongi
The Shoku Nihongi
Shoku Nihongi
(続日本紀) is an imperially commissioned Japanese history text. Completed in 797, it is the second of the Six National Histories, coming directly after the Nihon Shoki
Nihon Shoki
and followed by Nihon Kōki. Fujiwara no Tsugutada and Sugano no Mamichi
Sugano no Mamichi
served as the primary editors. It is one of the most important primary historical sources for information about Japan's Nara period. The work covers the 95-year period from the beginning of Emperor Monmu's reign in 697 until the 10th year of Emperor Kanmu's reign in 791, spanning nine imperial reigns. It was completed in 797 AD.[1] The text is forty volumes in length
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National Diet Library
The National Diet
National Diet
Library (NDL) (国立国会図書館, Kokuritsu Kokkai Toshokan) is the national library of Japan
Japan
and among the largest libraries in the world. It was established in 1948 for the purpose of assisting members of the National Diet
National Diet
of Japan
Japan
(国会, Kokkai) in researching matters of public policy
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Awaji Province
Awaji Province
Awaji Province
(淡路国, Awaji-no kuni, formerly 淡道) was an old province of Japan
Japan
covering Awaji Island, between Honshū
Honshū
and Shikoku.[1] Today it is part of Hyōgo Prefecture. It is sometimes called Tanshu (淡州). Awaji is divided into three municipal sections: Awaji is the northernmost section, Sumoto is the most urban and central section, and four southern towns make up the city of Minamiawaji. It was founded in the 7th century as a part of Nankaidō. In Nankaidō, Awaji Province
Awaji Province
was between Kii Province and Awa Province. Awaji means literally "Road to Awa", that is, the road to Awa Province from the central part of Japan
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Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
(平城京, also Heizei-kyō, sometimes Nara no miyako), was the capital city of Japan
Japan
during most of the Nara period, from 710–40 and again from 745–84. The imperial palace is a listed UNESCO World Heritage together with other places in the city of Nara (cf. Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara). Empress Genmei
Empress Genmei
ordered the Imperial capital moved from Fujiwara-kyō to Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
in 708, and the move to Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
was complete in 710. Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
was modeled after Chang'an, the capital of Tang-dynasty China, although Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
lacked walls. In the city, merchants and traders from China, Korea and India introduced various foreign cultures to Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
through the Silk Road
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Prince Sawara
Prince Sawara
Prince Sawara
(早良親王, Sawara-shinnō) (750? – November 8, 785) was the fifth son of Prince Shirakabe (later Emperor Kōnin), by Takano no Niigasa. In 781 he was named heir-presumptive after his elder brother succeeded the abdicated Emperor Kōnin as the Emperor Kanmu. In 785, the administrator in charge of the new capital of Nagaoka-kyō, Fujiwara no Tanetsugu, was assassinated. Prince Sawara was implicated because of his opposition to the move of the capital (along with Otomo no Yakamochi
Otomo no Yakamochi
who was executed), exiled to Awaji Province, but starved himself (although a mystery remains) and died on the way there. He was made a Crown Prince by the Emperor Kanmu
Emperor Kanmu
after his wife died and his son fell ill (the son allegedly possessed by the spirit of Sawara). Later that year, he was elevated posthumously to become Emperor Sudō (崇道天皇, Sudō-tennō)
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Nagaokakyō, Kyoto
Nagaokakyō (長岡京市, Nagaokakyō-shi) is a city located in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. As of October 1, 2017, the city has an estimated population of 80,424 and a population density of 4,200 persons per km². The total area is 19.17 km².Contents1 History 2 Culture 3 Transportation 4 Organizations 5 Sister cities 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] The city was founded on October 1, 1972 replacing the town of Nagaoka, which was in turn incorporated by three villages on October 1, 1949. The name of city is derived from Nagaoka-kyō, the ancient Japanese capital Emperor Kanmu
Emperor Kanmu
established there from 784 until 794. The major part of the capital including the imperial palace was in the area of present-day Mukō. Culture[edit] The most popular event in Nagaokakyo is the Garasha Festival. It is usually held in November
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