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NORFORCE
The NORFORCE
NORFORCE
(North-West Mobile Force) is an infantry regiment of the Australian Army Reserve . Formed in 1981, the regiment is one of three Regional Force Surveillance Units (RFSUs) employed in surveillance and reconnaissance of the remote areas of Northern Australia
Northern Australia
. It consists of a regimental headquarters, four surveillance squadrons, and an operational support squadron and training squadron. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Current organisation * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 Further reading HISTORYIn the late 1970s and early 1980s the need for a military presence in the north of Australia was recognised, with an integrated land, sea and air surveillance network developed in response
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Kalumburu, Western Australia
KALUMBURU (postcode 6740) and KALUMBURU COMMUNITY (formerly DRYSDALE RIVER MISSION) are both bounded localities within the Shire of Wyndham-East Kimberley Western Australia . Kalumburu Community is the northernmost settlement in Western Australia. According to the 2011 census, it has a population of 467 people and is inhabited mostly by Aboriginal people from the Wunambal and Kwini language groups. Kalumburu Community is remote from any main roads — the nearest is the Gibb River Road , 270 km to the south via the Kalumburu Road . It was the site of a World War II airbase, which was attacked by Japanese planes in 1943. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 World War II * 1.2 Post-war * 1.3 Medical services * 2 Town planning * 3 Climate * 4 References * 5 Further reading HISTORYIn 1905, the Order of Saint Benedict (OSB) decided to establish a mission near the Drysdale River
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Derby, Western Australia
DERBY (/ˈdɜːrbi/ DUR-bee ) is a town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia . At the 2011 census , Derby had a population of 4,865, with about half of Aboriginal descent. Along with Broome and Kununurra , it is one of only three towns in the Kimberley to have a population over 2,000. Located on King Sound , Derby has the highest tides in Australia, with the peak differential between low and high tide reaching 11.8 metres. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Culture * 3 Economy * 4 Climate * 5 References * 6 Further reading HISTORYDuring World War II , Derby was bombed by Japanese planes because of an air base and jetty that was steadily used by Australian forces. More recently, refugees were housed at Royal Australian Air Force Base Curtin , however the detention center was closed in 2014. Derby was famous in the 1920s as the terminus of the first scheduled aviation service in Australia, West Australian Airways Ltd
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Kununurra, Western Australia
KUNUNURRA is a town in far northern Western Australia
Western Australia
located at the eastern extremity of the Kimberley Region approximately 37 kilometres (23 mi) from the border with the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
. Kununurra was initiated to service the Ord River Irrigation Scheme . Kununurra is the largest town in Western Australia
Western Australia
north of Broome , with the closest town being Wyndham , 100 kilometres (62 mi) away. Kununurra is 3,040 kilometres (1,889 mi) from Perth via the Great Northern Highway . The town is situated in among the scenic hills and ranges of the far north-east Kimberley Region, having an abundance of fresh water, conserved by the Ord River Diversion dam and the main Ord River Dam. The tropical agriculture crops grown in the Ord River Irrigation Area (ORIA) have changed over the years
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Wyndham, Western Australia
WYNDHAM is the oldest and northernmost town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia
Western Australia
, located on the Great Northern Highway , 2,210 kilometres (1,373 mi) northeast of Perth
Perth
. It was established in 1886 as a result of a gold rush at Halls Creek , and it is now a port and service centre for the east Kimberley with a population of 800. Wyndham is split into two areas. The original town site of Wyndham Port is situated on Cambridge Gulf , while Wyndham's Three Mile area is the residential and shopping area of the town. Wyndham is part of the Shire of Wyndham-East Kimberley
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Nhulunbuy
NHULUNBUY is a township that was created on the Gove Peninsula in the Northern Territory of Australia when a bauxite mine and deep water port were established nearby in the late 1960s, followed by an alumina refinery. At the 2011 census , Nhulunbuy had a population of 3,933 with a median age of 32. The closure of the alumina refinery in May 2014 resulted in 1,100 workers being redeployed or made redundant, substantially reducing this population. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Education * 3 Facilities * 4 Refinery closure * 5 Climate * 6 References * 7 External links HISTORYThis area in Northeast Arnhem Land has been home to the Yolngu Aboriginal people for at least 40,000 years. Matthew Flinders , in his circumnavigation of Australia in 1803, met the Macassan trading fleet near present-day Nhulunbuy, an encounter that led to the establishment of settlements on Melville Island and the Coburg Peninsula
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Broome, Western Australia
BROOME is a coastal, pearling and tourist town in the Kimberley region of Western Australia
Western Australia
, 2,240 km (1,390 mi) north of Perth
Perth
. The urban population is estimated at 14,776, growing to over 45,000 per month during the tourist season. Broome International Airport provides transport to several domestic destinations. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Pearling industry * 1.2 Recent history * 2 Cable Beach * 3 Roebuck Bay * 4 Climate * 5 Media * 6 Sport and recreation * 7 Save the Kimberley campaign * 8 Footnotes * 9 References * 10 External links HISTORYBroome is situated on the traditional lands of the Yawuru people . It is often mistakenly thought that the first European to visit Broome was William Dampier
William Dampier
in 1688, but he only visited the north of what was later named the Dampier Peninsula
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Melville Island (Australia)
MELVILLE ISLAND, known in the Tiwi language as YERMALNER, is in the eastern Timor Sea , off the coast of the Northern Territory , Australia . It is west of the Cobourg Peninsula in Arnhem Land and north of Darwin , with a tropical climate. The largest community/town on the island is Milikapiti , pop. 559. The second village is Pirlangimpi (Pularumpi, formerly Garden Point), pop. 440, 27 km west of Milikapiti, on the west coast of Melville Island. About 30 more people live in five family outstations . At 5,786 square kilometres (2,234 sq mi) it is just outside the 100 largest islands in the world , but is the second biggest island in Australia , after Tasmania (and excluding the continental landmass). Only 55 metres (180 ft) south of its southern tip is Irrititu Island, with an area of 1.60 square kilometres (0.62 sq mi). Together, Melville Island and Bathurst Island are known as the Tiwi Islands
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Katherine, Northern Territory
KATHERINE is a town in Northern Territory
Northern Territory
, Australia. It is situated on the Katherine River
Katherine River
(after which it is named) below the " Top End
Top End
", 320 kilometres (200 mi) southeast of Darwin . It is the fourth largest settlement in the Territory and is known as the place where "The outback meets the tropics". Katherine had an urban population of 6,094 on the 2011 Census night. Katherine is also the closest major town to RAAF Base Tindal located 17 km southeast and provides education, health, local government services and employment opportunities for the families of Defence personnel stationed there. In the 2011 census , the base had a residential population of 742, with 27.6% of the workforce engaged in employment outside of defence, the majority commuting to work in Katherine
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Maningrida, Northern Territory
MANINGRIDA is an indigenous community in the heart of the Arnhem Land region of Australia
Australia
's Northern Territory
Northern Territory
. Maningrida is 500 km (311 mi) east of Darwin , and 300 km (186 mi) north east of Jabiru . At the 2006 census , Maningrida had a population of 2,068. It is on the North Central Arnhem Land
Arnhem Land
coast of the Arafura Sea
Arafura Sea
, on the estuary of the Liverpool River. The Kunibídji people are the traditional landowners of this country. The name Maningrida is an Anglicised version of the Kunibídji name Manayingkarírra, which comes from the phrase Mane djang karirra, meaning "the place where the Dreaming changed shape." The town supports a population of 2,600 people, which includes those who live on the 30 homeland centres or outstations around Maningrida
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Wadeye, Northern Territory
WADEYE is a town in Australia 's Northern Territory . Pronounced wod-air-yer, it was formerly known (and is still often referred to) as PORT KEATS. At the 2006 census , Wadeye had a population of 1,627. CONTENTS * 1 Location and access * 2 History * 3 Description * 4 Art and culture * 5 References LOCATION AND ACCESSThe town is remote, situated on the western edge of the Daly River Reserve about 230 km by air south-west of Darwin . It lies close to the Hyland Bay and Moyle Floodplain Important Bird Area , identified as such by BirdLife International because of its importance for large numbers of waterbirds . Roads to the community are cut by flooding during the wet season , when access is only possible by light aircraft or coastal barge
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Bathurst Island (Northern Territory)
BATHURST ISLAND (2,600 km2 or 1,000 sq mi, 11°35′S 130°18′E / 11.583°S 130.300°E / -11.583; 130.300 ) is one of the Tiwi Islands in the Northern Territory off the northern coast of Australia along with Melville Island . CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 History * 3 Notes and references * 4 External links DESCRIPTIONThe largest settlement on Bathurst is Wurrumiyanga (known as Nguiu until 2010), in the south-east, with a population of around 1,450. Located on the south east corner of Bathurst Island, Wurrumiyanga is approximately 70 km (43 mi) north of Darwin . The second largest settlement is Wurakuwu , pop. 50, 60 km (37 mi) northwest of Wurrumiyanga
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Lake Evella
GAPUWIYAK (called Lake Evella in English) is an Australian Aboriginal community located in north-eastern Arnhem Land , Northern Territory , 25 km south of the head of Buckingham Bay and about the same distance south-west of Arnhem Bay . It is adjacent to Lake Evella. The lake was seen by Harold Shepherdson from his aeroplane the Miles Hawk in 1935 and he named it Lake Evella after his wife Ella and Eva the wife of a fellow missionary Rev. T.T. Webb. The population is about 1000 people.(Pop - Grants Com1,412 - ABS Cdata 885 - ERP 977). The community is serviced by a barge from Darwin once a week that comes up the Buckingham River . Gapuwiyak means "brackish water". (Gapu water - Wiyak salty). The community comprises a vibrant mix of Aboriginal people from many different families or clans . It produces a newsletter called Gapuwiyak Dhäwu
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Milingimbi Island
MILINGIMBI ISLAND, also YURRUWI, is the largest island of the Crocodile Islands group off the coast of Arnhem Land , Northern Territory , Australia. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 History * 3 Language * 4 Facilities * 5 Notable locals * 6 Notes * 6.1 Citations * 7 Sources * 8 External links LOCATIONMilingimbi lies approximately 440 kilometres (270 mi) east of Darwin and 200 kilometres (120 mi) west of Nhulunbuy . HISTORYAboriginal people have occupied this area for more than 40,000 years. It was an important ritual centre for the great ceremonies conducted by aboriginal peoples of this area. A settlement was established on the island in 1923 by the Methodist Overseas Mission. The Mission attracted aboriginal people from eastern clan groups to the island. These included Gupapuyŋu and Djambarrpuyŋu , as well as Wangurri and Warramirri speaking people
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Borroloola
BORROLOOLA is a town in the Northern Territory of Australia . It is located on the McArthur River , about 50 km upstream from the Gulf of Carpentaria . At the 2011 census , Borroloola had a population of 926. CONTENTS * 1 Location * 2 History * 3 The community * 4 Health * 5 Borroloola Airport * 6 Climate * 7 Economy * 8 See also * 9 References LOCATIONBorroloola lies on the traditional country of the Yanyuwa people, on the coastal plain between the Barkly Tablelands and the Gulf of Carpentaria . Rivers that run from the Tablelands escarpment to the Gulf regularly flood in the wet season , making travel on the unsealed section of Highway One along the coastal plain to Queensland impossible. The rivers of this region have carved spectacular gorges through sandstone deposits in their upper reaches
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Barkly Tableland
The BARKLY TABLELAND is a rolling plain of grassland which runs from the eastern part of the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
into western Queensland
Queensland
. It is one of the five regions in the Northern Territory
Northern Territory
, Australia and covers 283,648 km2, 21% of the Northern Territory. The Barkly Tableland runs parallel to the southern shore of the Gulf of Carpentaria , from about Mount Isa, Queensland
Queensland
to near Daly Waters . CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Ecology * 3.1 Flora * 3.2 Fauna * 3.3 Threats and preservation * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORY William Landsborough , discovered the tableland and named it after Sir Henry Barkly
Henry Barkly
, then governor of Victoria
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