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NM Rothschild
NATHANIEL MAYER ROTHSCHILD, 1ST BARON ROTHSCHILD, BARON DE ROTHSCHILD, GCVO , PC (8 November 1840 – 31 March 1915) was a British banker and politician from the wealthy international Rothschild family
Rothschild family
. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 2.1 House of Commons * 2.2 Baron Rothschild of Tring * 3 Personal life * 4 In popular culture * 5 Styles of address * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links EARLY LIFE See also: Rothschild family
Rothschild family
Nathaniel Mayer Rothschild, who was known as "Natty," was the eldest son of Baron Lionel de Rothschild (1808–1879) and Baroness Charlotte de Rothschild (née von Rothschild). His paternal grandparents were Freiherr (or Baron) Nathan Mayer Rothschild , after whom he was named, and Hannah (née Barent-Cohen) Rothschild, the daughter of Levy Barent Cohen
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Suez Canal
The SUEZ CANAL ( Arabic
Arabic
: قناة السويس‎‎ qanāt as-suwēs) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt
Egypt
, connecting the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the Red Sea
Red Sea
through the Isthmus of Suez
Suez
. Constructed by the Suez Canal Company
Suez Canal Company
between 1859 and 1869, it was officially opened on November 17, 1869. The canal offers watercraft a shorter journey between the North Atlantic
Atlantic
and northern Indian Oceans via the Mediterranean
Mediterranean
and Red seas by avoiding the South Atlantic
Atlantic
and southern Indian oceans , in turn reducing the journey by approximately 7,000 kilometres (4,300 mi)
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Royal Buckinghamshire Yeomanry
Second Boer War First World War Gallipoli 1915 Egypt 1915–17 Palestine 1917–18 France and Flanders 1918 Second World War COMMANDERS Notable commanders Richard Plantagenet, 2nd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos (1797-1861), Colonel of the Buckingham Yeomanry Cavalry, 1841The ROYAL BUCKINGHAMSHIRE YEOMANRY is an Operational Hygiene Squadron of the Royal Logistic Corps , originally formed as cavalry in 1794, and has also served in artillery and signals roles
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Benjamin Disraeli
BENJAMIN DISRAELI, 1ST EARL OF BEACONSFIELD, KG , PC , FRS (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881) was a British politician and writer who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
. He played a central role in the creation of the modern Conservative Party , defining its policies and its broad outreach. Disraeli is remembered for his influential voice in world affairs, his political battles with the Liberal Party leader William Ewart Gladstone
William Ewart Gladstone
, and his one-nation conservatism or " Tory
Tory
democracy". He made the Conservatives the party most identified with the glory and power of the British Empire
British Empire
. He is the only British Prime Minister of Jewish birth . Disraeli was born in Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
, then part of Middlesex
Middlesex

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Egypt
Coordinates : 26°N 30°E / 26°N 30°E / 26; 30 Arab Republic
Republic
of Egypt جمهورية مصر العربية * ARABIC : Jumhūrīyat Miṣr al-ʿArabīyah EGYPTIAN : Gomhoreyet Maṣr El ʿArabeyah Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: " Bilady, Bilady, Bilady " "بلادي، بلادي، بلادي" "My country, my country, my country" Capital and largest
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Cecil Rhodes
CECIL JOHN RHODES PC (5 July 1853 – 26 March 1902) was a British businessman, mining magnate and politician in South Africa, who served as Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896. An ardent believer in British imperialism , Rhodes and his British South Africa Company founded the southern African territory of Rhodesia
Rhodesia
(now Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
and Zambia
Zambia
), which the company named after him in 1895. South Africa's Rhodes University
Rhodes University
is also named after him. Rhodes set up the provisions of the Rhodes Scholarship , which is funded by his estate, and put much effort towards his vision of a Cape to Cairo Railway through British territory. The son of a vicar, Rhodes grew up in Bishop\'s Stortford , Hertfordshire, and was a sickly child
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Carl Mayer Von Rothschild
Baron
Baron
CARL MAYER VON ROTHSCHILD (April 24, 1788 – March 10, 1855) was a German-born banker in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the founder of the Rothschild banking family of Naples
Naples
. BIOGRAPHYBorn KALMAN MAYER ROTHSCHILD in Frankfurt
Frankfurt
am Main , he was the fourth of the five sons of Mayer Amschel Rothschild
Mayer Amschel Rothschild
(1743–1812) and Gutlé Schnapper (1753–1849). He would become known as "Carl" by the family except for his English relatives who translated it as "Charles". Raised in an increasingly prosperous family, he was trained in his father's banking business and lived at home until age twenty-nine when he acquired a modest residence at 33 Neue Mainzer Strasse in Frankfurt am Main in preparation for his marriage on September 16, 1818 to Adelheid Herz (1800–1853)
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Levy Barent Cohen
LEVY BARENT COHEN (1740s – 1808) was a Dutch-born British financier and communal worker. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Personal life * 4 Death * 5 References EARLY LIFELevy Barent Cohen was born in the 1740s. He was the son of Barent Cohen, a wealthy merchant of Amsterdam . CAREERCohen moved to England with his brother. By 1778, Cohen had developed a large business in London . He became known as one of the leading merchants of the city. PERSONAL LIFECohen was naturalized as a British subject in 1798. Through the distinguished marriages which his children contracted, nearly all the leading Jewish families in England were connected with him. His daughter Hannah became the wife of Nathan Mayer Rothschild ; the second daughter, Judith , married Moses Montefiore ; the third daughter, Jessie, married Myer Davidson . DEATHCohen died in 1808
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Trinity College, Cambridge
TRINITY COLLEGE is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates , and over 180 fellows , it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge universities by number of undergraduates. By combined student numbers, it is second to Homerton College, Cambridge
Homerton College, Cambridge
. Members of Trinity
Trinity
have won 32 Nobel Prizes out of the 91 won by members of Cambridge University , the highest number of any college. Five Fields Medals in mathematics were won by members of the college (of the six awarded to members of British universities) and one Abel Prize was won
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Rothschild Family
The ROTHSCHILD FAMILY is a wealthy family descending from Mayer Amschel Rothschild , a court Jew to the German Landgraves of Hesse-Kassel in the Free City of Frankfurt
Free City of Frankfurt
, who established his banking business in the 1760s. Unlike most previous court Jews, Rothschild managed to bequeath his wealth and established an international banking family through his five sons, who established themselves in London
London
, Paris
Paris
, Frankfurt
Frankfurt
, Vienna
Vienna
, and Naples
Naples
. During the 19th century, the Rothschild family
Rothschild family
possessed the largest private fortune in the world, as well as the largest private fortune in modern world history
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Née
A GIVEN NAME (also known as a FIRST NAME, CHRISTIAN NAME, or FORENAME) is a part of a person's personal name . It identifies a specific person, and differentiates that person from other members of a group, such as a family or clan, with whom that person shares a common surname . The term given name refers to the fact that the name usually is bestowed upon a person, normally given to a child by its parents at or near the time of birth. This contrasts with a surname (also known as a family name, last name, or gentile name), which is normally inherited, and shared with other members of the child's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special types of given names, as they are given to adults upon them receiving a crown or entering a religious order and as such are replacing the original given name of those persons. Given names are often used in a familiar and friendly manner in informal situations
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Freiherr
FREIHERR ( ; male, abbreviated as Frhr.), FREIFRAU ( ; his wife, abbreviated as Frfr., literally "free lord" or "free lady") and FREIIN ( ; his unmarried daughters and maiden aunts) are designations used as titles of nobility in the German-speaking areas of the Holy Roman Empire , and in its various successor states, including Austria , Prussia
Prussia
, Bavaria
Bavaria
, Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
, Luxembourg
Luxembourg
, etc. Traditionally it denotes the third-lowest titled rank within the nobility , above Ritter
Ritter
(knight ) and Edler (nobility without a specific title) and below Graf
Graf
(count, earl ) and Herzog (duke). The title superseded the earlier medieval form, EDELHERR. It corresponds to baron in rank
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British South Africa Company
The BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA COMPANY (BSAC or BSACO) was established following the amalgamation of Cecil Rhodes
Cecil Rhodes
' Central Search Association and the London-based Exploring Company Ltd which had originally competed to exploit the expected mineral wealth of Mashonaland
Mashonaland
but united because of common economic interests and to secure British government backing. The company received a Royal Charter in 1889 modelled on that of the British East India Company
East India Company
. Its first directors included the Duke of Abercorn , Rhodes himself and the South African financier Alfred Beit . Rhodes hoped BSAC would promote colonisation and economic exploitation across much of south-central Africa, as part of the " Scramble for Africa
Scramble for Africa
"
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De Beers
THE DE BEERS GROUP OF COMPANIES is an international corporation that specialises in diamond exploration, diamond mining, diamond retail, diamond trading and industrial diamond manufacturing sectors. The company is currently active in open-pit, large-scale alluvial, coastal and deep sea mining. It operates in 28 countries and mining takes place in Botswana
Botswana
, Namibia
Namibia
, South Africa
South Africa
and Canada
Canada
. Until the start of the 21st century, De Beers
De Beers
effectively had total control over the diamond market as both a monopoly and monopsony of diamonds. Opposition has since dismantled the complete monopoly, though De Beers is still a large shareholder and currently sells approximately 35% of the world's rough diamond production through its Global Sightholder Sales and Auction Sales businesses
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East London Mosque
The EAST LONDON MOSQUE (ELM), situated in the London
London
Borough of Tower Hamlets between Whitechapel
Whitechapel
and Aldgate
Aldgate
, serves Great Britain's largest Muslim community. Combined with the adjoining LONDON MUSLIM CENTRE and MARYAM CENTRE, it is one of the largest mosques in Europe
Europe
, accommodating more than 7,000 worshippers for congregational prayers. The mosque was one of the first in the UK to be allowed to use loudspeakers to broadcast the adhan
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Whitechapel
WHITECHAPEL is a district in the East End of London
East End of London
, England
England
, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets . It is located 3.4 miles (5.5 km) east of Charing Cross and roughly bounded by Middlesex Street and Mansell Street to the west, Fashion Street to the north, Cambridge Heath Road and Sidney Street to the east and The Highway to the south. Because the area is close to the London Docklands
London Docklands
and east of the city, it has been a popular place for immigrants and the working class. The area was the centre of the London
London
Jewish community in the 19th and early 20th century, and the location of the infamous Whitechapel
Whitechapel
Murders believed to involve Jack the Ripper in the late 1880s
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