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May 16 Coup
The May 16 coup
May 16 coup
(Hangul: 5.16 군사정변; Hanja: 五一六軍事政變; RR: O-illyuk gunsa-jeongbyeon) was a military coup d'état in South Korea
South Korea
in 1961, organized and carried out by Park Chung-hee
Park Chung-hee
and his allies who formed the Military Revolutionary Committee, nominally led by Army Chief of Staff Chang Do-yong after the latter's acquiescence on the day of the coup
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Chairman Of The Joint Chiefs Of Staff
The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
(CJCS) is, by U.S
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Landslide Victory
A landslide victory is an electoral victory in a political system, when one candidate or party receives an overwhelming supermajority of the votes or seats in the elected body, thus utterly eliminating the opponents
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Political Patronage
Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another. In the history of art, arts patronage refers to the support that kings, popes, and the wealthy have provided to artists such as musicians, painters, and sculptors. It can also refer to the right of bestowing offices or church benefices, the business given to a store by a regular customer, and the guardianship of saints. The word "patron" derives from the Latin: patronus ("patron"), one who gives benefits to his clients (see Patronage in ancient Rome). In some countries the term is used to describe political patronage, which is the use of state resources to reward individuals for their electoral support
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Elder (administrative Title)
The term Elder or its equivalent in another language, is used in several different countries and organizations to indicate a position of authority. This usage is usually derived from the notion that the oldest members of any given group are the wisest, and are thus the most qualified to rule, provide counsel or serve the said group in some other capacity.Contents1 Elder systems1.1 Informal elderhoods 1.2 Formal elderhoods 1.3 Elders in online communities2 Specific elder's titles 3 See also 4 References 5 Further readingElder systems[edit] Elder is a role played in the organised community that is most common in subsistence cultures, Elderhood being the condition or quality of being an elder. It is essentially the state of being in the latter portion of one's life and being looked to for leadership of either a passive or active nature by your peers andor subordinates due almost exclusively to this fact
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Japanese Economic Miracle
The Japanese economic miracle
Japanese economic miracle
was Japan's record period of economic growth between the post- World War II
World War II
era to the end of Cold War. During the economic boom, Japan
Japan
rapidly became the world's second largest economy (after the United States)
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Japan
Japan
Japan
(Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] (listen) or Nihon [ɲihoꜜɴ] (listen); formally 日本国, Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. 'State of Japan') is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent
Asian continent
and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
in the north to the East China Sea
East China Sea
and the Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
in the south. The kanji that make up Japan's name mean 'sun origin', and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan
Japan
is the world's 4th largest island country and encompasses about 6,852 islands
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Korea Under Japanese Rule
Korea under Japanese rule
Korea under Japanese rule
began with the end of the short-lived Korean Empire in 1910 and ended at the conclusion of World War II
World War II
in 1945. Japanese rule of Korea was the outcome of a process that began with the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1876, whereby a complex coalition of the Meiji government, military, and business officials sought to integrate Korea both politically and economically into the Empire of Japan. A major stepping-stone towards the Japanese occupation of Korea was the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905, in which the then- Korean Empire
Korean Empire
was declared a protectorate of Japan. The annexation of Korea by Japan
Japan
was set up in the Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910, which was never actually signed by the Korean Regent, Gojong.[6][7][8] Imperial Japanese rule over Korea ended in 1945, when U.S. and Soviet forces captured the peninsula
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South Korean Presidential Election, March 1960
Syngman Rhee LiberalElected President Syngman Rhee LiberalRepublic of Korea vice-presidential election, March 1960← 1956 15 March 1960 Candidate Lee Ki Poong Chang MyonParty Liberal Democratic PartyPopular vote 8,337,059 1,843,758Percentage 79.2% 17.5%Vice-President before election Chang Myon Democratic PartyElected Vice-President Lee Ki-bung LiberalPresidential elections were held in South Korea
South Korea
on 15 March 1960.[1] Shortly after winning reelection to a third term in 1956, Rhee had the legislature pass a constitutional amendment exempting the incumbent president—himself—from the three-term limit
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April Revolution
The April Revolution, sometimes called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, was a popular uprising in April 1960, led by labor and student groups, which overthrew the autocratic First Republic of South Korea
South Korea
under Syngman Rhee. It led to the resignation of Rhee and the transition to the Second Republic of South Korea
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Coat of arms Motto: "In God
God
We Trust"[1][a] .mw-parser-outpu
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South Korean Legislative Election, 1960
Legislative elections were held in South Korea
South Korea
on 29 June 1960.[1] The result was a victory for the Democratic Party, which won 175 of the 233 seats in the House of Commons, and 31 of the 58 seats in the Senate. Voter turnout was 84.3%. This election was the first relatively honest national election held in South Korea. As it turned out, it would be the last free election held there until the 1987 presidential election
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National Assembly Of South Korea
Government[2]     Democratic (121)Opposition parties     Liberty Korea (116)      Bareun Future (30)      Peace and Justice group (20)     Democracy and Peace (14)      Justice (6)     Minjung (1)      Korean Patriots (1)      Independents (4)Vacant     Vacant
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Korean Reunification
Korean reunification
Korean reunification
(Korean: 한국의 재통일) refers to the potential future reunification of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Korea
(commonly known as North Korea), the Republic of Korea
Korea
(commonly known as South Korea), and the Korean Demilitarized Zone
Korean Demilitarized Zone
under a single government. The process towards such a merger was started by the June 15th North–South Joint Declaration
June 15th North–South Joint Declaration
in June 2000, where the two countries agreed to work towards a peaceful reunification in the future
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South Korean Presidential Election, August 1960
Heo Jeong
Heo Jeong
(acting) Democratic PartyElected President Yun Bo-seon Democratic PartyIndirect presidential elections were held in South Korea
South Korea
on 12 August 1960, which saw the election of Yun Bo-seon
Yun Bo-seon
as President of the Republic of Korea. Held after the April Revolution
April Revolution
which had forced the resignation of Syngman Rhee, they were the only such elections to be held during the Second Republic, which folded after Park Chung Hee's May Coup the next year. The elections was indirect, with a joint session of the House of Commons and Senate, which had been elected in June, acting as an electoral college. The winning candidate required the assent of two thirds of the members of both houses.[1] Yun Bo-seon was elected with 82.2% of the vote, standing for the Democratic Party and representing its "Old Guard" faction
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Inflation
In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.[1][2][3][4] When the general price level rises, each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services; consequently, inflation reflects a reduction in the purchasing power per unit of money – a loss of real value in the medium of exchange and unit of account within the economy.[5][6] The measure of inflation is the inflation rate, the annualized percentage change in a general price index, usually the consumer price index, over time.[7] The opposite of inflation is deflation, a sustained decrease in the general price level of goods and services. Inflation
Inflation
affects economies in various positive and negative ways
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