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Muhammad Azam Shah
ABU\'L FAAIZ QUTB-UD-DIN MUHAMMAD AZAM (28 June 1653 – 8 June 1707), commonly known as AZAM SHAH ("King Azam"), was a titular Mughal emperor , who reigned from 14 March 1707 to 8 June 1707. He was the eldest son of the sixth Mughal emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
(also known as Alamgir) and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum
Dilras Banu Begum
. Azam was appointed as the heir-apparent (Shahi Ali Jah) to his father on 12 August 1681. He served as the Viceroy
Viceroy
of Berar Subah , Malwa
Malwa
, Bengal
Bengal
, Gujarat
Gujarat
, Deccan , etc. He ascended the Mughal throne in Ahmednagar upon the death of his father on 14 March 1707
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Zinat-un-Nissa
ZEENAT-UN-NISSA (5 October 1643 – 7 May 1721) was a Mughal princess and was the second daughter of Emperor Aurangzeb and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum . Her father conferred upon her the honorable title of Padshah Begum . Princess Zeenat-un-Nissa is known by historians for her piety and extensive charity. :14,318 CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Death * 3 See also * 4 References LIFEZeenat-un-Nissa ("Jewel among Women") was born on 5 October 1643, probably in Aurangabad to Dilras Banu Begum, Aurangzeb's first wife and chief consort. Her mother was a princess of the prominent Safavid dynasty of Persia and was a daughter of Mirza Badi-uz-Zaman Safavi , the Viceroy of Gujarat . Her paternal grandfather was the fifth Mughal emperor Shah Jahan during whose reign she was born. She had in-depth knowledge of the doctrines of Islam , just like her elder sister, Princess Zeb-un-Nisa and her younger sister, Princess Zubdat-un-Nissa
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Zubdat-un-Nissa
SHAHZADI ZUBDAT-UN-NISSA BEGUM (2 September 1651 – 17 February 1707) was a Mughal princess and the third daughter of Emperor Aurangzeb and his Empress consort Dilras Banu Begum . She married her first cousin , Prince Sipihr Shikoh on 30 January, 1673, he was the third son of her paternal uncle, Crown Prince Dara Shikoh and her aunt Nadira Banu Begum . In 1676, Zubdat gave birth to a son, Shahzada Ali Tabar, who died within six months of his birth. REFERENCES * ^ Sir Jadunath Sarkar (1981). Volume 3 of History of Aurangzib: Mainly Based on Persian Sources. South Asian Publishers. p. 39. * ^ Hansen, Waldemar (1972). The Peacock Throne : The Drama of Mogul India. (1. Indian ed., repr. ed.). Motilal Banarsidass. p
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Betrothed
An ENGAGEMENT, BETROTHAL, or FIANCER is a promise to wed, and also the period of time between a marriage proposal and a marriage . During this period, a couple is said to be betrothed, intended, affianced, engaged to be married, or simply engaged. Future brides and grooms may be called the betrothed, a wife-to-be or husband-to-be, fiancée or fiancé (from the French word of the same form), respectively. The duration of the courtship varies vastly, and is largely dependent on cultural norms or upon the agreement of the parties involved. Long engagements were once common in formal arranged marriages , and it was not uncommon for parents betrothing children to arrange marriages many years before the engaged couple were old enough. This is still common place in some countries
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Shaista Khan
1664 – 1688 as Bengal
Bengal
1658–1669 as Khandesh(Deccan) PREDECESSOR Mir Jumla SUCCESSOR Ibrahim Khan ISSUE Bujurg Umid Khan Iran Dukht Rahmat Banu (Bibi Pari) FATHER Asaf Khan IV
Asaf Khan IV
MIRZA ABU TALIB, better known as SHAISTA KHAN (Bengali : শায়েস্তা খান) was a subahdar and a general in the Mughal army. A maternal uncle to Emperor Aurangzeb
Aurangzeb
, he served as the Mughal governor of Bengal
Bengal
from 1664 to 1688, and was a key figure during the rule of his nephew. Under Shaista Khan's authority, the city of Dhaka
Dhaka
and Mughal power in the province attained its greatest heights. One of this notable achievements was the Mughal conquest of Chittagong
Chittagong

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Zeb-un-Nissa
ZEB-UN-NISSA (Persian : زیب النساء مخفی‎‎) (15 February 1638 – 26 May 1702) was a Mughal princess and the eldest child of Emperor Aurangzeb (3 November 1618 – 3 March 1707) and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum . She was also a poet, who wrote under the pseudonym of "Makhfi" (مخفی, "Hidden One"). Imprisoned by her father in the last 20 years of her life at Salimgarh Fort , Delhi , Princess Zeb-un-Nissa is remembered as a poet, and her writings were collected posthumously as Diwan-i-Makhfi
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Niccolao Manucci
NICCOLAO MANUCCI (19 April 1638–1717) was an Italian writer and traveller. He worked in the Mughal court. He worked in the service of Dara Shikoh , Shah Alam, Raja Jai Singh and Kirat Singh. CONTENTS * 1 Storia do Mogor * 2 Controversy * 3 Works online * 4 Further reading * 5 See also STORIA DO MOGORManucci is famous for his work "Storia do Mogor", an account of Mughal history and life. Manucci had first-hand knowledge of the Mughal court, and the book is considered to be the most detailed account of the Mughal court . It is an important account of the time of the later reign of Shah Jahan and of the reign of Aurangzeb . He wrote about his work: "I must add, that I have not relied on the knowledge of others; and I have spoken nothing which I have not seen or undergone..." . CONTROVERSYManucci spent almost his entire life in India. He would then send home the manuscript for "Storia do Mogor" which was lent to the French historian François Catrou in 1707
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Mirza Badi-uz-Zaman Safavi
BADI-UZ-ZAMAN SAFAVI (died 1659) better known by the title, SHAHNAWAZ KHAN, and popularly known as MIRZA DECCAN; was a prince of the Safavid dynasty of Iran (Persia) and a powerful amir at the Mughal court during Emperor Shah Jahan 's reign. He was also the father-in-law of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and his younger brother, Prince Murad Baksh . CONTENTS * 1 Family and lineage * 2 At the Mughal court * 3 Death * 4 References FAMILY AND LINEAGEShahnawaz Khan was the son of Mirza Rustam Safavi, who rose to eminence during Emperor Jahangir 's reign. Khan belonged to the lineage of the old Mashad princes of Iran - his great-grandfather was the son of Shah Ismail I Safavi of the Safavid Empire . He was married to Nauras Banu Begum, the daughter of Mirza Muhammad Sharif
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Safavid Dynasty
The SAFAVID DYNASTY (/ˈsɑːfəvɪd/ ; Persian : دودمان صفوی‎‎ Dudmān e Safavi ) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran
Iran
, often considered the beginning of modern Iranian history. The Safavid shahs ruled over one of the so-called gunpowder empires . They ruled one of the greatest Iranian empires after the 7th-century Muslim conquest of Iran
Iran
, and established the Twelver school of Shia Islam
Shia Islam
as the official religion of the empire, marking one of the most important turning points in Muslim history
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Iran
IRAN (Persian : ایران‬‎ Irān ( listen )), also known as PERSIA (/ˈpɜːrʒə/ ), officially the ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (Persian : جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‬‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān ( listen )), is a sovereign state in Western Asia . With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran
Iran
is the world's 18th-most-populous country . Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world
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Sultan Muhammad Akbar
MUHAMMAD AKBAR (11 September 1657 – 31 March 1706) was a Mughal prince and the youngest son of Emperor Aurangzeb and his chief consort Dilras Banu Begum . He led a rebellion against his father and fled the Deccan after the failure of that venture. He later went into exile to Persia , where he died. He was the father of Nikusiyar , who was Mughal emperor for a few months in 1719. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 The Rajput War * 3 Akbar\'s rebellion * 4 Aftermath * 5 Legacy * 6 Notes * 7 References * 8 External links EARLY LIFEMuhammad Akbar was born on 11 September 1657 in Aurangabad to Prince Muhi-ud-Din (later known as 'Aurangzeb' upon his accession) and his first wife and chief consort Dilras Banu Begum. His mother was a princess of the prominent Safavid dynasty of Iran (Persia ) and was the daughter of Mirza Badi-uz-Zaman Safavi , the Viceroy of Gujarat . Dilras died when Akbar was only one month old
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Dacca
DHAKA (Bengali : ঢাকা, pronounced ; /ˈdɑːkə/ DAH-kə or /ˈdækə/ DAK-ə ) is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
. The name of the city was spelled as Dacca, which was an anglicisation name until the current spelling was adopted in 1983 to match with Bengali pronunciation. Located in an eponymous district and division , it lies along the east bank of the Buriganga River
Buriganga River
in the heart of the Bengal delta
Bengal delta
. The city is a microcosm of the entire country, with diverse religious and ethnic communities. Dhaka
Dhaka
is the economic, cultural and political center of Bangladesh. It is a major financial center of South Asia. It is one of the world\'s most populated cities and within OIC countries , with a population of 17 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area . It is also the 4th most densely populated city in the world
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Ahom Kingdom
Assam
Assam
, Nagaland
Nagaland
, Tripura
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Bijapur Fort
The BIJAPUR FORT (Kannada : ವಿಜಾಪುರ ಕೋಟೆ Vijapur kote) is located in the Bijapur city in Bijapur District of the Indian state of Karnataka . Bijapur fort has a plethora of historical monuments of architectural importance built during the rule of Adil Shahi dynasty. The Adil Shahi Sultans who ruled for nearly 200 years in Bijapur had expended their utmost authority, almost exclusively, on architecture and the allied arts, each Sultan endeavored to excel his predecessor in the number, size, or splendor of his building projects. As a result, the buildings seen in and around Bijapur Fort and the town have been rightly called as the Agra of South India
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Sikandar Adil Shah
SIKANDAR ADIL SHAH was placed on the throne of Bijapur in 1672 at four years of age. Therefore, his reign (1672–1686) is one of regents and ministers and was marked by chronic civil war among factious nobles, independence of provincial governors, paralysis of the central administration, Mughal invasions, secret alliances but pretend hostilities with the Maratha Empire
Maratha Empire
and other neighbors, and the final absorption of Bijapur into the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
in 1686. The prestige of Bijapur was so seriously damaged by internal disruptions that the Mughal General Diler Khan almost coerced and humiliated Sikandar. Despite several sacrifices and desperate attempts on the part of Sikandar, he could not satisfy the growing greed of the Mughals
Mughals
. Sikandar’s alliance with Sambhaji
Sambhaji
(who was Hindu) further aggravated Mughal-Bijapur relations
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Subahdar
SUBAHDAR ( Urdu
Urdu
: صوبہ دار‎) (also known as NAZIM or in English as a "SUBAH" ) was one of the designations of a governor of a Subah (province) during the Mughal era of India
India
who was alternately designated as Sahib-i-Subah or Nazim. The word, Subahdar
Subahdar
is of Persian origin The Subahdar
Subahdar
was the head of the Mughal provincial administration. He was assisted by the provincial Diwan, Bakshi, Faujdar, Kotwal, Qazi, Sadr, Waqa-i-Navis, Qanungo and Patwari. The Subahdars were normally appointed from the Mughal princes or the officers holding the highest mansabs (ranks). NAZIM "Nazim" redirects here. For people with the name, see Nazim (name)
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