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Municipalidad
Municipalidad (Spanish pronunciation: [munisipaliˈðað]) is a Spanish term for municipality used in many Latin American countries such as Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru
Peru
and Puerto Rico
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Spanish Language
The Spanish language
Spanish language
(/ˈspænɪʃ/ ( listen);  Español (help·info)), also called the Castilian language[4] (/kæˈstɪliən/ ( listen),  castellano (help·info)), is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain
Spain
and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin
Latin
America and Spain. It is usually considered the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.[5][6][7][8][9] Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
in the 5th century
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Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°12′N 66°30′W / 18.2°N 66.5°W / 18.2; -66.5Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Joannes est nomen ejus" (Latin) "John is his name"Anthem: "La Borinqueña"[a] "The Borinquenian""The Star-Spangled Banner"Great SealStatus Unincorporated territoryCapital and largest city San Juan 18°27′N 66°6′W / 18.450°N 66.100°W / 18.450; -66.100Official languages Spanish English[1]Common languages94.7% Spanish[2]5.3% EnglishEthnic groups75.8% White12.4% Black3.3% Two or more races0.5% American Indian & Alaskan Native0.2% Asian<0.1% Pacific Islander7.8% Other[3]DemonymPuerto Rican (formal) American (since 1917) Boricua (colloquial)Country  United StatesGovernment Commonwealth[b
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Masia
A masia (Catalan pronunciation: [məˈzi.ə], plural masies; Aragonese: pardina is a type of rural construction common to all the old Crown of Aragon: Catalonia, Valencian Community, Aragon, Languedoc and Provence
Provence
(in the south of France). The estate in which the masia is located is called a mas.[1] They are often large but isolated structures, nearly always associated with a family farming or livestock operation. Through the ages, the materials used to construct masies varied, often determined by their location. In mountainous areas, rough stone was often used, except for doorways, windows and arches, where stone was worked. During the Middle Ages, mud was used as mortar, though later on it was replaced by quicklime or cement. In places where stone was hard to come by, adobe was more common as a construction material. For the most part, masies are oriented to the south
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Lugar (country Subdivision)
Lugar is a name for a type of country subdivision in Portugal.v t ePortuguese terms for country subdivisionsRegional subdivisionsEstado Distrito federal Província Região Distrito Comarca CapitaniaLocal subdivisionsMunicípio Concelho Freguesia Comuna CircunscriçãoSettlementsCidade Vila Aldeia Bairro LugarHistorical subdivisions in italics.This article about geography terminology is a stub
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Colonia (Mexico)
In general, colonias (Spanish pronunciation: [koˈlonjas]) are neighborhoods in Mexican cities, which have no jurisdictional autonomy or representation. It is plausible that the name, which literally means colony, arose in the late 19th, early 20th centuries, when one of the first urban developments outside Mexico City's core was inhabited by a French colony in the city. Usually colonias are assigned a specific postal code; nonetheless, in recent urban developments, gated communities are also defined as colonias and share the postal code with adjacent neighborhoods. In spite of this, the name of the colonia must be specified when writing an address in large urban areas in Mexico. It is similar to the barangays of the Philippines. See also[edit]Colonia (United States) Colonias of Mexico CityReferences[edit]Diccionario Español: Colonia (In Spanish)This Mexico-related article is a stub
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Shanty Town
A shanty town or squatter area is a settlement of improvised housing which is known as shanties or shacks, made of plywood, corrugated metal, sheets of plastic, and cardboard boxes. Such settlements are usually found on the periphery of cities, in public parks, or near railroad tracks, rivers, lagoons or city trash dump sites
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Elizate
An elizate (Basque pronunciation: [elis̻ate]), (Spanish: anteiglesia) is an early form of local government in the Basque Country which was particularly common in Biscay
Biscay
but also existed in the other provinces. The terms elizate (in Standard Basque) and elexate (in Biscayan) literally translate as "church door" (eliza "church" + ate "door"). The Spanish term anteiglesia translates as "before [the] church". The peculiar name derives from the Basque custom where the family heads of a settlement connected to a particular parish would gather after mass at the entrance or portico of the church to make decisions regarding issues affecting their community. Their medieval history is closely linked to the emergence of the Batzar Nagusiak or "Grand Meetings", especially those of Biscay
Biscay
and Gipuzkoa
Gipuzkoa
(Juntas Generales de Vizcaya/Guipúzcoa in Spanish) and the establishment of parochial churches
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Alqueria
An alquería (Spanish: [alkeˈɾi.a]; Valencian: alqueria [aɫkeˈɾi.a], Portuguese: alcaria [aɫkɐˈɾi.ɐ]; from Arabic al-qarīa, "village, hamlet") in Al-Andalus
Al-Andalus
made reference to small rural communities that were located near cities (medinas).[1] Since the 15th century it makes reference to a farmhouse, with an agricultural farm, found mainly in eastern and southeastern Spain, such as Granada and Valencia. Regarding the latter location Joan Fuster, in his book called El País Valenciano, makes extensive reference to the Valencian alquerías.[2]Contents1 History 2 Typologies2.1 Valencian alquerías 2.2 The alquerías of Granada3 Companies using this name 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] An alquería is a small rural community formed by a few houses
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Mancomunidad
In present-day Spain
Spain
a mancomunidad (Aragonese: mancomunidat, Asturian: mancomunidá, Catalan: mancomunitat, Basque: mankomunitatea; in English "commonwealth") is a free association or commonwealth of municipalities.[1] A mancomunidad is a legal personality, and can exist either for a particular period to achieve a concrete goal or can exist indefinitely. A Spanish mancomunidad constitutes a local entity within the national legal framework, to which those municipalities delegate some of their functions and powers. It is similar to a comarca, with the difference that comarca has somewhat different meanings in the various autonomous communities of Spain
Spain
and mancomunidad is defined identically throughout the country. The municipalities in a single mancomunidad need not be coterminous (though they usually are)
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State (polity)
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.[1][2] Many human societies have been governed by states for millennia, however for most of pre-history people lived in stateless societies. The first states arose about 5,500 years ago in conjunction with rapid growth of cities, invention of writing, and codification of new forms of religion. Over time, a variety of different forms developed, employing a variety of justifications for their existence (such as divine right, the theory of the social contract, etc.). Today, however, the modern nation-state is the predominant form of state to which people are subject. Some states are sovereign
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Villa
A villa was originally an ancient Roman upper-class country house. Since its origins in the Roman villa, the idea and function of a villa have evolved considerably. After the fall of the Roman Republic, villas became small farming compounds, which were increasingly fortified in Late Antiquity, sometimes transferred to the Church for reuse as a monastery. Then they gradually re-evolved through the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
into elegant upper-class country homes
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Peru
Coordinates: 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76 Republic
Republic
of Peru República del Perú  (Spanish)[a]FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union"Anthem: "Himno Nacional del Perú"  (Spanish) "National Anthem of Peru"National SealGran Sello del Estado  (Spanish) Great Seal of the StateLocation of  Peru  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Lima 12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77
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Guatemala
Coordinates: 15°30′N 90°15′W / 15.500°N 90.250°W / 15.500; -90.250 Republic
Republic
of Guatemala República de Guatemala
Guatemala
(Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Libre
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Colombia
Coordinates: 4°N 72°W / 4°N 72°W / 4; -72 Republic
Republic
of Colombia República de Colombia  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Libertad y Orden" (Spanish) "Freedom and Order"Anthem: ¡Oh, Gloria Inmarcesible!  (Spanish) O unfading glory!Location of  Colombia  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Bogotá 4°35′N 74°4′W / 4.583°N 74.067°W / 4.583; -74.067Official languages SpanishaRecognized regional languages 68 ethnic languages and dialects
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Ecuador
Coordinates: 2°00′S 77°30′W / 2.000°S 77.500°W / -2.000; -77.500Republic of Ecuador República del Ecuador  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spanish) "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Latin) "God, homeland and freedom"Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria  (Spanish) Hail, Oh HomelandLocation of  Ecuador  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital Quito 00°9′S 78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350Largest city GuayaquilOfficial languages Spanish[1]Recognized regional languages Kichwa
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