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NASDAQ
The Nasdaq Stock
Stock
Market (/ˈnæzˌdæk/ ( listen)) is an American stock exchange
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Standard & Poor's
Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC (S&P) is an American financial services company. It is a division of S&P Global that publishes financial research and analysis on stocks, bonds, and commodities. S&P is known for its stock market indices such as the U.S.-based S&P 500, the Canadian S&P/TSX, and the Australian S&P/ASX 200. S&P is considered one of the Big Three credit-rating agencies, which also include Moody's Investors Service and Fitch Ratings.[2] Its head office is located on 55 Water Street
55 Water Street
in Lower Manhattan, New York City.[3]Contents1 History 2 Credit ratings2.1 Long-term credit ratings 2.2 Short-term issue credit ratings3 Stock
Stock
market indices 4 Governance scores4.1 CGS scores 4.2 GAMMA scores 4.3 Management and Governance criteria5 Downgrade of U.S
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Eastern Time Zone
The Eastern Time Zone
Eastern Time Zone
(ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo
Quintana Roo
in Mexico, Panama
Panama
in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands. Places that use Eastern Standard Time (EST) when observing standard time (autumn/winter) are 5 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−05:00). Eastern Daylight Time (EDT), when observing daylight saving time DST (spring/summer) is 4 hours behind Coordinated Universal Time (UTC−04:00). In the northern parts of the time zone, on the second Sunday in March, at 2:00 a.m. EST, clocks are advanced to 3:00 a.m. EDT leaving a one-hour "gap". On the first Sunday in November, at 2:00 a.m. EDT, clocks are moved back to 1:00 a.m. EST, thus "duplicating" one hour
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Public Company
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public limited company is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over-the-counter markets. In some jurisdictions, public companies over a certain size must be listed on an exchange. A public company can be listed (listed company) or unlisted (unlisted public company). Public companies are formed within the legal systems of particular states, and therefore have associations and formal designations which are distinct and separate in the polity in which they reside. For example one of the main public company forms in the United States
United States
is called a limited liability company (or LLC), in France is called a "society of limited responsibility" (SARL), in Britain a public limited company (plc), and in Germany a company with limited liability (GmbH)
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Capital Market
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.[6] Capital markets channel the wealth of savers to those who can put it to long-term productive use, such as companies or governments making long-term investments.[a] Financial regulators like the Bank
Bank
of England (BoE) and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
(SEC) oversee capital markets to protect investors against fraud, among other duties. Modern capital markets are almost invariably hosted on computer-based electronic trading systems; most can be accessed only by entities within the financial sector or the treasury departments of governments and corporations, but some can be accessed directly by the public.[b] There are many thousands of such systems, most serving only small parts of the overall capital markets
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Small Cap
Market capitalization
Market capitalization
(market cap) is the market value at a point in time of the shares outstanding of a publicly traded company, being equal to the share price at that point of time multiplied by the number of shares outstanding.[2][3] As outstanding stock is bought and sold in public markets, capitalization could be used as an indicator of public opinion of a company's net worth and is a determining factor in some forms of stock valuation. Market capitalization
Market capitalization
is used by the investment community in ranking the size of companies, as opposed to sales or total asset figures. It is also used in ranking the relative size of stock exchanges, being a measure of the sum of the market capitalizations of all companies listed on each stock exchange
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Mid Cap
Market capitalization
Market capitalization
(market cap) is the market value at a point in time of the shares outstanding of a publicly traded company, being equal to the share price at that point of time multiplied by the number of shares outstanding.[2][3] As outstanding stock is bought and sold in public markets, capitalization could be used as an indicator of public opinion of a company's net worth and is a determining factor in some forms of stock valuation. Market capitalization
Market capitalization
is used by the investment community in ranking the size of companies, as opposed to sales or total asset figures. It is also used in ranking the relative size of stock exchanges, being a measure of the sum of the market capitalizations of all companies listed on each stock exchange
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United Nations Conference On Sustainable Development
The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
(UNCSD), also known as Rio 2012, Rio+20 (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʁi.u ˈmajʒ ˈvĩtʃi]), or Earth Summit
Earth Summit
2012 was the third international conference on sustainable development aimed at reconciling the economic and environmental goals of the global community
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Over-the-counter (finance)
Over-the-counter (OTC) or off-exchange trading is done directly between two parties, without the supervision of an exchange. It is contrasted with exchange trading, which occurs via exchanges. A stock exchange has the benefit of facilitating liquidity, providing transparency, and maintaining the current market price. In an OTC trade, the price is not necessarily published for the public. OTC trading, as well as exchange trading, occurs with commodities, financial instruments (including stocks), and derivatives of such products. Products traded on the exchange must be well standardized. This means that exchanged deliverables match a narrow range of quantity, quality, and identity which is defined by the exchange and identical to all transactions of that product. This is necessary for there to be transparency in trading. The OTC market does not have this limitation. They may agree on an unusual quantity, for example.[1] In OTC, market contracts are bilateral (i.e
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Derivative (finance)
In finance, a derivative is a contract that derives its value from the performance of an underlying entity. This underlying entity can be an asset, index, or interest rate, and is often simply called the "underlying".[1][2][3] Derivatives can be used for a number of purposes, including insuring against price movements (hedging), increasing exposure to price movements for speculation or getting access to otherwise hard-to-trade assets or markets.[4] Some of the more common derivatives include forwards, futures, options, swaps, and variations of these such as synthetic collateralized debt obligations and credit default swaps.[1] Most derivatives are traded over-the-counter (off-exchange) or on an exchange such as the New York Stock
Stock
Exchange, while most insurance contracts have developed into a separate industry. In the United States, after the financial crisis of 2007–2009, there has been increased pressure to move derivatives to trade on exchanges
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Divestment
In finance and economics, divestment or divestiture is the reduction of some kind of asset for financial, ethical, or political objectives or sale of an existing business by a firm. A divestment is the opposite of an investment.Contents1 Motives 2 Divestment
Divestment
for financial goals 3 Method of divestment 4 See also 5 ReferencesMotives[edit] Firms may have several motives for divestitures:a firm may divest (sell) businesses that are not part of its core operations so that it can focus on what it does best. For example, Eastman Kodak, Ford Motor Company, Future Group
Future Group
and many other firms have sold various businesses that were not closely related to their core businesses. to obtain funds. Divestitures generate funds for the firm because it is selling one of its businesses in exchange for cash
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Large Cap
Market capitalization
Market capitalization
(market cap) is the market value at a point in time of the shares outstanding of a publicly traded company, being equal to the share price at that point of time multiplied by the number of shares outstanding.[2][3] As outstanding stock is bought and sold in public markets, capitalization could be used as an indicator of public opinion of a company's net worth and is a determining factor in some forms of stock valuation. Market capitalization
Market capitalization
is used by the investment community in ranking the size of companies, as opposed to sales or total asset figures. It is also used in ranking the relative size of stock exchanges, being a measure of the sum of the market capitalizations of all companies listed on each stock exchange
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Acronym
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO
NATO
or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux). There are no universal standards of the multiple names for such abbreviations and of their orthographic styling. In English and most other languages, such abbreviations historically had limited use, but they became much more common in the 20th century
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Chicago Mercantile Exchange
The Chicago
Chicago
Mercantile Exchange (CME) (often called "the Chicago Merc", or "the Merc") is an American financial and commodity derivative exchange based in Chicago
Chicago
and located at 20 S. Wacker Drive. The CME was founded in 1898 as the Chicago
Chicago
Butter and Egg Board, an agricultural commodities exchange. Originally, the exchange was a non-profit organization. The Merc demutualized in November 2000, went public in December 2002, and merged with the Chicago
Chicago
Board of Trade in July 2007 to become a designated contract market of the CME Group Inc., which operates both markets. The Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of CME Group
CME Group
is Terrence A
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Trillion (short Scale)
This list contains selected positive numbers in increasing order, including counts of things, dimensionless quantity and probabilities. Each number is given a name in the short scale, which is used in English-speaking countries, as well as a name in the long scale, which is used in some of the countries that do not have English as their national language.Contents1 Smaller than 10−100 (one googolth) 2 10−100 to 10−30 3 10−30 4 10−27 5 10−24 6 10−21 7 10−18 8 10−15 9 10−12 10 10−9 11 10−6 12 10−3 13 10−2 14 10−1 15 100 16 101 17 102 18 103 19 104 20 105 21 106 22 107 23 108 24 109 25 1010 26 1011 27 1012 28 1015 29 1018 30 1021 31 1024 32 1027 33 1030 34 1033 35 1036 36 1039 37 1042 to 10100 38 10100 (one googol) to 1010100 (one googolplex) 39 Larger than 1010100 40 See also 41 References 42 External linksSmaller than 10−100 (one googolth)[edit]Mathematics – Numbers: The number zero is a natural, even number which quantif
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Market Capitalization
Market capitalization
Market capitalization
(market cap) is the market value at a point in time of the shares outstanding of a publicly traded company, being equal to the share price at that point of time multiplied by the number of shares outstanding.[2][3] As outstanding stock is bought and sold in public markets, capitalization could be used as an indicator of public opinion of a company's net worth and is a determining factor in some forms of stock valuation. Market capitalization
Market capitalization
is used by the investment community in ranking the size of companies, as opposed to sales or total asset figures. It is also used in ranking the relative size of stock exchanges, being a measure of the sum of the market capitalizations of all companies listed on each stock exchange
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