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Mehdi Shab Zende Dar Jahromi
MEHDI SHABZENDEDAR JAHROMI (Persian : مهدی شب‌زنده‌دار جهرمی‎) is an Iranian Shia
Shia
jurist and member of the Guardian Council
Guardian Council
." CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Education * 4 Activities * 5 References EARLY LIFEHe is the son of the late Ayatollah
Ayatollah
Haj Sheikh Hussein Shab zendeh dar Jahromi, a student of the late Ayatollah
Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini
Ruhollah Khomeini
, and the grandson of Sheikh Gholam Hossein Sharii Shirazi. CAREERHe is the principal of the Baghiyato-allah Institute which trains students in the field of Jurisprudence
Jurisprudence
and Principles. He is a former member of the Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom
Qom
and the Supreme Council of the Seminary. He was the Qom
Qom
Seminary Teacher
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Mohammad Momen
AYATOLLAH MOHAMMAD MOMEN (born 1940 in Qom) is a Faqih (a cleric qualified to judge based on Islamic law ) and a very influential member of the Guardian Council of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. INFLUENCE IN GOVERNMENTHe simultaneously sits on the Expediency Discernment Council and the Assembly of Experts , representing the Islamic holy city of Qom
Qom
in the latter and winning in the Iranian Assembly of Experts election, 2006 . He gained a very large percentage of the vote. His opponent, Ayatollah
Ayatollah
Mohammad Taqi Mesbah-Yazdi
Mohammad Taqi Mesbah-Yazdi
, was a strong supporter and spiritual mentor of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
, and his victory has been interpreted by some as a sign of dissatisfaction with Ahmedinejad's policies
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Ali Meshkini
ALI AKBAR FEYZ ALENI (Persian : علی اکبر فیض آلنی‎‎; 2 December 1921 – 30 July 2007 ), more known as ALI MESHKINI, was an Iranian hardline cleric and politician. CONTENTS * 1 Life * 2 Death * 3 Quotes & Political views * 4 References * 5 External links LIFEMeshkini was an Iranian Azerbaijani born in a village near Meshkin Shahr and the Sabalan mountain. He was born as Āli, but preferred the pronunciation Ali during his career. He succeeded Ayatollah Montazeri as chairman of the Iranian Assembly of Experts after the latter was ousted. The Assembly of Experts selects the Supreme Leader of Iran and supervises his activities. Meshkini chaired the commission that drafted the amendment of 1989 to the 1979 constitution of Iran. Within the commission, he also chaired one of its four committees, the one tasked with drafting amendments that would strengthen the judiciary
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Expediency Discernment Council
The EXPEDIENCY DISCERNMENT COUNCIL OF THE SYSTEM (Persian : مجمع تشخیص مصلحت نظام‎‎ Majma' Taškhīs Maṣlaḥat Nezām) is an administrative assembly appointed by the Supreme Leader and was created upon the revision to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
on 6 February 1988. It was originally set up to resolve differences or conflicts between the Majlis
Majlis
and the Guardian Council , but "its true power lies more in its advisory role to the Supreme Leader ." According to Hooman Majd, the Leader "delegated some of his own authority to the council — granting it supervisory powers over all branches of the government" following President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad 's election in 2005. Members of the council are chosen by the Supreme Leader every five years
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Darab
DARAB (Persian : Dārāb‎‎, also Romanized as DāRāB) — formerly DARáBGHIRD, or DARáBGERD — is a city in and the capital of Darab County , Fars Province
Fars Province
, Iran
Iran
. At the 2006 census, its population was 54,513, in 13,279 families. Around Darab
Darab
are many villages such as Tizab , Nasravan, Barab. CONTENTS * 1 Historical background * 2 Agricultural products * 3 In literature * 4 References HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Darab
Darab
city one of the oldest cities in Iran, and is even mentioned in the famous Persian epic Shahname by Ferdowsi
Ferdowsi
. Legend ascribes the foundation of the city to Darius I
Darius I
, hence its earlier name Daráb-gerd (Darius-town)
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Ahmad Jannati
Ayatollah AHMAD JANNATI (Persian : احمد جنتی‎‎, born 23 February 1927) is an Iranian Shi'i cleric and a conservative politician. He is also a founding member of the Haghani school of thought and a temporary Friday prayer
Friday prayer
imam of Tehran
Tehran
. Today, Jannati occupies two prominent posts in Iranian politics as chairman of the Assembly of Experts
Assembly of Experts
, the body charged with choosing the Supreme Leader , and as chairman of the Guardian Council , the body in charge of checking legislation approved by Majlis with the Constitution and sharia , and approving the candidates in various elections
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Ja'far Sobhani
AYATOLLAH JA\'FAR SOBHANI (Persian : جعفر سبحانی‎) was born in Tabriz
Tabriz
on 8 April 1929. Ja'far Sobhani is an Iranian Twelver shia marja , influential theologian and writer. Also, Sobhani was a former member of the Society of Seminary Teachers of Qom and founder of Imam Sadiq Institute in Qom. CONTENTS * 1 Education * 2 Activities * 3 Books * 4 References EDUCATION Ja'far Sobhani learned Arabic
Arabic
literature, Principles of Islamic jurisprudence in the Islamic Seminary . In 1946, he went to Islamic Seminary in Qom . In the Islamic Seminary, he took part in famous teachers' classes of Fiqh , Usool , Tafsir , and philosophy . Sobhani's important teachers were Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi , Imam Khomeini , and Mirza Sayyed Mohammad Tabatabai near 15 years
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Hossein Vahid Khorasani
Grand Ayatollah HUSSAIN VAHID KHORASANI (Arabic : حسین وحید الخراسانی‎‎ Persian : حسین وحید خراسانی‎‎, born January 1, 1921) is an Iranian Twelver
Twelver
Shia Marja\' . CONTENTS * 1 Biography * 2 Teachers * 3 See also * 4 References BIOGRAPHYHussain Vahid Khorasani was born in Nishapur , Iran
Iran
on 1 January 1921. He moved to Najaf
Najaf
, Iraq
Iraq
in 1940 and studied in Ayatollah Khoei Seminary ( Hawza ) and moved back to Iran
Iran
in 1972. Currently, Khorasani residing in Qom
Qom
and is considered as source of emulation. He is also the father-in-law of Sadeq Larijani . TEACHERS This section of a biography of a living person DOES NOT INCLUDE ANY REFERENCES OR SOURCES
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Ebrahim Amini
EBRAHIM AMINI (born 30 June 1925 in Najaf Abad , Isfahan Province
Isfahan Province
, Iran
Iran
) is an Iranian politician in the Assembly of Experts
Assembly of Experts
. He is also a member of the Expediency Discernment Council
Expediency Discernment Council
, and has been identified as a possible candidate to become the next Iranian Supreme Leader . Amini is known as a critic of the government of former president Mahmoud Ahmedinejad
Mahmoud Ahmedinejad

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Hassan Hasanzadeh Amoli
ALLAMEH HASSAN HASANZADEH AMOLI (born June 30, 1928) is an Islamic philosopher and theologian and Mathematician. He has been a prominent religious scholar in Iran since 1950. CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Works * 4 References * 5 External links EARLY LIFEAmoli says in his autobiography that he was born in Larijan in the year 1307 of the Solar Hijri calendar (solar). Most of his early life was spent in Amol . He travelled to Tehran in 1329 solar. After his preliminary education in Amol , he was introduced to Haj Fath Allah Madrasah in Tehran. He studied under the supervision of Sayyed Ahmad Lavasani; he then went to Marvi Madrasah by order of Muhammad Taghi Amoli
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Gholamreza Rezvani
Ayatollah
Ayatollah
GHOLAMREZA REZVANI (born ? - April 20, 2013 ) was a member of the Council of Guardians in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Islamic Republic of Iran
. He believes in literal interpretation of Quran
Quran
, hadith , and sunnah and has argued that there is "no substitute" for stoning adulterers . REFERENCES AND NOTES * ^ (in French) Message from Imam Khamenei after the death of ayatollah Rezvani * ^ Leader offers condolences over death of Ayatollah
Ayatollah
Rezvani Archived 2013-04-26 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ In Iran, adulterers spared stoning Asia Times 14 January 2003SEE ALSO * Iranian Criminal Code This article about an Iranian politician is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Ali Khamenei
Sayyid
Sayyid
ALI HOSSEINI KHAMENEI (Persian : سید علی حسینی خامنه‌ای‎‎ pronounced ( listen ); born 17 July 1939) is a marja and the second and current Supreme Leader of Iran
Supreme Leader of Iran
. Khamenei succeeded the first Supreme Leader, Ruhollah Khomeini
Ruhollah Khomeini
, after Khomeini's death, being elected as the new Supreme Leader by the Assembly of Experts on 4 June 1989 at the age of 49. His political career began after the Iranian Revolution, when the former President of Iran, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani , then a confidant of Khomeini, brought Khamenei into Khomeini's inner circle. Later on, the current President of Iran, Hassan Rouhani
Hassan Rouhani
, then a member of Parliament, arranged for Khamenei to get his first major post in the provisional revolutionary government as deputy defense minister
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Qom
QOM ( pronunciation (help ·info )) (Persian : قم‎‎), also spelled as GHOM, is the eighth largest city in Iran
Iran
. It lies 125 kilometres (78 mi) by road southwest of Tehran
Tehran
and is the capital of Qom Province . At the 2011 census its population was 1,074,036 (957,496 at the 2006 census, in 241,827 families), comprising 545,704 men and 528,332 women. It is situated on the banks of the Qom
Qom
River . Qom
Qom
is considered holy by Shiʿa Islam
Islam
, as it is the site of the shrine of Fatimah bint Musa
Fatimah bint Musa
, sister of Imam `Ali ibn Musa Rida (Persian Imam Reza, 789–816 AD). The city is the largest center for Shiʿa scholarship in the world, and is a significant destination of pilgrimage
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Shia
SUNNI THEOLOGICAL TRADITIONS * Ilm al- Kalam
Kalam
* Ash\'ari * Maturidi * Traditionalist Shi\'a 2 TWELVER * PRINCIPLES * Tawhid
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Iran
IRAN (Persian : ایران‬‎ Irān ( listen )), also known as PERSIA (/ˈpɜːrʒə/ ), officially the ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (Persian : جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‬‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān ( listen )), is a sovereign state in Western Asia . With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran
Iran
is the world's 18th-most-populous country . Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world
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