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Mehit
MEHIT or MEHYT was an Ancient Egyptian goddess. In the Early Dynastic period she was depicted as a reclining lioness with three bent poles projecting from her back. In that era she appears in numerous early dynastic sealings and ivory artifacts, usually together with a representation of an Upper Egyptian shrine. Her main places of worship were Hierakonpolis and Thinis
Thinis
. Mehit
Mehit
was the consort of Anhur
Anhur
, or Onuris, a hunter god who was worshipped in Thinis. Various texts allude to a myth in which Anhur tracks down Mehit
Mehit
in Nubia
Nubia
and brings her to Egypt as his wife. This event is the basis for Anhur's name, which means "bringer-back of the distant one"
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List Of Ancient Egyptian Towns And Cities
This is a LIST OF KNOWN ANCIENT EGYPTIAN TOWNS AND CITIES. The list is for sites intended for permanent settlement and does not include fortresses and other locations of intermittent habitation. Use Ctrl + F and enter the town's name or alternative name for convenience
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Clothing In Ancient Egypt
CLOTHING (also known as CLOTHES and ATTIRE) is fiber and textile material worn on the body. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of nearly all human societies . The amount and type of clothing worn depends on body type, social, and geographic considerations. Some clothing can be gender-specific. Physically, clothing serves many purposes: it can serve as protection from the elements , and can enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking. It protects the wearer from rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, splinters, thorns and prickles by providing a barrier between the skin and the environment. Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions. Further, they can provide a hygienic barrier, keeping infectious and toxic materials away from the body. Clothing
Clothing
also provides protection from ultraviolet radiation
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Ancient Egyptian Cuisine
The CUISINE of ANCIENT EGYPT covers a span of over three thousand years, but still retained many consistent traits until well into Greco-Roman
Greco-Roman
times. The staples of both poor and wealthy Egyptians were bread and beer , often accompanied by green-shooted onions , other vegetables , and to a lesser extent meat , game and fish . CONTENTS * 1 Meals * 2 Bread
Bread
* 3 Beer
Beer
* 4 Fruit and vegetables * 5 Meat
Meat
and fish * 6 See also * 7 Notes and references * 8 External links MEALSDepictions of banquets can be found in paintings from both the Old Kingdom and New Kingdom
New Kingdom
. They usually started sometime in the afternoon
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List Of Ancient Egyptian Dynasties
In Ancient Egyptian history, dynasties are series of rulers sharing a common origin who are usually of the same family. Ancient Egypt's historical period is traditionally divided into thirty-one pharaonic dynasties. The first thirty divisions are due to the 3rd century BC Egyptian priest Manetho , and appeared in his now-lost work Aegyptiaca, which was perhaps written for the Greek-speaking Ptolemaic Egyptian ruler of the time. The name of the short-lived thirty-first dynasty is a later coining. While widely used and useful, the system does have its shortcomings. Some dynasties only ruled part of Egypt and existed concurrently with other dynasties based in other cities. The Seventh might not have existed at all, the Tenth seems to be a continuation of the Ninth , and there might have been one or several Upper Egyptian Dynasties before the First Dynasty
Dynasty

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Urban Planning In Ancient Egypt
The use of URBAN PLANNING IN ANCIENT EGYPT is a matter of continuous debate. Because ancient sites usually survive only in fragments, and many ancient Egyptian cities have been continuously inhabited since their original forms, relatively little is actually understood about the general designs of Egyptian towns for any given period. The Egyptians referred to most cities as either nwt or dmi. Nwt usually refers to unplanned cities that grew naturally, such as Memphis and Thebes , while dmi can be translated as "settlement" and usually refers to towns that were laid out along a plan. The archaeological evidence of such cities is best preserved, and has been most thoroughly delved, at el-Lahun , Deir el-Medina , and Amarna , though some averment of urban planning exists at other sites as well
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Egyptian Chronology
The majority of Egyptologists agree on the outline and many details of the chronology of Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
. This scholarly consensus is the so-called CONVENTIONAL EGYPTIAN CHRONOLOGY, which places the beginning of the Old Kingdom
Old Kingdom
in the 27th century BC, the beginning of the Middle Kingdom in the 21st century BC and the beginning of the New Kingdom
New Kingdom
in the mid-16th century BC. Despite this consensus, disagreements remain within the scholarly community, resulting in variant chronologies diverging by about 300 years for the Early Dynastic Period , up to 30 years in the New Kingdom , and a few years in the Late Period
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Ancient Egyptian Architecture
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ARCHITECTURE is the architecture of Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
, one of the most influential civilizations throughout history, which developed a vast array of diverse structures and great architectural monuments along the Nile
Nile
, including pyramids and temples . CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics * 2 Giza pyramid complex * 3 Karnak
Karnak
* 4 Luxor
Luxor
Temple * 5 See also * 6 Notes and references * 7 Further reading * 8 External links CHARACTERISTICSDue to the scarcity of wood, the two predominant building materials used in ancient Egypt
Egypt
were sun-baked mud brick and stone , mainly limestone, but also sandstone and granite in considerable quantities
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Egyptian Revival Architecture
EGYPTIAN REVIVAL is an architectural style that uses the motifs and imagery of ancient Egypt . It is attributed generally to the public awareness of ancient Egyptian monuments generated by Napoleon
Napoleon
's conquest of Egypt and Admiral Nelson
Admiral Nelson
's defeat of Napoleon
Napoleon
at the Battle of the Nile
Battle of the Nile
in 1798. Napoleon
Napoleon
took a scientific expedition with him to Egypt. Publication of the expedition's work, the Description de l\'Égypte , began in 1809 and was published as a series through 1826. However, works of art and architecture (such as funerary monuments) in the Egyptian style had been made or built occasionally on the European continent and the British Isles since the time of the Renaissance
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Art Of Ancient Egypt
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ART is the painting, sculpture, architecture and other arts produced by the civilization of ancient Egypt in the lower Nile
Nile
Valley from about 3000 BC to 30 AD. Ancient Egyptian art reached a high level in painting and sculpture, and was both highly stylized and symbolic . It was famously conservative, and Egyptian styles changed remarkably little over more than three thousand years. Much of the surviving art comes from tombs and monuments and thus there is an emphasis on life after death and the preservation of knowledge of the past. Ancient Egyptian art included paintings, sculpture in wood (now rarely surviving), stone and ceramics, drawings on papyrus, faience, jewelry, ivories, and other art media. It displays an extraordinarily vivid representation of the ancient Egyptian's socioeconomic status and belief systems
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Egyptian Astronomy
EGYPTIAN ASTRONOMY begins in prehistoric times, in the Predynastic Period . In the 5th millennium BCE, the stone circles at Nabta Playa may have made use of astronomical alignments. By the time the historical Dynastic Period began in the 3rd millennium BCE, the 365-day period of the Egyptian calendar was already in use, and the observation of stars was important in determining the annual flooding of the Nile
Nile
. The Egyptian pyramids
Egyptian pyramids
were carefully aligned towards the pole star , and the temple of Amun-Re at Karnak
Karnak
was aligned on the rising of the midwinter sun. Astronomy
Astronomy
played a considerable part in fixing the dates of religious festivals and determining the hours of the night, and temple astrologers were especially adept at watching the stars and observing the conjunctions, phases, and risings of the sun , moon and planets
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Great Royal Wife
GREAT ROYAL WIFE, or alternatively CHIEF KING\'S WIFE (Ancient Egyptian : ḥmt nswt wrt), is the term that was used to refer to the principal wife of the pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
. The former is also, in the form of the simplification GREAT WIFE, applied to more contemporary royal consorts in states all over modern Africa
Africa
(e.g., Mantfombi Dlamini of Swaziland
Swaziland
, chief consort of the Zulu King ). CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 Great wives today * 3 Examples * 3.1 Middle Kingdom * 3.2 Second Intermediate Period * 3.3 New Kingdom
New Kingdom
* 3.4 Third Intermediate Period * 3.5 Late Period * 4 See also * 5 References DESCRIPTIONWhile most Ancient Egyptians were monogamous , the pharaoh would have had other, lesser wives and concubines in addition to the Great Royal Wife
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History Of Ancient Egypt
The HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPT spans the period from the early prehistoric settlements of the northern Nile
Nile
valley to the Roman conquest , in 30 BC. The Pharaonic Period is dated from the 32nd century BC , when Upper and Lower Egypt were unified, until the country fell under Macedonian rule , in 332 BC
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List Of Ancient Egyptians
This is a list of ancient Egyptian people who have articles on Wikipedia. The list covers key ancient Egyptian individuals from the start of the first dynasty until the end of the ancient Egyptian nation when the Ptolemaic Dynasty ended and Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC. NOTE that the dates given are approximate. The list presented below is based on the conventional chronology of Ancient Egypt , mostly based on the Digital Egypt for Universities database developed by the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology. A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z A NAME MAIN TITLE DYNASTY DATE COMMENT AAHOTEPRE Pharaoh 14th dynasty (fl. c. mid-17th century BC) A pharaoh of Canaanite descent from the 14th Dynasty possibly identical to 'Ammu. AAT Queen 12th dynasty (fl. c. late-19th century BC) Queen and wife of Amenemhat III . ABAR Queen 25th dynasty (fl. c
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Pharaoh
PHARAOH (/ˈfeɪ.roʊ/ , /fɛr.oʊ/ or /fær.oʊ/ ; Coptic : Ⲫⲁⲣⲁⲱ) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c. 3150 BCE) until the annexation of Egypt by the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in 30 BCE, although the actual term "Pharaoh" was not used contemporaneously for a ruler until circa 1200 BCE . In the early dynasty, ancient Egyptian kings used to have up to three titles, the Horus, the Nesu Bety, and the Nebty name. The Golden Horus
Horus
and Nomen and prenomen titles were later added. In Egyptian society, religion was central to everyday life. One of the roles of the pharaoh was as an intermediary between the gods and the people. The pharaoh thus deputised for the gods; his role was both as civil and religious administrator. He owned all of the land in Egypt, enacted laws, collected taxes, and defended Egypt from invaders as the commander-in-chief of the army
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List Of Pharaohs
This article contains a list of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt
, from the Early Dynastic Period before 3100 BC through to the end of the Ptolemaic Dynasty , when Egypt
Egypt
became a province of Rome under Augustus Caesar in 30 BC. Note that the dates given are approximate. The LIST OF PHARAOHS presented below is based on the conventional chronology of Ancient Egypt
Egypt
, mostly based on the Digital Egypt
Egypt
for Universities database developed by the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology , but alternative dates taken from other authorities may be indicated separately
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