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Minister General
Minister General is the term used for the leader or Superior General of the different branches of the Order of Friars Minor. It is a term exclusive to them, and comes directly from its founder, St. Francis of Assisi.[1] He chose this word over "Superior" out of his vision that the brothers of the Order were all to be equal, and that the friar supervising his brothers was to be a servant who cared for (ministered to) them, not one who lorded over them. The original term is minister generalis in Latin and is found in Chapter 8 of the Rule of St. Francis. The term is sometimes written as "General Minister", but this is the official form in the English language, in keeping with other official titles. Francis chose this term to designate the leaders of the various communities scattered around Europe even within his lifetime. In the 20th century, the term also came to be used as well by many religious congregations of the Third Order of St
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Friar
A friar is a brother member of one of the mendicant orders founded since the twelfth or thirteenth century; the term distinguishes the mendicants' itinerant apostolic character, exercised broadly under the jurisdiction of a superior general, from the older monastic orders' allegiance to a single monastery formalized by their vow of stability. The most significant orders of friars are the Dominicans, Franciscans, Augustinians
Augustinians
and Carmelites.[1]Contents1 Definition 2 Etymology 3 Orders3.1 Major Orders 3.2 Lesser orders4 Uses by other Christian traditions 5 Other usage of the name 6 See also 7 ReferencesDefinition[edit] Friars are different from monks in that they are called to live the evangelical counsels (vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience) in service to society, rather than through cloistered asceticism and devotion
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Congregation (catholic)
In the Roman Catholic Church, the term "congregation" is used not only in the senses that it has in other contexts (to indicate, for instance, a gathering for worship or some other purpose), but also to mean specifically either a type of department of the Roman Curia, or a type of religious institute, or certain organized groups of Augustinian, Benedictine, and Cistercian
Cistercian
houses.Contents1 Department of the Roman Curia 2 Type of religious institute 3 Group of Augustinian, Benedictine
Benedictine
or Cistercian
Cistercian
houses3.1 Canons Regular 3.2 Benedictines3.2.1 Previously independent monastic Orders which have joined the Benedictine
Benedictine
Confederation3.3 Cistercians4 See also 5 ReferencesDepartment of the Roman Curia[edit] Main article: Congregation (Roman Curia) The term "congregation" is used for the highest-ranking departments of the Roman Curia
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Third Order Of St. Francis
Third
Third
or 3rd may refer to:Contents1 Numbers 2 Music2.1 Music theory 2.2 Albums3 Other uses 4 See alsoNumbers[edit]3rd, the ordinal form of the cardinal number 3 fraction (mathematics), ​1⁄3, a fraction that is one of three equal parts ​1⁄60 of a second, or ​1⁄3,600 of a minuteMusic[edit] Music theory[edit] Interval number
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Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992 album by Vesta Williams "Special" (Garb
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Minister General (Franciscan)
Minister may refer to:Minister (Christianity), a Christian minister Minister (diplomacy), the rank of diplomat directly below ambassador Minister (government), a politician the member of government who heads a ministry (government department) Ministerialis, a member of a noble class in the Holy Roman Empire Shadow minister, a member of a Shadow Cabinet of the oppositionSee also[edit]Ministry (other) Minster (other) Yes MinisterThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Minister. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the
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Francis Of Assisi
Saint Francis of Assisi
Assisi
(Italian: San Francesco d'Assisi), born Giovanni di Pietro di Bernardone, informally named as Francesco (1181/1182 – 3 October 1226),[2] was an Italian Catholic friar, deacon and preacher. He founded the men's Order of Friars Minor, the women’s Order of Saint Clare, the Third Order of Saint Francis and the Custody of the Holy Land. Francis is one of the most venerated religious figures in history.[3] Pope Gregory IX
Pope Gregory IX
canonized Francis on 16 July 1228. Along with Saint Catherine of Siena, he was designated Patron saint
Patron saint
of Italy. He later became associated with patronage of animals and the natural environment, and it became customary for Catholic
Catholic
and Anglican churches to hold ceremonies blessing animals on his feast day of 4 October. He is often remembered as the patron saint of animals
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Minister (Christianity)
In Christianity, a minister is a person authorized by a church, or other religious organization, to perform functions such as teaching of beliefs; leading services such as weddings, baptisms or funerals; or otherwise providing spiritual guidance to the community
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Superior General
A Superior General or General Superior is the leader or head of a religious institute in the Roman Catholic Church. The Superior General usually holds supreme executive authority in the religious order, while the general chapter has legislative authority.[citation needed] The figure of Superior General first emerged in the thirteenth century with the development of the centralized government of the Mendicant Orders. The Friars Minor (Franciscans) organized their community under a Minister General, and the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) appointed a Master General.[citation needed] Due to restrictions on women religious, especially the obligation of cloister for nuns, congregations of women were not initially able to organize with their own Superior General. In 1609, Mary Ward was the superior general of a religious institute that imitated the Jesuit model, but the institute was not accepted by the Roman Curia
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Order Of Friars Minor
The Order of Friars Minor
Order of Friars Minor
(also called the Franciscans, the Franciscan Order, or the Seraphic Order;[1] postnominal abbreviation O.F.M.) is a mendicant Catholic religious order, founded in 1209 by Francis of Assisi. The order adheres to the teachings and spiritual disciplines of the founder and of his main associates and followers, such as Clare of Assisi, Anthony of Padua, and Elizabeth of Hungary, among many others. The Order of Friars Minor
Order of Friars Minor
is considered to the successor to the original Franciscan Order within the Catholic Church, and is the largest of the contemporary First Orders within the Franciscan movement. Francis began preaching around 1207 and traveled to Rome
Rome
to seek approval of his order from Pope Innocent III
Pope Innocent III
in 1209
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List Of Ministers General Of The Order Of Friars Minor
This is a list of the ministers general of the Order of Friars Minor.Contents1 Ministers General up to 1517 2 Ministers General of the Friars Minor
Friars Minor
(OFM) 3 Ministers General of the Conventuals (OFM Conv.) 4 General Vicars and Ministers General of the Capuchins (OFMcap) 5 ReferencesMinisters General up to 1517[edit] Francis of Assisi
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