HOME TheInfoList.com
Providing Lists of Related Topics to Help You Find Great Stuff
[::MainTopicLength::#1500] [::ListTopicLength::#1000] [::ListLength::#15] [::ListAdRepeat::#3]

Mentuhotep IV
Nebtawyre MENTUHOTEP IV was the last king of the 11th Dynasty
11th Dynasty
. He seems to fit into a 7-year period in the Turin Canon
Turin Canon
for which there is no recorded king. CONTENTS * 1 Rock inscriptions * 2 End of reign * 3 References * 4 Further reading ROCK INSCRIPTIONSHe is known from a few inscriptions in Wadi Hammamat
Wadi Hammamat
that record expeditions to the Red Sea
Red Sea
coast and to quarry stone for the royal monuments. It seems that he was a son of his predecessor. Also, he is attested by the inscriptions at Wadi el-Hudi . Another relevant inscription is found in Ain Sukhna . These locations were the usual staging harbours for the expeditions to the Sinai
[...More...]

"Mentuhotep IV" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Mummification
A MUMMY is a deceased human or an animal whose skin and organs have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals , extreme cold, very low humidity , or lack of air, so that the recovered body does not decay further if kept in cool and dry conditions. Some authorities restrict the use of the term to bodies deliberately embalmed with chemicals, but the use of the word to cover accidentally desiccated bodies goes back to at least 1615 CE (See the section Etymology and meaning ). Mummies of humans and other animals have been found on every continent, both as a result of natural preservation through unusual conditions, and as cultural artifacts. Over one million animal mummies have been found in Egypt, many of which are cats. Many of the Egyptian animal mummies are sacred ibis, and radiocarbon dating suggests that the Egyptian Ibis mummies that have been analyzed were from time frame that falls between approximately 450 and 250 BC
[...More...]

"Mummification" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
[...More...]

"International Standard Book Number" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Lisht
LISHT or EL-LISHT is an Egyptian village located south of Cairo
Cairo
. It is the site of Middle Kingdom royal and elite burials, including two pyramids built by Amenemhat I
Amenemhat I
and Senusret I
Senusret I
. The two main pyramids were surrounded by smaller pyramids of members of the royal family, and many mastaba tombs of high officials and their family members. They were constructed throughout the Twelfth and Thirteenth Dynasties. The site is also known for the tomb of Senebtisi
Senebtisi
, found undisturbed and from which a set of jewelry has been recovered. The pyramid complex of Senusret I
Senusret I
is the best preserved from this period. The coffins in the tomb of Sesenebnef present the earliest versions of the Book of the Dead
Book of the Dead

[...More...]

"Lisht" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Slate
biotite , chlorite , hematite , pyrite Specific gravity: 2.7 – 2.8 A piece of slate (~ 6 cm long and ~ 4 cm high) SLATE is a fine-grained, foliated , homogeneous metamorphic rock derived from an original shale -type sedimentary rock composed of clay or volcanic ash through low-grade regional metamorphism . It is the finest grained foliated metamorphic rock. Foliation may not correspond to the original sedimentary layering, but instead is in planes perpendicular to the direction of metamorphic compression. The foliation in slate is called "slaty cleavage ". It is caused by strong compression causing fine grained clay flakes to regrow in planes perpendicular to the compression. When expertly "cut" by striking parallel to the foliation, with a specialized tool in the quarry, many slates will display a property called fissility , forming smooth flat sheets of stone which have long been used for roofing , floor tiles, and other purposes
[...More...]

"Slate" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Abydos, Egypt
ABYDOS /əˈbaɪdɒs/ is one of the oldest cities of ancient Egypt
Egypt
, and also of the eighth nome in Upper Egypt
Egypt
, of which it was the capital city. It is located about 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) west of the Nile
Nile
at latitude 26° 10' N, near the modern Egyptian towns of el-\'Araba el Madfuna and al-Balyana . In the ancient Egyptian language , the city was called ABDJU (ꜣbdw or AbDw). The English name Abydos comes from the Greek Ἄβυδος, a name borrowed by Greek geographers from the unrelated city of Abydos on the Hellespont . Amy, Flinders Petrie's sister-in-law, buying antiquities at Abydos, c. 1899 Considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Egypt, the sacred city of Abydos was the site of many ancient temples , including Umm el-Qa\'ab , a royal necropolis where early pharaohs were entombed
[...More...]

"Abydos, Egypt" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
[...More...]

"Special" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Min (god)
MIN (Egyptian mnw ) is an ancient Egyptian god whose cult originated in predynastic period (4th millennium BCE). He was represented in many different forms, but was most often represented in male human form, shown with an erect penis which he holds in his left hand and an upheld right arm holding a flail . As Khem or Min, he was the god of reproduction; as Khnum
Khnum
, he was the creator of all things, "the maker of gods and men". CONTENTS * 1 Myths and function * 2 Appearance * 3 Family * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links MYTHS AND FUNCTION Variant depiction of anthropomorphic Min Min's cult began and was centered around Coptos (Koptos) and Akhmim (Panopolis) of upper Egypt , where in his honour great festivals were held celebrating his “coming forth” with a public procession and presentation of offerings
[...More...]

"Min (god)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Early Dynastic Period (Egypt)
The ARCHAIC or EARLY DYNASTIC PERIOD of Egypt
Egypt
is the era immediately following the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt
Lower Egypt
c. 3100 BC. It is generally taken to include the First and Second Dynasties , lasting from the end of the Naqada III archaeological period until about 2686 BC, or the beginning of the Old Kingdom
Old Kingdom
. With the First Dynasty , the capital moved from Thinis
Thinis
to Memphis with a unified Egypt
Egypt
ruled by an Egyptian god-king . Abydos remained the major holy land in the south. The hallmarks of ancient Egyptian civilization, such as art , architecture and many aspects of religion , took shape during the Early Dynastic period. Damaged basalt head of a foreigner, from a door socket. Early Dynastic Period, 1st to 2nd Dynasties. From Thebes, Egypt
[...More...]

"Early Dynastic Period (Egypt)" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

First Dynasty Of Egypt
The FIRST DYNASTY of ancient Egypt (DYNASTY I) covers the first series of Egyptian kings to rule over a unified Egypt. It immediately follows the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt , possibly by Narmer , and marks the beginning of the Early Dynastic Period , a time at which power was centered at Thinis . The date of this period is subject to scholarly debate about the Egyptian chronology
Egyptian chronology
. It falls within the early Bronze Age
Bronze Age
and is variously estimated to have begun anywhere between the 34th and the 30th centuries BC. In a 2013 study based on radiocarbon dates, the beginning of the First Dynasty - the accession of Hor-Aha
Hor-Aha
- was placed at 3100 BC give or take a century (3218–3035, with 95% confidence)
[...More...]

"First Dynasty Of Egypt" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Upper Egypt
UPPER EGYPT (Egyptian Arabic
Arabic
: صعيد مصر‎‎ Saʿīīd Maṣr, shortened to الصعيد El Ṣeʿīd; pronounced , Coptic : ⲙⲁⲣⲏⲥ) is the strip of land on both sides of the Nile
Nile
that extends between Nubia
Nubia
and downriver (northwards) to Lower Egypt
Lower Egypt

[...More...]

"Upper Egypt" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Lower Egypt
LOWER EGYPT (Egyptian Arabic : مصر السفلى‎‎ Maṣr El Sofla) is the northernmost region of Egypt : the fertile Nile Delta , between Upper Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea — from El Aiyat, south of modern-day Cairo , and Dahshur . CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 List of kings of the Predynastic Period of Lower Egypt * 4 List of nomes * 5 See also * 6 References GEOGRAPHYIn ancient times, Pliny the Elder (N.H. 5.11) said that upon reaching the delta the Nile split into seven branches (from east to west): the Pelusiac , the Tanitic , the Mendesian , the Phatnitic , the Sebennytic , the Bolbitine , and the Canopic . Today there are two principal channels that the Nile takes through the river 's delta: one in the west at Rashid and one in the east at Damietta
[...More...]

"Lower Egypt" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

First Intermediate Period Of Egypt
The FIRST INTERMEDIATE PERIOD, often described as a "dark period" in ancient Egyptian history, spanned approximately one hundred and twenty-five years, from c. 2181–2055 BC, after the end of the Old Kingdom . It included the seventh, eighth , ninth , tenth , and part of the eleventh dynasties . Very little monumental evidence survives from this period, especially towards the beginning of the era. The First Intermediate Period was a dynamic time in history where rule of Egypt
Egypt
was roughly divided between two competing power bases. One of those bases resided at Heracleopolis in Lower Egypt
Egypt
, a city just south of the Faiyum region. The other resided at Thebes in Upper Egypt . It is believed that during this time, the temples were pillaged and violated, their existing artwork was vandalized, and the statues of kings were broken or destroyed as a result of this alleged political chaos
[...More...]

"First Intermediate Period Of Egypt" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

Ain Sukhna
AIN SOKHNA (Arabic : العين السخنة‎‎ El ʿĒn El Sokhna Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: , "the Hot Spring") is a town in the Suez Governorate , lying on the western shore of the Red Sea 's Gulf of Suez . It is situated 55 km south of Suez and approximately 120 km east of Cairo . HISTORYRecent archaeological excavations have shown that there was an ancient Egyptian port and settlement in this area. The site was first brought to attention in 1999 by Professor Mahmud Abd El Raziq. French and Egyptian archaeologists have been investigating this area since that time. As early as the Old Kingdom, seafaring expeditions on the Red Sea were organized from this port. Similar material was also found at the Wadi Maghareh , where many Old Kingdom inscriptions are found. CLIMATEKöppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), as the rest of Egypt
[...More...]

"Ain Sukhna" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Naqada III
NAQADA III is the last phase of the NAQADA CULTURE of ancient Egyptian prehistory , dating approximately from 3200 to 3000 BC. It is the period during which the process of state formation , which had begun to take place in Naqada II , became highly visible, with named kings heading powerful polities . NAQADA III is often referred to as DYNASTY 0 or the PROTODYNASTIC PERIOD to reflect the presence of kings at the head of influential states, although, in fact, the kings involved would not have been a part of a dynasty. They would more probably have been completely unrelated and very possibly in competition with each other. In this period, those kings' names were inscribed in the form of serekhs on a variety of surfaces including pottery and tombs. The Protodynastic Period in ancient Egypt
Egypt
was characterised by an ongoing process of political unification, culminating in the formation of a single state to begin the Early Dynastic Period
[...More...]

"Naqada III" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo

picture info

Monthu
MONTU was a falcon -god of war in Ancient Egyptian religion
Ancient Egyptian religion
. Montu's name, shown in Egyptian hieroglyphs
Egyptian hieroglyphs
to the right, is technically transcribed as mntw. Because of the difficulty in transcribing Egyptian, it is often realized as MONT, MONTHU, MONTJU, or MENTHU. Montu
Montu
was an ancient god, his name meaning nomad, originally a manifestation of the scorching effect of the sun, Ra , and as such often appeared under the epithet Montu-Ra. The destructiveness of this characteristic led to him gaining characteristics of a warrior, and eventually becoming a war-god. Because of the association of raging bulls with strength and war, Montu
Montu
was also said to manifest himself in a white bull with a black face, which was referred to as the Bakha . Egypt's greatest general-kings called themselves Mighty Bulls, the sons of Montu
[...More...]

"Monthu" on:
Wikipedia
Google
Yahoo
.