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Mirza Nasrullah Khan
MIRZA NASRULLAH KHAN (1840 – 13 September 1907) (Persian : میرزا نصرالله خان نایینی‎‎), titled MOSHIR AL-DOWLEH, was the first Iranian Prime Minister. He became Iranian Prime Minister following the introduction of the Persian Constitution of 1906 , establishing Iran's first legitimate government approved by the Majlis on 7 October 1906. Before becoming Prime Minister, he had served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs. He died in circumstances said to be suspicious and was buried in Imamzadeh Saleh of Tajrish . EARLY LIFEBorn in 1840 to a family of religious leaders, he grew up in Nain before later travelling to Tehran . In 1862 he married the daughter of wealthy merchant named Mirza Taghi Ajoodan
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List Of Prime Ministers Of Iran
This is a LIST OF PRIME MINISTERS OF IRAN from the creation of the office in 1906 during the Persian Constitutional Revolution , until 1989 when the post was abolished after the constitutional referendum . Prime Minister was the head of government of Iran . After the Constitutional Revolution, Nasrullah Moshir al-Dowleh was the first and Mir-Hossein Mousavi was the last Prime Minister of Iran . Before the Constitutional Revolution, the head of government was called Grand Vizier (Sadr-e A'zam or Vazir-e A'zam)
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Prime Minister Of Iran
The PRIME MINISTER OF IRAN was a political post in Iran
Iran
that had existed during several different periods of time starting with the Qajar era (when the country was internationally known as Persia) until its most recent revival from 1979 to 1989 following the Iranian Revolution . CONTENTS * 1 Prime Ministers of Qajar era * 2 Prime Ministers of Pahlavi era * 3 Prime Ministers of Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
* 4 Living former Prime Ministers * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Sources PRIME MINISTERS OF QAJAR ERAIn the Qajar era, prime ministers were known by different titles. The post itself was mainly known as ataabak or ataabak-e a'zam (grand ataabak), or sometimes sadr-e a'zam (premier) at the beginning, but became ra'is ol-vozaraa (head of ministers) at the end. The title of nakhost vazir (prime minister) was rarely used. The prime minister was usually called by the honorific title hazrat-e ashraf
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Mozaffar Ad-Din Shah Qajar
MOZAFFAR AD-DIN SHAH QAJAR, (Persian : مظفرالدین شاه قاجار‎‎, Mozaffar Ŝāh-e Qājār, Muẓaffari’d-Dīn Shāh Qājār; 23 March 1853 – 3 January 1907) was the fifth Qajar king of Persia . He reigned between the years 1896 and 1907. He is credited with the creation of the Persian constitution, and often wrongly credited with the rise of the Persian Constitutional Revolution which took place immediately after his death. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Honours * 3 Children * 4 List of Premiers * 5 Historical anecdotes * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links BIOGRAPHYThe son of the Qajar ruler Naser al-Din Shah Qajar
Naser al-Din Shah Qajar
, Mozaffar ad-Din was named crown prince and sent as governor to the northern province of Azerbaijan in 1861
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Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
MOHAMMAD ALI SHAH QAJAR (Persian : محمدعلی شاه قاجار‎‎) (21 June 1872 – 5 April 1925, Sanremo
Sanremo
, Italy) was the sixth king of Qajar Dynasty , Shah
Shah
of Persia
Persia
from 8 January 1907 to 16 July 1909. CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Honours * 3 Marriages and children * 3.1 Wives * 3.2 Children * 4 List of Prime Ministers * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links BIOGRAPHYMohammad Ali Shah
Shah
Qajar was opposed to the constitution that was ratified during the reign of his father, Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
. In 1907 Mohammad Ali dissolved the parliament and declared the Constitution abolished because it was contrary to Islamic law . He bombarded the Majles (Persian parliament) with the military and political support of Russia and Britain
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Abdol Majid Mirza
ABDOL MAJID MIRZA EYN-ED-DOWLEH (1845–1927), Qajar prince and Prime Minister, was the eldest son of Prince Soltan Ahmad Mirza Azod Al-Duleh and grandson of Fat\'h Ali Shah Qajar
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List Of Premiers Of Iran (1699–1907)
The following is a LIST OF PREMIERS OF IRAN from the creation of the office in 1699 until 1907, when the office of Prime Minister of Iran was created during the Iranian Constitutional Revolution
Iranian Constitutional Revolution
. CONTENTS * 1 Chief Ministers (1699–1747) * 2 Viceroys, Nayeb-os-Saltaneh (1747–1754) * 3 Chancellor, Sadr-e-A\'zam (1750–1871) * 4 Premiers (1871–1907) * 5 See also * 6 Sources CHIEF MINISTERS (1699–1747) * Muhammad Mu\'min Khan Shamlu (1699–1707) * Shah Quli Khan Zangana (1707–1715) * Fath-Ali Khan Daghestani (1715–1722) * Mohammad Qoli Khan Shamlu (c
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Mirza Ali Asghar Khan Amin Al-Sultan
MIRZA ALI ASGHAR KHAN (Persian : میرزا علی‌اصغر خان‎); 6 January 1858 – 31 August 1907), also known by his honorific titles of AMIN AL-SOLTAN and ATABAK, was the last prime minister of Iran
Iran
under Naser al-Din Shah Qajar . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Exile and return * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Sources EARLY LIFEAli Asghar was born on 6 January 1858. He was the second son of Agha Ebrahim , an influential court minister of Georgian origin. When Ali Asghar was 15 years old, he began helping his father in politics. The next year, Ali Asghar and his father accompanied Naser al-Din Shah to his pilgrimage to the holy Shi\'a cities of Najaf , Karbala , Kadhimiya , and Samarra
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Nain, Iran
NAIN (Persian : نایین or نائين‎‎, also Romanized as Nā’īN, NāEYN, and NAIN) is a city in and the capital of Nain County , Isfahan Province , Iran
Iran
. At the 2011 census, its population was 25,379 in 7,730 families. Na’in (also known as Naein and Naeen) lies 170 km north of Yazd and 140 km east of Esfahan with an area of almost 35,000 km², Na’in lies at an altitude of 1545 m above sea level. Like much of the Iranian plateau, it has a desert climate, with a maximum temperature of 41 °C in summer, and a minimum of -9 °C in winter. More than 3,000 years ago the Persians learned how to construct aqueducts underground (_QANAT_ in Persianکاریز, or _kariz_) to bring water from the mountains to the plains. In the 1960s this ancient system provided more than 70 percent of the water used in Iran and Na’in is one of the best places in all the world to see these qanats functioning
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Qajar Dynasty
The QAJAR DYNASTY (_ listen (help ·info ); Persian : سلسله قاجار‎‎ Selsele-ye Qājār_; also romanised as GHAJAR, KADJAR, QACHAR etc.; Azerbaijani : _قاجارلر Qacarlar_) was an Iranian royal dynasty of Turkic origin, specifically from the Qajar tribe , which ruled Persia
Persia
( Iran
Iran
) from 1785 to 1925. The state ruled by the dynasty was officially known as the SUBLIME STATE OF PERSIA (Persian : دولت علیّه ایران‎‎ _Dowlat-e Aliyye-ye Irān_). The Qajar family took full control of Iran
Iran
in 1794, deposing Lotf \'Ali Khan , the last of the Zand dynasty
Zand dynasty
, and re-asserted Iranian sovereignty over large parts of the Caucasus
Caucasus

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Tehran
TEHRAN (Persian : تهران‎‎ _Tehrān_, pronounced ( listen )) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province . With a population of around 8.8 million in the city and 15 million in its larger metropolitan area , Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia , and it has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East . It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area. In the Classical era , part of the territory of present-day Tehran was occupied by Rhages , a prominent Median city. It was subject to destruction following the Arab , Turkic , and Mongol invasions. Its modern-day inheritor remains as an urban area absorbed into the metropolitan area of Greater Tehran
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Hassan Pirnia
HASSAN PIRNIA (Persian : حسن پیرنیا‎‎ ‎; 1872–1935) was a prominent Iranian politician of 20th-century Iran
Iran
. He held a total of twenty-four posts during his political career, serving four times as Prime Minister of Iran . He was also a historian, co-founding the Society for the National Heritage of Iran
Iran
. CONTENTS * 1 Personal life * 2 Career * 3 Books and cultural contributions * 4 References PERSONAL LIFEHassan was the eldest son of Mirza Nasrullah Khan , a Prime Minister during the Qajar era. Hassan also had a younger brother named Hossein , who served as speaker of the Parliament of Iran
Iran
. CAREERHassan became Iran's Minister to the Russian Court before returning to Iran, where he founded the Tehran
Tehran
School of Political Science in 1899
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Hossein Pirnia
HOSSEIN PIRNIA, also known as MO\'TAMEN AL MOLK, (1875–1948) was an Iranian politician who served as speaker of the Parliament of Iran from 1914 to 1925, and again from 1928 to 1929. His father, Mirza Nasrullah Khan , and his elder brother, Hassan Pirnia
Hassan Pirnia
, both served as Prime Minister of Iran . Pirnia played a significant role in the drafting of the Persian Constitution of 1906 and served as Minister of Education in 1918 and Minister without portfolio in 1920. He was elected to every session of the Parliament (Majlis) from 1906, serving as speaker for more than eleven years in total. In 1943 he was elected from Tehran to the 14th session of Parliament but declined to serve. SOURCES * Ghani, Cyrus, Iran and the Rise of Reza Shah: From Qajar Collapse to Pahlavi Power (I.B. Tauris: London, 2000). ISBN 1-86064-629-8 * Azimi, Fakhreddin, The Quest for Democracy in Iran (Harvard University Press: 2010)
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Persian Language
PERSIAN (/ˈpɜːrʒən/ or /ˈpɜːrʃən/ ), also known by its endonym FARSI (فارسی _fārsi_ ( listen )), is one of the Western Iranian languageswithin the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family . It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan(officially known as DARI since 1958), and Tajikistan (officially known as TAJIKI since the Soviet era), and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script. The Persian languageis classified as a continuation of Middle Persian , the official religious and literary language of the Sasanian Empire , itself a continuation of Old Persian, the language of the Achaemenid Empire. Its grammar is similar to that of many contemporary European languages
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Iran
IRAN (/ɪˈrɑːn/ (_ listen ), also /ɪˈræn/ ; Persian : ایران‎‎ Irān_ (_ listen )), also known as PERSIA (/ˈpɜːrʒə/ ), officially the ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (Persian : جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān_ (_ listen )), is a sovereign state in Western Asia . It is bordered to the northwest by Armenia , the de facto_ independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic , the Republic of Azerbaijan , and the exclave of Nakhchivan ; to the north by the Caspian Sea ; to the northeast by Turkmenistan ; to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan ; to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman ; and to the west by Turkey and Iraq . With over 79.92 million inhabitants (as of March 2017 ), Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country
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Persian Constitution Of 1906
The PERSIA CONSTITUTION OF 1906 was the first constitution of Persia (Iran) that resulted from the Persian Constitutional Revolution and it was written by Hassan Pirnia , Hossein Pirnia and Ismail Mumtaz among others. It divides into five chapters with many articles that developed over several years. The Belgian constitution , like the constitutions of other European states, served as a partial model for the Iranian constitution
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